• Title, Summary, Keyword: 사출속도

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Investigation of the Filling Unbalance and Dimensional Variations in Multi-Cavity Injection Molded Parts (다수 캐비티의 사출성형품에서 충전의 불균형과 성형품 치수 편차의 교찰)

  • Kang, Min-A;Lyu, Min-Young
    • Polymer Korea
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.501-508
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    • 2008
  • Small injection molded articles such as lens and mobile product parts are usually molded in multi-cavity mold. The problem occurring in multi-cavity molding is flow unbalance among the cavities. The flow unbalance affects the dimensions and physical properties of molded articles. First of all, the origin of flow unbalance is geometrical unbalance of the delivery system. However, even the geometry of the delivery system is well balanced, cavity unbalance occurs. This comes from the temperature distributions in the cross-section of runner. Temperature distribution depends upon injection speed because heat generation near runner wall is high at high injection speed. Among the operational conditions, injection speed is the most significant process variable affecting the filling unbalances in multi-cavity injection molding. In this study, experimental study of flow unbalance has been conducted for various injection speeds and materials. Also, the filling unbalances were compared with CAE results. The dimensions and weights of multi-cavity molded parts were examined. The results showed that the filling unbalances vary according to the injection speeds and resins. Subsequently, the unbalanced filling and pressure distribution in the multi-cavity affect the dimensions and physical states of molded parts.

탕구형상이 박육 전자기부품의 유동거동에 미치는 영향

  • Lee, Byeong-Deok;Kim, Eun-Jeong;Han, Jeong-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the Materials Research Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.43.1-43.1
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    • 2009
  • 다이캐스팅과 같이 가압 사출방식을 이용한 제품 성형 공정에서 관심의 대상이 되어왔던 연구 주제 중 하나는 어떻게 하면 금형 내에 충진되는 용탕의 유동을 층류성으로 제어할 수 있을까 하는 문제이다. 그러나 다이캐스팅 공정에서 일반적인 용탕의 사출속도로는 그 유동 특성을 제어하기가 거의 불가능하다. 이러한 사출속도의 설정 및 게이트의 형상설계를 하는데 있어서 대부분 경험적인 자료를 이용하고 있어 공정의 효율성을 극대화하고 있지 못한 실정이다. 본 연구에서는 용융 마그네슘합금이 금형내에 충진 될 때 유체의 유입속도 및 탕구형상이 유동에 미치는 영향을 전산유체역학을 이용하여 충진 및 응고해석을 하였고, 예견되는 제품의 결함 및 결함제어 가능성을 진단함으로써 개선방안을 제안하고 최종적으로 금형설계 제작에 반영하여 실제 주조된 제품을 해석결과와 비교하였다. 또한, 본 연구에서 주조된 전자기부품의 미세조직을 관찰하고, 인장강도 및 파괴 특성을 관찰 하였다. 실험결과 빠른 응고속도에 따른 조직의 미세화 효과로 항복강도, 인장강도 그리고 경도 특성이 우수하게 관찰되었다.

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The Prediction of Phase Morphology of Injection Molded Polymer Blends (사출성형된 고분자 블렌드의 형태학적 상구조 예측)

  • Son, Young-Gon
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.193-208
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    • 2004
  • Morphology of injection molded polymer blend was investigated by experimental and theoretical approach. In experiments, the effects of injection speed and injection temperature on the morphology of injection molded MPPO/Nylon 6 blend were investigated. The morphology distribution across the part thickness was clearly observed in injection molded blend. We could observe several distinct regions across the thickness of molded part: skin layer, subskin layer and core region. The skin layer where the dispersed phase is fine and highly deformed to the flow direction is observed to be located near the part surface. The subskin layer located at inner region of the skin layer also observed. In the subskin layer, the dispersed phase is coarser than that of skin layer and deforms to the flow direction. Based on the experimental results, the calculation scheme to predict the morphology of injection molded polymer blend was suggested. The morphology of injection molded polymer blend could be predicted in corporation with the result of flow analysis obtained from commercial software for injection molding process and the theory of drop behavior under the flow. The suggested calculation scheme could predict the effect of injection conditions on the morphology of injection molded parts.

특징형상 변수를 이용한 사출성형에서의 에어트랩 최적화를 위한 연구

  • 이동화;김성근
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.231-231
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    • 2003
  • 사출성형에서의 지금까지의 에어트랩 문제의 해결법은 사출금형 내에 유동적 관계와 사출성형 기술자의 경험으로 해결했었다. 본 연구에서는 에어트랩 문제를 해결하기 위하여 금형을 설계할 때 미리 에어트랩의 위치를 알고 금형 디자인을 수정하여 사출 시간의 단축과 사출성형의 경제적 효과를 얻고자 한다. 사출성형을 할 때 에어트랩의 불량이 많이 발생하는 특징 형상들을 선정하여 각각의 특징형상들을 다시 해석하여 각각의 특징형상들의 에어트랩의 발생위치와 발생률을 알아내고, 사출금형설계에서 에어트랩불량이 일어날 형상들을 특징형상 변수에 대응시켜 최적의 형상으로 수정절차를 개발하였다. 여기서, 사출속도의 조절, 금형 온도의 조절, 수지온도 조절, 금형내의 압력 조절, 벤트의 설치 등은 최적의 상태로 고정시키고 형상수정 요소로 형상의 두께, 각도, 깊이, 필렛, 모 따기를 선정하여 특징형상 상관관계 모델을 구성하였다.

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Effects of Screw Speed, Moisture Content, and Die Temperature on Texturization of Extruded Soy Protein Isolate (스크루 회전속도, 수분 함량과 사출구 온도가 압출성형 분리대두단백의 조직화에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Ji Hoon;Kang, Dae Il;Ryu, Gi Hyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.45 no.8
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    • pp.1170-1176
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    • 2016
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of screw speed, moisture content, and die temperature on the physical properties of extruded soy protein isolate. Extrusion conditions were moisture content (20 and 25%) and die temperature (120, 130, and $140^{\circ}C$) at a fixed screw speed of 250 rpm. The other extrusion conditions for screw speed (150, 200, 250, 300, and 330 rpm) were a fixed moisture content and die temperature of 30% and $140^{\circ}C$, respectively. Specific mechanical energy input decreased as die temperature increased from 120 to $140^{\circ}C$, whereas specific mechanical energy input increased as screw speed increased from 150 to 330 rpm. Expansion ratio and specific length increased as die temperature increased. Breaking strength decreased as die temperature increased and moisture content decreased. A lower moisture content resulted in a greater color difference. Integrity index increased as die temperature increased from 120 to $140^{\circ}C$ and moisture content decreased from 25 to 20%. Nitrogen solubility index decreased as screw speed increased from 150 to 330 rpm. Nitrogen solubility index was lowest at $2.83{\pm}0.51%$ as screw speed decreased to 150 rpm. In conclusion, moisture content was a more important factor than die temperature for texturization of soy protein isolate.

Flow analysis of non-isothermal three dimensional filling phase in injection molding and its application (사출성형에서의 비등온, 3차원 유동해서과 그 응용)

  • 김대업;정근섭;이귀영
    • Journal of the korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.17-24
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    • 1993
  • 사출성형 문제는 열전달과 유체유동이 복합된 문제라고 할수 있다. 사출성형 공정은 충진(filling), 보압(packing) 및 냉각과정(cooling phase)으로 이루어 진다. 충진과정은 높은 점성의 Non-Newtonian유체가 몰드내의 캐버티로 사출됨으로써 이루어지며 플라스틱의 점성도는 플라스틱의 온도 및 유동속도와 관련이 크며 이 flow-rate는 점도와 더불어 변화한다. CAE 유동해석 프로그램은 유체의 흐름과 열전달을 이용하여 충진과정을 이해하는데 이용되고 있다. 본 고에서는 사출성형 과정 중 충진과정에 대한 컴퓨터 시뮬레이션과 그 적용사례에 대하여 살펴본다.

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압력 강하율에 따른 초미세 발포 사출 성형품의 셀 형상 연구

  • 김학빈;차성운
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.77-77
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    • 2004
  • 현재 플라스틱 제품의 재료 절감을 통한 원가 절감과 아울러 기계적 성질을 더 향상시키거나 유지하기 위한 초미세 발포 공법이 주목받고 있다. 이론 위해 많은 연구가 진행되어 왔으나 아직까지도 셀의 미소화, 균일화 그리고 표면 품위 등을 위한 지속적인 연구가 요구되고 있다. 초미세 발포 사출에서 셀의 형상에 영향을 주는 인자는 여러 가지이다 우선 사출 속도에 영향을 받으며, 사출 온도에 따라서도 많은 영향을 받는다.(중략)

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A study on the runner system for filling balance in multi-cavity injection molds (다수 캐비티 사출금형에서의 균형 충전을 위한 러너 시스템 연구)

  • Jeon, Kang-Il;Noh, Seung-Kyu;Kim, Dong-Hak
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.1581-1588
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    • 2011
  • In this study, flow characteristics in a multi-cavity injection molding process were investigated. One of main problems occurred in the multi-cavity molding is a flow imbalance among cavities since it affects physical properties and quality of products. Charge imbalance is caused by the uneven shear stress. Therefore, changes in viscosity affect the physical properties of resin and injection conditions differ in the filling imbalance phenomenon. Through, this study focus on experimental studies of flow imbalance for PC and PP resin occurring in a balanced delivery system. Experimental results were compared with CAE results. By experimental and CAE analysis, main cause for the flow imbalance is temperature distribution in cross section of runner. New runner system with a simple change of runner shape was suggested to avoid the flow imbalance. A series of simulation to confirm feasibility of Volume Runner's effects was conducted using injection molding CAE.

Comparative Analysis of Injection Molding Process by On-line Monitoring in Cylinder of Injection Molding Machine and in Cavity of Mold (사출성형기 실린더와 금형 캐비티의 실시간 모니터링을 이용한 사출성형공정 비교 분석)

  • Park, Hyung-Pi;Cha, Baeg-Soon;Tae, Jun-Sung;Choi, Jae-Hyuk;Rhee, Byung-Ohk
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.34 no.10
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    • pp.1513-1519
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    • 2010
  • Recently, on-line process monitoring systems using sensors are being extensively used to produce highquality products. However, the difficulty in installing the sensors within the mold in the cases of micro-molds, optical molds, and molds with complex structures is a serious disadvantage of such process monitoring systems. In this study, the quantitative index of a process monitoring system was evaluated with the mold cavity pressure and the nozzle pressure for the injection molding machine. In order to evaluate the effect of the nozzle pressure, we performed correlation analysis for the weight of the molded product. We also examined the control characteristics of the injection molding machine by analyzing the effect of multistage injection speed, holding pressure, and injection pressure limit on the process monitoring data.

Film Insert Molding of Automotive Door Grip Using Injection-Compression Molding (사출압축성형을 이용한 자동차용 도어그립 필름인서트성형)

  • Lee, Ho Sang;Yoo, Young Gil;Kim, Tae An
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.38 no.7
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    • pp.771-777
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    • 2014
  • Injection-compression molding was used for film insert molding of an automotive door grip using films with three-dimensional embossed patterns. A vacuum mold was fabricated for vacuum-assisted thermoforming of the film, and an injection-compression mold was developed for film insert molding. Three pressure transducers were installed inside the mold cavity to measure cavity pressures. Injection-compression molding experiments under various compression strokes and toggle speeds were performed to investigate their effects on the cavity pressure and heights of the embossed patterns. The compression stroke of 0.9mm and low toggle speed resulted in a higher degree of conservation of embossed patterns. Additionally, the processing conditions for the maximum heights of embossed patterns were almost similar to those for minimum integral value of cavity pressures. The injection-compression molding process presents the opportunity to impart a soft-touch feeling of plastic parts printed with embossed patterns.