• Title, Summary, Keyword: 사회계층인식

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Study on Moderating Effect of Subjective Health State of Elder Who Lives Alone on the Influence of Those People's Stratum Consciousness on Their Depression (독거노인의 사회계층인식이 우울에 미치는 영향에서 주관적 건강상태의 조절효과 검증)

  • Jeong, Weon-Cheol;Tae, Myeong-Ok
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.426-436
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the moderating effect of subjective health state of elder who lives alone on the influence of those people's stratum consciousness on their depression. For this purpose, the study utilized the 5th version of Korea Longitudinal Study on Aging 2014 and analyzed data concerning 774 elder who lives alone. The findings of this study can be summarized as follows. First, the higher elder who lives alone were in subjective stratum consciousness, the lower they were in depression. Second, elder who lives alone were lower in depression when perceiving they were higher in health state. Third, the elder who lives alone were lower in depression when their perceived subjective health state was higher even if they were lower in stratum consciousness. All these findings clearly indicate that the stratum consciousness and depression of elder who lives alone are moderated by their perceived health state of their own. Lastly, the implications, limitations, and suggestion for further research were discussed.

Influencing Factors of Health Status of Status according to Income Class and Socioeconomic Class Recognition by Employment Type (고용형태별 소득계층과 사회경제적 계층인식에 따른 건강상태 영향 요인)

  • Choi, Ryoung;Hwang, Byung-Deog
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.85-94
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    • 2017
  • This study examined the factors influencing the health status according to class and socioeconomic class recognition by the employment type. To take advantage of the 18 original sources of the Korea Labor panel materials carried out in the South Korea Labor Institute, 5,158 adults over 20 years old were included in the final analysis. The research results revealed that the incomes of regular workers and non-regular workers between the hierarchy and socioeconomic hierarchy recognition showed a statistically significant difference between the cage; it was consistent between the hierarchy in only the "heavy" category. Regular workers of society, and regardless of non-regular workers, were analyzed to be relatively low compared to the actual income. Regression analysis showed that regular jobs had higher socioeconomic hierarchy recognition. Non-regular workers had a lower income bracket and lower socioeconomic hierarchy recognition. In particular, in the case of non-regular workers, the pension was not subscribed and they had a poorer state of health. Therefore, the pension insurance payment for non-regular workers needs to compensate for the lost income during non-employment periods. In addition, the government should improve public relations through education, management fields, and cooperation with labor.

'당당한 노화'로 미래 사회 새로운 비전 만든다

  • Park, Sang-Cheol
    • The Science & Technology
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    • no.3
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    • pp.82-87
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    • 2007
  • 고령사회로 들어서면서 장수의 개념에 대한 인식을 새롭게 해야 할 필요성이 커지고 있다. 장수라는 용어를 단순한 연령적, 시간적 개념이 아니라 사회적 측면에서 보다 능동적이고 적극적인 삶을 영위할 수 있는 새로운 계층의 출현이라는 개념으로 인식해야 할 시점이 된 것이다. 새롭게 도출되는 장수문화란 종래의 연령적 특수계층인 고령자 중심의 노인문화라는 개념이 아니라 고령사회에서 사회구성원인 인간들이 남녀노소 모두 함께 어우러져 인간으로서의 존엄성을 유지하면서 건강하게 살고 사회적 책임을 다할 수 있는 관념 및 규범체계가 아닐까?

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Causual Analysis of Public Perception on Opportunity Inequality (기회 불평등에 대한 국민 인식태도의 인과 분석)

  • Lee, Byoung-Hoon
    • 한국사회정책
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.157-179
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    • 2017
  • In Korea, 'spoon class discourse' has attracted public attention in the press and among young people, which reflects that mass awareness that the class status structure is clearly rooted in the society becomes widespread. Although income distribution has been improved since late 2000s, it is interesting that Korean people's subjective perception concerning class mobility and social justice has been worsemed. By using the survey data on people's perception of opportunity inequality, this study finds that Korean people have by and large negative subjective awareness regarding socio-economic opportunity inequality, magnitude of opportunity inequality, and achievement by efforts, and that the degree of the negative perception is greater in accordance with the people's subjective identification. The regression analysis reveals that the social status of respondents and their parents(-), experience of discrimination(+), age(-), and high education of college and above (+) have consistent effect over socio-economic opportunity inequality, magnitude of opportunity inequality, and achievement by efforts with statistical significance. More concretely, as people have lower subjective status identification at the time of parent generation and their own generation, as they have the experience of discriminatory misconduct, and as they are young and highly educated, they have negative or pessimistic perception regarding opportuinity inequality. In addition, it is revealed that the unemployed and non-regular workers have significantly negative perception on socio-economic opportunity inequality, magnitude of opportunity inequality, while negative perception on the magnitude of opportunity inequality and achievement by efforts is noticeable among high and middle income households.

A Study on the Cognition of Socialization in Caring : Effects of Political Ideology and Generation(age) (아동 돌봄의 사회화 인식에 관한 탐색적 연구 : 정치성향과 세대(연령)의 효과를 중심으로)

  • Jeong, Eun Su;Lim, Hyo yeon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.431-443
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    • 2017
  • This study explored factors influencing socialization of child care. Political ideology and age were found as major predicting factors of socialization of care. Age, especially, was confirmed as an important predicting factor of socialization of care. Also, those with more progressive political ideology had the higher level of socialization of care. This finding reassured that socialization of care were considered as political issues in Korea. Income did not predict socialization of care, although it is said that a tax increase provoked conflicts between socioeconomic classes. Issues of caring were shared among people regardless of income levels. Therefore, specific interventions are necessary for preventing caring issues from using as a political lever, overcoming value differences between generations, and promoting social integration.

소득계층 인식과 정치적 성향이 개인의 환경보호에 대한 태도에 미치는 영향

  • Hong, Seong-Hun
    • Environmental and Resource Economics Review
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.717-741
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    • 2012
  • This paper investigates the role of perceived income hierarchy and political affiliation in individual attitudes toward environmental protection. Estimation results show that rises in perceived income hierarchy increase the possibility of agreement to an increase in taxes to prevent environmental pollution in general, but not linearly increase it. As individuals are more satisfied with the financial situation of their household, they are more likely to agree to an increase in taxes. These results imply that individual attitudes toward environmental protection can be deteriorated even though average household income level increases, if either the degree of financial satisfaction decreases or income inequality worsens. We find that there is no difference between the liberals and the conservatives on the likelihood of paying additional tax to prevent environmental pollution. This result differs from the cases of Western society, which indicate that the liberals are more likely to pay for environmental protection.

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The Effects of the Social Welfare Activity of Women's Groups in Rural Areas on the Formation of Social Capital (농촌지역 여성단체의 사회복지관련 활동이 사회적 자본형성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Jong-Im;Lee, Shin-Sook
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.15 no.7
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    • pp.300-313
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to identify how the social welfare activity of women's organization in rural area would affect the establishment of social capital. The subjects in study were 250 volunteer workers who belonged to a woman's organization in Gurye-gun, Jeollanam-do. The statistical analysis was carried out by SPSS Windows 18.0 Program. The result of this study is as follows: First, as the result of assessing the extent of social welfare activity by women's organization in rural area and of the establishment of social capital, the social welfare activity and the establishment of social capital produced average values of 3.36(.86) and 3.47(.55) respectively. The average value of the social capital establishment was higher than the median value of 3.00. Second, social welfare activity of women's organization in rural area were significant with respect to perception of social class, age, activity frequency, activity period. And social capital were differences between groups in perception of social class, education, age, activity frequency, activity period, activity field. Third, there is a very strong correlation between the social welfare activity of women's organization in rural area and the establishment of social capital. Fourth, the influence of the research subject's social demographic characteristics on the establishment of social capital was 31%, and by the addition of variable factors on social welfare activity the influence on the establishment of social capital increased up to 46%, ascertaining that a 15% increase of the influence on the establishment of social capital was brought up by social welfare activity.

Socio-Demographic Characteristics and Subjective Class Identification of 'Joongsancheung' (중산층의 사회인구학적 특성과 주관적 계층의식)

  • Jo, Dong-Gi
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.89-109
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    • 2006
  • The 'Joongsancheung(JSC)', a unique term for the middle class in Korea, is defined as a stratum sharing common lifestyles and a certain level of life chances. It involves non-economic factors such as life chance, educational attainment, occupational groups as well as economic factor. Such objective measures as the occupational status of the main breadwinner, family income, and the educational level of respondent, and subjective measures of class identification are used for the operational definition of the JSC. Data from a national survey of 1,515 respondents is analyzed to investigate the change of the JSC in size and the major determinants of class identification. The results show that while there is no strong evidence of any significant change of the JSC by the objective measures during the recent decade, there seems to be a slight decrease in the subjective class identification. In addition, binary logistical regression analysis reveals that self-identification of JSC is heavily influenced by house ownership, along with subjective evaluation of one's own income and property ownership. This study demonstrates that the apparent class polarization in Korean society reflects not so much objective conditions but subjective perception of respondent of his or her circumstance. It is suggested that problems of housing and relative derivation people have as regards income and property should be resolved to alleviate such class polarization in Korean society.

Welfare States and Welfare Attitude: A Comparison of Sweden, France, US, and Korea (복지인식 구조의 국가간 비교 - 사민주의, 자유주의, 보수주의 복지국가와 한국 -)

  • Baek, Jeong-mi;Joo, Eun-sun;Kim, Eun-gi
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • no.37
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    • pp.319-344
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    • 2008
  • The Purpose of this study is to observe the existence of welfare attitude split between welfare regimes clique and to explore the effect of institutional(regime) characteristics on welfare attitude. And Second purpose is to find the characteristics of structure of welfare attitude and then to clarify the characteristics of welfare attitude in Korea. This work contribute to find the point of solidarity and split and to work out the strategical clues for constructing pro-welfare politics. To compare the attitude on the state responsibility about the welfare, Sweden, France, US, and Korea is selected. And the effect of sex, age, education level, income class, and labor status which are abstracted from existing welfare state comparative study are analyzed. The result show the difference in welfare attitude score between countries. The welfare attitude score is Sweden, France and US in order. the Score in Korea is lowest. In the case of the effect structure of welfare attitude between countries, there are no differences between Sweden and France. But the specific characteristics in US and Korea, are observed. And the effect structure of sex, class, labor status is equal in Sweden, France, and US. That is, women, people in low class, and people in low labor status more emphasize the state responsibility on the welfare. But the effect structure of age of US is different comparing other countries. In US, the old age is tend to less support the state responsibility. The education level operate as the effect factor in only US. And Korea show the different effect structure on the welfare attitude. This understanding about structure of welfare consciousness become the basis to construct the strategy for welfare state by proposing the point of consensus and conflict to conversion of welfare paradigm.

Determinants of High Risk Drinking in Korea (한국 사회의 고위험 음주 결정요인에 관한 연구: 중도 절단 이변량 프로빗 모형의 적용)

  • Chung Woojin
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.91-110
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    • 2003
  • This study analyzed data from 1997 Korea's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey collected through telephone questionings based on the multi-stage stratified random sampling. We categorized respondents into those who had ever drunk an alcoholic beverage in the last month and those who didn't and, referring to the World Health Organization's guideline, the former group were further categorized into low risk drinking group and high risk drinking group. Employing bivariate probit regression analyses with censoring on independent variables such as preferred type of alcoholic beverage, the number of types of beverages consumed, age, marital status, education, occupation, residential area, current smoking, body mass index and stress suggested (1) that those who prefer soju are more likely to involve high risk drinking than those who and prefer the other alcoholic beverages (2) that those who are relatively older, who live without a partner, who have jobs, who. are vulnerable to stress, or who enjoy more than one type of beverage are more likely to be exposed to high risk drinking than the others.