• Title, Summary, Keyword: 살균제

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Control Efficacy of Fungicides on Pepper Bacterial Wilt (고추 풋마름병에 대한 살균제의 방제 효과)

  • Lee, Soo Min;Kwak, Yeon Soo;Lee, Kyeong Hee;Kim, Heung Tae
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.323-328
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    • 2015
  • Control efficacy was investigated with fungicides as 3 copper compound, 3 antibiotic fungicides and one fungicide containing to quinolone against the growth of Ralstonia solanacearum on NA medium and the disease occurrence on pepper seedlings. Among 7 fungicides, oxytetracycline was shown the highest activity against a growth of the pathogen in the agar diffusion method, but validamycin showed no activity against the pathogen. With $1000{\mu}g\;mL^{-1}$ of each copper fungicide as copper hydroxide, copper oxychloride+ dithianone and copper sulfate, 2.2, 1.3 and 1.5 mm in size of clear zone only could be found, respectively. In pepper seedling test, oxytetracycline showed a perfect activity in all treatments 7 days after inoculation. However, its activity was decreased from $500{\mu}g\;mL^{-1}$ of treatment over the time. Copper fungicides showed the control efficacy lower than antibiotic fungicides except for validamycin. Based on the results, it was suggested that it would be better to use antibiotic fungicides than copper fungicides to control pepper bacterial wilt in the fields.

Control Effects of Microbial Products on Pythium Blight, Brown Patch and Dollar Spot of Creeping Bentgrass (Creeping Bentgrass에서 미생물제에 의한 Pythium Blight, Brown Patch 및 Dollar Spot 방제 효과)

  • 황연성;최준수;김영호
    • Korean Journal Plant Pathology
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.237-244
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    • 1996
  • 길항곰팡이 3종(Aspergillus sp. A101, Penicillium sp. B202, Trichoderma sp. C303), 길항세균 3종(Arthrobacter sp. AN303)또는 이들 모두의 혼합균주를 배양하여 creeping bentgrass 양묘장에 처리하여 Pythium blight, brown patch 및 dollar spot의 방제효과를 조사하였다. 또한 길항미생물 6종의 배양액을 살균제와 병용하여 그린에 살포하여 이들 토양병에 대한 방제효과를 조사하였다. 양묘장에서는 미생물의 종류에 관계없이 Pythium blight 억제효과가 커 3회 이상 미생물제 처리시 병이 전혀 발생하지 않았다. 그러나 brown patch와 dollar spot은 미생물제에 의한 방제효과가 크지 않았으며, 살균제에 의해 효과적으로 방제되었다. 미생물제와 살균(Pythium blight 방제용 살균제 제외)를 병용하여 처리한 그린에서는 살균제 단독처리와 비교할 때 brown patch는 유의적으로 억제되었고 Pythium blight와 dollar spot은 차이가 없었다.

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Review of fungicide resistance problems in Korea (국내 살균제 저항성 문제의 현황과 전망)

  • Kim, Choong-Hoe
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2000
  • Fungicide resistance study in Korea is still in its infancy, and most of those resistance studies are largely limited to newness of the detected resistant strains. In future, detection of fungicide-resistant strains has to be based on sensitivity distribution of pathogen populations to certain fungicides, and standard levels of certain fungicides for resistance should be determined under the basis of this data. Most of the early research on fungicide resistance in Korea has overlooked this point, and resulted in inconsistency and confusion for monitoring sensitivity shift of pathogen population among individual researchers. Fungicide resistance detected in vitro tests has to be documented in field trials by examining control efficacy against resistant and wild-type pathogen populations. Resistance detection in wife has to be correlated with lower activity in practice. Using this process, fungicide resistance will have a practical meaning. Fitness evaluation of resistant strains for survival is, in particular, of importance to determine the future stability of the resistance in the pathogen population. In fields, sensitivity change of pathogen populations should be carefully monitored with and without fungicide selection pressures to establish long-term management strategies against fungicide resistance. It is becoming an urgent task to provide information through research for designing and implementing successful counter-measures against fungicide resistance problems in Korea.

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Response of Colletotrichum sup. Causing Red Pepper Anthracnose to Protective and Ergosterol Biosynthesis-inhibiting Fungicides (보호용 살균제와 ergosterol 생합성 저해 살균제에 대한 고추 탄저병균의 약제 반응)

  • Kim Joon Tae;Lee Kyeong Hee;Min Ji Young;Kang Beum Kwan;Rho Chang Woo;Hong Seong Taek;Kim Heung Tae
    • Research in Plant Disease
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.185-192
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    • 2005
  • In 1999 and 2002, 130 and 258 isolates of Colletotrichum spp. causing red pepper anthracnose were obtained from infected red pepper fruits, respectively. Their responses to 4 protective and 3 ergosterol biosynthesis-inhibiting(EBI) fungicides were investigated by observing their mycelial growth on PDA incorporated with different concentrations of each fungicide. The Colletotrichum isolates obtained in 1999 showed higher $EC_{50}$ values than those isolated in 2002 against three protective fungicides such as dithianon, chlorothalonil, and propineb, whereas the response was reversed toward other protective fungicide, iminoctadine. On the other hand, the isolates of year 1999 were more resistant against three EBI fungicides such as tebuconazole, hexaconazole, and prochloraz than those of year 2002; the $EC_{50}$ values of the former were 1.2-4.4 times higher than those of the latter, The responses of the Colletotrichum isolates toward protective and EBI fungicides were fluctuated according to regions, where the infected fruits were collected. On the other hand, the resis tance of Colletotrichum isolates to protective fungicides increased during monitoring from July to September, However, their responses towards EBI fungicides were not changed.

Control of Powdery Mildew (Uncinula necator) in Vineyards by Spraying and Vapor-Action Treatments of Triazole Fungicides (Triazole계 살균제의 살포 및 훈증처리에 의한 포도 흰가루병(Uncinula nectator)의 방제)

  • 오정행
    • Korean Journal Plant Pathology
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.316-323
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    • 1996
  • 비가림재배 포도원에서 발생하는 흰가루병에 대하여 triazole계 살균제 flusilazole, myclobutanil, difenoconazole, penconazole, triflumizole, triadimefon의 방제 효과를 검정한 결과는 다음과 같다. 살균제 처리구의 이병과방율과 이병엽율은 무처리구에 비해 현저히 감소하였고, 이들의 방제가는 과방에서 약제에 따라 94.7∼97.9%, 잎에서 85.5%∼90.9%였으며 대조약제인 polyoxin B의 방제가와 유사한 정도를 보였다. 공시살균제의 보호효과는 살균제를 병발생 1주일전에 살포하는 경우, 살포 3주 후에 방제가는 약제에 따라 72.2∼90.5%였으나 4주 후에는 21.2∼41.6%로 감소하여 대조약제 polyoxin B의 52.5%보다 감소시켰으나 myclobutanil의 발아억제 효과는 약제 농도증가에 크게 영향받지 않았다. 살균제에 침지한 cheesecloth를 포도원 선반에 매달아 조사한 공시살균제의 훈증효과는 살포농도의 2배로 처리했을 때 처리점으로부터 반경 30cm이내의 포도송이에서는 약제에 따라 57.2∼71.1%의 방제가를 보였으나 전체 식물체에서는 49.1∼65.8%로서 10일 간격으로 3회 살포한 것 보다 낮은 방제가를 보였다.

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우리나라 농약의 변천사 -살균제를 중심으로-

  • 이두형
    • The Bimonthly Magazine for Agrochemicals and Plant Protection
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    • v.3 no.10
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    • pp.4-11
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    • 1982
  • 살균제가 어느 시대부터 사용되어 왔는지는 확실한 기록이 없어 알 수 없으나 농사가 시작된 오래전부터 재배된 작물을 병으로부터 보호하기 위하여 사용되었으리라는 것은 쉽게 상상할 수 있다. 19세기 이전에 사용된 살균제로서는 황(黃)에 의한 훈증, 승홍(昇汞) 및 황산구리(黃酸銅)에 의한 종자소독 등 이라고 추정할 수 있으나 우리나라에서의 확실한 기록이 없어 무엇이라 말 할 수가 없다. 우리나라에서의 과학적인 영농방법이 시작된 것은 1905년 이후 권업모범장의 연구 결과가 발표되기 시작하면서부터라고 말할 수 있다. 따라서 살균제의 변천과정을 1945년을 전후로 나누어 작물과 주성분에 따른 적용범위와 사용상의 문제점 등을 중점적으로 다루기로 한다.

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Evaluation of Fungicides for Control of Gray Snow Mold Caused by Typhula incarnata on Cool Season Turfgrass (한지형 잔디의 설부소립균핵병 방제를 위한 살균제 평가)

  • Chang, Tae-Hyun;Lee, Seung-Jun
    • Asian Journal of Turfgrass Science
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.102-109
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    • 2012
  • Commercial formulation of fungicides was studied in the golf course for evaluation against Typhula incarnata causal agents of gray snow mold. Efficacies of fungicides application, fungicide mixture, fungicides applied method (irrigation and spray) and fungicides applied time (early fall and late fall) were evaluated for their influence on the chemical control of gray snow mold of turfgrass during the winter season in Yongpyeong golf course, Korea. Unsprayed control has significantly more disease severity than three fungicides (azoxystrobin, propiconazole, and tebuconazole) were applied to field plots. Effect of three fungicides was over 80% with control value for controlling gray snow mold on Kentucky bluegrass and creeping bentgrass species. Effect of fungicide mixture with different family groups had an over 93% control value of gray snow mold on Kentucky bluegrass species. It was not significantly difference in fungicidal effect according to applied method (irrigation and spray) with azoxystrobin on Kentucky bluegrass and creeping bentrasss species. Effect of fungicides applied time was a significantly difference on disease control by tebconazole early fall spray.

Fungicide Selection for Control of Lycium chinense Anthracnose Caused by Colletotrichum spp. (구기자 탄저병 방제를 위한 살균제 선발)

  • Koo, Han-Mo
    • Research in Plant Disease
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.26-31
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    • 2008
  • Anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum spp. has been known as a significant disease which commonly infects to the fruits of Chinese matrimony (Lycium chinese) in the field conditions. To select effective fungicides for the control of Chinese matrimony anthracnose, the antifungal activity of 15 fungicides were evaluated with 13 different strains of Colletotrichum spp. in the laboratory condition. Six fungicides (Dithianon WG, Tebuconazole SC, Tebuconazole WG, Trifloxystrobin + Tebuconazole SC, Azoxystrobin SC and Polyoxin D zinc salt + Carbendazim WP) out of them, showed effective suppression with the mycelium growth of pathogenic fungus, and were selected to test in vivo of the field condition. Five fungicides, Dithianon WG, Tebuconazole WG, Trifloxystrobin + Tebuconazole SC, Tebuconazole SC and Azoxystrobin SC, were significantly effective to protect anthracnose of Chinese matrimony, the variety "Chungyang Jerae".

Influence of Fungicide on the Spore Germination and Mycelial Growth of Beauveria bassiana GHA (살균제가 곤충병원성곰팡이 Beauveria bassiana GHA 포자발아 및 균사생장에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jeong Jun;Song, Yu Jin;Han, Ji Hee;Lee, Sang Yeob
    • The Korean Journal of Mycology
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.295-300
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to test effect of fungicides on the spore germination and mycelial growth of BotaniGard$^{(R)}$(Beauveria bassiana GHA). Eight fungicides, which are using for plant disease control in cucumber cultivation, with different concentration were mixed with conidia of GHA isolate for 0.5, 2, and 4 hours. The fungicides trifluminazol, fenarimol, ethaboxam, copper hydroxide and tetraconazol did significantly not inhibit on spore germination and mycelial growth. The trifluminazol, propineb and tetraconazol on high concentrations inhibited the mycelial growth of GHA. However, mixing time of fungicide with conidia of GHA did not affect in spore germination and mycelial growth. These results suggest that fungicide effect needed be checked before mycopesticide is applied in the field.

Correlations Between In Vitro and In Vivo Methods for Screening Fungicides Against Corn Disease (옥수수 깜부기병균에 대한 살균제 활성검정시 실내와 생체검정 결과와의 상관)

  • 김충회;박경석
    • Korean Journal Plant Pathology
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.297-301
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    • 1996
  • 옥수수 깜부기병균에 대한 살균제 활성검정시 실내 검정과 온실 유묘검정과의 상관정도를 조사하기 위하여 5가지 살균제를 공시하여 실내와 온실에서 깜부기병균에 대한 억제효과를 비교하였다. 실내검정방법으로 사용한 최소생육억제농도법, 저지원법, 소생자발아검정법의 결과는 모두 온실유묘검정에서 얻어진 결과와 상관이 높았으며 특히 저지원법은 유묘검정결과와 매우 높은 상관관계를 보였다. 따라서 저지원법과 같은 실내검정방법은 대량의 활성검정시 간이검정방법으로 유용하게 이용될 수 있으리라 생각된다.

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