• Title, Summary, Keyword: 삶의 질

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Factors Influencing Swallowing-related Quality of Life in Patients with Dysphagia (연하장애 환자의 삶의 질 영향 요인)

  • Kim, Ju-Yeun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.421-431
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the influence of depression, social isolation, and meaning in life on the swallowing related quality of life in patients with dysphagia. In this study, 87 the dysphagia patients diagnosed with stroke, degenerative disease, and neurological disorder in a general or rehabilitation hospital in Seoul, Gyeonggi, and Incheon were assessed. The data were collected between February and April, 2015 using CES-D, RULS, PIL, SWAL-QOL. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS 22.0. Of the participants, 20.7% reported having had depression, 92.0% middle-high social isolation and 64.4% existential vacuum. The mean scores were SWAL- QOL 158.89(35.97). Stepwise multiple regression revealed that tube feeding to have the greatest effect on SWAL-QOL(${\beta}=-0.57$, p<.001), followed in order by age (${\beta}=0.26$, p=.001), lower MIL (${\beta}=0.19$ p=.014), and education (${\beta}=0.17$, p=.032). The most influential factor to SWAL-QOL was tube feeding. These variables accounted for 50.7% of SWAL-QOL in dysphagia patients (F=28.84 p=.031). Therefore, it is essential to develop the intervention that can improve the meaning in life in patients with dysphagia. In addition there is a need to study the psychological factors and quality of life of tube feeding.

Factors Influencing Health related Quality of Life in Patients with Hypertension : Based on the 5th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (고혈압 환자의 건강관련 삶의 질에 영향을 미치는 요인: 제5기 국민건강영양조사를 이용하여)

  • Lee, Kyongeun;Cho, Eunhee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.399-409
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine factors influencing health related quality of life(HRQOL) in patients with hypertension. Methods: This study carried out secondary analysis using the data from the $5^{th}$ Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Subject samples who were selected are 1,240 hypertension patients. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, traditional classic regression, and quantile regression. Results: Restriction of activity, depressive mood, and subjective health status had only significant effects on HRQOL(p<.001). After quantile regression, depressive mood and subjective health status had only significant at 20%(p<.001), 40%(p<.001), and 60%(p<.01) of HRQOL. Perceived stress(p<.001) and regular exercise(p<.01) had only significant at 20% of HRQOL. Current drinking status had only significant at 20%(p<.001) and 80%(p<.01) of HRQOL. Conclusions: Quantile regression maybe a better statistical tool in understanding the heterogeneous effect of hypertension patient's HRQOL as health outcome. Therefore interventions are needed for patients with hypertension to manage each of the factors affecting the patient's perceived health status by each quantile.

The moderating effects of social support on the relationship between stigma and quality of life in people living with HIV/AIDS (HIV/AIDS 감염인의 지각된 낙인이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향 -사회적 지지의 조절효과 중심으로-)

  • Lee, In Jeong;Rhee, Young Sun
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.347-369
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    • 2013
  • Quality of life for people living with HIV/AIDS is significant as it concerns the treatment process, survival rate, HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment as well. Prevalent prejudice in our society significantly lowers the quality of patient's life. There is a need for an intervention and the effort to eliminate the stigma in order to lessen the negative effects as well. However, there are very few researches that examine the quality of life when it comes to people living with HIV/AIDS; even less when it comes to research that examines the stigma that affects the quality of life negatively. Therefore, this research seeks to verify the moderating effects of social support that seek to eliminate the stigma upon the quality of life in people living with HIV/AIDS. Research had been conducted with 102 people living with HIV/AIDS and the balancing effect of the social effort was verified through hierarchical regression analysis and a simple slope test. As the result of the research, control variables such as educational level and whether the patient has a job or not have significant effect and the stigma that the patient is aware of has significant negative effect. Social support had positive effect in quality of life and that it has a moderating effect on stigma which in turn affects the quality of life. Based on these results, social work related implications that were suggested are as follows; need for information and education as to better the quality of life for people living with HIV/AIDS and eliminate the social stigma and that group support program based on the local community which is needed for social support. Further research was advised based on the limitations of this research.

Correlates of Self-Stigma, Self-Esteem, and Quality of Life Among Persons with Mental Disabilities (정신장애인의 자기 낙인과 삶의 질, 자존감과의 관계 연구)

  • Lee, Hyun Ji
    • 재활복지
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.83-102
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of the this study was to investigate the association of self-stigma, quality of life, and self-esteem and analyze the mediating role of self-esteem in the relationship between self-stigma and quality of life among people with mental disabilities. For this purpose, the data were collected from 254 people with mental disabilities who utilize the community mental health centers located in D and K regions. Findings of the study indicated that there were statistically significant relationships among self-stigma, quality of life and self-esteem. In addition, self-esteem had partial mediating effects on the relationships between self-stigma and the quality of life domains such as physical, psychological, and environmental areas, while self-esteem was a full mediator in the relationships between self-stigma and social relationship in the quality of life. Based on the findings of, possible practice implications for improving the quality of life among people with mental disabilities by reducing self-stigma along with empowering their self-esteem and recommendation for further study were provided.

Correlates of the Participation of Leisure Activities, Leisure Satisfaction, and Quality of Life among Disabled People (장애인의 여가활동참여와 여가만족, 삶의 질과의 관계)

  • Nam, Hyun Joo;Lee, Hyun Ji
    • 재활복지
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.121-140
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of the this study was to investigate the association of the participation of leisure activities, leisure satisfaction and quality of life, and analyze the mediating effect of leisure satisfaction in the relationship between the participation of leisure activities and quality of life among people with disabilities. For the purpose, the data were collected by using non-random purposive and convenient sampling methods and 192 disabled people who reside in Daegu city and Kyungpook provinces filled out self-administered questionnaires for this study. Findings of the study indicated that there were statistically significant relationships among the participation of leisure activities, leisure satisfaction, and quality of life and active types of leisure activities such as physical activities, travel activities, and social participating activities were significantly related with leisure satisfaction and quality of life. In addition, the mediating effect of leisure satisfaction in the relationship between the participation of leisure activities and quality of life was statistically significant. Based on the findings of the study, possible practice implications for improving quality of life among disabled people and recommendation for further study were provided.

The Differences of Quality of Life by Gender in Undergraduate : focused on health practice (성별에 따른 대학생의 건강관련 삶의 질 차이 : 건강행위 중심으로)

  • Kim, Jeong-Yeon;Kim, Young-Ju
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.9 no.12
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    • pp.81-87
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of the research was to investigate the differences in quality of life by gender and to identify the factors that influence the qulatiy of life focused on health practice. Quality of Life was measured by the Korean health related Quality of Life Scale(KQOLS) which was developed to reflect the regional, cultural and emotional background. Questionnaires were collected from 115 undergraduate male and female students in D city. Male had higher KQOLS than female but there was no statistically significant difference but appeared statistically significantly higher KQOLS in the subdomains of physical functioning, Vitality, Mental health, spiritual health. A difference analysis of determinants of the quality of life in undergraduated male and female focused on health practice showed that the factors that influenced the quality of life in male were disease, regular exercise, BMI and the explanation of antecedent variables stood at 25.1%. On the other hand, these variables did not explain the quality of life in female.

Association of diet-related quality of life with dietary regimen practice, health-related quality of life, and gastrointestinal symptoms in end-stage renal disease patients with hemodialysis (혈액투석을 실행중인 말기 신부전 환자의 식사관련 삶의 질(Diet-Related Quality of Life)과 식사요법 실천도, 건강관련 삶의 질 및 위장관 증상과의 관련성 연구)

  • Lee, JinJu;Kim, Ji-Myung;Kim, Yuri
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.137-146
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate diet-related Quality of Life (QOL) and to analyze the relationship among diet-related QOL, dietary regimen practice, health-related QOL, and gastrointestinal symptoms in hemodialysis patients. Subjects were recruited from an artificial kidney center in Seoul. The self-report questionnaire consisted of socio-demographic characteristics, diet-related QOL, compliance with dietary regimen practice, health-related QOL, and gastrointestinal symptoms was distributed. Diet-related QOL includes a 'Quality of Life and Related to Dietary Change Questionnaire', 'Satisfaction Survey', and 'Dietary Impact Survey'. According to their responses, participants had experienced the greatest difficulty with 'Dietary Impact'. In particular, the mean score for general health was low. Association of dietary regimen practice showed a positive association with 'Cost' and 'Self-care' score. In addition, diet-related QOL showed positive correlation with health-related QOL, particularly in 'taste'. Scores for 'Taste', 'Convenience', and 'Dietary Impact' were lower for subjects with constipation compared to those of subjects without constipation. Scores for 'Taste' and 'Dietary Impact' were lower in subjects with irritable bowel syndrome compared to those of subjects without the syndrome (p < 0.05). Diet-related QOL showed a positive association with health-related QOL (p < 0.05), whereas it showed a negative association with constipation (p < 0.01). In conclusion, hemodialysis patients in Korea suffer from burden of dietary regimen practice and most scores for diet-related QOL and health-related QOL from patients with gastrointestinal symptoms were low. Therefore, appropriate nutrition education considering gastrointestinal symptoms is necessary for improvement of patients' QOL during dietary regimen practice.

삶의 질 향상을 위한 우리나라 보건요원의 역할

  • 남철현
    • Proceedings of The Korean Society of Health Promotion Conference
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    • pp.13-37
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    • 1998
  • 삶의 질을 향상시키고자 하는 염원은 끊임없이 삶을 영위해 온 인류가 추구하여 온 보편적인 가치라고 할 수 있다. Inkeles(1993)는 살의 질을 근대화 또는 산업화 맥락에서 연구하였으며 산업화로 인하여 물질적, 물리적 조건 특히 국민총생산량(GNP)과 같은 경제적 조건의 발전이 있었으며 그 결과 국민의 삶의 질이 향상되었다고 결론짓고 있다.(중략)

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The Influence of Elderly Social Activity and Depression on Elderly Well Being (노인들의 사회활동 참여와 우울이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향 -광주시와 전남지역 노인들을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Nam-hyeon;Jung, Min-Suk
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.496-506
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    • 2017
  • This study examined the elderly well being, which is the most important issue, or life satisfaction. When the elderly's life satisfaction get better, Our society can be integrated as we pursuit. The research aimed to find out whether elderly social activity affect on their well being including meditating effect of elderly depression. The result will guide the practical implication in the field. For the analysis, the participants consisted of elders from Gwangju City. The results are following. First, social activity showed negative effect on depression, but positive effect on the elderly well being. When the higher elderly social activity level, lower depression as well as higher well being level. Thus, this study strongly proposes for construction of elderly social activity programs in a social welfare field to achieve their successful elderly life well being.

Health-Related Quality of Life in the Early Childhood of Premature Children (미숙아로 출생한 유아의 건강 관련 삶의 질 정도와 영향요인)

  • Lim, Eun-Hee;Ju, Hyeon-Ok
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.37-45
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: In this study, a comparison was done of the extent of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) for preterm and fullterm children during early childhood, and factors affecting HRQoL in the early childhood of premature children were analyzed. Methods: Eighty mothers of children born prematurely and 83 mothers of children born at fullterm listed on two Internet cafes were sampled for this study. The major instrument used for the study was the TNO-AZL Preschool Quality Of Life (TAPQOL) questionnaire. Results: Total score for HRQoL in the premature group was 80.5 (${\pm}9.9$) and for the full term group, 85.0 (${\pm}8.3$), on a 100-point scale. A comparison of the premature group and full term group showed that the domains which scored relatively lower with respect to HRQoL included the stomach, motor function, anxiety, liveliness and communication. Among the factors that have an impact on HRQoL were 'length of stay in neonatal intensive care unit (${\geq}7$ days)' and 'birth weight (<1,000 gm)'. The explanation power of the model was 17%, which was statistically significant. Conclusion: These findings indicate that a differentiated premature infant follow-up program for children who are hospitalized over 7 days in NICU or weighed under 1,000g at birth is urgently needed.