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Quality Characteristics of Traditional Soybean Paste (Doenjang) Manufactured with Mixed Beans (혼합콩으로 제조한 전통된장의 품질 특성)

  • Yoon, Won-Jung;Lee, Soo-Won;Moon, Hye-Kyung;Moon, Jae-Nam;Kim, Bong-Gyu;Kim, Boon-Ju;Kim, Gwi-Young
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.375-384
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    • 2011
  • The effects of mixed beans on quality characteristics of traditional soybean paste (Doenjang) were investigated. The proximate composition of the soybean paste (Doenjang) met traditional food standard requirements. The range in salinity was 12.30~13.20%, and the salinity decreased with an increase in the amount of mixed beans. A significant difference in pH values occurred in all samples(p<0.05). The Hunter's 'L ($45.06{\pm}0.41$)' and 'b ($13.89{\pm}0.73$)' values of the TDM2 samples were higher than those of other samples. The highest amounts of malic acid of the organic acids are shown. The order of the amino acid content was aspartic acid > leucine > lysine, and that of free amino acid contents were proline > glutamic acid > arginine. The order of mineral content in the soybean pastes was Na > K > Ca > Mg, but levels of Co, Cu, and Zn were not detected. The traditional soybean paste (Doenjang) had an effective DPPH radical scavenging activity and higher phenolic content compared to those of the control sample. Overall acceptability score of the TDM2 (soybean 1 : mixed beans 1) was higher than that of the others. More research is needed to enhance the quality and functionality of traditional soybean paste.

A Study on the utilizing parody and pastiche in Contemporary Art Works (현대 예술 작품에서 나타나는 패러디와 패스티쉬에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Ho-Jin;Jeong, Eui-Tae
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.6 no.6
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    • pp.201-212
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    • 2015
  • They insist that there is no more new stuff in modern art to change every circumstance rapidly. According to this situation, they recreate the works which are made with the existed idea or materials, and also transform creative concept which cites the existing functions with modern meaning. Furthermore they can look into any data everywhere from their daily routine using the internet. And this must become one of the general forms which they imitate others' works which are referred or chosen in modern art. These social complextion is called a parody and pastich is technique of the Post Modernism which is the existence of past. Using the new construction, the parody and pastich which can accomplish some better value and bring other meanings makes original recreation with the concept of copying and repeating. It keeps changing and is shaping up to be different aspect so far. Every field has a little different term using its own expression but it keeps empathizing each other a same essential meaning. Although it is like universal mode of expression, It is fact that the public cannot distinguish what is creation, imitation, or piracy. This thesis shows the concept of it and files for terms which is using like that. At last it selects some artist who worked with parody and pastich analyses and compares them and their works.

Study on the Activation Plan Using Specific Cultural Cluster -Focus on religious cultural town composition in Andong City- (특정 문화시설 집적지의 활성화 방안 연구 -안동시 종교문화타운 조성을 사례로-)

  • Kwon, Ki-Chang;Yoon, Sungwook
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.10
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    • pp.776-787
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    • 2014
  • When a urban religious cluster is transformed into a religious cultural town, it will help restore the urban community spirit and boost the social, cultural competence of a city. It can be achieved through the desirable values associated with love, service, reconciliation, and communication of each religion combined together. Also, it can facilitate urban regeneration and local revitalization. This study has established measures to stimulate Mokseong-dong in Andong City, an area with lots of religious, cultural facilities, by transforming it into a religious cultural town. The purpose is to play a key role in leading the regional education and culture and stimulating the area. To establish an identity of the religious, cultural town with multiple religions, a development concept was created under the theme of reconciliation, communication, and service. Specifically, a measure to reorganize the area into a space for reconciliation, communication, and service was created with an operation and stimulation program, focusing on the religious facilities. In addition, in order to transform the religious town into a hub of urban regeneration, measures to achieve the following were created: growing together with the surrounding area; establishing a cooperation system involving local residents; establishing an administrative, financial support system. If the religious, cultural town is revitalized, it can boost the quality of local residents and stimulate the local economy.

A Study of The Crystal-image in Yuri Norstein's Animated Film (유리 노르슈테인의 <이야기 속의 이야기>에 나타난 결정체-이미지 연구)

  • Kim, Hyun-Jeong
    • Cartoon and Animation Studies
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    • pp.93-114
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    • 2015
  • In the history of animation, which created by Yuri Norstein is one of the best animations in the world. Out of all animations that Yuri Norstein created, is one animation that most people have hard time to understand because unexpected images and complicated structure of this animation get us confused. And also since this animation is based on Yuri Norstein's childhood memories and his own experiences, people who doesn't understand Russian culture and history will be lost. The purpose of this study is to analyze created by Yuri Norstein through the crystal-image in of Deleuze. According to Deleuze, we can see and understand unorganized time through the crystal-image which is the door way understanding and recognizing the time-image. In the there are some of the crystal-image appears. Eternity episode is one of the Crystal-images. In eternity episode we can see a peaceful life as simply continue endlessly. This is also the part that shows subject of animation and time itself accoding to Deleuze. By Yuri Norstein reflects Deleuze's claims that time-image we think and realize through crystal-image is eventually human life and universe.

A Design Study on Seoul CheongGye Plaza (서울 청계광장 설계 연구)

  • Shin, Hyun-Don
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.12-21
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    • 2012
  • The proximities of Cheonggye creek was a maj or space for the gathering of large populations from the past times and it is also a place containing the joy, anger, sorrow, pleasure and lives of the citizens. The Cheonggye creek which flowed downtown of Seoul throughout many historical events had disappeared into history completely in the modernization process due to the contamination with life sewages and overflow. However, the city authority of Seoul decided to restore it to its shape before covering the creek by means of dismantling the old elevated ways in Cheonggye creek in line with the Large Scale City Movement Project to revive the grey city and to improve the quality of the city landscape in 2002. The cultural space was created by activating the old town sphere in Cheonggye Creek and the amenities of the giant city was improved by the cultural and natural wave created along the creek. In addition, the educational opportunity has been provided to the citizens by means of reviving its historical nature. The design and cultural value of the Cheonggye Plaza were restored for the mean time and the urban environment requested during modem times was established. The Cheonggye Plaza which heightened the balanced development in Seoul which has been developed in an unbalanced way by dividing into northern and southern area of the river is very meaningful in the viewpoint of the landscape architect who designs the urban space. The re-birth as a cultural space of downtown owing to the efforts of the said cultural catalysts is meaningful.

Development of u-Health Care System for Dementia Patients (치매환자를 위한 u-Health Care 시스템 개발)

  • Shin, Dong-Min;Shin, Dong-Il;Shin, Dong-Kyoo
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.38C no.12
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    • pp.1106-1113
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    • 2013
  • For patients who have senile mental disorder such as dementia, quantity of excercise and amount of sunlight are important clue for dose and the treatment. Therefore, monitoring health information of daily life is necessary for patients' safety and healthy life. Portable & wearable sensor device and server configuration monitoring data are needed to provide these services for patients. Watch-type device(smart watch) which patients wear and server system are developed in this paper. Smart watch developed includes GPS, accelerometer and illumination sensor, and can obtain real time health information by measuring the position of patients, quantity of exercise and amount of sunlight. Server system includes the sensor data analysis algorithm and web server that doctor and protector can monitor through sensor data acquired from smart watch. The proposed data analysis algorithm acquires quantity of exercise information and detects step count in patients' motion acquired from acceleration sensor and to verify this, the three cases with fast pace, slow pace, and walking pace show 96% of the experimental result. If developed u-Healthcare System for dementia patients is applied, more high-quality medical service can be provided to patients.

Studies on the Changes of Lipids during Soybean Koji Preparation for Daenjang Fermentation in Model System (된장 발효(醱酵) 중 콩 Koji 제조(製造)과정에 있어서 지질성분(脂質成分)의 변화(變化)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Lee, Sook-Hee;Cheigh, Hong-Sik;Kim, Chang-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.375-381
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    • 1982
  • The studies are conducted on the changes of soybean lipids in terms of physicochemical characteristics, lipid classess and fatty acid composition during the fermentation process of soybean Koji preparation for daenjang (soybean paste) in a model system using cooked soybean inoculated by Aspergillus oryzae. The total lipids contents were increased during soybean Koji preparation, generally iodine values decreased but acid values increased. Total lipids of soybean Koji consisted of about 90.6% neutral lipids, 7.6% phospholipids and 1.8%, glycolipids indicating that phospholipids contents of soybean Koji was increased when compared to those of cooked soybean. The major components of nonpolar lipids in soybean Koji were free fatty acids(39.6%) and triglycerids(29.2%). Free fatty acids increased as the triglycerides decreased during soybean Koji preparation by the hydrolysis of lipase action. The major components of polar lipids in soybean Koji were phosphatidyl choline and phosphatidyl ethanolamine. Differences were observed in the composition of the polar lipids of cooked soybean and soybean Koji. A little changes also occurred in fatty acid compositions of total lipids, triglycerides and free fatty acids fractions in soybean Koji preparation. Especially a considerable increase of linoleic acid in free fatty acid fraction was observed in soybean Koji.

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Comparison of dietary behavior and consumption of processed beverage depend on food insecurity status of adolescents in vientiane, Lao PDR (라오스 비엔티안 지역 청소년의 식품 불안정 상태에 따른 식행동 및 가공 음료 섭취 비교 연구)

  • Lee, Yena;Kim, Ji-Myung;Yi, Kyungock;Hansana, Visanou;Kim, Yuri
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.51 no.6
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    • pp.580-589
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the food insecurity status and dietary behavior and examine the association between the food insecurity status and consumption of processed beverage for secondary school students in Vientiane, capital city of Lao PDR. Methods: The study subjects are 714 students (boys = 307 and girls = 407) in four secondary schools (Chao_Anouvong, Phiavat, Saysetha, and Chansavang) of Vientiane, Lao PDR. Data on study subject's demographic characteristics, dietary behavior, food insecurity, and Mini Dietary Assessment (MDA) index were collected. A "Self-Administered Food Security Survey Module for Children Aged 12 Years and Older" developed by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) was used for the food insecurity assessment. Results: As a result, 72.7% of the subjects were in a state of food insecurity, and food security was associated with higher socioeconomic status (higher life satisfaction, higher parent's education attainment, higher item ownership, fewer number of siblings, and having more lunches at the school restaurant than at home). Compared to the food insecurity group, the frequency of breakfast, self-rated diet, and the total score of MDA index were higher in the food security group. On the other hand, multiple logistic regression analysis showed that 'food security' was also associated with a higher consumption of processed beverages (OR 1.544; 95% CI 1.078-2.213; p = 0.018). Conclusion: Improving the quality of the diet is essential for adolescents in both the food insecurity and food security groups in Lao PDR. Therefore, it is necessary to provide well organized nutrition education and establish adequate nutrition policy for adolescents in Lao PDR.

The Effect of Nutrition Education on Visceral Fat Reduction and Diet Quality in Postmenopausal Women (폐경 여성의 내장지방 및 식사의 질에 미치는 영양 교육의 효과)

  • Baek, Young-Ah;Kim, Ki-Nam;Lee, Yo-A;Chang, Nam-Soo
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.41 no.7
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    • pp.634-664
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    • 2008
  • This study investigated the effects of the nutrition education on body weight, visceral fat and diet quality in the postmenopausal women. The subjects (n = 101) were randomly divided into two groups: Nutrition education + Exercise (NEE) group (n = 51) and Exercise only (EO) group (n = 50). Nutrition education was consisted of counseling in portion control, food selection for low carbohydrate, high fiber food items and for the improvement in micronutrient intakes and diet quality. After 6 months, the reduction in the body weight and visceral fat area was significantly greater in the NEE than in the EO group. The NEE subjects were further divided into two groups according to the amount of visceral fat area reduction; high visceral fat area loss (HVL) group with a visceral fat area reduction 2.35% or greater and low visceral fat area loss (LVL) group with a reduction less than 2.35%. In the HVL group, the reduction in body weight, BMI, percent body fat, waist to hip ratio and visceral fat area was significantly greater than that in the LVL group. We observed a significant increase in the serum HDL-cholesterol level and a decrease in systolic blood pressure, fasting blood sucrose, total and LDL-cholesterol levels in the HVL group compared to the LVL group. The energyadjusted protein, fiber, calcium, vitamin $B_6$, vitamin C, vitamin E intakes were significantly increased in the HVL compared to LVL group. The index of nutritional quality (INQ) and mean adequacy ratio (MAR) were also increased in the HVL group compared to the LVL group. These results show that our nutrition education program was an effective intervention measure for the reduction of body weight and visceral fat, blood pressure, glucose and lipid levels in the blood and also for the improvement of nutrient intake and diet quality in postmenopausal women who are overweight.

Outcomes after Radiotherapy in Inoperable Patients with Squamous Cell Lung Cancer (수술이 불가능한 편평상피성 폐암의 방사선치료 성적)

  • Ahn Sung-Ja;Chung Woong-Ki;Nah Byung-Sik;Nam Tack-Keun;Kim Young-Chul;Park Kyung-Ok
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.216-223
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    • 2001
  • Purpose : We evaluated retrospectively the outcomes of inoperable squamous cell lung cancer patients treated with radiotherapy to find out prognostic factors affecting survival. Materials and methods : Four hundred and eleven patients diagnosed as squamous cell lung cancer between November 1988 and December 1997 were the basis of this analyses. The planned dose to the gross tumor volume was ranged from 30 to 70.2 Gy. Chemotherapy was combined in 72 patients $(17.5\%)$ with the variable schedule and drug combination regimens. Follow-up period ranged from 1 to 113 months with the median of 8 months and survival status was identified in 381 patients $(92.7\%)$. Overall survival rate was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results : Age ranged from 23 years to 83 years with the median 63 years. The male to female ratio was about 16:1. For all 411 patients, the median overall survival was 8 months and the 1-year survival rate (YSR), 2-YSR, and 5-YSR were $35.6\%,\;12.6\%,\;and\;3.7\%$, respectively. The median and 5-YSR were 29 months and $33.3\%$ for Stage IA, 13 months and $6.3\%$ for Stage IIIA, and 9 months and $3.4\%$ for Stage IIIB, respectively(p=0.00). The median survival by treatment aim was 11 months in radical intent group and 5 months in palliative, respectively (p=0.00). Of 344 patients treated with radical intent, median survival of patients (N=247) who received planned radiotherapy completely was 12 months while that of patients (N=97) who did not was 5 months (p=0.0006). In the analyses of the various prognostic factors affecting to the survival outcomes in 247 patients who completed the planned radiotherapy, tumor location, supraclavicular LAP, SVC syndrome, pleural effusion, total lung atelectasis and hoarseness were statistically significant prognostic factors both in the univariate and multivariate analyses while the addition of chemotherapy was statistically significant only in multivariate analyses. The acute radiation esophagitis requiring analgesics was appeared in 49 patients $(11.9\%)$ and severe radiation esophagitis requiring hospitalization was shown in 2 patients $(0.5\%)$. The radiation pneumonitis requiring steroid medication was shown in 62 patients $(15.1\%)$ and severe pneumonitis requiring hospitalization was occurred in 2 patients $(0.5\%)$. During follow-up, 114 patients $(27.7\%)$ had progression of local disease with 10 months of median time to recur (range : $1\~87\;months$) and 49 patients $(11.9\%)$ had distant failure with 7 months of median value (range : $1\~52\;months$). Second malignancy before or after the diagnosis of lung cancer was appeared in 11 patients Conclusion : The conventional radiotherapy in the patients with locally advanced squamous cell lung cancer has given small survival advantage over supportive care and it is very important to select the patient group who can obtain the maximal benefit and to select the radiotherapy technique that would not compromise the life quality in these patients.

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