• Title, Summary, Keyword: 삶의 질

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A study on the Fear of falling, Activity of daily living and Quality of life for the Elderly (노인의 낙상두려움, 일상생활수행능력과 삶의 질에 관한 연구 -낙상경험유무, 만성질환유무, 거주지역별 비교-)

  • Kang, Ki-Seon;Yang, Ji
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.7
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    • pp.193-199
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to provide basic data for the development of fall prevention programs for the elderly and for improvement of quality of life based on history of falls, chronic diseases, location, fear of falling, daily living activities, and quality of life. This study was conducted from 15th August to 17th September of 2016 on 185 elderly subjects above the age of 65 living in four centers of J city and four centers of J rural. The results of this study are as follows: There were no statistically significant differences in daily living activities, fear of falls, and quality of life regarding falls in the past. There were statistically significant differences in fear of falling and quality of life regarding chronic diseases. There were statistically significant differences in daily living activities and quality of life regarding residence. This study confirms that there were relations among daily living activities, fear of falling, and quality of life, and there was a negative correlation between fear of falling and accomplishment of daily living activities(r=-.386, p<.000). There was also a positive correlation between accomplishment of daily living activities and quality of life(r=.513, p<.000). Therefore, avoiding outings on slippery roads and creating safe environments for the elderly are important to reduce fear of falling. Additionally, a system should be developed for the elderly to acquire necessary information for daily life.

Quality of Life in Korean Patients with Burning Mouth Syndrome (한국인을 대상으로 한 구강작열감증후군 환자의 삶의 질 평가)

  • Park, Ju-Hyun;Kwon, Jeong-Seung;Choi, Jong-Hoon;Ahn, Hyung-Joon
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.81-89
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the individually perceived quality of life in Korean patients with BMS using two questionnaires : the Medical Outcome Short Form Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-36) and the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-49). This cross-sectional study included sixty subjects diagnosed with BMS and sixty healthy subjects as controls. All subjects in this study completed two questionnaires: the Medical Outcome Short Form Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-36) and the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-49), which had been translated into Korean and subsequently validated for use in Korea. All of the subscales in the SF-36 exhibited significantly lower scores in BMS patients than control groups. Comparison of the mean SF-36 scores between the two groups revealed the greatest differences to be for the subscales of physical pain and role emotional (role limitations due to emotional problems). The mean score on each subscale of the OHIP-49 was significantly higher in BMS patients than control groups. Comparison of the mean OHIP-49 scores between the two groups revealed the greatest difference to be for the subscale of physical pain. These findings demonstrated that BMS had an impact on various components of a patient's quality of life. BMS patients exhibited more impaired results and a poorer quality of life than control groups.

Comparison of Quality of Life Related with the Level of Activity and the Grade of Activity in the Elderly Residing among City, Farmimg and Fishing Area (도시 및 농어촌 노인의 활동 수준 및 활동 정도에 따른 삶의 질 비교)

  • Lee, Taek-Young;Kim, Jin-Kyung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.402-411
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    • 2010
  • The aims of this study were to investigate the level of activity in the elderly residing in city and rural area and to determine the contributing factors to quality of life (QOL). Subjects were 537 who were older than 60 years of age. QOL was assessed by the SF-36, and the level of activity was assessed by the Korean Activity Checklist. QOL in the elderly residing in city was higher than that in the elderly residing in rural area, and the level of activity was also higher in the elderly residing in city in instrumental activities of daily living, low and high level of physical activity, and social activity compared with the elderly residing in rural area. There was a significant correlation between the level of activity and QOL. The contributing factors to QOL were QOL lower level scores, the Korean Activity Checklist scores, health status, and occupation in the elderly residing in city, whereas the contributing factors to QOL were QOL lower level scores, the Korean Activity Checklist scores, health status, age, and level of education in the elderly residing in rural area. From the findings of this study, the environment in that the elderly can enjoy meaningful activity should be constructed and various programs should be developed.

Health-related Quality of Life and Its Related Factors in Urban Elderly Women (일개 광역시 도시 여성노인의 건강관련 삶의 질과 이에 미치는 요인)

  • Na, Yoon Joo;Choi, Yeon Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.7224-7230
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    • 2014
  • This study attempted to identify the health-related quality of life and its related factors in urban elderly women. This study used the data of the 2011 Community Health Survey. The subjects of this study were 704 elderly women. Based on the literature review, this study examined variables with health-related quality of life and construct integrated conceptual framework of the study. For data analysis, SPSS 18.0 and LISREL 8.8. were used to calculate the percentage, mean, standard deviation, Spearman correlation, and path analysis parameter. The total mean EQ-5D index score was $0.81({\pm}0.20)$ and the major problems were pain/discomfort (62.5%) and mobility (53.9%) and normal activity (38.9%). The model showed a goodness of fit to the empirical data. Age, income, health promotion behavior, social support, physical health and mental health had significant direct effects on EQ-5D and age, income, health promotion behavior and social support had indirect effects on EQ-5D. These variables explained 28% of the variance of EQ-5D. To improve the quality of life in urban elderly women, it is essential to have a comprehensive program for elderly women.

Relationship between Mastication Problem and Quality of Life among Middle-aged Korean (한국 중·장년의 저작문제와 삶의 질의 관련성)

  • Lee, Hye-Jin;Kim, Young-Suk
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.10 no.7
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    • pp.215-222
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between mastication problems and quality of life among middle-aged Koreans. The study used data from the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES VI). Data on 7,125 respondents aged 40 to 64 were analyzed to evaluate quality of life as measured by the Euro Quality of Life-5D(EQ-5D) index and mastication problems. Quality of life was classified as either low or high based on 0.96. The data were analyzed using SPSS 20.0. The prevalence of low quality of life was significantly higher in the group with mastication problems, at 41.9%, than in the group with no mastication problems(24.4%). After adjusting the general characteristics and oral health status, the odds of a lower quality of life were higher in the those with mastication problems, at 1.77 (95% CI: 1.53-2.06), than in those with no mastication problems. Mastication problem was significantly related to the quality of life. The studies are needed to reflect the oral factors in diverse age groups.

The Relationship between Quality of Life and Depression, Anxiety in Hemodialysis Patients (혈액투석 환자의 삶의 질과 우울, 불안과의 관계)

  • Jeon, Yeong Ae
    • Journal of The Korea Internet of Things Society
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.7-22
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    • 2018
  • This descriptive investigation aims to identify a relationship between QOL, depression, and anxiety in hemodialysis patients. I conducted this research on 130 subjects aged 19 or above who have received dialysis for at least one month in the hemodialysis unit at N hospital in the city of S. However, it came to 112 as I took out those who either quit, died, or filled out a questionnaire in the incorrect manner. In regards to average points of QOL on a 100-point scale, it is 57.77, demonstrating quite low QOL. Concerning average points of depression and anxiety, it is 12.25 and 10.52, respectively, showing quite a high figure. With regard to a correlation, there is a significant correlation between the three factors in hemodialysis patients: there is a negative correlation between QOL and depression (r=-.782, p<.001); a negative correlation between QOL and anxiety (r=-.719, p<.001); and a positive correlation between depression and anxiety (r=.873, p<.001). The outcome of multiple regression analysis on factors affecting QOL shows that depression is the element influencing QOL (β=-.585). Therefore, this study is significant in providing basic data for establishing intervention strategies aiming to reduce levels of depression which has the strongest impact on QOL in the patients and for developing a nursing intervention program intending to improve their QOL.

Factors Influencing the Quality of Life of Stroke Patients : A Systematic Review (뇌졸중 환자의 삶의 질에 영향을 끼치는 요인: 체계적 문헌고찰)

  • Jung, Jun-Sik
    • Therapeutic Science for Rehabilitation
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.39-51
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    • 2015
  • Objective : To synthesize and identify the studies that delineated the relationship between quality of life and other factors in stroke patients in South Korea. Method : Electronic databases were searched, including KISS, NDSL, National Assembly Library and KmBase. The search terms included stroke, quality of life and correlation, relationship. Only papers published in Korean were included. Results : Twelve studies, from 256 references screened, were included. All studies were non-experimental and correlational analysis. A correlation coefficient between Quality of Life and ADL .293~.622, Depression -.804~-.533, Cognition .090~.610, Quality of Sleep .107, Quality of Satisfaction .367, Fatigue -.260, MAL(Quality of Movement .208, Amount of Use .364), Family Support .824, Pain -.306, Motivation for Rehabilitation .51~.86, Balance .740, Self-efficacy .388 were analyzed respectively. Conclusion : The quality of life of stroke patients was influenced by multiple factors. Occupational therapists need to consider the functions of upper extremity and activities of daily living as well as depression, cognition, sleep, family support, pain, and self efficacy to improve quality of life of stroke patients.

A Converged Study on the Influence on the Quality of Life for Early and Late Middle-aged Men (전후기 중년 남성의 삶의 질 영향 요인에 대한 융합적 연구)

  • Kim, Hyang-Soo;Kim, Song-Soon;Park, Mi-Hyeon
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.133-145
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    • 2018
  • This is a descriptive study on what factors influence the quality of life of early and late middle-aged men. This research is the secondary analysis which was conducted with the data of 170 people and the primary data from 2017 by using SPSS/WIN program. The results show that the main factor is depression in early middle-aged men and social support for late middle-aged men, whose overall ability to explain was 77.8% and 64.7%, respectively. Therefore, this research suggests that multidisciplinary and converged approaches-developing nursing intervention programs based on the factors shown in this paper, creating social environment, strengthening social supportive system and making policies-be required for the enhancement of middle-aged men's quality of life.

Study on Factors Influencing the Disabled's Quality of Life: Focusing on Comparison between Employed and Unemployed Disabled People (장애인 삶의 질에 미치는 영향요인에 관한 연구: 취업자와 미취업자의 비교를 중심으로)

  • Jeon, Myeong-Sook
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.210-221
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze how much demographic and disability-related characteristics influence the quality of life that employed and unemployed disabled people, and determine difference in the influence of those factors between the two disabled groups. For this purpose, the study utilized 1st-year(2016) data from the 2nd wave of the Korean Panel Study on Employment for the Disabled. The findings of this study can be summarized as follows. First, employment is a critical factor that influences the disabled's quality of life. Besides, there are some financial, socio-relational and physical factors on which that quality is heavily dependent. Second, employed disabled people's quality of life is even more influenced by financial factors, socio-relational factors and health state than demographic factors. Third, unemployed disabled people's quality of life is significantly influenced by some demographic factors like gender and age and some physical factors like disability grade and disability period as well as by factors found influencing employed disabled people's quality of life. Thus, the two disabled groups are different from each other in which factors influence their quality of life. Based on these findings, this study made suggestions for the disabled's better quality of life.