• Title, Summary, Keyword: 상단흡수에너지

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On the Damping Effects of Helmet Safety with a Corrugation Damper using Taguchi's Optimization Design (다구찌 설계법을 이용한 주름댐퍼를 갖는 헬멧안전의 감쇠효과에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Chung-Kyun
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.34-40
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    • 2008
  • Using the finite element method and Taguchi's design technique, the displacement in vertical direction, von Mises stress, and strain energy of the corrugation damper have been analyzed as functions of the extruded length and the thickness of the corrugation damper, and the upper and lower corner radii of the damper. The optimized profile design elements of a corrugation damper are very important for increasing a strain energy absorption capacity of a helmet structure, which is attacked by impulsive external forces. In this study, the optimized design data based on the Taguchi's method was computed as a corrugation damper length of L = 20 mm, a damper thickness of t = 2 mm, the upper corner radius of $R_1=4\;mm$, and the lower corner radius of $R_2=3\;mm$. The optimized design parameters of a corrugation damper indicated that the thickness and extruded length of a corrugation damper may affect to increase the strain energy, which absorbs the impact forces of the helmet.

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형광체기반 Application에서 페를린 증착 유무에 따른 광학적 농도 변화에 대한 연구

  • Kim, Gyo-Tae;Hong, Ju-Yeon;Kim, Jin-Seon;Heo, Ye-Ji;Sin, Jeong-Uk;Heo, Seung-Uk;Park, Ji-Gun;Nam, Sang-Hui
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.397.1-397.1
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    • 2014
  • 최근 방사선 진단 영역에 이용되고 있는 증감지는 입사된 방사선의 감도를 증가시키기 위해 형광체를 사용하고 있으며, 외부의 에너지를 흡수하여 빛으로 방출하는 역할을 한다. 이는 방사선 검출기, 디스플레이, 의료기기 등 다양한 분야에 활용되고 있다. 필름에 X선을 노출 할 경우 형광체의 사용 유무에 따라 방사선 흡수 효율에 영향을 미치며, 이는 발광 효율 및 감도에 주요한 인자로 작용한다. 현재 상용화되어 있는 형광체는 낮은 발광 효율로 인한 한계를 가지므로, 발광 효율 향상을 위하여 제작 구조에 대한 연구가 진행되고 있다. 이 중 반사막을 활용하는 연구가 활발히 진행되고 있다. 일반적으로 형광체의 제조를 위하여 보편적으로 이용하고 있는 스크린프린팅 방법에서 건조 공정을 수행 시 균일도가 감소하는 현상이 발생한다. 이러한 현상은 반사막의 증착을 불균일하게 만드는 원인으로 작용하고 빛의 산란을 초래하는 현상을 초래한다. 이에 본 연구에서는 증착 시 투명도 저하에 따라 반사율이 증가되는 반사막 성질을 가지며, 방수성 및 절연성과 같은 보호층 특성을 지닌 유기성 투명 박막 페를린에 대하여 연구하고자 한다. 본 연구에서는 화학적 증기 증착법(Chemical Vapor Deposition, CVD)을 이용하여 투명 필름의 상단에 페를린을 코팅한 시편과 코팅하지 않은 시편으로 구분하여 제작하였고, 상단에 스크핀프린팅 방법을 활용하여 형광체를 도포 하였다. 시편 제작 후 실험은 시편을 필름 상단에 위치시키고, 일반진단에너지 대역(Model-SF 80)의 X선을 조사하였다. 이 후 현상기(model-pro14)를 통해 현상된 필름에 나타난 광학적 농도(Optical Density, O.D)를 농도계(Fluke Biomedical Nuclear Associates Densitometer)로 측정하였는데, 불확실성을 줄이기 위하여 총 5회를 측정하여 그 중 2번째로 높은 값을 도출하였다. 측정 결과, 페를린을 코팅한 형광체에서는 1.71의 O.D 값이 측정되었고, 페를린을 코팅하지 않은 형광체에서는 1.43의 O.D 값이 측정되었다. 이를 이용하여 투명도를 산출한 결과 상대적으로 약 1.76% 차이가 나타났다. 이러한 결과는 페를린 활용 시 환자의 피폭 선량 저감화 및 해상력 개선을 도모할 수 있을 것으로 사료된다.

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Seismic Design of Long Span Structures Based on Hysteric Energy Absorption Mechanism(1) (이력에너지흡수 원리를 이용한 대경간 구조물의 내진설계(1) -이선형 탄소성 이력거동에 의안 에너지 소산원리를 이용하는 방법-)

  • Cheong, Myung-Chae;Won, Sung-Dae
    • Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.85-93
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    • 2010
  • This paper suggests a vibration control method long span structures with trussed roof. Basic concept of this method is based on the energy absorption through hysteresis loop of an elasto-plastic element. This element is attached on the top of the column supporting the roof. Two different types of roofs and three of earthquake waves are used in the investigation. It shows that this is very efficient method to reduce the seismic energy of roof member transferred from the column.

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Development of a RVIES Syetem for Reactor Vessel Integrity Evaluation (원자로용기 건전성평가를 위한 RVIES 시스템의 개발)

  • Lee, Taek-Jin;Choe, Jae-Bung;Kim, Yeong-Jin;Park, Yun-Won;Jeong, Myeong-Jo
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.24 no.8
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    • pp.2083-2090
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    • 2000
  • In order to manage nuclear power plants safely and cost effectively, it is necessary to develop integrity evaluation methodologies for the main components. Recently, the integrity evaluation techniques were broadly studied regarding the license renewal of nuclear power plants which were approaching their design lives. Since the integrity evaluation process requires special knowledges and complicated calculation procedures, it has been allowed only to experts in the specified area. In this paper, an integrity evaluation system for reactor pressure vessel was developed. RVIES(Reactor Vessel Integrity Evaluation System) provides four specific integrity evaluation procedures covering PTS(Pressurized Thermal Shock) analysis, P-T(Pressure-Temperature) limit curve generation, USE(Upper Shelf Energy) analysis and Fatigue analysis. Each module was verified by comparing with published results.

Development of Photovoltaic-Thermal(CPV/T) System Based on Conical Solar Concentrator (원추형 집광기를 이용한 태양광-열(CPV/T) 복합시스템 개발)

  • Na, Mun Soo;Lee, Gwi Hyun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery Conference
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    • pp.124-124
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    • 2017
  • 본 연구에서 원추형 집광기와 CPV셀을 기반으로 한 태양광-열(CPV/T) 복합시스템의 설계 및 제작과정을 다룬다. 원추형 집광기의 경우, 이론적 해석을 통하여 최고의 집열효율을 갖는 원추각 45도의 집광기 4개를 결합하여 사용하였다. 원추형 복합시스템은 태양에너지를 집열하여 열에너지를 생산하는 집광기와 작동유체의 순환을 위해 이중 구조로 제작된 흡수기, 집광된 태양으로부터 전기에너지를 생산하는 CPV셀 등으로 구성되어 있다. 효율적인 태양복사열 집광을 위해 태양 위치에 따라 고도각과 방위각을 추적할 수 있는 2축 태양추적장치를 설비하였다. CPV셀은 원추형 집광기의 중심부에 위치한 이중 흡수관의 고집광부인 상단부에 위치하였으며, CPV셀의 결함을 방지하고, 부가적 태양광 집광을 위해 2차 보조 집광기를 부착하였다. 본 논문에서 소개하는 원추형 CPV/T 복합 시스템은 기존 원추형 시스템에 CPV 셀을 부착하여 전기와 열을 동시에 생산 할 수 있으며, 생산된 전기에너지와 열에너지를 이용하여 온실재배의 난방 문제, 운영비용 절약 등 다양하게 농업 분야에 적용가능하다. 특히, 원추형 복합시스템은 설계 및 제작에 있어 쉽고 간결하며, 제작 단가가 낮다는 점에서 보급에 이점이 있을 것으로 사료된다.

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Derivations of Surface Solar Radiation from Polar Orbiting Satellite Observations (극궤도 위성 관측을 이용한 지표면에서의 태양 복사에너지 도출)

  • Kim, Dong-Cheol;Jeong, Myeong-Jae
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.201-220
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    • 2016
  • In this study, the net solar radiation fluxes at the surface are retrieved by updating an existing algorithm to be applicable for MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) observations, in which linear relationships between the solar radiation reflected from the top of atmosphere and the net surface solar radiation are employed. The results of this study have been evaluated through intercomparison with existing Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data products and ground-based data from pyranometers at Gangneung-Wonju National University (GWNU) and the Southern Great Plains (SGP) of observatory of Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) site. Prior to the comparison of the surface radiation energy in relation to the energy balance of the earth, the radiation energy of the upper part of the atmosphere was compared. As a result, the coefficient of determination was over 0.9, showing considerable similarity, but the Root-Mean-Square-Deviation (RMSD) value was somewhat different, and the downward and net solar-radiation energy also showed similar results. The surface solar radiation data measured from pyranometers at Gangneung-Wonju National University (GWNU) and Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) observatory are used to validate the solar radiation data produced in this study. When compared to the GWNU, The results of this study show smaller RMSD values than CERES data, showing slightly better agreements with the surface data. On the other hand, when compared with the data from ARM SGP observatory, the results of this study bear slightly larger RMSD values than those for CERES. The downward and net solar radiation estimated by the algorithm of this study at a high spatial resolution are expected to be very useful in the near future after refinements on the identified problems, especially for those area without ground measurements of solar radiation.

The Design of a Hybrid Composite Strut Tower for Improving Impact Resistance and Light-weight (내충격성 향상 및 경량화를 위한 하이브리드 복합재료 스트럿 타워 설계)

  • Lee, Hyun Chul;Oh, Hyun Ju;Kim, Seong Su
    • Composites Research
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.223-229
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    • 2013
  • Hybrid composite strut tower was designed to prevent permanent deformation of upper mount by the impact from the uneven road. When exceeding energy absorption capacity of tire and suspension systems, residual impact is delivered to upper mount. Especially, in case of using high-rigidity suspension system for high driving performance, the conventional strut tower can be easily deformed due to reduction of energy absorption capacity of suspension systems. In this study, optimal design of hybrid composite strut tower which made of back-up metal and carbon fiber reinforced composite was suggested by using finite element analysis, and low velocity impact test was performed to investigate their dynamic characteristics. Also, 3D measuring and ultra c-scanning methods were carried out to diagnose damages in the strut towers.

Growth and characterization of CdTe single crystals by vertical Bridgman method (수직 Bridgman법에 의한 CdTe 단결정의 성장과 특성)

  • 정용길;신호덕;엄영호;박효열;진광수
    • Journal of the Korean Crystal Growth and Crystal Technology
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.220-228
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    • 1996
  • CdTe single crystals were grown by vertical Bridgman method using double furnace with two siliconit heating elements. When the peak temperature of the upper furnace was fixed at $1150^{\circ}C$ and that of the lower furnace was $800^{\circ}C$, the temperature gradient was about $22.5^{\circ}C$/cm. The lattice constant $a_0$ was $6.482\AA$ from the X-ray diffraction and the band gap energy obtained from the optical absorption experiment at room temperature was 1.478 eV. PL spectrum showed that the bound exciton emission peak was resolved into ($A^0,X$) (1.5902, 1.5887 eV), ($h\;D^0$) (1.5918 eV) and ($D^0,X$ (1.5928, 1.5932 eV), and we have also calculated binding energy and ionization energy of the neutral donor and acceptor.

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Concrete Median Barrier Performance Improvement using Stiffness and Flexibility Reinforcement (강성 및 연성 보강을 통한 콘크리트 중앙분리대 성능 향상 분석)

  • Kim, Chan-Hee;Kim, Woo Seok;Lee, Ilkeun;Lee, Jaeha
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.23-31
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    • 2018
  • Recently, there was an collision accident of vehicle-concrete median barrier and unfortunately, passengers were killed by exceeded capacity of concrete median. Therefore, improving the capacity of concrete median barrier is need to reduce damage. Accordingly, in this study, appropriate collision model verified by using the FE analysis program LS-Dyna and recommend a concrete median barrier section. The improvement parameters such as wire mesh diameter, steel plate, rubber pad were selected for improved capacity of the median barrier. Finally, section of concrete median barrier improved wire mesh diameter decreased volume loss, section of concrete median barrier improved rubber pad accepted impact loading and increased elastic area.