• Title, Summary, Keyword: 상당인과관계론

Search Result 5, Processing Time 0.074 seconds

A Study on Causal Relationship About the Reparations Range (손해배상범위에 관한 인과관계의 연구)

  • Choi Hwan-Seok;Park Jong-Ryeol
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.6 no.4
    • /
    • pp.146-157
    • /
    • 2006
  • Causal relationship means what relations the result occurred have with a fact as a reason. In general, a formular that no result exists without reasons is used for the method to confirm existence and inexistence of causal relationship. Problematic causal relationships in Private Law are reparations (Article No. 393 of Private Law) due to debt nonfulfillment and reparation due to tort (Application of Article No. 393 by Article No. 750, and No. 763 of Private Law). The purpose pursued by reparation system in private law is to promote equal burden of damages, and the range of reparation at this time is decided by the range of damage and the range of damage is decided by the principle of causal relationship. That the causal relationship theory fairly causes confusion by treating one problem and the other problem as the same thing, instead of dividing them according to the purpose of protection presented by the law is a reason of the criticism from different views.

  • PDF

The Effect of Foreign Investment on Dividend Yield Ratio of KOSDAQ Firms (벤처.중소기업의 외국인지분이 배당수익률에 미치는 영향에 대한 연구)

  • Chung, Won Sub
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
    • /
    • v.9 no.5
    • /
    • pp.129-139
    • /
    • 2014
  • This study supplements the limitation as much as possible that existing literatures have, and, on the target of new registered businesses to KOSDAQ, this study presents answers to the worries raised earlier by recovering problems on causal relationship direction between foreigner investment and dividend level and by analyzing them with dividend level as an independent variable. First, with the whole samples used, dividend income rate didn't show significant relationship with foreigners' investments. It is similar to study result of the existing literature. A panel analysis, on the target of sample businesses that paid dividends before foreigners' investments originated, showed that foreigners' investments didn't have a significant effect on dividend rate. It means that foreigner investors don't have an effect on dividend level. But, a panel analysis of samples shows that foreigner investments have a significant thesis relationship with dividend level variable, that is dividend return rate, except the businesses which paid dividend before foreigners' investments originated. It means that in case foreign investors' preference is controlled, in the businesses which pay dividends, foreign investors have a significant effect on dividend level to native KOSDAQ. Especially, this study result is very significant, for it shows that dividend return rate, insignificant in existing studies, was significant when foreigners' preferences to the businesses which pay dividends was controlled. It means that the more foreigners' shares increase, the more relative importance of dividend out of all profits increases, compared with all of the amounts at the time, and that foreign investors stick to short-term profit and induce big dividend.

  • PDF

Web Cogmulator : The Web Design Simulator Using Fuzzy Cognitive Map (Web Cogmulator : 퍼지 인식도를 이용한 웹 디자인 시뮬레이터에 관한 연구)

  • 이건창;정남호;조형래
    • Proceedings of the Korea Inteligent Information System Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.357-364
    • /
    • 2000
  • 기존의 웹 디자인은 웹이라는 매체의 특성 상 디자인적인 요소가 매우 중요함에도 불구하고 디자인은 위한 구체적인 방법론이 미약하다. 특히, 많은 소비자들을 유인하고 구매를 촉발시켜야 하는 인터넷 쇼핑몰의 경우에는 더욱 더 그럼하에도 불구하고 이를 위한 전략적인 방법론이 부족하다. 즉, 기존 연구들은 제품의 다양성, 서비스, 촉진, 항해량, 편리성, 사용자 인터페이스 등이 중요하다고 하였지만 실제 인터넷 쇼핑몰을 디자인하는 입장에서는 활용하기가 상당히 애매하다. 그 이유는 이들 요인들은 서로 영향관계를 가지고 있어서 사용자 인터페이스가 복잡하면 항해량이 늘어나 편리성이 감소하고, 제품이 늘어나더라도 검색엔진을 사용하면 상대적으로 항해량이 감소하게 되어 편리성이 증가한다. 따라서, 이들 요인을 활용하여 인터넷 쇼핑몰을 구축하려면 요인간의 영향관계를 면밀히 파악하고 이 영향요인이 소비자의 구매행동에 어떠한 영향을 주는지가 충분히 검토되어야 한다.이에 본 연구에서는 퍼지인식도를 이용하여 인터넷 쇼핑몰 상에서 소비자의 구매행동에 영향을 주는 요인을 추출하고 이들 요인간의 인과관계를 도출하여 보다 구체적이고 전략적으로 인터넷 쇼핑몰을 디자인할 수 있는 방법으로 web-Cogmulator를 제시한다. Web-Cogmulator는 소비자의 쇼핑몰에 대한 암묵지식 형태의 구매행동을 형태지식화하여 지식베이스 형태로 가지고 있기 때문에 인터넷 쇼핑몰의 다양한 요인의 변화에 따른 소비자의 구매행동을 추론 시뮬레이션하는 것이 가능하다. 이에 본 연구에서는 기본적인 인터넷 쇼핑몰 시나리오를 바탕으로 추론 시뮬레이션을 실시하여 Web-Cogmulator의 유용성을 검증하였다.를, 지지도(support), 신뢰도(confidence), 리프트(lift), 컨빅션(conviction)등의 관계를 통해 다양한 방법으로 모색해본다. 이 연구에서 제안하는 이러한 개념계층상의 흥미로운 부분의 탐색은, 전자 상거래에서의 CRM(Customer Relationship Management)나 틈새시장(niche market) 마케팅 등에 적용가능하리라 여겨진다.선의 효과가 나타났다. 표본기업들을 훈련과 시험용으로 구분하여 분석한 결과는 전체적으로 재무/비재무적 지표를 고려한 인공신경망기법의 예측적중률이 높은 것으로 나타났다. 즉, 로지스틱회귀 분석의 재무적 지표모형은 훈련, 시험용이 84.45%, 85.10%인 반면, 재무/비재무적 지표모형은 84.45%, 85.08%로서 거의 동일한 예측적중률을 가졌으나 인공신경망기법 분석에서는 재무적 지표모형이 92.23%, 85.10%인 반면, 재무/비재무적 지표모형에서는 91.12%, 88.06%로서 향상된 예측적중률을 나타내었다.ting LMS according to increasing the step-size parameter $\mu$ in the experimentally computed. learning curve. Also we find that convergence speed of proposed algorithm is increased by (B+1) time proportional to B which B is the number of recycled data buffer without complexity of computati

  • PDF

The implication of capital restructuring on urban development : Chicago politics as the local contingent facter for urban restructuring (자본재구조화가 도시발달에 미치 는 영향:시카고 정치와 재개발사업을 사례로)

  • Koh, Tae Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
    • /
    • v.29 no.4
    • /
    • pp.420-437
    • /
    • 1994
  • The starting point of the research is the relation between capital restructuring and urban restructuring. The economic restructuring, which has been caused by the economic crisis in the early 1970s in the United States has brought a spatial restructuring at different geographic scales. The degree of the success of urban restructuring is contingent to the local economic and political environments. The local contingent factor such as local politics should not be neglected for investigating the restructuring process. Through the case study of Chicago, the research provides two inconsistencies in applying the structural approach to the local level: first, the lack of the theoretical link between crisis and restructuring; and second, the crucial importance of local politics in shaping urban development.

  • PDF

The Spillover Effect of FDI on GDP -Analysis on Myanmar using GARCH and VAR- (외국인 직접투자의 국민소득에 대한 전이효과 -GARCH와 VAR를 이용한 분석-)

  • Yoon, Hyung-Mo
    • International Area Studies Review
    • /
    • v.21 no.4
    • /
    • pp.41-63
    • /
    • 2017
  • FDI can either be absorbed in the production cycle with domestic investment and create an inducement effect or it can remain as an exogenous factor and increase the volatility of GDP. The purpose of this paper is to research these different impacts that FDI could have. For that, the endogenous growth theory was employed. The statistic method used are the panel model for sectoral analysis, and GARCH model and VAR for time series analysis. Myanmar was selected as this paper's research subject because it is one of countries which had a colossal amount of FDI inflow recently. The panel analysis did not confirm the causality between sectoral FDI and sectoral GDP. The reason for this could be in the lack of data, since sectoral data exists yearly only during 2006-2016. Therefore this study conducted the times series analysis. According to the results, during 2006 until 2010, it showed signs of GARCH but the effect of FDI on GDP was nonexistent, which means FDI was not integrated into the domestic production cycle but stayed in residual terms. During 2011 to 2016, FDI seemed to affect the growth of Myanmar's GDP. The estimation confirmed the existence of GARCH and the Granzer causality test confirmed that FDI influenced the GARCH, which signified FDI increased the volatility of GDP. The VAR analysis showed responses of GDP to FDI was small(about 0.0007). This research assumes that FDI can be divided in two parts: one part which can be assimilated in the domestic production cycle and the other where it stays outside of the production cycle. The former creates production inducement effect and the latter only increases the volatility of GDP. According to this study, the latter outweighs the former impact in Myanmar.