• Title, Summary, Keyword: 생물

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Management of Korean Biological Resources for Access Regulation and Benefit-sharing (접근규제와 이익공유를 위한 효율적인 생물유전자원 관리 방안)

  • 김기대;오경희;이병윤;김말희;김태규;이은영;노환춘;이민효;이덕길
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.259-264
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    • 2004
  • Convention on Biological Diversity has authorized national sovereignty over biological resources so that legislative framework should be established. In biological resources management, the access to biological resources and the benefit sharing arising out of their utilization are two most important steps. Bonn guidelines adopted by the 6th COP of the Convention on Biological Diversity contain MAT (Mutually Agreed Terms) and PIC (Prior Informed Consent) indispensable to implement the access and benefit-sharing process. MAT is contractual agreement between provider countries and use entities while PIC is a specific measure associated with consent prior to access to biological resources. Moreover, the guidelines include the responsibilities of national focal point and competent national authority, incentives and so on. Our laws related to access to biological resources have no items on benefit-sharing and intellectual property rights. The role of the competent national authority is very important to coordinate the organization controlling information availability, opening to the public, and intellectual property rights with other stakeholders. But, the national regulations must not interfere with academic studies on biological diversity and disobey the two objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity, the conservation of biological diversity and its sustainable use.