• Title, Summary, Keyword: 생물

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International Trends of Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit Sharing Issue and Biodiversity Research (유전자원 접근 및 이익공유에 관한 국제 동향과 생물다양성 연구)

  • 김태규;김기태;노환춘;김말희;이은영;이병윤;이민효;오경희
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.169-180
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    • 2003
  • Biodiversity is defined as totality of genetic, species, and ecosystem variability. It provides natural sources of crop improvement, traditional medicine and biotechnology. In 1993, the Convention on Biological Diversity(CBD) became a legally binding framework for conserving and utilizing global biological diversity. It recognizes national sovereign rights over all genetic resources, such as the need to compensate developing countries for the resources they have provided to the industrialized world. The CBD grants access to those resources in exchange for compensation as well as technology transfer, so that the access to genetic resources would be made under prior informed consent(PIC) and mutually agreed terms(MAT). On the other hand, the developed countries argued that unfettered exchange of genetic resources was essential for scientific research and development, and that technology using genetic resources should be protected. There are many countries today, developing legal frameworks concerned with access to their local genetic resources and benefit sharing. In this study, we analyzed the international trends for conservation of biodiversity and sustainable use of genetic resources, and suggested how to cope actively with the situation.

생물공정의 최근 동향

  • 장호남
    • The Microorganisms and Industry
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.18-21
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    • 1990
  • 생물공정의 최근동향을 보면 생물공정의 기본 기술향상과 유전공학등 최신 생물공학기술의 산업화에 초점이 맞추어져 있는 듯하다. 미국 등 선진국에서는 생물공정의 기본기술 향상보다는 신생물(New Biology)의 산업화에 연구투자가 집중적으로 이루어져 왔으나 최근에는 이것마져 약간 부진해지는 느낌이 있다. 앞으로의 생물공정기술은 유전공학이 좀 더 양이 많고 시장이 큰 범용생물공학 시장으로 옮겨감에 따라 더욱 더 중요해 질 것이다. 그리고 환경문제와 대체 에너지 등과 관련하여 여러가지 새로운 생물공정기술이 개발되어야 할 것이다.

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광섬유 생물센서에 의한 혈액 중 포도당 및 젖산 모니터링

  • Son, Ok-Jae;Kim, Jin-Hui;Im, Yong-Sik;Seo, Guk-Hwa;Jeong, Sang-Yun;Lee, Jong-Il
    • 한국생물공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.627-629
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    • 2003
  • In this work fiber-optic biosensor that has been used in medical applications was developed. And we can monitored the concentration of glucose and lactate in blood sample by using developed fiber-optic glucose and lactate sensor. Glucose oxidase(GOD) and Lactate oxidase(LOD) were immobilized by using acrylamide adhesive and zeolite on the tip of the optic fiber.

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