• Title, Summary, Keyword: 생애주기

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3D/4D CAD Applicability for Life Cycle Facility Management (3D/4D CAD를 통한 시설물 생애주기 관리 유용분야 도출)

  • Park, Jung-Jun;Kim, Chang-Yoon;Kim, Hyoung-Kwan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute Of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • pp.291-296
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    • 2008
  • For the past two decades, 3D/4D CAD research has heel mainly focused on the design and construction phase of a facility life-cycle. However, there has been a general notion that the strength of 3D/4D CAD lends itself to other phases such as planning, operation and maintenance. In this research, a 3D/4D CAD model was generated in a commercial software platform. Then, the traditional 1:fe cycle facility management procedures are reviewed to, see any possible improvement opportunity with the 3D/4D CAD model as an example. A focus group interview, in conjuction with an extensive literature review, produced the list of area where 3D/4D CAD model could significantly benefit the traditional life cycle facility practices. Finally, a questionnaire-based survey was conducted with 155 respondents to statistically verify the feasibility of 3D/4D CAD for life cycle facility management.

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Life-Cycle Cost Effective Optimal Seismic Retrofit and Maintenance Strategy of Bridge Structures - (I) Development of Lifetime Seismic Reliability Analysis S/W (교량의 생애주기비용 효율적인 최적 내진보강과 유지관리전략 - (I) 생애주기 지진신뢰성해석 프로그램 개발)

  • Lee, Kwang-Min;Choi, Eun-Soo;Cho, Hyo-Nam;An, Hyoung-Jun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.26 no.6A
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    • pp.965-976
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    • 2006
  • A realistic lifetime seismic-reliability based approach is unavoidable to perform Life-Cycle Cost (LCC)-effective optimum design, maintenance, and retrofitting of structures against seismic risk. So far, though a number of researchers have proposed the LCC-based seismic design and retrofitting methodologies, most researchers have only focused on the methodological point. Accordingly, in most works, they have not been quantitatively considered critical factors such as the effects of seismic retrofit, maintenance, and environmental stressors on lifetime seismic reliability assessment of deteriorating structures. Thus, in this study, a systemic lifetime seismic reliability analysis methodology is proposed and a program HPYER-DRAIN2DX-DS is developed to perform the desired lifetime seismic reliability analysis. To demonstrate the applicability of the program, it is applied to an example bridge with or without seismic retrofit and maintenance strategies. From the numerical investigation, it may be positively stated that HYPER-DRAIN2DX-DS can be utilized as a useful numerical tool for LCC-effective optimum seismic design, maintenance, and retrofitting of bridges.

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A Study on the Method for Life-Cycle Management of River Facilities Using Existing Maintenance Management System (기존 유지관리 시스템을 활용한 하천시설물 생애주기 관리방안 연구)

  • Yoon, Kwang Seok;Kim, Sooyoung
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.484-484
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    • 2017
  • 최근 홍수 시 제방붕괴로 인한 인명 및 재산피해가 증가되고 있어 노후화된 제방 시설물의 안전관리 체계에 대한 필요성으로 국토교통부에서는 국가하천유지보수 종합체계 시스템을 개발하였으나 아직 시범단계로 실무에 적용하여 활용하고 있지 못한 실정이다. 효율적인 국가하천시설에 대한 유지관리를 위한 자료D/B화 및 관리대장, 점검기법, 보수보기법 등을 제시하고 있으나 국가하천에 국한되어 있어 전국단위 하천시설물의 전주기에 대한 통합적인 관리는 반영되어 있지 못하다. 하천시설물 생애주기관리를 위해서는 모든 하천시설물에 대한 이력관리가 필요하나 현재는 시설물의 안전관리에 관한 특별법(시특법) 상의 1, 2종 시설물에 대해서만 시설물정보관리종합시스템(FMS)에서 이력관리를 수행하고 있는 실정이다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 국가하천 및 지방하천에 대한 하천시설물의 생애주기 관리방안을 도출하기 위해 기존의 시스템의 기능 및 구조를 분석하였으며 이를 통해 하천시설물 생애주기 관리방안을 제시하였다.

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A study on the influence of the regional location factors to the lifecycle of manufacturing firms in the Seoul Metropolitan Area (수도권 시군구별 입지요인이 제조업 기업의 생애주기에 미치는 영향 연구)

  • An, Youngsoo;Lee, Seungil
    • Journal of the Korean Regional Science Association
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.55-77
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this research is to analyze the influence of the regional location factors to the lifecycle of manufacturing firms in the Seoul Metropolitan Area. A firm has a lifecycle in common like a household. The firm's lifecycle is divided into 4 sections such as formation, dissolution, growth and decline for the manufacturing firms as light industry, heavy industry and high-tech industry. In addition, the regional location factors are divided into 4 categories. As a result of this research, there are differences for the statistically significant location factors. In addition, the value for the explanation ability of each multiple linear regression model (adj. $R^2$) was high in the formation and growth sections than in dissolution and decline sections. It means that the local governments need differentiated policies considering their regional characteristics for the location factors by firm's lifecycle when they established policies for industry or job. From the view point of the public sectors, it is much important to focus on formation and growth of firms.

A Strategy for Lifecycle Support for Civil Infrastructure with 3-D Based Information Model (사회기반시설물의 3차원 기반 정보모델을 활용한 생애주기 지원 전략)

  • Lee, Sang-Ho;Kim, Bong-Geun;Park, Sang-Il
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.357-360
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구는 효과적 생애주기 지원을 위한 사회기반시설물의 3차원 기반 정보모델의 활용방안에 대해 기술하였다. 3차원 기반 정보모델은 형상 정보뿐만 아니라 각 구성요소의 속성정보도 포함하고 있어야 하며, 의사결정 지원을 위한 엔지니어링 문서정보와도 연계 가능해야 한다. 이를 위하여 본 연구에서는 국제표준 데이터 모델링 도구인 IFC를 도로시설물에 적용하기 위한 확장방안을 제시하였고, XML을 이용한 엔지니어링 문서와의 통합연계 방안을 통해 사회기반시설의 효과적 생애주기 지원 전략을 제시하였다. 또한, 이를 활용한 구조해석 모델의 생성, GIS와의 연계 방안 도출의 실사례 구현을 통해 응용 도메인으로의 활용 가능성을 확인하였다.

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Strategy Planning for the Development of the Facility-Based Lifecycle Integrated Project Information Portal (시설물 기반 생애주기 통합 건설정보 체계 구축 전략 연구)

  • Kim, Sung-Il;Cho, Jung-Hee;Chang, Chul-Ki
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.26-36
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    • 2019
  • Since more than 30 different information systems are collecting and providing construction related information, it is difficult for information users to figure out where and how to acquire the required information. Even if the user find the information, it is hard to meet users demand. Because the current systems accumulate the data just as administrative data and can do not connect the information from the different phases of the lifecycle for the specific facility. The information collected and managed in different information systems should be integrated in terms of lifecycle of the facility to improve money for value of public investment, the quality of life by improving quality of the facility and to provide the foundation for big data utilization in the construction industry. This paper suggested strategic planning for the development of the (assumed name) "The Lifecycle Integrated Construction Information Portal" as a foundation to use the data in construction industry, by investigating prerequisites and suggesting conceptual framework of the system.

A Case Study of Life Cycle Cost Analysis on Pavements in Apartment Complex (단지내 도로포장별 생애주기 비용 분석(LCCA) 사례 연구)

  • Jung, Jong-Suk;Park, Yong-Boo;Sohn, Jeong-Rak
    • LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.297-303
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    • 2014
  • Recently, block and permeable pavements have been placed in apartment complex. However. it is hard to decide the cycle of maintenance and repair due to lack of performance evaluation criteria for these pavements. This study carried out life cycle cost analysis(LCCA) to present resonable alternatives of the pavements by considering initial construction cost, maintenance and repair cost along with the cycle of repair. According to results of LCCA, the interlocking concrete block pavement is the best alternative when the repair cycle of 20years is assumed, while asphalt concrete pavement is the best alterative when the repair cycle of 10years is assumed. Therefore, the repair cycle is most important factor to select alternative. Also, it is necessary to develop resonable performance evaluation index to quantify the cycle of maintenance and repair in the future.

The Study on Application of Fast Track Method for Dam Project Life Cycle′s Analysis (댐 공사에서의 Fast Track을 적용한 생애주기분석에 관한 연구)

  • Yoon, Jae-Ho;Moon, Young-Il
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.715-724
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    • 2003
  • It is true that SOC facilities, such as dams, need long life cycles since more time has to be invested for the phases of planning, examination, feasibility study, design, contract, construction, and maintenance. This longer life cycle is easily exposed to the risk. And thus, brings additional cost by the delayed project, convenient loss according to the additional run of use, and benefit lose of not to using the facilities. So, the purpose of this study is to try to find a solution to reduce these time consuming problems which could diminish the whole national competition. Hence, this study is to show efficient, systematical project performance and network model by using reciprocal analyses between the construction period and cost based on economical analysis of each phase of life cycles. In addition, on the basis of these outputs, the Fast Track Method is suggested as an alternative solution as a new Approach in Life Cycle's Analysis.

사회보장제도(社會保障制度)의 생애후생부담귀착(生涯厚生負擔歸着)에 관한 연구(硏究) : 일반균형연산모형(一般均衡演算模型)을 이용한 접근(接近)

  • Choe, Byeong-Ho
    • KDI Journal of Economic Policy
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.141-170
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    • 1994
  • 지금까지 사회보장제도(社會保障制度)의 경제적(經濟的) 효율성(效率性)에 대한 많은 논의가 있어 왔다. 그러나 그중 생애주기(生涯週期)(life-cycle)에 바탕을 둔 일반균형연산모형(一般均衡演算模型)(AGE : Applied General Equilibrium)에 의환 경험적 분석은 미진하였다. 본(本) 연구(硏究)의 목적(目的)은 사회보장제도(社會保障制度)의 세대내(世代內) 생애소득분위간(生涯所得分位間) 재분배효과(再分配效果)와 경제적(經濟的) 효율성(效率性)을 분석하는 데 있다. 연구방법으로서 Fullerton and Rogers(1993) 모형을 수정한 일부문(一部門), 다소비자(多消費者) 생애주기(生涯週期) 일반균형연산모형(一般均衡演算模型)을 이용하였다. 본 연구는 미국을 대상으로 한 정상상태(定常狀態)(steady state)의 분석이며, 소비자(消費者)를 생애소득별(生涯所得別)로 5분위(分位)로 나누어 기존 사회보장세(社會保障稅) 및 급여(給與)가 경제적(經濟的) 효율성(效率性)뿐만 아니라 계층간(階層間)의 분배(分配)에 어떠한 영향을 주는지를 분석하였다. 본(本) 연구(硏究)의 주요한 기여사항(寄與事項)은, 첫째 사회보장제도(社會保障制度)의 부담귀착분석(負擔歸着分析)에 새로운 연구방법(硏究方法)을 시도하였다는 점, 둘째 재정정책(財政政策)의 하나인 사회보장제도(社會保障制度)의 실질적(實質的) 부담(負擔)의 귀착문제(歸着問題)를 생애주기모형(生涯週期模型)으로 분석하였다는 점, 셋째 부담(負擔)의 귀착(歸着)은 사회보장세(社會保障稅)와 아울러 사회보장급여(社會保障給與)를 고려하여 분석하지 않으면 편향(偏向)(biased) 될 수 있다는 점을 지적한 점, 넷째 분석결과(分析結果) 기존 사회보장제도(社會保障制度)는 생애주기적(生涯週期的) 소득분배(所得分配)의 관점에서 누진적(累進的)(progressive)인 제도이지만 경제적(經濟的) 비효율성(非效率性)(efficiency cost)을 내재하고 있다는 점 등을 밝힌 것이다.

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Optimum Service Life Management Based on Probabilistic Life-Cycle Cost-Benefit Analysis (확률론적 생애주기비용-이익분석 기반 수명관리 최적화 기법)

  • Kim, Sunyong
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.19-25
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    • 2016
  • Engineering structures including civil infrastructures require a life-cycle cost and benefit during their service lives. The service life of a structure can be extended through appropriate inspection and maintenance actions. In general, this service life extension requires more life-cycle cost and cumulative benefit. For this reason, structure managers need to make a rational decision regarding the service life management considering both the cost and benefit simultaneously. In this paper, the probabilistic decision tool to determine the optimal service life based on cost-benefit analysis is presented. This decision tool requires an estimation of the time-dependent effective cost-benefit under uncertainty to formulate the optimization problem. The effective cost-benefit is expressed by the difference between the cumulative benefit and life-cycle cost of a deteriorating structure over time. The objective of the optimization problem is maximizing the effective cost-benefit, and the associated solutions are the optimal service life and maintenance interventions. The decision tool presented in this paper can be applied to any deteriorating engineering structure.