• Title, Summary, Keyword: 선로사용료

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Principles and Implication of Rail Infrastructure Charging in Advanced Countries (철도 선진국의 선로사용료 현황과 그 시사점)

  • Lim, Chai-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.263-271
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    • 2008
  • This article considers how the rail track charges of the advanced countries are performed and derived political implication to Korail. In case of North America and Japan, rail track charges are being decided to collect the infrastructure maintenance cost. In European countries, the separation of infrastructure and operation is realized and the railroad track charges are based on MC+ principle. On the other hand, Korail is paying construction cost of KTX as well as maintenance cost in Korea. As for this, railroad reform including rail track charging should be reconsidered.

The Strategies of Railway Facility Charging Toward A Railway Competitive Market (철도경쟁체제 대비 철도시설 사용료 부과 전략)

  • Kim, Sigon;Lim, Kwang-Kyun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.317-327
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    • 2014
  • This study focuses on developing railway facility charging scheme and more understanding of its corresponding regulations, which is to be utilized as a principal guideline toward a railway competitive market in future. European countries where railway competition is already in place have referred as case studies. The study first defined what the railway facility charges are based upon a spatial concept, railway networks with links and nodes. There are two types of charging: first is on railway tracks which are identical to links, and another at stations which are identical to nodes, such that the railway facility charges become a summation of track charges and station charges covering all the railway networks. Next, we have identified what the objectives of imposing track and station charges are, including factors being able to reflect each objective. 6 objectives are proposed as for the track charges, and 3 objectives as for the station charges. The factors found are accordingly belonged to the objectives. In the end, relevant regulations are compared with the European regime to diagnose what further requirements or/and principals have to be guided into them. In summary, both charging scheme and the direction of regulation updates can be utilized in setting an appropriate charging scheme and corresponding regulations to ensure fair competitions.

An Analysis of Track Access Charging Systems of European Countries and Recommendation of Policy Directions for Domestic Track Access Charging System (유럽의 선로사용료체계 분석과 국내 선로사용료체계 구축방향)

  • Mun Jin-Su
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.235-243
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    • 2005
  • Following the rail reform in 2004, rail industry in Korea has separated into two parts: one is the infrastructure manager and the other is train operator. Amongst many aspects, track access charging system is one of the imminent aspects to be studied closely to make the rail reform successful. In this study, track access charging systems of European countries are closely investigated and compared one another and lessons learnt from their experiences are derived. Finally, policy directions regarding the track access charging system to be adopted in Korea are suggested.

The Study on the Situations and Analysis of Rail Freight in Japan and Policy Implication (일본철도화물수송의 현황분석 및 정책적 시사점)

  • Lee, Yong-Sang
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.177-193
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    • 2004
  • 최근의 화물자동차파업사태 등으로 우리나라 물류체계의 경쟁력제고를 위한 여러 가지 논의가 진행되고 있다. 그 중에서도 환경친화적이며, 사회적 비용이 저렴한 철도화물의 수송분담율을 높여야 한다는 의견이 많이 나오고 있다. 우리나라 물류체계의 근본적인 문제점은 도로운송량의 증가보다 트럭의 공급과잉으로 트럭운송사업자의 수익은 매우 낮고, 철도, 해운 등 대량운송수단의 분담율이 낮아 전체적인 수송효율성이 낮은 것을 들 수 있다. 이러한 문제점의 해결은 트럭의 과잉공급을 억제하고, 제조업 물류비 중 46.5%를 점하고 있는 운송비용을 절감하는 것이 핵심적인 방안이라고 하겠다. 이에 본 논문에서는 철도화물의 활성화와 우리나라의 철도구조개혁의 성공적인 추진을 위해서 우리와 지형조건이 비슷하고, 1987년에 철도민영화를 시행하여 현재 16년이 경과한 일본철도화물의 현황을 분석하여, 현재까지의 문제점을 밝히고 또한 우리나라의 철도화물수송정책에 시사하는 바를 정리해 보았다. 1987년 민영화 이후 일본철도화물수송현황을 보면 영업거리, 화차대수를 포함한 수송능력 감소로 수송량은 감소하였으나, 화물수송의 장거리와 추세와 컨테이너수송량의 증가, 인력감축으로 영업성적은 전반적으로 향상되고 있다. 문제점으로는 경영면에서는 낮은 생산성 그리고 노후장비 등으로 인한 높은 설비투자비지출, 선로사용료 등의 부담 등이 지적되었다. 운영상에서는 현재 선로를 소유하지 못하여 네트워크가 부족하여 자유로운 열차편성이 어렵고, 포워더 기능이 없어 현재 전체물량의 85%를 점하는 소운송구간에서 다른 운송주체간의 수송으로 일관수송서비스에 어려움이 있으며, 직접적인 영업을 하지 못하여, 새로운 수요창출에 어려움이 있다. 이러한 문제점의 해결책으로는 먼저 정부의 인프라에 명확한 책임분담과 이에 따른 지원이 필요하다. 이와 같은 철도화물활성화의 정책수립필요성의 배경에는 철도화물수송이 효율성과 환경친화성, 높은 안전성 등 사회적 비용을 감소시키는 장점을 가지고 때문이다. 철도화물운송회사도 현재의 수송기능과 함께 포워더로서의 기능을 가져야 할 것이며, 운임인하노력과 속도향상을 위한 노력을 계속하여야 할 것이다.

A Study of the Current Status and Issues Pertaining to Vertical Separation between Infrastructure and operation of the Korean Railway (철도 상하 분리의 현상과 과제에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Yongsang;Chung, Byunghyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.492-502
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    • 2013
  • This paper analyzes the outcomes of railway reform in the form of vertical separation between the infrastructure and operation since 2004 in Korea. For the analysis, the paper reviewed theoretical issues and case studies of European and Japanese railway reforms efforts. By doing this, we find the implications and a standard model, most useful. Moreover, based on this analysis, the paper reviewed the status of the accomplishment of goals, including solution to current account deficits, improvements in competitiveness and greater efficiency of operations. Finally, the paper highlighted improvement measures to address the problems of railway vertical separation in Korea. This paper suggests specifications pertaining to rail policy and control methods; tower foundation and negotiations and mentions ways to establish legal institutionalization and to secure stable rail system investments in railway in Korea.