• Title, Summary, Keyword: 선박척수

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Comparison Analysis on Status of Domestic & Overseas Vessel Fire Accident and Relevant Standards for the Fire Retardant Structure (국내외 화재발생현황 및 관련 방화구조 기준 비교 분석)

  • Um, Han-Chan
    • Journal of Korea Ship Safrty Technology Authority
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    • pp.12-21
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    • 2015
  • 유리강화섬유(FRP,Fiber Reinforced Plastic)은 가볍고 내구성등이 우수하여 가공하기 쉬워 선박건조, 특히 어선의 건조재료로 많이 활용되고 있으나, FRP의 재료인 매트와 로빙이 인화성을 가진 수지와 접합되어 화재에는 매우 취약한 특성을 가지는 특성을 가진다. 최근 10년간의 중앙해양안전심판원의 어선화재 재결서 분석결과 전체의 약80%에 해당하는 화재사고가 기관실에서 발생하였다. 이에 새로 출범한 해양수산부는 FRP선박의 구조기준을 개정하여 총톤수10톤 이상 선박의 기관실에 대한 방화조치를 그 이하선박까지로 적용 확대하였으며, 어선구조기준 역시 행정규칙 행정예고를 통해 강화하려는 움직임을 보이고 있다. 본 지에서는 국내외 화재사고 발생현황 및 관련 규제 내용을 비교 분석하여 제시하였으며 분석결과, 일반선박의 방화조치에 대한 규제는 거의 유사하였으나 어선관련 규제의 경우, 영국의 규제가 가장 강화되어 있었으며 관련 화재사고 발생현황도 국내 및 일본과 비교해 보았을때 같은 기간 발생한 일반선의 화재발생척수 대비 어선의 화재발생척수가 적은것을 확인할 수 있었다.

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실선실험을 통한 사고선박 예인 소요마력 검증에 관한 연구

  • Jeong, Chang-Hyeon;Nam, Taek-Geun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.29-31
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    • 2012
  • 사고선박을 예선(또는 예인선)을 이용하여 안전한 곳으로 이동시키기 위해서는 예인소요마력을 계산하여 예선의 척수를 결정해야 한다. 예선의 신속한 투입은 잠재적인 환경오염 및 사고선박의 2차적인 피해로의 확산을 예방할 수 있다. 하지만, 국내에는 아직까지 사고선박의 형태, 크기, 외력조건에 따라 지원되어야 할 예선의 척수 산정 및 최적의 배치방법에 대한 정량적이고 체계적인 결정 시스템이 없는 실정이다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 실선을 활용한 소요마력 측정을 위한 실험방법의 제시와 상황에 따른 예선의 다양한 배치에 따른 장력 측정 방법을 제시하고, 이러한 실험을 통하여 얻은 결과를 이론계산 결과와 비교 분석함으로써 추후 구축하게 될 사고선박 예인지원시스템 프로그램 개발을 위한 이론식을 정립하고자 한다.

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Analysing Optimum Tugboat Capacity in Ulsan Port by Simulation Technique (시뮬레이션 기법을 활용한 울산항의 적정 예선 척수 분석)

  • Park, Jun-Mo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.445-453
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    • 2020
  • The use of tugboats for the safe berthing/unberthing of ships is the most crucial factor in the safe and efficient operation of the harbor. However, the adequate number and size of tugboats that should be held based on the characteristics of the port have not been investigated in detail, which causes disputes between involved parties. Therefore, the suitable number of tugboats and the ratio of the tugboat horsepower were determined in this study using simulation techniques, with focus on Ulsan Port. First, the ship and tugboat-operating models were designed for simulation application. Next, the input variables defined in the model design were standardized in an inputtable form using ARENA software. In addition, the arrival and division process of the ship was designed and simulated as an ARENA model. Finally, the simulation results for six scenarios showed that an effective tugboat operation could be achieved when 42 tugboats were held at Ulsan Port.

A Study on Proper Minimum Navigation Speed Control in the Korean Ports (우리나라 항만에서의 항행 최저속력 규제에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Young-Soo
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2009
  • Navigation speed control is an important factor to improve the traffic safety, it is only researched about maximum speed control until now. Recently, there are lots of the low speed vessels including towing boats, carry heavy shipbuilding blocks in the Korean waters, so the danger degree of navigating vessels was increasing more and more. This paper analysed the effectiveness of minimum speed control with the operation burden's decrease, and it proposed the proper the minimum navigation speed of each traffic volume. Main results of this research are as follows. (1) in the case of 5 ships/hour, minimum speed control is effective if the lowest speed is fixed more than 5kts. (2) in the case of more than 10 ships/hour, speed control is some effective if the lowest speed is established 7kts. (3) But, when there are many ships in the waters, minimum speed control is not effective because distances between ships become near and ships navigate for a long time by a lot of ship having a few difference of relative speed.

A Study on Expansion of Anchorage according to increased Trading Volume at Pyeongtaek Port (평택항 물동량 증가에 따른 정박지 확장 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Chang-Hyun;Lee, Hong-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.663-670
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    • 2014
  • The Pyeongtaek port is expected lack of waiting anchorage due to increase of incoming ships whit increasing of trading volume in the near future. In case of an anchorage facility's structural alternations and expansion, it should be considered comprehensively how it affects other anchorage facilities. In addition, the volume of ship traffic to relevant area should be estimated accurately and then the facility's scale is calculated. In this paper, researchers calculated cargo per unit ship with the throughput for every ship and predicted the number of ships which had entered Pyeongtaek port. As a result, the port's ability to be docked was predicted to be not enough in 2030. It will exceed the number of ships able to cast anchor at specific two parts simultaneously 12.6 and 1.6 respectively consequently, the necessity to expand the ports was suggested. Hence, the best expansion plan was examined with analysis of marine transportation environment at each ports and the improvements suggested are anchoring ships at Ippado anchorage is 19.7 and the one at Janganseo anchorage is 12.6.

Improvement Plans for Anchorage at Yeosu·Kwangyang Port (여수·광양항 정박지 개선방안에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Hong-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.17-25
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    • 2017
  • Relocation and expansion of existing port facilities are necessary given this increase in marine traffic volume and the presence of larger entering vessels. Therefore, this study focused on anchorage among water facilities, and examined the degree of harmony between anchorage and other water facilities at Yeosu Kwangyang Port. The number of anchoring vessels in relation to anchorage over the past 5 years, total anchored hours by anchorage-years, average number of simultaneously anchored vessels by anchorage-years, maximum number of simultaneously anchored vessels by anchorage, and maximum size of anchored vessels by anchorage have been surveyed. The minimum anchorage radius has been calculated according to the designated anchorage capacity according to anchorage. Finally, improvement plans for Yeosu Kwangyang Port's anchorage have been suggested, including relocating of Yeosu no. 2 anchorage, expanding of Kwangyang no. 1 ~ 5 anchorage, relocating of Kwangyang no. 8 ~ 9 anchorage, and repealing of Kwangyang no. 11 anchorage.

Software Development for Optimal Productivity and Service Level Management in Ports (항만에서 최적 생산성 및 서비스 수준 관리를 위한 소프트웨어 개발)

  • Park, Sang-Kook
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.137-148
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    • 2017
  • Port service level is a metric of competitiveness among ports for the operating/managing bodies such as the terminal operation company (TOC), Port Authority, or the government, and is used as an important indicator for shipping companies and freight haulers when selecting a port. Considering the importance of metrics, we developed software to objectively define and manage six important service indicators exclusive to container and bulk terminals including: berth occupancy rate, ship's waiting ratio, berth throughput, number of berths, average number of vessels waiting, and average waiting time. We computed the six service indicators utilizing berth 1 through berth 5 in the container terminals and berth 1 through berth 4 in the bulk terminals. The software model allows easy computation of expected ship's waiting ratio over berth occupancy rate, berth throughput, counts of berth, average number of vessels waiting and average waiting time. Further, the software allows prediction of yearly throughput by utilizing a ship's waiting ratio and other productivity indicators and making calculations based on arrival patterns of ship traffic. As a result, a TOC is able to make strategic decisions on the trade-offs in the optimal operating level of the facility with better predictors of the service factors (ship's waiting ratio) and productivity factors (yearly throughput). Successful implementation of the software would attract more shipping companies and shippers and maximize TOC profits.

A Study on the Requirement to the Fishing Vessel for Reducing the Collision Accidents (충돌사고 감축을 위한 어선의 대응 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Chang-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.18-25
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    • 2014
  • In spite of being reduced the numbers of vessel registered, there are increasing the numbers of total marine accidents and collision accidents. For recent 5 years from 2008 to 2012, it was analyzed that the collision accident is highest rank by 37 % among the marine accidents and the fishing vessel is highest by 58 % in these collision accidents and also the small fishing boat under 20tons is highest by 26 % on them. Over the half of the collision accidents by 56 %, they couldn't find each other to just before the collision situation. In this result, it was known that collision accidents almost to be occurred by the poor look-out in each other. Therefore, it was suggested the requirements to the fishing vessels in a side of crew, education and exercise, and navigation equipments to reduce the collision accidents by examining the navigation patterns and concerning laws of them.