• Title, Summary, Keyword: 성별

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Gender Difference of Subjective well-being of Older Adults: A Meta Analysis (한국 노인 주관적 안녕감의 성별차이 메타분석)

  • Kim, Yojin;Lim, Yeon Ok
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.15 no.9
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    • pp.195-209
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to conduct a meta-analysis of the research studies between the year 2000 and 2013 on the gender difference of the subjective-welling of Korean older adults. 74 research studies that meet the criteria are analyzed with SPSS and Meta-analysis macros. Results indicated that Korean elder men are better off in terms of subjective well-being (es = .1157, CI95% .0528-.1787) than women. No moderating effects are found. Few studies examined the interaction between the gender difference effect and main factors such as health and social relationship that affect subjective well-being. Based on the results some implications for future research are discussed.

The Convergence Effect of Gender, Age, Motivation, Sensitivity and Information Acceptance of Aviation Related Social Media Users (항공 관련 소셜미디어 이용자의 성별, 연령, 이용 동기, 민감도와 정보수용의 융합적 영향 연구)

  • Hong, Ji-Suk
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.201-210
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    • 2020
  • The study was conducted to predict usage attitudes and behaviors by combining usage motivation and sensitivity, gender, and age in aviation-related social media. Specifically, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of social media information acceptance, motivation and sensitivity on gender acceptance by gender and age. To this end, we collected data in an even distribution to prevent gender and age bias among adults aged 20 or older online from April 19 to May 3, 2018. As a result, the lower the female and age in the gender and age had a positive effect on the acceptance of social media information. Motivation for use has a positive effect on information acceptance and sensitivity has a negative effect on information acceptance. Through this, it was found that user class such as gender and age, motivation to use, and sensitivity affect information acceptance. In addition, the negative aspects of the sensitivity factor can be identified, and it is expected to be used as basic data in aviation-related social media marketing strategies.

The Relationship between Entrepreneurial Experience and Entrepreneurship Education and Entrepreneurial Intention: Moderating Effect of Gender and Social Protection (창업경험 및 기업가정신 교육과 기업가 활동의도의 관계: 성별 및 사회안전망의 삼원조절효과)

  • Kong, Hyewon
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.129-141
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of entrepreneurship experience and education on entrepreneurship intention, and to test the moderating effect of gender on these relationships. To test the hypothesis, we used GETR(Global Entrepreneurship Trend Report) data that was collected by Korea Entrepreneurship Foundation and was consisted of 40,388 data collected from 2,000 people in 20 countries. First, entrepreneurship experience and entrepreneurship education have significant influence on entrepreneurship intention. Second, gender moderating effects on these relationships were found to have a significant effect on the relationship between entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurship intention. Specifically, the positive effect of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intention was found to be stronger for women than for men. Finally, the analysis of the three-way interaction effect of the social protection confirmed that the positive relationship between entrepreneurial experience and entrepreneurial intention was stronger for women than for men, and this effect was found to be higher in the high social protection group. In other words, women with entrepreneurial experience are more likely to increase their entrepreneurial intentions when they are more aware of social protection than men.

Gender Differences among 9th Grade Students in Academic Achievement in the Science (중학교 3학년 학생들의 과학과 학업성취도의 성별차이)

  • Kim, Hyun-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.57 no.1
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    • pp.138-146
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    • 2013
  • This study examined the characteristics of the National Assessment of Educational Achievement (NAEA) in Science according to gender. It investigated gender achievement differences in the science section of the 2010 NAEA, the ratio of gender difference in achievement, the ratio of correct answers within each content domain and behavioral domain, and the items which showed high differences between males and females. The results indicate first, that, for 9th graders, females outperformed males in academic achievement in science. Second, with respect to the ratio of correct answers, males outperformed females in the advanced and below basic level groups, but females outperformed males in intermediate level groups. Third, females outperformed males in knowledge and inquiry in the behavior domains, and in chemistry and biology in the content domains. Fourth, an analysis of the items showing the largest gender gap indicated that males outperformed females in interpreting data, while females outperformed males in the items concerned with daily life and items related to the memorization of rules. This research on gender differences in science will allow teachers to complement the weaknesses of students when they study science, and support improved instructional methods in science.

Gender Differences in Behavioral Psychological Symptoms of Dementia in Patients with Alzheimer's Disease (알츠하이머병 환자에서 행동심리증상의 성별차이)

  • Lee, Ji Young;Im, Woo-Young;Kim, Hyun;Lee, Kang Joon
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 2014
  • Objectives : Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia(BPSD) represent significant clinical problems, resulting in functional decline, caregiver distress, institutionalization and increased mortality. A recent study showed gender differences have important role in the development of BPSD, but relationship between BPSD and gender has never been studied in Korea. This study was designed to examine whether patients with Alzheimer's disease show gender differences in behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia(BPSD). Methods : Ninety-eight subjects with Alzheimer's disease were included in this study. We carried out history taking and cognitive assessment for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease based on DSM-IV. Cognitive impairment and BPSD were measured using the Mini Mental State Examination(MMSE), Global Deterioration Scale (GDS), Clinical Dementia Rating(CDR) and the Korean Neuropsychiatric Inventory(K-NPI). Independent samples t-test was used to examine the differences across gender in BPSD. Correlation analysis between MMSE, CDR, GDS and NPI was performed using Pearson's correlation coefficient. Results : There were no significant gender differences between the gender in BPSD. We found statistically significant negative correlations between MMSE with NPI total score, and with scores of several sub-domains such as hallucination. Conclusions : This study showed that gender differences in BPSD are not significant. Further research is necessary to identify whether BPSD affect gender differences or individual differences.

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Decomposing the Gender Pay Gap among Doctorate Holders (박사학위 소지자의 성별 임금격차 분해에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Kihong
    • Journal of Labour Economics
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.61-93
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    • 2018
  • This paper examines the gender pay gap among doctorate holders in Korea to understand the determinants of this gap and control of its variation. A particular focus of this study is to seek to infer the extent to which this pay gap is the consequence of gender-based disparate treatment. The main results indicate that there is a sizeable gender pay gap even among workers with doctorate degrees, that is, very highly educated workers. Moreover, this gender pay gap cannot be largely explained by gender differences in characteristics, indicating the existence of discrimination against female doctorate holders in the Korean labor market.

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An Analysis on the Occupational Gender Wage Gap in Korea: Focusing on the Proportion of High Wage Earning Female Workers (한국의 직종 내 성별 임금격차 분석: 직종 내 고소득 여성비중을 중심으로)

  • Lim, Nayeon;Choi, Minsik
    • Journal of Labour Economics
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.1-38
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    • 2019
  • This paper investigates the relationship between the occupational gender wage gap and the proportion of high wage earning female workers in Korea. The main idea is that an increase in the number of high wage earning female workers in the workplace could lead to a decrease in the gender wage gap by eradicating the prejudice or reducing the statistical discrimination on female workers. We constructed a panel dataset by using the raw data from the Korean Survey Report on Labor Conditions by Employment between 2009 and 2016. The result shows that greater presences of high wage earning female workers in male dominant occupations have statistically significant negative impacts on residual gender earning dispersion.

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Gender Differences in Perception of Utilitarian and Hedonic Gift Attributes among American Consumers

  • Kim, Eun-Young;Kim, Young-Kyung;Kim, Yeon-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.127-133
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    • 2002
  • 본 연구는 두 가지 선물상황(생일, 크리스마스)과 선물수용자(가족, 친구)에서 성별에 따라 선물 속성지각에 차이가 있는지를 밝히고자 하였다. 질문지를 이용하여 미국 남녀 비자 97명을 대상으로 자료수집 하였으며, 자료분석을 위해 MANOVA(Multivariate Analysis of Variable)를 실행하였다. 분석결과, 가족과 친구를 위한 생일선물상황에서 성에 따라 쾌락적 속성(독특한, 유행하는, 재미있는)의 중요성 지각에 차이를 보여 여성이 남성보다 선물의 쾌락적 속성을 더 중요하게 지각하였다. 또한 가족과 친구를 위한 크리스마스 선물상황에서도 성별에 따라 쾌락적 속성에 차이를 보여 여성이 남성보다 가족을 위한 선물로써 독특한, 유행하는 속성을 더 중요하게 지각하고, 친구를 위한 선물은 독특한, 재미있는 속성이 더 중요하게 지각되었다. 그러나 실용적 속성(내구성있는, 실용적인, 비싸지 않은)에서는 두 가지 상황의 가족과 친구를 위한 선물지각에 대해 성별에 따라 유의한 차이를 보이지 않았다. 따라서 본 연구결과. 소비자들은 선물구매상황에서 일반제품과 달리 쾌락적 가치를 더욱 중요하게 인식하고 있으며, 성별에 따라 선물 상황과 수용자에 대한 선물의 쾌락적 속성지각에 차이를 나타냄으로써 성별에 따른 차별화된 선물상품개발 및 이미지 포지셔닝 전략을 통해 효과적 마케팅 관리가 이루어져야 할 것이다.

Revisiting the Gender Wage Gap in Korea: Focusing on Working Hours by Occupation (한국의 직종 내 성별 임금격차 분석: 직종별 노동시간을 중심으로)

  • Lim, Nayeon;Choi, Minsik
    • Journal of Labour Economics
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.115-158
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    • 2017
  • This paper explores the relationship between working hours and the residual gender wage gap in Korea. Because the labor practice of working long hours in Korea favors men, who tend to spend little time on domestic labor, long working hours can influence the residual gender wage gap by discriminating against women. We analyze this discrimination empirically, and find the following results. First, the returns from working long hours are not high in most occupations in Korea. Second, working hours have a positive effect on the residual gender wage gap in male-dominated occupations, but not in female-dominated ones.

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Effect of Perceived Value on Customer Satisfaction in Reward Programs of Tele-Communication Firms -Focusing on the Moderating Effect of Sex Role- (이동통신사의 보상프로그램에 대한 지각된 가치가 고객만족에 미치는 영향 -성별의 조절효과를 중심으로-)

  • Kang, Yong-Soo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.8
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    • pp.321-330
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    • 2011
  • This study focuses on the moderating effect of sex role on the relationship between perceived values on the reward program of tele-communication firms and customer satisfaction. To test moderating effect, Difference test for distinct parameters in Amos 18.0 program was used. Results show that both kind of perceived values(utilitarian value and hedonic value) have a significant effect on customer satisfaction. And the moderating effect of sex variable was verified. For male, hedonic value has influenced on the customer satisfaction more than utilitarian value. And for female, reversely, utilitarian value has influenced on the customer satisfaction more than female value.