• Title, Summary, Keyword: 세대

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The Survey Research on Inter-Generational Difference in the Perception of Successful Aging : An Emphasis on the Social Relationships (성공적 노화에 대한 세대별 인식 조사연구: 사회관계를 중심으로)

  • Cheong, Byeong-Eun;Yi, Gi-Hong
    • Survey Research
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.45-69
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    • 2010
  • The perception of aging experience and successful aging depends on birth cohort as Korean society has rapidly changed for the last several decades. This article aims to empirically explain inter-generational difference in the perceptions of successful aging with an emphasis on the social relationships using a national survey data set by face-to-face interviews with a structured questionnaire. The respondents are classified into colony war, restoration, democratization, and information generation. Major findings are as follows: The perceptive differences are found between colony war and restoration generation, and democratization and information generation. The difference are clear in the aspects of expectation for children and parents-children relationship. The inter-generational difference remains even after controlling other relevant factors. Policies and programs, therefore, should 1) attempt to help inter-generational understanding, and 2) consider the yet-existing uniqueness of each generation.

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Intergenerational Cleavage and Intergenerational Solidarity - Differential Effects on Political Arena and Social Policy Realm - (세대균열과 세대연대 - 정치 영역과 사회정책 영역에서의 차별적 작용에 관한 연구 -)

  • Seong, Kyoungryung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.67 no.4
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    • pp.5-29
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    • 2015
  • Intergenerational relations in Korea show very unique characteristics. In political arena, young and old generations clash each other intensely, while they maintain a high level of intergenerational solidarity in policy realm. A logistic regression analysis reveals that generational cleavage plays a key role in affecting voting decision and evaluation of governmental performance. It also suggests that in policy realm, normative, functional, and affectional types of solidarity influence people's attitudes on social policies very strongly. If the current government continues to neglect its promises for expanding welfare, the dual structure of generational cleavage in political arena and intergenerational solidarity in social policy realm can soon be turned into a conflictual structure. Therefore, an active initiative to increase intergenerational justice should be taken in order to attain a long-term, sustainable intergenerational solidarity and coexistence.

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The differences of dietary behaviors, dietary life consumer education related current situations·competencies and dietary lifestyles between baby-boom and echo generations (베이비붐세대와 에코세대의 식행동, 식생활관련 소비자교육 현황·역량, 식생활 라이프스타일 차이)

  • Park, Jong Ok
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.51 no.2
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    • pp.153-167
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify differences in dietary behaviors, dietary life consumer education related situation competencies, and dietary lifestyles between baby-boom and echo generations by gender. Methods: Data were drawn from the 2016 Food Consumption Behavior Survey, and 2,474 subjects (baby-boom generation 1,304; echo generation 1,170) were selected. Results: The baby-boom generation more frequently ate meals at home with family than the echo generation, whereas the echo generation had meals more frequently at cafeterias, cafes, bakeries, convenience stores and with friends or colleagues than the baby-boom generation. However, no significant differences in dietary life related consumer education were observed between generations, and experience with food related consumer education and food related promotional/events was very low in general. Baby-boomers received their primary dietary information from surrounding people, whereas the echo generation received it from broadcasting. The information use competence was lower for the baby-boom generation (3.29) than echo generation (3.35), although this difference was not significant. Healthy dietary life competence did not differ significantly, whereas the baby-boom generation showed a higher level of practice competence than the echo generation. Additionally, the baby-boom generation was more likely to pursuit health and less likely to be concerned with convenience and taste quality than the echo generation. Conclusion: The frequencies of meal eating places, drinking, and eating-out differed significantly between the two generations, while the participation ratios of food related consumer education/events, attitudes toward education, and information use competence did not. Additionally, knowledge regarding healthy dietary life competencies did not differ, whereas practice level showed significant differences between generations. Among dietary lifestyles, the baby-boom generation showed higher pursuit of health and lower pursuit of convenience and taste quality than the echo generation.

Regulatory Policy Issues on Next Generation Access Network (차세대 가입자망 규제정책 이슈)

  • Lee, S.W.;Choi, S.M.;Ku, J.E.
    • Electronics and Telecommunications Trends
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.44-53
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    • 2010
  • 최근 국내는 물론 전세계적으로 차세대 가입자망 구축이 활발히 진행되면서 EU를 중심으로 차세대 가입자망의 규제정책에 대한 논의가 활발히 이루어지고 있다. 현재까지의 차세대 가입자망 관련 규제정책 논의는 차세대 가입자망 구축 활성화를 위한 투자 유인 제고 및 동등접근성 보장을 통한 경쟁활성화라는 두 가지 핵심 정책 목표에 초점이 맞추어져 있다. 이에 따라 EU의 차세대 가입자망에 대한 기본적인 규제정책 방향은 물론 유립내 각국들은 두 가지 핵심정책 목표 달성을 위한 차세대 가입자망 관련 구체적인 정책방향을 수립하고 다양한 정책대안을 제시하고 있다. 따라서 본 연구는 차세대 가입자망에 대한 기본적 개념, 국내외 차세대 가입자망 구축 현황과 EU 차원의 차세대 가입자망 규제정책 방향 및 EU 각국들의 정책 동향을 통해 국내 차세대 가입자망의 규제정책 수립시 고려해야 할 이슈들을 살펴보고자 한다.

Theoretical and Methodological Issues in the Study of Generations (세대연구의 이론적.방법론적 쟁점)

  • 박재홍
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.47-78
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    • 2001
  • The primary purpose of this paper is to critically examine the theoretical and methodological issues in the study of generations. The issues include: 1) the concept of generation: 2) the basis of generational formation: 3) internal differentiation of generations: 4) the boundary problems of generations: 4) the boundary problems of generations: and 5) generational differences and generational conflict. From the investigation of these issues, two conclusions are drawn. Firstly, Mannheim's basic concepts and theoretical frameworks are very useful to understand and explain the social movements and sociocultural changes. Secondly, however, further elaboration and modification of the several concepts and frameworks are needed to deal with the problems of generations in general which are not directly connected to social movements. Several points are suggested to elaborate Mannheim's frameworks, which include the reconceptualization of generation, and introducing the concepts of “generation sects” and “manifest-latent generational conflicts”.

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The National Pension and Restructuring of Intergenerational Contracts (국민연금과 세대간 계약의 재구성)

  • Jung, Haesik;Joo, Eunsun
    • The Korean Journal of Applied Statistics
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.807-826
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    • 2015
  • Generational contracts are specified into public pensions based on generational solidarity. The Korean National Pension has been reformed with a focus on generational equity with a narrow meaning related to contribution rate and benefit level. As a result, the Korean National Pension has only emphasized generational equity and not contributed to generational solidarity. We investigate changes in the content of the generational contract and propose to reconstruct generational contract to contribute to solidarity with a more comprehensive perspective. A new social contract by reformed pension system should not concentrate on narrowed generational equity. It should be reconstructed in the direction of enhancing efficacy and the stability of generational solidarity with an emphasis on social sustainability. Investment into the next generation would be one of many policy measures to decrease conflicts around intergenerational redistribution and improve the financial stability of the public pension by creating population structure and labor market changes.