• Title, Summary, Keyword: 세포동조화

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Cell Cycle-Dependent Activity Change of Calcium/Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase II (칼슘/calmodulin-의존적 단백질 인산화 효소 II의 동물세포 주기에 따른 활성도 변화에 관한 연구)

  • Koung, Hoon-Suh
    • The Journal of Natural Sciences
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 1997
  • Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMK-II) is responsible for the phosphorylation of proteins involved in various cellular functions. Since the level of intracellular calcium ($Ca_2+$) oscillate during the cell cycle, it is expected that the activity of CaMK-II is also dependent on the cell cycle. The kinase activity in NIH3T3 cells which were arrested at or released from certain phase of the cell cycle was measured and compared to that in the normally growing asynchronous control cells to investigate whether the activity of this kinase is cell cycle-dependent. Cells were arrested at G0, G1, G1/S, G2/M and M phase, respectively by use of various drugs which do not have any effect on the kinase activity of CaMK-II at G0, G1, G1/s and G2/M phase was similar to that of the control cells, whereas lower at M. Calcium-independent activity of CaMK_II by autophosphorylation was higher at M and, thus, higher autonomy at M, which represented the physiologically relevant activity of CaMK-II. A similar pattern of activity change of the kinase was demonstrated during the cell cycle of synchronized cells which were released from G1 arrest. These results indicate that the activity of CaMK-11 is cell cycle-dependent and is activity during the mitosis.

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Synchronization of Cell Cycle in Korean Hydrogen Producing Cyanobacterial Strains (한국산 수소생산 남세균 종주들의 세포주기 동조화)

  • Park, Jong-Woo;Ahn, Se-Hee;Kim, Hyung-Seop;Yih, Won-Ho
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.663-670
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    • 2011
  • Under a daily photoperiod of 14h light and 10h dark synchronization of cell cycle in Korean Cyanothece spp. strains and $Synechococcus$ sp. strain Miami BG043511 was analyzed as to be applicable to enhanced hydrogen production. For all strains peaks of double cell were observed during the light period of a daily cycle. Peaks of maximal cell size measured by a coulter counter appeared at the peak of double cells observed under light microscope reconfirming the synchronization of daily cell cycle. The cell cycle synchronization became weakened within two days when treated with continuous illumination. Rapid detection of the peak time of double cell percentage by coulter counters may contribute to quasi-realtime feedback control for efficient production of photobiological hydrogen by unicellular cyanobacterial strains.

Optimal Temperature for H2 Production and Population Growth of the N2-fixing Unicellular Cyanobacterial Strains from Korean Coasts (한국 연안산 질소고정 단세포 남세균 종주의 최적 성장 및 수소생산 온도)

  • Park, Jongwoo;Kim, Hyungseop;Yih, Wonho
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.20-28
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    • 2013
  • Photobiological hydrogen production by nitrogen-fixing unicellular cyanobacteria has long been considered to be an environmentally sound and very promising method for the future supply of renewable clean energy. Using six Korean nitrogen-fixing unicellular cyanobacterial strains and the Synechococcus sp. strain Miami BG043511 we performed cultivation experiments to find out the strain-specific optimal temperature for population growth and $H_2$ production. Under $20^{\circ}C$ the population growth of all the tested strains was significantly retarded in contrasts to the faster and higher growth under 25, 30 or $35^{\circ}C$. The highest growth rates in all the 7 strains were measured under $30^{\circ}C$ while the maximal biomass yields were under $30^{\circ}C$ (strains CB-MAL 026, 054, and 055) or $35^{\circ}C$ (strains 002, 031, 058, and Miami BG043511). The difference between the maximal biomass yields at $30^{\circ}C$ and $35^{\circ}C$ was not greater than 10%. The quantity of photobiologically produced $H_2$ was only slight larger under $35^{\circ}C$ than that under $20^{\circ}C$. Our result may suggest a two-step process of $H_2$ production which includes rapid and sizable production of biomass at $30^{\circ}C$ and the following high $H_2$ production at $20^{\circ}C$ by the test strains of marine nitrogen-fixing unicellular cyanobacteria.

Effect of Aeration Rate on Production of Somatic Embryo in Oenanthe stolonifera DC. (미나리 체세포배 생산에 미치는 환기율의 영향)

  • 김진아;윤혜진;이병일;손정익
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Bio-Environment Control Conference
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    • pp.174-175
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    • 2001
  • 미나리 묘를 대량으로 생산하는데 있어서 체세포배를 이용하는 방법이 매우 유리하다. 체세포배는 계절에 영향을 받지 않고 좁은 공간에서 한꺼번에 많은 량의 묘를 생산할 수 있다. 또한 생물반응기 등을 이용하여 대량 생산할 수 있으면 실생묘를 대체할 수 있을 것으로 생각된다. 배양기 내의 공기 환경의 영향은 삼각플라스크를 이용한 소규모 배양에서는 문제가 되지 않았지만 배양기가 커짐에 따라 공기 환경의 변화도 커져 체세포배의 발생과 발아에 영향을 미친다. 체세포배를 배양하는 기간은 배발생과 발아로 나누어, 세포에서 배가 발생하는 처음 2주 동안에는 밀폐 환경, 즉 환기가 거의 되지 않는 환경이 유리하지만 이후의 발아 동안에는 산소를 많이 요구한다. 삼각플라스크를 이용한 소규모 배양에서는 aluminum foil을 플라스크의 뚜껑으로 하여, 배지를 교체할 때를 제외하고는 배발생과 발아가 진행되는 전 배양 기간 동안 이를 유지한다. 배가 발생하는 초기 2주의 경우는 이 밀폐 환경이 발아를 촉진시킨다. 그러나 배가 발아하여 정상 식물체로 발달하는데는 유리하지 않다. 체세포배는 발아할 때 산소를 많이 필요로 하며 에틸렌이 많이 축적되면 발아율이 낮아지며, 적절한 공기 환경이 주어지면 체세포배 발아가 동조화되어 균일한 묘를 얻을 수 있고 수확시기도 예측할 수 있다. 본 실험에서는 배가 발아하는 기간 동안 플라스크 내의 공기 환경을 다르게 하기 위해 플라스크를 막는 뚜껑의 소재를 달리하여 배양한 후 발아율을 측정하였다. 또한 가장 효율적인 환기량을 구명하기 위하여 인위적으로 플라스크에 공기를 넣어 강제 환기시키는 실험을 수행하였다. 미나리 cell은 처음 8일까지는 생장을 하지 않다가 이후 급속히 생장을 시작하여 35일 정도까지는 생장을 하다가 다시 생장이 둔화되었다. 밀폐시킨 삼각플라스크에서 자라는 Cell은 상태도 좋지 않고 전반적인 증식량도 적었다. Cell은 환기정도에 민감한 것으로 판단되며 삼각플라스크에서 약 35일 정도의 생장 주기를 가지는 것으로 사료된다. 배양 3주까지는 플라스틱 뚜껑으로 밀폐시킨 bottle에서 가장 많은 체세포배를 얻었다. Air filter를 달아 2일 마다 신선한 공기를 넣어 주었을 때는 배의 발달이 많이 늦어져 배양 3주째에 다른 처리보다 배의 수가 훨씬 적었다. 체세포배가 발달하는 동안에는 산소를 많이 요구하지 않으나 성숙하는 동안에는 산소를 많이 요구하는 것으로 생각된다.

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Identification of Meiotic Recombination Intermediates in Saccharomyces cerevisiae (효모 감수분열과정에서의 유전자 재조합 기전 특이적 DNA 중간체의 구조 변화)

  • Sung, Young Jin;Yoon, Sang Wook;Kim, Keun Pil
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2013
  • During meiosis, genetic recombinants are formed by homologous recombination accompanying with the programmed double-strand breaks (DSBs) and strand exchanges between homologous chromosomes. The mechanism is generated by recombination intermediates such as single-end invasions (SEIs) and double-Holliday junctions (dHJs), and followed by crossover (CO) or non-crossover (NCO) products. Our study was focused on the analysis of meiotic recombination intermediates (DSBs, SEIs, and dHJs) and final recombination products (CO and NCO). We identified these meiotic recombination intermediates using DNA physical analysis under HIS4LEU2 "hot spot" system in budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. For DNA physical analysis, when the hot spot locus is recognized by restriction enzyme from synchronous meiotic cells, the fragmented DNA that are forming recombination intermediates can be detected and quantified through Southern hybridization analysis. Our study suggests that this system can analyze the structural change of recombination intermediates during DSB-SEI transition, double-Holiday junctions and crossover/non-crossover products in meiosis.

Somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration of Hovenia dulcis Thunb (헛개나무의 체세포배발생 및 식물체 재분화)

  • Eom, Seung-Hee;Shin, Dong-Yong;Lee, Hyeon-Yong;Kim, Myong-Jo;Kim, Jong-Dai;Choi, Won-Cheol;Heo, Kwon;Yu, Chang-Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.41-45
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    • 2002
  • An efficient and reproducible procedure for the large scale propagation of Hovenia dulcis Thunb. is described. Shoot primodia emerging from the leaf surface was induced from MS medium supplemented with NAA. Stem cuttings were suitable explants for multiple shoot proliferation. They produced axillary shoots which branched repeatedly, yielding an average of 7 shoots per explants after 4 weeks in culture, when cultured on a woody plant medium (WPM) containing 0.1mg/l BA and 0.1mg/l NAA. Stem, leaf and root segments from axenic seedlings were used as explant source to induce somatic embryogenesis. A high frequency of somatic embryos were induced directly from leaf in MS medium with NAA, 2,4-D and in medium containing NAA, 2,4-D with BA. Somatic embryos were germinated in MS medium supplemented with 1mg/ l $GA_3$. Somatic embryos proliferated secondary somatic embryos rapidly after transfer to MS medium supplemented with 1mg/ l kinetin, 1mg/ l $GA_3$ and 2% dextrose.

Callus formation and multiple shoot induction of Hovenia dulcis Thunb. (헛개나무의 캘러스 형성 및 multiple shoot 유기)

  • Eom, Seung-Hee;Kang, Won-Hee;Shin, Dong-Yong;Heo, Kwon;Choi, Won-Cheol;Lee, Hyeon-Yong;Yu, Chang-Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.237-242
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    • 2002
  • Loaves, stems, cotyledons, and roots of Hovenia dulcis Thunb grown in test tube were cultured on media containing different concentrations of single or combined growth regulators. In MS media containing 2mg/ι BA, the shoot formation rate was 95.5% and it was the highest frequency of shoot formation. MS media showed most efficiency in the shoot formation at 0.01mg/ι TDZ for the callus formation, but the color of callus changed to brown at a higher concentration of TDZ. Callus formation was 89.% at 0.5mg/ 2.4-D, but IAA, IBA, and NAA were not effective on the formation of callus. Calli were formed only on wound area when IAA, IBA, and NAA were added into MS media. Combined growth regulators (BA + auxin) were more effective in roots and nodes than leaves and cotyledons on the formation of shoot. More than 97% of shoot formation was obtained on MS media containing BA and auxin. For the production of multiple shoot, nodes of Hovenia dulcis were used and effect of growth regulators on the formation of multiple shoot was evaluated on MS media. Highest shoots (5.3) of Hovenia dulcis were induced on MS media supplied with 0.1mg/ι BA and 0.1mg/ι NAA, and an average of 6.4 shoots per explant were obtained in 1/2 MS media containing same concentration and growth regulators. An average of 7 shoots per explant after 4 weeks of culture from nodes of Hovenia dulcis was produced on a woody plant medium(WPM) containing 0.1mg/ι BA and 0.1mg/ι NAA. Shoot length was 6.0 cm in average.