• Title, Summary, Keyword: 손해액

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People / 정보통신부 통신이용제도과 이준희 주사

  • Kim, Jin-Gyeong
    • Digital Contents
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    • no.8
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    • pp.24-24
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    • 2003
  • "현재 이동통신 3사의 음성요금제는 모두 203종으로, 요금제를 잘못 선택해 손해를 보는 이용자의 손해 액은 연간 2,300억 원에 이를 것으로 추산됩니다. 그 가운데 자신의 라이프 스타일에 따라 적합한 요금제를 선택할 수 있도록 도와주는 서비스로 기획된 것입니다."

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소통+섬기는 마음: 우리 사업장 탐방 -고객 마음 속 1등 보험회사를 향해

  • Choe, Yong-Gyun
    • 건강소식
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    • v.34 no.11
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    • pp.40-41
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    • 2010
  • 롯데손해보험은 출범한 지 채 3년이 지나지 않았음에도 불구하고 자산과 매출액을 두 배 이상 성장시키며, 손보업계의 다크호스로 주목받고 있다. 60여 년 동안 손해보험의 성장을 이끌어 온 대한화재해상보험을 인수해 2008년 4월 1일 출범한 롯데손해보험은 대한화재 해상보험이 쌓아온 노하우와 롯데의 고객 서비스 노하우가 융합되면서 지속 성장 가도를 달리고 있다. 롯데손해보험의 짧지만 숨 가빴던 지난 발자취를 되돌아본다.

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Development of Flood Depth-Damage Functions (침수피해시 공공건물에 대한 손상함수 개발)

  • Lee, Chang Hee;Kim, Sang Ho;Hwang, Shin Bum
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.440-440
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    • 2018
  • 홍수피해의 위험성이 증가하고, 발생 시기가 불규칙해짐에 따라 보다 효과적인 홍수위험관리가 요구되며, 최적의 홍수피해저감대책을 수립하기 위해서는 다양한 홍수피해저감 대책들에 대해서 비용대비 피해저감효과 분석이 필요하다(FLOODsite, 2007). 홍수피해저감효과를 분석하기 위해서는 수리 수문학적 분석을 통한 피해범위와 침수심 등 피해규모를 분석함과 함께 피해규모에 따른 홍수피해액 추정이 가능해야 하며, 이를 통해 홍수피해저감 대책에 대한 비용대비 효과분석 수행이 가능하다(Kim et al., 2014). 국내에서 많이 적용되고 있는 다차원법은 침수편입율을 산정하고 건물에 대해서 손상률에 해당하는 피해율이 제시되어 있으며, 이를 이용하여 구조물과 내용물에 대해 피해액을 추정할 수 있다(Choi et al., 2006a; Choi et al., 2006b; Yi et al., 2010). 그러나, 단독주택, 아파트, 연립주택 등 주택 이외 다른 용도의 건물에 대해서는 손상함수가 없어 우리나라 여건에 맞는 공공건물에 대한 손상함수 개발이 필요한 상황이다. 본 연구에서는 실제 피해지역의 자료들을 토대로 공공건물 용도별 침수심별 손상함수를 개발하고 적용하였다. 공공건물에 대한 손상함수 개발을 위해서는 많은 피해자료의 수집이 필요하나, 실제 공공건물의 경우 다양한 건물유형으로 인하여 유형별 침수사례가 많지 않은 상황이다. 이로 인하여 현장조사에 의한 침수현황 조사는 한계가 있기 때문에 보험가입자에게 사고로 인하여 손해가 발생했을 때 그 손해액을 결정하고 보험금을 산정하는 업무를 수행하는 손해사정사들을 통해 여러 가지 공공건물을 대상으로 침수심별 손상률에 대한 설문 조사를 실시하였다. 본 연구를 통해 공공건물에 대한 손상함수의 개발절차, 침수심별 손상함수의 개발결과, 보완과정 그리고 손상함수의 적용결과에 대한 국내외 기법과의 비교 결과를 제시하였다. 적용결과 본 연구에서 현장 조사 기반으로 개발한 손상률을 적용한 경우 국내 실제 피해액을 가장 잘 반영하는 것으로 분석되었는데, 다만 동일 건물용도(예컨대 공공업무시설)일지라도 바닥재 등 마감재 재질이 건물마다 다르며, 건물별로 공간 활용 여건이 다양하여 동일한 침수심에 대해서 피해액의 변동폭이 크게 발생 되어 동일한 침수심에 대한 피해내용이 달라져 변동폭이 크게 발생되는 한계가 발생하였다. 향후 보다 많은 피해사례를 지속적으로 조사할 필요가 있으며, 이를 통해 손상함수를 개선하기 위한 연구가 계속 진행되어야 할 것이다.

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A Study on the Legislative System of Air Carrier's Liability in case of Delay of Passengers or Baggage (여객 및 수하물의 연착으로 인한 항공운송인의 손해배상책임제도에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ji-Hoon
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.107-142
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    • 2012
  • An aircraft has been one of the most important transportation means and disputes due to damage caused by delay of the aircraft happen many times out of ones related to the air transport. In 2011, the Air Transport Act in Commercial Law was established to regulate national air transport and the legislative system of air carrier's liability to handle delay of passengers or baggage was legislated here. Although there are some clauses related to the legislative system of air carrier's liability, they are very important because they deal with disputes due to damage caused by delay of the aircraft. The Air Transport Act in Commercial Law has a good point of adopting the global standard of 1999 Montreal Convention, but it has also a bad point of having the problems of 1999 Montreal Convention. There are some contents to be modified in the Air Transport Act in Commercial Law. First, the definition of 'Delay of Aircraft' needs to be enacted because it is important to materialize air carrier's liability due to damage caused by delay. Second, it is necessary to modify the clause in which air carrier's liability due to damage caused by delay of passengers is divided into two things, one is in case of national air transport and the other is in case of international air transport, and the limited amount of air carrier's liability in national air transport is eight times less than the latter because they are not so helpful to air carriers but too disadvantageous to aircraft passengers. Third, it is also necessary to amend the clause in which the limited amount of air carrier's liability due to damage caused by loss damage or delay of baggage has been legislated same without classifying the case into loss damage and delay, because they are generally different from each other in terms of extent of damage, therefore the limited amount of air carrier's liability by delay of baggage should be classified into in case of loss damage and in case of delay. It is desired that the Air Transport Act in Commercial Law including the clauses related to air carrier's liability by aircraft damage be developed continually by sufficient study and discussion about the necessity of amending it such as the one mentioned above.

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A Study on the Liability for Damage caused by Space Activity - With reference to Relevant Cases - (우주활동에 의하여 발생한 손해배상책임에 관한 연구 - 관련 사례를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Kang-Bin
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.177-213
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this paper is to research on the liability and cases for space damage with reference to the space activity under the international space treaty and national space law of major countries. The United Nations has adopted two treaties relating to the liability for space damage as follows: the Outer Space Treaty of 1967 and the Liability Convention of 1972. Korea has enacted the Outer Space Damage Compensation Act of 2008 relating to the liability for space damages. The Outer Space Treaty of 1967 regulates the international responsibility for national activities in outer space, and the national tort liability for damage by space launching object. The Liability Convention of 1972 regulates the absolute liability by a launching state, the faulty liability by a launching state, the joint and several liability by a launching state, the person claiming for compensation, the claim method for compensation, the claim period of compensation, the claim for compensation and local remedy, the compensation amount for damage by a launching state, and the establishment of the Claims Commission. The Outer Space Damage Compensation Act of 2008 in Korea regulates the definition of space damage, the relation of the Outer Space Damage Compensation Act and the international treaty, the non-faulty liability for damage by a launching person, the concentration of liability and recourse by a launching person, the exclusion of application of the Product Liability Act, the limit amount of the liability for damage by a launching person, the cover of the liability insurance by a launching person, the measures and assistance by the government in case of occurring the space damage, and the exercise period of the claim right of compensation for damage. There are several cases with reference to the liability for damage caused by space accidents as follows: the Collision between Iridium 33 and Cosmos 2251, the Disintegration of Cosmos 954 over Canadian Territory, the Failure of Satellite Launching by Martin Marietta, and the Malfunctioning of Westar VI Satellite. In the disputes and lawsuits due to such space accidents, the problems relating to the liability for space damage have been settled by the application of absolute(strict) liability principle or faulty liability principle. The Liability Convention of 1972 should be improved as follows: the clear definition in respect of the claimer of compensation for damage, the measure in respect of the enforcement of decision by the Claims Commission. The Outer Space Damage Compensation Act of 2008 in Korea should be improved as follows: the inclusion of indirect damage into the definition of space damage, the change of the currency unit of the limit amount of liability for damage, the establishment of joint and several liability and recourse right for damage by space joint launching person, and the establishment of the Space Damage Compensation Review Commission. Korea has built the space center at Oinarodo, Goheung Province in June 2009. Korea has launched the first small launch vehicle KSLV-1 at the Naro Space Center in August 2009 and June 2010. In Korea, it will be the possibility to be occurred the problems relating to the international responsibility and the liability for space damage in the course of space activity. Accordingly the Korean government and launching organization should make the legal and systematic policy to cope with such problems.

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A Study of the Legal Principles of the Obligation to Compensate for Damage by Unfair Labeling and Advertising Focusing on the Qualitative Analyses of Supreme Court Precedents (부당한 표시·광고의 손해 배상 책임의 법리에 관한 연구: 대법원 판례에 대한 질적 내용 분석)

  • Cho, Jae-Yung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.180-185
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    • 2018
  • The literature of unfair labeling and advertising(ULA) was reviewed, along with the requirement for establishing an obligation to compensate for damage(OCD) by it based on the Act on Fair Labeling and Advertising(FLAA). ULA covers cases of possible deception or misleading consumers and thereby undermining fair trade order, or making other business entities do so. FLAA regulates OCD by ULA, but the Civil Act should also be considered for its effective results since the Act regards ULA as unlawful and duty bound to make compensation for damages arising therein. In this context, the study analyzed qualitatively 17 supreme court precedents related to OCD by ULA among a total of 119 by advertising to find the characteristics of the judgemental principles. It is found that most principles came from FLAA and the Act focusing on the meaning of false or exaggerated advertising, which is one of the following five ULA types according to its standards of judgment: its requirement for fraudulent acts, the meaning of damage by it, the perspective of calculation of damages, the requirement of OCD, and the characteristics of claim for damages. A more effective policy is suggested based on FLAA and related research should be continually carried on.

Review of the Revised 2019 Trade Secret Protection Act and Industrial Technology Protection Act : Focusing on Civil and Criminal Remedies (2019년 개정 영업비밀보호법 및 산업기술보호법에 대한 검토: 민·형사적 구제를 중심으로)

  • Cho, Yongsun
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.61
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    • pp.333-352
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    • 2019
  • In January and August 2019, there were amendments to the Unfair Competition and Trade Secrets Protection Act (UCPA) and the Industrial Technology Protection Act(ITPA). These amendments will contribute to technology protection. But these amendments need to be supplemented further. In the area of civil remedies, despite the introduction of treble damages in the case of the UCPA and ITPA, the provisions related to the submission of supporting data have not been maintained. Therefore, it is necessary to recognize the claim of the other party as true if it is maintained at the level of the revised Patent Act and the scope of submission of supporting data. And the enforcement of the case of compulsory submission for the calculation of damages, and the order of filing documents are not followed. ITPA, on the other hand, has introduced the compensation for damages, but there is no provision for estimating the amount of damages. Therefore, it is necessary to estimate the amount of lost profits, profits, and royalties. In the area of criminal remedies, both the UCPA and ITPA have raised the penalty, but the sentencing regulations are not maintained. In addition, although the recent outflow of technology has expanded beyond organizational deviations to organizational outflows, amendments need to be made in relation to the serious consequence for the punishment of related juristic persons, such as companies involved in it. It should be noted that Japan and the United States have corporate regulations and regulations. In addition, in relation to the confiscation system, Act on Regulation and Punishment of criminal proceeds concealment require that domestic defenses be confiscated by defense industry technology, while trade secrets and industrial technologies are confiscated only by "foreign" outflows, and an amendment is necessary.

실화책임법과 재보험에서의 배상책임

  • Baek, Dong-Hyeon;Go, Eun-Ae;Sin, Seung-Cheol;Son, Jong-Hyeon
    • Proceedings of the Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering Conference
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    • pp.187-188
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    • 2013
  • 실화책임법에 의하면, 화재 발생 시 실화자는 중대한 과실이 아닌 경우 경제적요건, 화재원인 등에 따라 손해배상액의 경감을 청구할 수 있다. 손해배상액의 경감의 여부는 실화피해자의 화재복구에 영향을 끼치게 된다. 화재발생 시 실화자가 손해배상경감청구에 책임을 입증하여야한다. 그리고 실화피해자의 원활한 화재복구를 위해 실화자의 화재보험가입의 의무와 계약자의 안전한 보호 및 보험사의 책임 일부를 분산하는 제도인 재보험의 선택적 가입을 규정하고자 한다.

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A Study on the Improvement of Compensation Regime for Oil Pollution Accident in Korea (유류오염사고 피해보상제도 개선방향에 관한 연구)

  • Na, Eun-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.104-110
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    • 2009
  • This study tries to give improvement directions of the law of oil spill focusing on the view that satisfying remuneration for victims should be considered. And it looks through the existing remuneration system provided by P&I Club and IOPC Fund. It also covers with issues related to remuneration in order to find the best for victims. The major contents of this study are as follows. First, the present law of compensation security to Marine oil pollution accident should be revised. Maximum value of remuneration needs to be raised and subjects liable to pay reparation need to be expanded. Second, in case the damage is widely different comparing to similar cases in foreign countries, it's hard to get complete remuneration from international corporations responsible for reparation. That's the reason the national emergency system for oil pollution must be established. Third, this study says the law that certainly defines a liability subject and that the liability is not necessarily caused by fault should be enacted. Last, it suggest that victims should have their object income data to facilitate establishment of the law of compensation for damages from marine oil pollution. To calculate proper remuneration, government should consider to choose one of public organizations as an investigator to damages and should collect accurate statistics relating to fishery. Furthermore, compensation system which can provide rapid reparation to victims needs to established by founding professional maritime organization of arbitration.

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강제조사권의 한계와 대안

  • 이인권
    • Journal of Korea Fair Competition Federation
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    • no.96
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    • pp.2-7
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    • 2003
  • 실익이 없는 무리한 강제 조사권의 도입보다는 혐의가 드러난 담합의 경우 직접 검찰에 고발하거나 내부밀고자 보호 및 보상 강화를 통하여 절차적 정당성 및 정책 실효성을 동시에 확보할 필요가 있다. 각 국의 경쟁당국이 압수$\cdot$수색권을 행사하여 부당한 공동행위를 적발한 경우는 극히 일부분이기 때문이다. 그리고, 유사사례에 대해 향후 엄격하게 공정거래법을 집행함으로써 부당한 공동행위에 대한 사전적인 억제력을 제고해야 한다. 한편으로는 공정위의 시정조치가 있기 전에도 부당한 공동행위의 결과 피해를 본 사적 당사자가 법원에 직접 손해배상을 청구할 수 있도록 하고, 전문가들을 활용하여 담합으로 인한 손해발생 입증과 손해배상액을 추정하여 부당이득을 환수할 수 있어야 한다.

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