• Title, Summary, Keyword: 솔수염하늘소

Search Result 29, Processing Time 0.041 seconds

Comparison of Cuticular Hydrocarbons of the Pine Sawyer (Monochamus saltuarius), Japanese Pine Sawyer (Monochamus alternatus) and Oak Longicorn Beetle (Moechotypa diphysis) (북방수염하늘소(Monochamus saltuarius), 솔수염하늘소(Monochamus alternatus), 털두꺼비하늘소(Moechotypa diphysis) 성충의 표피탄화수소 비교)

  • Lee, Jeong-Eun;Kim, Eun-Hee;Yoon, Chang-Mann;Kim, Gil-Hah
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
    • /
    • v.49 no.3
    • /
    • pp.211-218
    • /
    • 2010
  • Cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) of the pine sawyer (Monochamus saltuarius), Japanese pine sawyer (M. alternatus) and oak longicorn beetle (Moechotypa diphysis) were analyzed by GC, GC-MS and compared. Monochamus beetles are typical vectors of pine wilt disease but Moechotypa diphysis, which belongs to the same family, is not. They possess different CHCs in carbon number: 23-25 in M. saltuarius, 25-32 in M. alternatus, and 23-29 in M. diphysis. In comparison to inter-species, these three species of adult beetles have different numbers and chains of constituents of CHCs. In comparison between male and female in intra-species, the quantities of CHCs show the difference but constituents are not. Major constituent of M. saltuarius were analyzed as n-pentacosane > n-nonacosane > n-heptacosane; those of M. alternatus were n-nonacosene > n-pentacosane > n-nonacosane; and those of M. diphysis were n-heptacosane > 13-methylheptacosane > 3-methylheptacosane. From the body surface, most saturated carbohydrates of 3 species beetles are composed of n-alkane (40.2 - 65.7%) and followed by olefines > monomethylalkanes that one or two double bonds in M. saltuarius and M. alternatus. Otherwise, M. diphysis have the difference in order of monomethylalkanes > olefins.

Predicting Potential Distribution of Monochamus alternatus Hope responding to Climate Change in Korea (기후변화에 따른 솔수염하늘소(Monochamus alternatus) 잠재적 분포 변화 예측)

  • Kim, Jaeuk;Jung, Huicheul;Park, Yong-Ha
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
    • /
    • v.55 no.4
    • /
    • pp.501-511
    • /
    • 2016
  • Predicting potential spatial distribution of Monochamus alternatus, a major insect vector of the pine wilt disease, is essential to the spread of the pine wilt disease. The purpose of this study was to predict future domestic spatial distribution of M. alternatus by using the CLIMEX model considering the temperature condition of the vector's life history. To predict current distribution of M. alternatus, the administrative divisions data where the pine wilt spots caused by M. alternatus were found from 2006 to 2014 and the 10-year mean climate observed data in 68 meteorological stations from 2006 to 2015 were used. Eight parameter sets were chosen based on growth temperature range of M. alternatus reported in preceding researches. Error matrix method was utilized to select and simulate the parameter sets showing the highest correlation with the actual distribution. Regarding the future distribution of M. alternatus, two periods of 2050s(2046-2055) and 2090s(2091-2100) were predicted using the projected climate data of RCP 8.5 Scenario generated from Korea Meteorological Administration. Overall results of M. alternatus distribution simulation were fit in the actual distribution; however, overestimation in Seoul Metropolitan area and Chungnam Region were shown. Gradual expansion of M. alternatus would be expected to nationwide from western and southern coastal areas of Korea peninsula.

Escape of Pine Wood Nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, through Feeding and Oviposition Behavior of Monochamus alternatus and M. saltuarius (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) Adults (솔수염하늘소와 북방수염하늘소의 섭식과 산란행동을 통한 소나무재선충의 이탈)

  • Kim, Dong-Soo;Lee, Sang-Myeong;Huh, He-Soon;Park, Nam-Chang;Park, Chung-Gyoo
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
    • /
    • v.48 no.4
    • /
    • pp.527-533
    • /
    • 2009
  • This study was performed to investigate the escape of pine wood nematode (PWN), Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, from two vector species (Monochamus alternatus and M. saltuarius) through oviposition and feeding behavior. First, we checked number of PWNs escaped from M. alternatus emerged from three different cases of pine logs. In case A, healthy pine trees were cut into logs and left in pine forest infected with PWN. In case B, healthy pine trees were cut into logs, left in large screen cage, and let them oviposited by M. alternatus emerged from pine trees infested with PWN. In case C, pine trees which were harboring M. alternatus were cut into logs, and PWN was inoculated artificially. The M. alternatus adults emerged from the above three cases of pine logs were checked in the next year to know how many PWN they were harboring in their bodies. The percentages of M. alternatus harboring PWN (18.3 and 15.6%, respectively) and number of nematodes per vector ($5,713.1{\pm}9,248.3$ and $2,034.1{\pm}4,746.8$ PWNs, respectively) in case A and B logs are similar to each other. However, the percentage and the number in case C (38.3% and $20,083.1{\pm}32,188.3$ PWNs) were higher than those of case A and B. Among 52 M. alternatus adults harboring PWN from all the three cases, 20 adults (38.5%) were harboring more than 5,000 PWNs per beetle. And these 20 adults were harboring 97.9% of the total PWNs in 52 adults. Second, we checked the daily escape of PWNs from M. alternatus and M. saltuarius collected at pine forest infested with PWN. The PWN escaped from their vector body for $34.9{\pm}12.4$ days for M. alternatus, and for $23.9{\pm}16.2$ days for M. saltuarius, reaching at peak escape during the 2nd week of emergence of the two vector species. A 44.5 and 47.2% to the total PWNs escaped from vector body within 2 weeks of vector emergence for M. alternatus and M. saltuarius, respectively. The number of PWNs escaped from each vector was $3,570.6{\pm}5,189.2$ and $1,556.2{\pm}1,710.3$ for M. alternatus and M. saltuarius, respectively.

Effects on Habitation of Monochamus alternatus by Tending of Sapling Japanese Red Pine(Pinus densiflora) Forest (소나무 치수림 가꾸기가 솔수염하늘소의 서식에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon, Kwon-Seok;Park, Nam-Chang;Hong, Sung-Cheon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
    • /
    • v.99 no.4
    • /
    • pp.528-533
    • /
    • 2010
  • Cage plots were established in 2008 to find the relationship between combination of tended Japanese red pine sapling and the habitation of Monochamus alternatus, a vector for pine wood nematode. Japanese red pine sapling tended at different times were successively put into the cage, and then the adult of Monochamus alternatus was put in June. Presence or absence of the larva was determined November. Sapling tendings were done at seven successive times in 2009, mid- and late February and March, mid-April, May and June. Some saplings were also tended in mid-October of 2008, the previous year of this experiment. The larva was found in all the saplings tended later than mid-March in 2009. No larva was found in the saplings tended in mid-October of 2008 and those in February of 2009. In case of the combination the by-products of mid-February and late March of 2009 and mid-October of 2008, the larva was found in the by-product of mid-February and late March of 2009, but those in mid-October of 2008 was not. When the saplings tended in mid-October of 2008 and mid- and late February of 2009 were put into the cage singly, the larva was found in all the saplings. Results indicated the mixture of the saplings tended at different times affected the habitation of Monochamus alternatus differently.

Biological Control of Japanese Pine Sawyer, Monochamus alternatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) using Korean Entomopathogenic Nematode Isolates (한국산 곤충병원성선충을 이용한 솔수염하늘소(Monochamus alternatus)의 생물적 방제)

  • Yu, Hwang Bin;Jung, Young Hak;Lee, Sang Myeong;Choo, Ho Yul;Lee, Dong Woon
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
    • /
    • v.20 no.4
    • /
    • pp.361-368
    • /
    • 2016
  • Japanese pine sawyer (JPS), Monochamus alternatus is a vector insect of pine wood nematode, Bersaphlenchus xylophilus in Korea and Japanese pine forest. This study was to evaluate the possibility of biological control of JPS with Korean entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs). Korean EPNs (Heterorhabditis sp. Gyeongsan, Steinernema carpocapsae GSN1, S. glaseri Dongrae and S. longicaudum Nonsan strain) were infested bate insect, Galleria mellonella in log of dead pine tree. Result showed that, S. carpocapsae GSN1 strain has the highest pathogenicity. Heterorhabditis sp. Gyeongsan and S. carpocapsae GSN1 had infested bate insect, which located in 7.5 cm depth of pine log. EPN has pathogenicity against larva and adult of JPS. Spray application of EPNs against adult of JPS, Heterorhabditis sp. Gyeongsan strain showed higher pathogenicity than S. carpocapsae GSN1 strain. EPN infested larva of JPS was detected on bark spray treatment with S. carpocapsae GSN1 strain in dead pine log that naturally infested larva of JPS however, no EPN infested JPS was detected on soaking of pine log with suspension of S. carpocapsae GSN1 strain. Though EPN had found with low efficacy against JPS but still possible to apply to control the boring insect pest as they can control log dwelling insect.

Susceptibility of Pine Wood Nematode Vectors to ULV Insecticides Sprayed from an Unmanned Helicopter (무인항공기를 활용한 유인항공기용 작물보호제에 대한 소나무재선충 매개충의 약제 감수성)

  • Kim, Junheon;Nam, Sangjune;Song, Jinyoung
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
    • /
    • v.59 no.2
    • /
    • pp.83-91
    • /
    • 2020
  • We assessed efficacy of spraying pesticides from an unmanned helicopter to control two insect species, Monochamus alternatus and M. saltuarius, which are vectors of pine wood nematodes. Control efficacy of thiacloprid FL (33×), acetamiprid ME (33×), and flupyradifurone SL (33×) was determined by placing caged insects in the canopy of pine trees (Pinus sp). Water-sensitive paper was used to record the spray pattern of pesticide droplets and the degree of coverage; furthermore, we investigated peripheral scattering due to spraying. The three pesticides showed > 96% control efficacy against the targeted vectors, and pesticide droplet spray patterns were similar. Peripheral scattering was observed up to 20 m in front and 10 m to the left, right, and behind the targeted area. The coverage index of all the directions at 5 and 10 m distance was 6-7 and 2, respectively.

Effects on Control of Pine Wilt Disease (Bursaphelenchus xylophilus) by Thinning Methods in Red Pine(Pinus densiflora) Forest (소나무림 숲가꾸기 종류가 소나무재선충병의 제어에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon, Kwon-Seok;Kim, Chul-Su;Park, Nam-Chang;Hur, Tae-chul;Hong, Sung-Cheon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
    • /
    • v.100 no.2
    • /
    • pp.165-171
    • /
    • 2011
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect on pine wilt disease by health-thinning, thinning and sapling tending in red pine forest (Pinus densiflora). As a part of developing forestry control methods for pine wilt disease control. In case of putting in pine sawyer (Monochamus alternatus) with pine wood nematode (Bursaphelenchus xylophilus), the specimen trees in health-thinning, thinning and control treatment were withered more than 50%, although there were not statistically significant differences in treatments. In treatment site, thinning slashes had influenced on the spread of pine wilt disease (experiment 1). In thinning stand of sapling pine, site with thinning slashes had highest mortality (> 90%). There were approximately 10% mortality in the site of carried thinning slashes from case and the site of non-thinning with released M. alternatus (experiment 2). The larvae had not appeared in young tree stump with health-thinning and thinning at April, the current emergence year of M. alternatus, but there were larvae in sapling tree stump with thinning at May, the current emergence year of M. alternatus. In case of stands with infected young and sapling tree by pine wilt disease, there is no effects of on pine wilt disease control by health-thinning, thinning, saplings tending at April and May, the current emergence year of M. alternatus, and leaved thinning slashes had influenced on the spread of pine wilt disease as habitation of M. alternatus.

Insecticidal Activity of Japanese Pine Sawyer (Monochamus alternatus) and Toxicity Test of Honeybee (Apis mellifera) using 5 Kinds of Neonicotinoids (5종의 네오니코티노이드계 약제에 대한 솔수염하늘소의 살충활성과 꿀벌독성)

  • Cho, Woo Seong;Jeong, Dae-Hoon;Lee, Jae Seon;Kim, Hyun Kyung;Seo, Sang-Tae;Kim, Gil-Hah
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
    • /
    • v.21 no.1
    • /
    • pp.33-41
    • /
    • 2017
  • Susceptibility and persistence of Japanese pine sawyer, Monochamus alternatus adults, and acute contact toxicity, foliage contact toxicity, and residual toxicity to honeybee, Apis mellifera were evaluated by using 5 kinds of neonicotinoid pesticides. All neonicotinoids pesticides showed over 80% mortality 48 hour after body spray treatment. However, only 2 kinds of acetamiprid ME and acetamiprid+buprofezin showed over 80% mortality in the twig dipping treatment. All of the five neonicotinoides pesticides used in M. alternatus adults showed residual effect of 60-80% mortality, but the efficacy decreased rapidly after 1 day of treatment. Acetamiprid ME showed the lowest toxicity in the acute and foliage contact toxicity test of A. mellifera. The residual toxicity of leaves on A. mellifera was very low in acetamiprid ME and acetamiprid+buprofezin. However, the residual toxicity of all pesticides treatments decreased to 10-30% after 1 day of treatment and further decreased with time. These results indicate that acetamiprid ME among five neonicotinoid agents showed a high insecticidal activity in the M. alternatus adults, while it exhibited relatively low contact and residual toxicity in the A. mellifera. It is thought that acetamiprid ME can be effectively used for the control of the M. alternatus adults as vector of pine wilt disease.

Gnawing and Escaping Behaviors of Monochamus alternatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in a Confined Environment: Suggesting a Bioassay Method of Netting for Adult Escape Prevention (인위적 구속환경에서 솔수염하늘소의 쏠기와 탈출행동: 성충탈출 방지용 그물망의 생물검정법 제안)

  • Ko, Gyeong hun;Kim, Dong-Soon
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
    • /
    • v.56 no.2
    • /
    • pp.187-193
    • /
    • 2017
  • The Japanese pine sawyer, Monochamus alternatus Hope, is a representative vector of the pine wood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, which causes wilting symptoms in pine trees. A control method using a net has been introduced, which is an alternative method to the fumigation for the control of dead pine trees by pine wilt disease. This study was carried out to investigate the factors that induce gnawing and escaping behaviors of M. alternatus. The behaviors were examined after M. alternatus adult was placed in a confined space at different temperatures. M. alternatus adults could escape through mesh net torn by gnawing when they were confined in a space of 30 mm or less in diameter. The success rate of escape was high at 20 to $30^{\circ}C$, and no adults escaped at $15^{\circ}C$. The enticement of M. alternatus adults by food didn't affect the success rate of escape. In the case of not being confined in a narrow space, the escaping hole could not be formed because the gnawing was not concentrated on one part. M. alternatus moved its body in a narrow space using the tarsus of middle and hind legs, and made an escape hole by concentrically gnawing the obstacle on the front side with mandible, and showed a behavior of getting out while supporting the body by supporting the front legs. The present results will be able to use as an important basic information for evaluating the performance of mesh net which confines M. alternatus adults and suggested by alternative method to fumigation technology.

Biological Characteristics of Sclerodermus harmandi (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae) Parasitized on Cerambycid (하늘소류에 기생하는 개미침벌(Sclerodermus harmandi)의 생물적 특성)

  • Hong, Jung-Im;Koh, Sang-Hyun;Chung, Yeong-Jin;Shin, Sang-Chul;Kim, Gil-Hah;Choi, Kwang-Sik
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
    • /
    • v.47 no.2
    • /
    • pp.133-139
    • /
    • 2008
  • This study was performed to investigate the immature development period, fecundity, emergence rate and sex ratio of Sclerodermus harmandi against different host insects, Monochamus alternatus, M. saltuarius and Psacothea hilaris. Full grown larvae and pupae of host insects were provided with foods. The mean larval period of S. harmandi female was $29.2{\pm}0.93\;and\;25.1{\pm}0.47$ days in larvae and pupae of M. alternatus, $27.1{\pm}0.41\;and\;26.0{\pm}0.69$ days in M. saltuarius, and $26.3{\pm}0.38\;and\;31.2{\pm}0.24$ days in P. hilaris, respectively. S. hilaris adults were emerged at $12.9{\pm}0.2$ days in female and $11.9{\pm}0.2$ days in male after pupation when hosted M. alternatus pupa. Development period in male showed shorter one day than in female. Success rate of oviposition against different hosts was higher as 98.6 and 97.5% on full grown larva and pupa of M saltuarius. Emergence rate was higher as 90.1 and 87.3% on M. saltuarius larvae and pupae. Sex ratio of emerged S. harmandi adults was approximately 10:1 (Female : Male), females showed higher emergence rate than males. The period until first oviposition after emergence in S. harmandi female was the shortest in $4.6{\pm}0.1$ days on M. saltuarius pupa. When three females of S. harmandi were inoculated on M. saltuarius larva, the number of laid eggs was the highest $62.7{\pm}2.5$ per female.