• Title, Summary, Keyword: 수면레벨

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A Study on the Fatigue Assessment Model for Ship's Officers (항해사의 피로도 평가모델에 관한 연구)

  • Yang, Won-Jae;Keum, Jong-Soo
    • Proceedings of KOSOMES biannual meeting
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2006
  • 해상에서 선박을 운항하는 항해사의 피로도 (Fatigue) 는 안전항해와 매우 밀접한 관계를 가지고 있으며 당직근무 중에 피로가 누적되어 업무수행능력이 저하되면 선박의 충돌 및 좌초 둥과 같은 매우 위험하고 중대한 해양사고를 유발할 가능성이 높아지게 된다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 항해사의 근무환경, 피로유발요인 및 피로증세 등에 대하여 조사하였고, 항해경험자를 대상으로 정신적 육체적인 작업부하도에 대한 피로도 평가관련 설문조사를 실시하고 그 결과를 분석하였다. 그리고 이와 같은 피로도 조사 및 설문조사 분석결과를 바탕으로 항해사의 피로도 평가항목을 선정하고 이를 토대로 항해사의 업무수행능력을 평가하기 위한 피로도 평가모델을 제시하였다.

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Review about effects of sleep disturbances on Burning mouth syndrome (수면장애가 구강작열감 증후군에 미치는 영향에 대한 고찰)

  • Lim, Hyun-Dae;Lee, You-Mee
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.313-318
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    • 2013
  • The aim of this study was to the relationship between sleep disturbances and Burning mouth syndrome(BMS). BMS presents as a chronic burning sensation in the oral mucous membrane that is frequently associated with sleep disturbances. BMS is considered neuropathic pain condition with dysfunction of small diameter afferent sensory fiber. A review of the studies reveals, BMS suggested peripheral and cental nervous system changes. Sleep disruption or Rem sleep deprivation cause an inhibition of opioid protein synthesis and a reduced affinity of ${\mu}$ and ${\delta}$ opioid receptors. Let me say that sleep disturbances suggest a risk factor For BMS and support to evaluate as a part of BMS treatment. Further study will be required to ascertain the relationship between distruption of sleep continuity or Rem sleep deprivation and BMS and the evidence of altered neurochemical degeneration of BMS.

On the Flow Characteristics around a Circular Cylinder according as the Water Depth from the Free Surface (자유수면에 인접한 원형실린더형 몰수체 주위의 유동특성에 관한 연구)

  • Gim, Ok-Sok;Shon, Chang-Bae;Lee, Gyoung-Woo
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.331-336
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    • 2010
  • The free surface influenced the wake behind a circular cylinder and its effects were investigated experimentally in a circulating water channel with the variation of water depth. Instantaneous velocity fields were measured in this paper. The measured results has been compared with each other to investigate the flow characteristics of the circular cylinder's 2-dimensional section at $Re=1.0{\times}10^3$ using 2-frame grey level cross correlation PIV method. The flow around the circular cylinder with free surface affected the wake structure. Especially, in case of d=1.0D, the boundary layer was measured in the whole area. The separation point and boundary layer of the circular cylinder could be controlled by the water depth.

The Under Water Ambient Noise at Voting-il Bay (영일만 부근에서의 수중소음)

  • HA Kang Lyeol;YOON Gab Dong
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.197-201
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    • 1983
  • Underwater ambient noise level was measured at two points near the Youngil Bay. The environmental characteristics depend upon oceanographic conditions of sound propagation ana its implication on the source of ambient noise. Some noise sources were estimated, and the effect of the oceanographic conditions on the noise level variation had been considered. The results were as follows : 1) At the nearshore station of Youngil Bay, the ambient noise level in the near bottom(45m) was lower than that of the near surface(10m) by 15dB. This difference was due to spherical spreading from the upper to the lower layer. 2) At the open sea station which is located outside of the thermal front existing near the Youngil Bay, the ambient noise level of the upper layer(20m) was higher than that of the lower layer (100m) by $8{\sim}12dB$ below 50Hz and $15{\sim}23dB$ above 50Hz. 3) Above 60Hz the ambient noise level at the nearshore station was higher than that of the open sea station, while below 60Hz, the result was reverse. It appears that a boundary layer existed between the two stations.

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Development of Respiration Detection Technique for the Human Body Using Doppler Radar Principle (도플러 레이다 원리를 이용한 인체 호흡수 측정기술 개발에 관한 연구)

  • 김기남;김인석
    • Proceedings of the Korea Electromagnetic Engineering Society Conference
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    • pp.315-318
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    • 2002
  • 본 논문은 도플러 레이다의 원리를 이용하여 인체 호흡수 측정기술에 관하여 기술하였다. 주파수 1.59㎓ 대역의 전자파를 이용한 인체 호흡수 측정의 역사적 배경과 함께 자세한 측정원리 및 방법을 제시하였다. 인체의 흉곽 운동에 의해 반사된 신호의 도플러 주파수 차이만큼의 변이량을 오실로스코프 상에서 단위시간 당 호흡수를 나타내었다. 헤테로다인 방식의 시스템으로 측정하였으며, 폴디드 슬롯 안테나를 자체 제작하여 사용하였다. 이와 같은 인체 호흡수 측정기는 생명체 탐지 장치나 수면 무호흡증 측정기로 사용될 수 있으며 동작 감지 레벨을 높이면 그 적용 범위는 더욱더 늘어날 것으로 예상된다.

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The propagation characteristics of road traffic noise - with respect to human response - (도로 교통소음의 전파특성 연구 - 인체에 미치는 영향에 대한 고찰 -)

  • 장호경
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.19-27
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    • 2000
  • In order to predict the propagation of road traffic noise over level terrain, this paper presents the model of the simple monopole and dipole source. Excess attenuations by ground acoustic impedance with continuity are investigated by outdoor experiments. In this results, the propagation of road traffic noise is affected by the acoustic impedance properties of the ground surface over which the noise travels, particularly when the receiver position is close to the surface. These results are then used to derive sound pressure level contours for the attenuation with distance of the equivalent energy level received from passing vehicle. The percentage of deep sleep and the number of wakings are studied for continuous traffic noise. The hearing loss and sensitivity threshold shift is investigated by changing the various parameters such as the effects of aging and noise exposure. Evaluation of the response of human to traffic noise is discribed. It is shown that exposure to excessive noise can cause temporary loss of hearing that may become permanent if the exposure is prolonged or intense.

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PIV Measurement of Viscous Flow Field in the Wake of Transom Stern (PIV기법을 이용한 트랜섬 선미 후류 점성유동장 계측)

  • Lee, Gyoung-Woo;Gim, Ok-Sok
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.35 no.10
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    • pp.805-810
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    • 2011
  • An experiment was carried out to figure out the instantaneous flow characteristics in the wake of the transom stern's 2-dimensional section by 2-frame grey level cross correlation PIV method at $Re=3.5{\times}103$, $Re=7.0{\times}103$. The stern angles of models were learning at $45^{\circ}$(Model "A"), $90^{\circ}$(Model "B") and $135^{\circ}$(Model "C") respectively based on the survey results of real ships. The depth of wetted surface is 40mm from free surface. As Reynolds number increases, vortices increase in volume and move their way to the downstream. Flow separation appeared at the end of model's bottom.

A Study on the Turbulent Flow Characteristics in the Wake of Transom Sterns using PIV Method (동일입자추적기법을 이용한 트랜섬선미 후류 난류유동특성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Gyoung-Woo;Gim, Ok-Sok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.352-359
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    • 2012
  • An experiment was carried out to figure out the turbulence flow characteristics in the wake of the transom stern's 2-dimensional section by 2-frame grey level cross correlation PIV method at Re= $3.5{\times}10^3$, Re= $7.0{\times}10^3$. The angles of transom stern are $45^{\circ}$(Model "A"), $90^{\circ}$(Model "B") and $135^{\circ}$(Model "C") respectively. The depth of wetted surface is 40mm from free surface. Strong turbulence intensity appears at the interaction between the flow separation of the bottom of a model and the free surface. This study provides statistic flow information such as turbulence intensity, Reynolds stress and turbulence kinetic energy. Model C type (Raked transom) has low Reynolds stress and turbulence kinetic energy.

An Experimental Study on the Slamming impact around Wedged type structure in accordance with the Weight and Height of the change (중량 및 높이변화에 따른 쐐기형 구조물 주위의 슬래밍 충격에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Oh, Seung-Jin;Jo, Dae-Hawn
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.77-82
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    • 2015
  • Slamming means that the hull hits the waves and receives impact pressure. This slamming effect may cause harm to people and when you put the hull at risk. so it is very harmful for cargo safety. Therefor slamming impact pressure should be fully considered in ship designing. In this study the model of wedged type structure are produced aimed to simulate a free fall that the experiments were carried out on different weight and free fall height. The flow field has been obtained by 2-frame grey level cross correlation PIV(Particle Image Velocimetry) method and experiment was divided into water entry and water exit. The impact pressure of free fall structure by a pressure acquisition system apply to dewetron system. The angles between a model and the water surface are adapted $15^{\circ}$ respectively. The weight change of models was given as 1.5, 1.8 and 2.0kg. To study slamming phenomenon for free fall height the experiments were carried out by the free fall height of 100, 200 and 300mm. The experimental value of the impact pressure according to the changes in weight was increase impact pressure in proportion to the increase in weight and higher free falling height has also influenced the increase in impact pressures.

An experimental study on the flow characteristics around to changes in the angle of the wedge type structure by free fall (자유낙하에 의한 각도 변화에 따른 쐐기형 구조물 주위의 유동특성에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Oh, Seung-Jin;Cho, Dae-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.493-499
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    • 2013
  • This paper presents are experimental investigation to figure out impact pressure and flow characteristics of a wedge type structure in free fall. The flow field has been obtained by 2-frame grey level cross correlation PIV(Particle Image Velocimetry) method, the impact pressure of free fall structure by a pressure acquisition system apply to Dewetron system. The angles between a model and the free surface are adapted $15^{\circ}$, $25^{\circ}$, $35^{\circ}$ and $45^{\circ}$ respectively. Velocity field of water exit has higher better than water entry. The impact pressure under the bottom of the model has been appeared higher values at $15^{\circ}$ than $45^{\circ}$, and also at P1.