• Title, Summary, Keyword: 수송 분담률

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Estimation of Optimal Modal Split Considering the Subsidy Policy - In the Case of Dual Mode Trailer (보조금 정책을 고려한 적정 수송 분담률 추정 모형 - Dual Mode Trailer(DMT) 사례를 중심으로)

  • Park, Bum-Hwan;Kim, Chung-Soo;Lee, Kang-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.205-211
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    • 2009
  • There is need to reform the road-based logistic transportation system into the railway-based logistics transportation system in order to decrease the total social cost related with logistics transportation. And new transportation modes such as dual mode trailer (DMT) are under consideration, which are expected to decrease current market share of road. But, most of current studies about estimating economical efficiency are focused on developing the probabilistic choice model and then estimating the market share of each mode. We present an approach to compute the optimal market share of each mode in terms of total social cost. To do so, we suggest an optimization model capturing both user choice to maximize his utility and subsidy policy intended to minimize total social cost, simultaneously. Using this model, we present the optimal modal split of container freight.

최근 철도수송 추세와 향후 대응전략

  • 김해수
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.33-43
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    • 2002
  • 자가용의 급증으로 대중교통 분담률 감소, 소득수준 향상으로 고급교통수단 선호, 비즈니스 교통수요 감소, 레저목적 통행량 증가, 여객은 점진적인 증가, 화물은 감소세 둔화, 고속철도 개통 및 전철화 등 선로망 확충으로 철도수송분담률 제고, 자가용 증가로 인해 수송량이 매년 감소추세(최근 연평균 감소률 ㅿ3.5%), 경제성장 등 소득상승과 무관하게 수요는 크게 증가하지 않을 것으로 예상(중략)

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The Analysis on Competitiveness of Railroad Transport - Focused on Container, Cement, Steel - (철도의 수송경쟁력 분석 - 컨테이너, 양회, 철강을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Eun-Mi;Park, Dong-Joo;Ko, Young-Seung
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.2343-2358
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    • 2008
  • The modal spilt for road has been increased, but, for railroad it has been decreased from 17.2%(1990) to 6.3%(2006). It is important to study on improving competition for railroad transportation so that freight transport industry for railroad which is getting to decrease in Korea will be increased. The objective of this study is to analyze the competitiveness of railroad transport compared with road by providing a high-speed railway. The indicators representing the competitiveness of railroad transport are determined. The main influenced factors for mode choice include transport cost, transport time, level of service. Precisely, three commodities type, container, cement, steel, are analyzed.

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KTX Impact on the Inter-Regional Transportation System (고속철도 개통후 지역간 교통체계의 변화)

  • Lee, Jin-Seon;Kim, Gyeong-Tae
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.75-82
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    • 2005
  • To relieve congestion in the current system of intercity transportation, the Korea decided in 1990 to construct a high-speed railroad between Seoul and Busan and it is now in operation. This new mode of transportation significantly cut travel time between major cities and a trip from Seoul to the southeastern port of Busan. Since the KTX opening, average daily passenger numbers on both the Gyeongbu and Honam lines have increased about 1.3 fold over 2003 levels. As of December 2004, the KTX trains are carrying about 81,000 people a day. On KTX routes, the daily number of airline passengers dropped. Express long-distance bus traffic also dropped by 20% to 30%, while that on short-distance routes (100km or less) increased by about 20%. These figures clearly indicate that the Korean transportation network is becoming railroad-centric. However, the number of KTX passengers is fewer than anticipated possibly due to the Korean economic downturn and the operation of the KTX will leave many existing Saemaul and Mugunghwa train sets idle, which will be put into operation for areas, not covered by the KTX. When all the existing major lines have been electrified, more high-speed rail services will be phased in using direct connections to maximize operational efficiency. And also, the dual management by KTX and conventional rail will be regarded as the promotion of the benefit of the public.

Evaluation of Network Reshuffling Alternatives Based on Key Factors Affecting the Mode Share of Seoul Metro (서울시 도시철도 이용에 영향을 미치는 요소를 반영한 노선 조정 효과 분석)

  • Jo, Dohyoung;Sohn, Keemin;Kim, Daehyun;Kim, Ikki
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.26 no.6D
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    • pp.935-943
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    • 2006
  • Key factors affecting the mode share of Soul metro are investigated. The log-regression model, which can describe the elasticity of the factors with ease, is established rather than the conventional mode choice model is used. The log-regression model requires lower level of data availability for calibration and identifies the impact of the factors on mode share straightforwardly. As a result, it is found that the main reasons why the current mode share of railway is low are due to several problems such as winding lines, inconvenient transfers and unnecessary bypasses. The calibrated model is adopted to evaluate the network reshuffling alternatives. The network reshuffling is to rearrange the existing inefficient railway lines that have frequent transfers and many winding segments. The proposed network reshuffling, which includes straightening winding lines and changing grade separated transfers into cross-platform transfers, turned out to be a good measure to tackle the problems.

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The Analysis on Competitiveness of Railroad Transport Focused on Container, Cement, Steel (컨테이너, 양회, 철강을 중심으로 한 철도의 화물수송경쟁력 분석)

  • Kim, Eun-Mi;Park, Dong-Joo;Ko, Young-Seung;Kim, Hyun-Seung;Park, Hyeong-Jun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.613-622
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    • 2009
  • The modal spilt of highway has been increased and the one of railway has been decreased from 17.2%(1990) to 6.3%(2006). In this context, it is meaningful to examine the competitiveness of the railroad of Korea. The objective of this study is to analyze the competitiveness of railroad with the highway so that countermeasures improving the competitiveness of railroad could be suggested. For this, firs of all, indicators representing the competitiveness of the railroad transport are determined. The main influencing factors for mode choice include transport time, transport cost and level of service. Three types of commodity, container, cement and steel are the target for the analysis. It was found that the overall competitiveness of railroad transport is weaker compared with highway even for the main freight origin-destination pairs. It means that the freight transport system is focused on road rather than railroad. Therefore, we need to remeasure the competitiveness of railroad transport related to methods for freight railroad competitiveness improvement.

철도의 환경 친화성 분석에 대한 연구;대기오염물질 배출량 및 에너지 소비율 중심으로

  • Kim, Hui-Man
    • Proceedings of the Korean Environmental Sciences Society Conference
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    • pp.34-39
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    • 2006
  • 1. 철도, 도로, 항공, 해운 등 교통수단별 현황을 조사한 결과, 현재까지의 교통정책이 도로교통 우선 위주였기 때문에 철도는 뛰어난 환경성 및 경제성을 가지고 있음에도 불구하고 수송분담율이 비교적 저조한 편이었다. 그러나, 향후 정부의 사회기반시설 구축에 있어서 국가 기간 철도망 확대와 대도시 지하철 및 경량전철 건설을 통한 도심철도망과 간선철도망의 연결 등을 통하여 철도의 이용이 훨씬 용이해질 것으로 보이며 이에 따라 철도의 이용률도 크게 상승할 것으로 예상된다. 2. 교통수단별 일반현황은 다음과 같다. 1) 철도교통은 여객수송량이 다소 증가하고 있는 추세였는데, 2004년 KTX의 개통으로 인하여 여객수송량이 급증하였으나, 화물수송은 약간 감소하는 추세이다. 2) 도로교통은 공로의 경우 이용량이 크게 감소하고 있으나, 자가용의 경우에는 승용차의 급증에 의하여 도로의 분담률이 증가하고 있다. 그러나, 도로망의 확충이 자동차의 증가량을 따르지 못하는 것과 자동차가 도시에 밀집됨에 따른 교통체증에 따라 자가용 차량의 1일 평균 주행거리가 짧아지는 등 수송량이 크게 증가하지는 않고 있다. 3. 각 교통수단별 환경경제성을 조사한 결과는 다음과 같았다. 1) 단위수송량당 에너지 소비율은 여객의 경우 철도가 75.97kcal/인 km에 불과한 반면에 버스는 415.43, 택시는 1,192.24kcal/인 km에 달하여 각각 철도의 5.5배 및 15.7배나 많은 에너지를 소비하는 것으로 나타났다. 화물의 경우에도 철도는 105.98kcal/톤 km에 불과한 반면에 도로는 1,674.21kcal/톤 km에 달하여 철도의 무려 15.8배의 에너지를 사용하는 것으로 나타나, 철도가 에너지 효율성 면에서 도로 교통수단보다 월등히 앞서는 친환경적이면서 경제적인 교통수단임을 알 수 있다. 2) 도로와 철도의 단위수송량 당 CO의 배출량은 도로가 1,531.2kg/백만인 km로 철도의 167.4kg/백만인 km에 비하여 9배나 되었다. 그러나, 탄화수소의 경우는 도로가 216.5kg/백만인 km으로 철도의 68.0kg/백만인 km의 3배를 넘는다. 미세먼지의 경우는 도로가 철도보다 약간 더 많은 수준이었으나, NOx와 $SO_2$는 오히려 철도가 오히려 약간 더 높게 나타났다.

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A Study on Railroad Yard Reform for Vitalizing Freight Movement by Railroad: Focused on the Introduction of Piggy Back System (철도물류 활성화를 위한 철도정거장 개량 연구: 피기백(Piggy Back)시스템 도입을 중심으로)

  • Park, Il Ha;Park, Yong Gul;Kim, Sigon;Kim, Yeon Kyu
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.227-238
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    • 2014
  • There is no question that railroad investment is crucial for better transport systems and the Korean government has continued to invest in railroad facilities. Nevertheless, the modal share of railroad, in particular, for freight has decreased. This is because rail freight transport can hardly meet customer needs such as just-in-time(JIT), a door-to-door service, compared to road transport, to be specific, trucking which can directly carry the freights to the final destinations. This has made the value of the railroad infrastructure less, which has been operated for the past 114 years. This study proposes a new freight movement concept called Piggy Back System. This system can carry freight trucks on the trains and deliver the freights to the final destinations. It can make a door-to-door deliver system possible for railroad transportation, which is the key factor for modal shift from road to railroad. For implementing this, this study proposes three important things: the cost-efficient reforming way of railroad yard that has been used for the past 114 years, the diagram plan of train services, and some technical reviews like clearance limits. This is the first study with practical proposals and solutions on this topic in Korea. The suggestions of this study cut down distribution costs by more than seven trillion won.

Forecasting Model of Air Passenger Demand Using System Dynamics (시스템다이내믹스를 이용한 항공여객 수요예측에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hyung-Ho;Jeon, Jun-woo;Yeo, Gi-Tae
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.137-143
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    • 2018
  • Korea's air passenger traffic has been growing steadily. In this paper, we propose a forecasting model of air passenger demand to ascertain the growth trend of air passenger transportation performance in Korea. We conducted a simulation based on System Dynamics with the demand as a dependent variable, and international oil prices, GDP and exchange rates as exogenous variables. The accuracy of the model was verified using MAPE and $R^2$, and the proposed prediction model was verified as an accurate prediction model. As a result of the demand forecast, it is predicted that the air passenger demand in Korea will continue to grow, and the share of low cost carriers will increase sharply. The addition of the Korean transportation performance of foreign carriers in Korea and the transportation performance of Korean passengers due to the alliance of airlines will provide a more accurate forecast of passenger demand.

저탄소 녹색성장 - 부문별.업종별.연도별 온실가스 감축목표 확정

  • 대한설비건설협회
    • 월간 기계설비
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    • pp.40-42
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    • 2011
  • 우리나라 전체 온실가스 배출량을 2020년까지 배출 전망치(BAU) 대비 30% 줄이기로 한 것에 맞춰 각 부문과 업종이 분담해야 할 감축 목표량이 정해 졌다. 수송 부문이 34.3%로 감축률이 가장 높고 다음은 건물 26.9%, 발전 26.7%, 공공 기타 25% 순이다. 관심을 끌었던 산업 부문 온실가스 배출량 감축률은 18.2%로 정해졌다. 폐기물은 12.3%이고, 농림어업은 상대적으로 부담이 덜하도록 5.2% 감축률을 배정받았다. 정부는 이같은 내용의 '부문별 업종별 연도별 국가 온실가스 감축목표'를 지난 7월 12일 국무회의에서 확정했다.

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