• Title, Summary, Keyword: 수신증

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Validation of Onen's Alternative Grading System for Congenital Hydronephrosis (선천성 수신증을 위한 Onen 등급 분류법의 임상적인 타당성)

  • Woo, Da Eun;Lim, Myung Hee;Kim, Myung Uk;Kim, Sae Yoon;Park, Yong Hoon
    • Childhood Kidney Diseases
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.77-84
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the validity of Onen's alternative grading system (AGS) with that of the APDRP and SFU grading systems in patients with isolated and complicated congenital hydronephrosis. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 153 patients (204 renal units) diagnosed with congenital hydronephrosis between January 2002 and December 2011. We classified patients into 2 groups; isolated or complicated hydronephrosis. All renal units were graded according to anterior-posterior diameter of renal pelvis (APDRP), Society for Fetus Urology (SFU) and Onen's grading systems. We analyzed the prognosis of hydronephrosis, according to each grading system, at 2 years of age. Results: There were 152 renal units with isolated hydronephrosis and 52 renal units with complicated hydronephrosis. The isolated hydronephrosis group had a lower grade according to Onen's AGS, and showed more frequent spontaneous remission by 2 years of age. There was more frequent obstruction (P =0.000) and surgical treatment (P =0.000) of units with high-grade hydronephrosis according to Onen's AGS. In the complicated hydronephrosis group the frequencies of spontaneous remission (P =0.015) and renal dysfunction (P =0.013) were significantly higher than those in high-grade hydronephrosis, as indicated by Onen's AGS. There were no significant differences in clinical outcomes among the highest grade groups, according to the 3 systems, in either isolated or complicated hydronephrosis. Conclusion: Onen's AGS reflects the prognosis of hydronephrosis as well as other grading systems in those with isolated hydronephrosis. It was better predictor of renal dysfunction in those with complicated hydronephrosis. However, Onen's AGS was not superior to the other grading systems in terms of predicting prognosis, especially in high-grade hydronephrosis.

Clinical Significance of Hydronephrosis in Febrile Urinary Tract Infection (발열성 요로 감염 환아에서 발견된 수신증의 임상적 의의)

  • Oh, Jung-Min;Lee, Na-Ra;Yim, Hyung-Eun;Yoo, Kee-Hwan;Hong, Young-Sook;Lee, Joo-Won
    • Childhood Kidney Diseases
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 2010
  • Purpose : Hydronephrosis is found about 30% of children with urinary tract infection (UTI). It can be caused by various conditions, although most childhood hydronephrosis is congenital. This study was performed to investigate the relationship between febrile UTI and hydronephrosis. Methods : We retrospectively reviewed the medical charts of 183 patients diagnosed as UTI between January 2007 and May 2009 at Korea University Guro Hospital. Inclusion criteria were as followings; 1) fever more than $37.5^{\circ}C$ measured in the axilla, 2) positive urine culture, 3) no history of urinary tract anomaly on antenatal sonography and urinary tract infection. We classified the enrolled children into two groups of patients with hydronephrosis (HN) and those without hydronephrosis (NHN). Results : The 80 patients were HN and 103 patients NHN. Hydronephrosis was found in 58 patients with left kidney, 8 right and 14 both kidneys. Most of hydronephrosis were of low grade. Compared with NHN group, initial renal cortical defects on DMSA scan significantly increased in HN group (HN 37.5%, NHN 16.5%, P<0.05). The incidence of VUR was not different between the two groups (HN 22%, NHN 12.1%). White blood cell counts and C-reactive protein were not different between the two groups. Follow-up DMSA scan (about 6 months later after UTI) showed no difference of renal scarring in both two groups. Conclusion : Our data suggests that hydronephrosis in febrile UTI patients is clinically useful for detecting renal cortical defects, but is not associated with follow-up renal scar.

Vesicoureteral Reflux and Urinary Tract Infection in Children with Congenital Hydronephrosis (선천성수신증 환아에서 방광요관역류 및 요로감염 발생에 대한 고찰)

  • Kim, Jong-Ho;Kwak, Jae-Reyung;Park, Jee-Min;Pai, Ki-Soo
    • Childhood Kidney Diseases
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.222-228
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    • 2009
  • Purpose : We checked voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) in patients with congenital hydronephrosis (CHN) and followed up the occurrence of urinary tract infection(UTI) in these patients. And we tried to figure out the relationship between CHN and VUR and UTI. Methods : We performed a retrospective study in 122 CHN patients who received VCUG from 2002 to 2008 at Ajou University Hospital. We executed logistic regression, chi-square test and T-test using version 16.0 SPSS package for the statistical analysis. P<0.05 was regarded as significant. Results : Most patients with CHN were male (73%) and there was a tendency of preferences for unilateral (77%) and left (84%) occurrence of hydronephrosis. The incidence of VUR was 18.9% among 122 CHN patients and no laterality difference was found to the severity of VUR or hydronephrosis. The incidences of VUR and UTI was higher in group of higher grade (III-IV) CHN patients, when compared to the lower group, respectively. When VUR was present in CHN patients, the incidence of UTI during infancy was also higher. Conclusion : The incidence of VUR was higher in patients with higher grades of CHN. The incidence of UTI during infancy was higher when VUR was present in the CHN patients.

Causes and Clinical Outcomes of Congenital Hydronephrosis (신생아 수신증의 원인과 임상 경과에 대한 고찰)

  • Kang Hyun-Young;Chang Mea-Young;Lee Jae-Ho
    • Childhood Kidney Diseases
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.69-75
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    • 2005
  • Purpose : The most important management of congenital hydronephrosis consists of the early diagnosis and evaluation of the pathologic abnormalities of congenital hydronephrosis. This study was conducted to investigate the different causes of hydronephrosis and its clinical outcome. Methods : 54 live neonates who were hospitalized and diagnosed with congenital hydronephrosis at Chungnam National University Hospital from Aug. 1998 to Aug. 2003 were retrospectively analyzed. Results : Hydronephrosis(renal pelvic AP diameter $gt;5 mm) was postnatally detected in 54 cases(2.1%) among 2,539 neonates who were hospitalized from Aug. 1998 to Aug. 2003. There were three times more males than females. Additional imaging studies revealed that ureteropelvic junction obstruction was the most common postnatal diagnosis(48.7%), followed by multicystic dysplastic kidney, vesicoureteral reflux and duplication kidney with ureterocele. Spontaneous regression of hydronephrosis was revealed in 25 renal units(75.8% ) of mild hydronephrosis, 14 renal units of moderate hydronephrosis and 1 renal unit of severe hydronephrosis. Operative correction were carried out in 14 renal units(70%) of severe hydronephrosls. Conclusion : The most common established cause of congenital hydronephrosis in this study was ureteropelvic junction obstruction. There are many cases of spontaneous regression in mild to moderate congenital hydronephrosis. Urinary tract infections occur in many neonates with hydronephrosis. Therefore, early detection and evaluation of congenital hydronephrosis and continuous follow-up at regular intervals are necessary for conservation of renal function. (J Korean Soc Pediatr Nephrol 2005;9:69-75)

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Outcome of Prenatally Diagnosed Hydronephrosis - One Center Experience - (산전 진단된 수신증의 임상 경과 - 단일 기관의 경험 -)

  • Kim Yeun-Hee;Kim Byoung-Ju;Park Moon-Sung;Yang Jung-In;Kim Haeng-Soo;Kim Pyung-Kil;Pai Ki-Soo
    • Childhood Kidney Diseases
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.178-187
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    • 2002
  • Purpose : The detection of hydronephrosis(HN) with antenatal ultrasonography was first reported in the 1970s. Prenatal HN is diagnosed with an incidence of 1:100 to 1:500 on antenatal screening. Recently, the purpose of antenatal screening has changed from simple detection to selection for specific diagnosis-based management. this study is to evaluate the usefulness of antenatal sonography for HN and to investigate the differential causes of HN and their clinical outcomes. Patients and methods : 11,783 live neonates with prenatal ultrasonographic examination at Ajou University School of Medicine, from Sep. 1994 to Aug. 2001 were analyzed. Results and conclusion : Hydronephrosis (>10 mm) was detected in 119 (1.0%) cases antenatally and among these, 91 were proved to have HN postnatally Males were three times more affected than females. Additional imaging studies revealed that ureteropelvic junction obstruction was the most common postnatal diagnosis (47%), followed by multicystic dysplastic kidney, vesicoureteral junction obstruction and vesicoureteral reflux. During 20 months' follow-up(3 to 72 months), 58(48%) renal units showed spontaneous resolution and surgical interventions were necessary in 10 (7.4%) of postnatally confirmed hydronephrotic renal units.

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Clinical Outcome and Follow-up of Neonatal Hydronephrosis Diagnosed Antenatally (산전 진찰에서 진단된 신생아 수신증에 대한 추적 관찰)

  • Park, Su-Eun;Kim, Su-Yung
    • Childhood Kidney Diseases
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.161-168
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    • 1998
  • Purpose : Lots of congenital anomalies of urinary tract including hydronephrosis are detected in fetus and neworn by popular use of prenatal ultrasonography. But there are little data available in Korea about natural course of hydronephrosis diagnosed antenatally by ultrasonography. So we intended to help management of these patients by analizing the follow up data of the neonates with hydronephrosis diagnosed antenatally. Methods : We evaluated 22 patients with neonatal hydronephrosis(33 renal units) who were diagnosed prenatally and confirmed postnatally. Especially patients with suspected ureteropelvic junction obstruction were followed regulary with renal ultrasonography and diuretic renography for 8-24 months. Results : 1) The etiologies of neonatal hydronephrosis diagnosed prenatally were suspected ureteropelvic junction obstruction($69.9\%$), vesicoureteral reflux($15.1\%$), primary megaureter($3.0\%$), double ureter with ureterocele($3.0\%$), ureteral stricture($3.0\%$), multicystic dysplastic kidney(3.0$\%$), and ureterovesical junction obstruction(3.0$\%$). 2) The follow up results of 23 renal units of suspected ureteropelvic junction obsruction: Except 4 renal units with palpable abdominal mass, of the remained 19 renal units, 14 units($73.6\%$) were improved spontaneously, 3 units($15.7\%$) remained stable, only2 units($10.5\%$) were aggravated. Conclusion : We concluded that in most cases of hydronephrosis there is no need for immediate surgery, and that nonoperative approach, using serial ultrasonography and diuretic renogram, is safe management of neonatal hydronephrosis diagnosed anteratally.

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Correlation between the Severity of Hydronephrosis and the Presence of VUR in Neonate (신생아에서 수신증의 심한 정도와 방광요관역류 존재와의 연관성)

  • Lee, Hyo-Jung;Noh, Seong-Hoon;Lee, Soo-Yeon;Kim, Min-Sun;Lee, Dae-Yeol
    • Childhood Kidney Diseases
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.26-32
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    • 2009
  • Purpose : The increasing use of ultrasonography has allowed for an increase in the of the detection of congenital hydronephrosis, and the clinical outcomes of congenital hydronephrosis are widely varied. In this study, the necessity of voiding cystourethrography in neonate with hydronephrosis to rule out vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) was evaluated. Methods : Between January 2004 and December 2007, we reviewed the medical record of 157 childrens with congenital hydronephrosis detected within 1 month of age. The severity of hydronephrosis was graded by SFU (Society of Fetal Urology) system, and anterior posterior pelvic diameter (APPD). We evaluated the relationship between severity of hydronephrosis and incidence of VUR by using SPSS windows version 16.0. A P-value<0.05 is considered to be statistically significant. Results : Total renal unit number was 254, and 20(7.8%) renal units had VUR. We did not find any relationship between hydronephrosis grade the presence of VUR grade (P>0.05). In addition, there was no statistical significance between APPD, laterality of hydronephrosis and VUR incidence. However, renal units with VUR had lower spontaneous resolution rate (P<0.05), compared to renal units without VUR. Conclusion : In this study, there was no statistical significance between the severity of hydronephrosis and presence of VUR. Therefore, voiding cystourethrogram is recommended for all children with hydronephrosis to rule out VUR, regardless of the severity of hydronephrosis.

The Neonatal Follow up and Correlative Analysis of Fetal Hydronephrosis (산전 수신증의 생후 추적 관찰)

  • Yoon Ho-Young;Kim Ji-Hong;Lee Jae-Seung;Kim Pyung-Kil;Kim Myung-Joon
    • Childhood Kidney Diseases
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.60-68
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    • 1998
  • Purpose: To determine the various prenatal factors related to the prenatal hydronephrosis diagnosed on prenatal ultrasonography. We also attempted to correlate the prenatal and neonatal renal pelvic anteroposterior diameter with the outcome in infancy Methods: Between 1985 and 1997. We retrospectively reviewed 105 renal unit (75 patient) with fetal hydronphrosis persisting postnatally. Investigation consisted of renal ultrasonography, voiding cystourethrography, diurectic renogram, and DMSA scan. Results: The 75 patient assesed had the following underlying cause: UPJ(Ureteropelvic juction) obstruction(52%). multicystic dysplastic kidney(10%). UVJ (Ureterovesicai juction) obstruction (10%) and no underlying cause (25%). Of theses cases 36 cases (40 renal unit) underwent operation, while 28 cases (50 renal unit) resoled spontaneously. 12% of mild hydornephrosis deteriorated. whereas 50% of modrate hydrophrosis and 81% of severe hydronephrosis required surgical correction. Attempting to find the renal unit that were at risk for deterioration. our study showed that urinary tract infection group and calyceal blunting group had a predictive role. Conclusion: It is necessary to follow up after birth dilatation of caylx or urinary tract infection are present. Early operation is considered when prenatal pelvic AP diameter greater is than 22 mm and postnatal diameter greater than 17 mm. This may make it possible to prevent further progression of renal damage and prompt treatment of asymptomatic hydronephrosis before complications occur.

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Post-natal Outcome of Fetal Hydronephrosis Detected with Prenatal Ultrasonography (산전 초음파로 진단된 태아 수신증의 생후 경과 관찰)

  • Park, Youn Jin;Mun, Soon Jung;Bae, Chong Woo;Lee, Bum Ha;Kim, Jin Il
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.45 no.10
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    • pp.1213-1218
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    • 2002
  • Purpose : Hydronephrosis constitutes a great portion of fetal anomalies screened by prenatal sonogram. The present authors made an attempt to access its natural courses through follow up neonatal hydronephrosis diagnosed by prenatal sonogram. Methods : The study was composed of 23 neonates(36 renal units) who were diagnosed with hydronephrosis through prenatal sonogram screening and confirmed 3-7 days after birth with sonographic evaluation at Kyung Hee University Hospital. The neonates were closely monitored for 12-24 months with renal sonogram, diuretic renogram, intravenous pyelography(IVP) and voiding cystoureterography(VCUG). Results : The underlying diseases were composed of 16 cases(44%) of functional abnormalities, 14 cases(39%) of ureteropelvic junction(UPJ) obstruction, three cases(8%) of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and on case each of multicystic dysplastic kidney, UPJ obstruction with ureteral stenosis and ureterovesical junction(UVJ) obstruction with VUR. The degree of hydronephrosis was divided into three classes according to its severity. In 30 renal units with UPJ obstruction and functional abnormalities, 26(87%) showed mild hydronephrosis, while four(13%) were moderate. During the follow up period, six cases(20%) showed natural resolution of hydronephrosis, 15 cases(50%) showed improvement while two cases(7%) were aggravated with improvement only after surgery of the underlying disease. The cases which showed natural resolution were all mild hydronephrosis at diagnosis and the cases which underwent surgery due to continuous aggravation were mild one case and moderate one case. Conclusion : Those with cases of mild hydronephrosis show rapid natural improvement. On the other hand, in some cases, follow up monitoring reveal aggravation of the situation, emphasizing the necessity for thorough follow up for a long period of time.

Natural History of Unilateral Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction : Five Cases of High Grade Hydronephrosis (신생아 편측 신우요관이행부 폐색의 자연경과 : 중증 수신증 5례)

  • Chung Ky Hyun;Hwa Jeong Seok;Paik Sang Hoon;Pak Jin Soo;Lim Jin Kyu;Choi Jae Hoon
    • Childhood Kidney Diseases
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.57-62
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    • 2000
  • Purpose: Unilateral ureteropelvic junction obstruction with high grade of hydronephrosis an obstructed diuretic renogram but good differential renal function were studied to evaluate the natural history of untreated obstruction. Materials and Methods: During the last three years, we encountered 18 kidneys with hydronephrosis detected on prenatal ultrasound. In all these patients other urologic abnormalities were excluded by voiding cystourethrography and other radiological studies. Diuretic renography was initially performed at an age ranging from 2 weeks to 4 weeks. Five had high degree of hydronephrosis and obstructed diuretic renogram despite good relative renal function. Periodic urine examination, ultrasonography and diuretic renogram were done at regular intervals. Results: We have followed 5 neonates with unilateral hydronephrosis and suspected ureteropelvic junction obstruction with noroperative treatment for 15 months. During followup, percentage and relative renal function were maintained in all patients and hydronephrosis improved. Obstructive patterns on diuretic renogram were variable. Conclusions: These findings help to define the natural history of untreated good functioning hydronephrotic kidneys. Many newborn kidneys with severe hydronephrosis are not obstructed despite even high grade of hydronephrosis and obstructed diuretic renogram.

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