• Title, Summary, Keyword: 시차 주사 열량 분석

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Physicochemical Characteristic of the Silkworm Sericin Cocoon (세리신잠견의 이화학적 특성)

  • 김수연;손해룡;배도규;김정호
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.10-17
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    • 2003
  • This study was carried out to analyze physicochemical characteristics of sericin cocoon from silkworm, Bombyx mori. The degumming loss increased with increasing treatment time up to 2 hr, and temperature up to 130$^{\circ}C$. At 130$^{\circ}C$, degumming loss of Nd-s jam and Nd$\^$H/ jam were 100% while that of Baegok jam was 24%. Nd-s jam and Baegok jam ha high glycine content of 29.1∼46.3 mol% where as Nd$\^$H/ jam had high serine content of 32.6 mol%. Thermal denaturation temperatures were found at 218$^{\circ}C$ for Nd-s jam, 216$^{\circ}C$ for Nd$\^$H/ jam, and 218$^{\circ}C$ for Baegok jam. Before degumming, crystallinities obtained by FT-IR analysis were 44.3, 43.7, and 59.9% for Nd-s jam, Nd$\^$H/ jam, and Baegok jam respectively. After degumming, crystallinity increased to 61.8% for Baegok jam. Before degumming, crystallinitics obtained from XRD were 35.9, 33.5, and 47.2%, for Nd-s jam, Nd$\^$H/ jam, and Baegok jam. After degumming, crystallinity increased to 49.8% for Baegok jam. The molecular weight of Nd$\^$H/ jam were 9,417 in 1 hr, 3,744 in 2 hr, 4,944 in hr, and 3,910 in 6 hr.

Reaction Mechanism and Curing Characteristics of Chicken Feather-Based Adhesives and Adhesive Properties of Medium-Density Fiberboard Bonded with the Adhesive Resins (닭털로 제조한 접착제의 반응기작 및 경화 특성과 이를 이용하여 제조한 중밀도섬유판의 접착 특성)

  • Yang, In;Park, Dae-Hak;Choi, Won-Sil;Oh, Sei Chang;Ahn, Dong-uk;Han, Gyu-Seong
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.55 no.3
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    • pp.385-394
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    • 2017
  • In this study, reaction mechanism and curing characteristics of adhesives formulated with NaOH- and $H_2SO_4$-hydrolyzed chicken feather (CF) and formaldehyde-based crosslinkers were investigated by FT-IR and DSC. In addition, adhesive properties and formaldehyde emission of medium-density fiberboards (MDF) applied with the adhesives were measured. CF-based adhesives having a solid content of 40% and over were very viscous at $25^{\circ}C$, but the viscosity reduced to $300{\sim}660m{\cdot}Pa{\cdot}s$ at $50^{\circ}C$. Consequently, the adhesives could be used as a sprayable resin. Through the FT-IR spectra of liquid and cured CF-based adhesives, addition reaction of methylol group and condensation reaction between the functional groups with the use of formaldehyde-based crosslinkers were identified. From the analysis of DSC, it was elucidated for CF-based adhesives to require a higher pressing temperature or longer pressing time comparing to commercial urea-formaldehyde (C-UF) resin. MDF bonded with CF-based adhesives, which was formulated with 5% NaOH-hydrolyzed CF (CF-AK-5%) and PF of formaldehyde to phenol mole ratio of 2.5 (PF-2.5), and pressed for 8 min had higher MOR and IB than those with other CF-based adhesives. MOR and IB of MDF bonded with the CF-based adhesives regardless of formulation type and pressing time were higher than those with C-UF resin. When the values compared with the minimum requirements of KS standard, IB exceeded the KS standard in all formulations and pressing time, but MOR of only MDF bonded with CF-AK-5% and PF-2.5 and pressed for 8 min satisfied the KS standard. What was worse, 24-TS of MDF bonded with all CF-based adhesives did not satisfied the KS standard. However, MOR and 24-TS can be improved by increasing the target density of MDF or the amount of wax emulsion, which is added to improve the water resistance of MDF. Importantly, the use of CF-based adhesives decreased greatly the formaldehyde emission. Based on the results, we reached the conclusion that CF-based adhesives formulated under proper conditions had a potential as a sprayable resin for the production of wood panels.