• Title, Summary, Keyword: 신성골이영양증

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A Case Report : TMJ Osteoarthritis in a Patient with Renal Osteodystrophy (턱관절의 골관절염을 동반한 신성골이영양증 환자 증례보고)

  • Lee, Gi-Ho
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.247-253
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    • 2013
  • Renal osteodystrophy(RO) is characterized by skeletal changes in patients with renal disease and developed as a result of alterations in the metabolism of calcium, phosphate and secondary hyperparathyroidism. Bony changes in the craniofacial region include decreased bone density, radiolucent lesions(brown tumors), depletion of cortical bone and loss of lamina dura, but such changes rarely occur in the temporomandibular joint(TMJ). We report an uncommon case of bony changes and pain of both TMJs in a patient with RO. A 41-year-old man with RO came to our clinic due to TMJ pain and sounds. Occlusal change was also reported. Radiographs revealed degenerative changes of the both condyles. The patient had medical history of renal cancer therapy and hemodialysis. The patient was diagnosed with TMJ arthritis of RO and referred for systemic management through medication of calcium and vitamin D and parathyroidectomy. At 15-month follow-up, most of TMD symptoms disappeared and second radiographs revealed that bone density and cortical thickness of the mandible increased and the skeletal outline of the both condyles became relatively clear. As bony changes may begin in the early stage of the renal disease, dentists should be alert to detect the sign of the disease. In addition, it is important to differentiate TMJ arthritis of systemic cause because the treatment protocol is quite different.

지속성 복막 투석 환자의 골밀도와 이와 관련된 영양소 섭취, 식행동, 우울정도에 관한 연구

  • 손숙미;박진경
    • Proceedings of the KSCN Conference
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    • pp.417-417
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    • 2004
  • 지속성복막투석환자의 경우 투석에 의해 단백질 대사물질의 배설은 효과적으로 이루어지나 오랫동안의 만성신부전으로 인한 인의 배설 저하에 따라 골밀도가 대부분 저하되어 있으며 신성골이영양증을 수반하는 경우가 많다. 본 연구에서는 종합병원 신장내과 클리닉에 정기적 checkup을 받고 있는 지속성복막투석환자를 대상으로 골밀도를 측정하였으며 요추(L2-L4)와 대퇴부(femoral neck, trochanter)의 평균 골밀도의 T값이 모두 -1 미만인 군을 골감소증군으로 하였고(N=86) 1군데라도 T값이 -1 이상인 군은 정상군으로(N=32) 분류하여 영양소섭취량, 식행동, 우울정도에 따른 차이를 보고자 하였다.(중략)

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