• Title, Summary, Keyword: 실천적 자원

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노동자 문화정치와 파업: 방법론적 검토

  • Sin, Byeong-Hyeon
    • Korean Journal of Labor Studies
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.201-229
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    • 2008
  • 본 논문에서는 노동자문화정치의 관점에서 파업을 새롭게 정의하고, 파업을 비롯한 노동자 문화실천의 정치적 효과를 분석하기 위한 방법론적 요소들을 검토하였다. 여기서 파업은 참여주체들의 다양한 사고와 합리성들을 중심으로 형성되고 확장되는 내재적인 정치의 장인 동시에, 다양한 기표적 실천들이 전개되는 문화정치의 장으로 정의되었다. 파업의 발생과 전개의 각 과정과 국면에 대한 문화정치적 분석 요소로서 장소성, 공간, 시간, 정서, 기호자원, 담론이 고려되었고, 이 요소들에 초점을 두고 민주노조 파업에서 드러나는 문화정치적 제약들을 H사 노조 사례를 통해 검토하였다. 문화정치적 제약들은 노동자 문화의 생산과 수용에서의 제약으로 드러난다. 노동자문화 관련 텍스트들의 분석과 조사 자료를 통해서 볼 때, 그것들은 첫째로 노동자 문화 활동가들의 생산 실천 상의 제약과 관련있고, 둘째로, 노동자 대중의 노동자 문화 수용 혹은 소비에서의 도구성과 시 공간 상의 제약과 관련있는 것을 확인했다. 본 논문은 이러한 제약들이 70년대 이후에서 90년대 전반에 이르는 시기와는 달리, 현 시기 노동운동의 문화적 자원들이 신기술과 사회문화적 변화에 걸맞게 변화 확장되지 못하고 오히려 축소된 데 기인한다고 추론하였다. 따라서 지속적인 운동의 조건과 기반을 능동적으로 조성하기 위해서는, 파업을 비롯한 노동자 문화의 생산과 수용 전반에 걸쳐서 작용하는 재현체계 상의 제약, 특히 기호자원의 한계라는 근본적인 제약을 넘어서기 위한 노동자 문화정치의 필요성이 제안되었으며, 문화실천에 몸담고 있는 문화활동가나 노조활동가들이 파업과 일상 활동 속에서 문화정치적 주제들을 찾아 이론화하고 정책에 반영하는 문화활동 방안이 제안되었다.

A Theoretical Review and Trial Application of the 'Resources-Based View' (RBV) as an Alternative Cognitive Theory (대안적 인지 이론으로서 '자원 기반 관점'에 대한 이론적 고찰과 시험 적용)

  • Oh, Phil Seok
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.971-984
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is twofold: to theoretically review the 'resources-based view' (RBV) developed by D. Hammer and his colleagues as an alternative cognitive theory and to illustrate the usefulness of the theory by applying it to interpret a science learning activity in which undergraduate students worked together to construct a model of the seasons. The theoretical review was based on the exploration of relevant literature and dealt mainly with three types of resources: conceptual, epistemological, and practical resources. The trial application revealed that scientific models have been developed through the combination of different pieces of conceptual resources activated from participants, rather than emerging as unitary wholes. However, all the activated resources were not included into a model, and some of the conceptual resources acted as constraints to constructing a scientific model. The implications included that science educators should be attentive and responsive to students' resources and help them use the resources productively to learn science.

Preliminary Development of A Social Work Skills Inventory (사회복지실천기술 척도의 예비적 개발)

  • Kim, Yong Seok
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.64 no.4
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    • pp.57-87
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to develop the first social work skills inventory in Korea. Based upon the literature review of social work skills, the examination of an existing scale, and the comments from professionals in this field, 57 preliminary items were developed. Preliminary items were evaluated with a total of 370 social workers who were working in various fields of social work in Seoul and surrounding areas. A series of exploratory factor analyses were conducted to find out the optimal structure of the scale. After deleting 30 items with low factor loadings or being cross-loaded, the scale is composed of five factors. Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the factor structure of the scale obtained by exploratory factor analysis. The first factor was named preparatory and assessing skills to be mostly used in the beginning phase of th social work process, the second factor was named change facilitating skills to be used to strengthen motivation to change, third factor was named ending and evaluating skills to be used to terminate the professional relationship and evaluate the outcome of the relationship, the fourth factor was named resource linking and utilizing skills to be used to utilize resources in order to solve clients' problems and the fifth factor was named ethical practice skills. Each component of the social work skills inventory is found to be reliable and valid. In sum, the social work skills inventory is an instrument encompassing basic skills necessary for social work process, skills for ethical social work practice, and skills necessary for utilizing environmental resources.

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Case Managers' perceptions on Strength Case Management experiences for poor families with the infants and early children (사회복지사가 경험한 강점관점 사례관리 실천 : 영유아 빈곤가정을 대상으로)

  • Min, So-young
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.275-304
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    • 2012
  • This study explores the case manager's experiences in terms of how they were challenged by the difficulties of the case management process, overcame them, and obtained the positive outcomes. Qualitative methodologies were used, employing a focus group interview with 10 case managers. The findings suggest that case managers were aware of the importance of strength among clients and communities. Case managers commented that they tried to actualized the principles of Strength Case Management, thereby facing the changes and growths among clients and communities. Several suggestions were made for the effective settlement of Strength Case Management.

The Effect of Job Crafting on Organization Effectiveness - Mediating Role of Proactive Behavior - (잡 크래프팅(Job Crafting)이 조직유효성에 미치는 영향 -주도적 행동의 매개효과-)

  • Choi, Su-Heyong;Lee, Jung-Mi
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.47-66
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the mediating role of proactive behaviors in the mechanism which job crafting affects organizational effectiveness. Through this study, we tried to contribute to the following theoretical and practical aspects. First, we tried to extend the theoretical discussion by identifying the relationship between job crafting, proactive behavior, and organizational effectiveness. Second, we provide practical implications for Korean organizational members based on proven job crafting, proactive behavior, and organizational effectiveness, and contribute to creating a work environment that enhances job satisfaction and reduces turnover intention. The results of this study are as follows. First, increasing structural job resource, increasing social job resource and increasing challenging job demand, which are sub-factors of job crafting, had a positive effect on job satisfaction. Second, increasing structural job resource, increasing social job resource and increasing challenging job demand, which are sub-factors of job crafting, had a negative effect on turnover intention. Third, job crafting had a positive effect on proactive behavior. Fourth, proactive behavior mediated the relationship of increasing structural job resource, increasing social job resource, increasing challenging job demand, and job satisfaction. Fifth, proactive behavior mediated the relationship of increasing structural job resource, increasing social job resource and turnover intention. This study provides an understanding of the impact of job crafting on organizational effectiveness and is expected to contribute to future research on job crafting.

An Exploration on Individual Giving and Volunteering : Focus on the Relationship with Trust (기부 및 자원봉사와 신뢰의 관계에 관한 연구 : Simultaneous Equation Model을 이용한 분석)

  • Kang, Chul-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.59 no.3
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    • pp.5-32
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    • 2007
  • Using a national survey data conducted by the Beautiful Foundation, this study attempts to examine the bilateral relationships between philanthropic effort and social trust and between volunteering effort and social trust by using simultaneous equation model. This study also attempts to examine the socialization effect and intergenerational effect of philanthropy and volunteering in family, school, and community. This study found that both philanthropic effort and volunteering effort have a bilateral relationship with social trust. The bilateral relationship between giving and volunteering and social trust suggests that not only can social trust affect the increase of giving and volunteering but giving and volunteering can also influence social trust. Thus, by strengthening trust and facilitating giving and volunteering, we can construct and promote culture of sharing in our society. On the other hand, in the analysis on individual's educational experience in giving and volunteering during school years and individual's family experience (parental practice) in giving and volunteering during school years, it was found that family experience was statistically significant on philanthropic effort and volunteering effort. The result suggests that considering the validity of intergenerational effect in giving and volunteering, it is strategically vital for our society to facilitate and promote family practice in giving and volunteering throughout diverse programs and social marketing. Although this study has a limitation due to the limitedness of the original data, it made a significant contribution to advancing knowledge on the relationship between giving and volunteering and social trust by using elaborate analysis methods. This study emphasizes the necessity of continuous research; more advanced and systematic study based on a more elaborate model and solid data such panel data should be continued for a better understanding of philanthropic and volunteering behavior that can be an important soil for the development of nonprofit human service organizations. Finally, based on the results of the study, this study discusses research directions and practical implications to deepen and broaden the culture of sharing in Korea.

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Does Organizational Capacity Explain Fundraising Effectiveness in Nonprofit Social Service Organizations? (비영리 사회복지조직의 재정자원동원 효과성과 조직의 관리능력)

  • Rho, Yeon-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.58 no.3
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    • pp.5-26
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    • 2006
  • This study intended to analyze what factors affect fundraising effectiveness in nonprofit social service organizations. Focusing on organizational characteristics only, current studies did not address the importance of organizational capacity leading to organizational effectiveness. Based on the assumption of the relation between organizational capacity and effectiveness of nonprofit organizations, this study added factors indicating organizational capacity to the current model. After collecting data from 147 staffs involving in fundraising activities of nonprofit social service organizations, this study used a hierarchical regression analysis. The results showed that organizational capacity had a significant impact on the variance of fundraising effectiveness. Despite the limitations of the purposive sampling method, this study has implications to provide practical guideline for nonprofit managers and to develop a theoretical framework with a new perspective on organizational capacity.

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Developing and Implementing Practical Problem Based Lesson Plan to Improve Self-Leadership Skills -Focusing on the Unit of 'Youth's Self Management' in Middle School Technology - Home Economics- (셀프리더십 향상을 위한 실천적 문제 중심 가정과 교수-학습 과정안 개발 및 적용 - 중학교 기술.가정 교과의 '청소년의 자기관리' 내용을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Eun-Jong;Lee, Yon-Suk
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.35-54
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to develop practical problem based lesson plans on youth's self management and to analyze it's effect self-leadership skill of middle school students. The contents of the middle school Home Economics Technology textbooks and new curriculum revised in 2007 were analyzed. Based on these analyses 6 practical problem based lesson plans on youth's self management were developed. The topics in the lesson plan were as follows: 'Improving Self Identity', 'Expressing Self', 'getting the Life Goals', 'Importance of Time Management', and 'Time Management Skills'. The second grade middle school students in Goyang City as an experimental group were taught by practical problem based lesson plans. After the experiment, the changes in self-leadership skills of students were analyzed using paired t-test. The significant improvements of self leadership skills such as communication skills, learning skills and group management skills were found in the experimental groups of students. Thus, the following conclusion is made that the practical problem based lesson could be one of the useful methods for students to develop self-leadership skill.

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Promoting Resources Efficiency in the Life-cycle of Resource for Sustainable Resource Management (지속 가능한 자원관리를 위한 자원 전과정에서의 효율적 자원이용 촉진)

  • Lee, Il-Seuk;Kang, Hong-Yoon
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Resources Recycling
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.69-78
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    • 2015
  • Recently, the importance of efficient resource management has been highlighted due to the uncertainty of its security. Developed countries promote the legislative provision and transition of industrial structure to maximize the efficiency of resource use through supporting the sustainable resource management at national level. Meanwhile Korea has very sensitive industrial structure along with the international resource supply and demand conditions. It is acutely necessary to improve the resource productivity with the various action plans such as the increase of recycling rate and the establishment of methodical resource management system. Especially, the study on the direction of each flow stage and the concrete action plans for using resource efficiently in the life-cycle of resource will be required. Therefore, this study suggests the future direction of each flow stage(production stage and circulatory stage), and the concrete action plans to improve the present problems of resource management in Korea.

A Multi-level Study on Volunteering and Giving - Local Public Social Expenditure and Individual Socio-demographic Characteristics - (자원봉사와 기부에 관한 다층적 영향요인 연구 - 지역 공공복지 지출규모와 개인특성 요인을 중심으로-)

  • Jung, Jin-Kyung;Song, Jeong An
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.68 no.1
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    • pp.5-22
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    • 2016
  • We examined how public social expenditure and individual socio-demographic factors affect individual voluntary activities(volunteering, giving). Hierarchical linear model(HLM) was employed to a nested data set with 37,648 individual subjects and 16 local governments in Korea. HLM analyses yield an insignificant direct effect of public expenditure to volunteering and giving, while individual factors all have significant effects on them. Finally, this study discussed why public social expenditure factor does not have significant influence in this data, and suggested policy implications for promoting volunteering and giving.

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