• Title, Summary, Keyword: 심리적 복지감

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Influences of Social Capitals Affecting Self-esteem and Psychological Wellbeing of the elderly (노인의 사회자본이 자존감과 심리적 복지감에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Weon-Cheol;Park, Sun-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.12
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    • pp.235-245
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    • 2013
  • This study attempted to study the relation between the social capitals and self esteem, psychological wellbeing of the elderly. This study took a questionnaire survey to 162 elderly persons over 65 years old in Busan Metropolitan City. The results of the impact of social capitals upon mental health of the elderly were as follows. For the social capitals and self esteem, formal reliability, formal network and the norm, women had significantly positive(+) impact on self esteem. For the social capitals and psychological wellbeing, formal reliability, women had significantly positive(+) impact on psychological wellbeing, while the norm had significantly negative (-) impact on psychological wellbeing. Based on such results, this study suggested meaning and necessity to construct the social capitals and its activation for the improvement of psychological health of the elderly. Finally, it remarked the limits of the study and the suggestions for the further research direction.

Convergence Study on the Moderating Effects of Ego-resilience on the relationship between Jobscape and Psychological Welfare of the Employees in Tourism Industry (관광업체 종사자의 잡스케이프(jobscape)와 심리적 복지감의 관계에서 자아탄력성의 조절효과에 관한 융합연구)

  • Chi, Myong-Won;Lee, Kang-Wook
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.277-289
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    • 2017
  • This research was psychological convergence research for job satisfaction improvement of emotional worker, and verified the effects of jobscape on psychological welfare and moderating effects of ego-resilience through the relation between jobscape and psychological welfare. Research hypothesis was verified by SPSS 20.0 program based on surveys from workers in travel agency in Seoul. As a result, jobscape that includes physical, emotional and social environment has a positive effect on psychological well-being and has a negative effect on psychological burnout. Moreover, ego-resilience plays a moderating role in relation among these factors. Based on the result, this study suggests that jobscape is an important factor in psychological welfare of the employees in tourism industry and emphasizes the importance of role of the employees' ego-resilience by revealing ego-resilience as an important moderating variable.

A Study on the Relationship of Daily Stress and Social Support to Psychological Wellbeing in the Elderly (노인의 일상적 스트레스 및 사회적 지지와 심리적 복지감과의 관계 연구)

  • Ha, Kyoung-Poon;Song, Sun-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.7
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    • pp.278-289
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the daily stress and social support of elderly people on their psychological wellbeing in an effort to provide some information on the promotion of the psychological wellbeing of the elderly. The major findings of the study were as follows: The psychological wellbeing of the elderly people was under the statistically significant negative influence of their family relations, health problems and sense of loss among the subfactors of daily stress. As for the subfactors of social support, emotional support and support from friends had a significant positive impact on that. The findings of the study suggest that in order to boost the psychological wellbeing of the elderly, they should be helped to cope with various stress that they face in daily routine life, and a variety of programs should be developed to bolster their psychological stability. In addition, the kind of community programs in which they can participate with their friends should be prepared, and how to provide them with better emotional support should carefully be studied.

Relations among the Social Activity, Self-efficacy and Psychological Well-Being of the Urban Elderly (도시노인의 사회활동과 자아효능감 및 심리적 복지감 간의 관계)

  • Lee, Eui-Girl;Cho, Sung-Sook
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.7
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    • pp.196-216
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the social activity, self-efficacy and psychological well-being of old aged people living in Seoul area. For the study, 396 questionnaires were collected to analyzed the effect of demographic characteristics and social activity on psychological well-being, and the moderate effect of self-efficacy on them. The result were as follows: First, there were partial differences in psychological well-being according to demographic characteristics. Second, satisfaction for their lives was positively affected by vocation, health, youth and the social activity. Third, a spouse, health, income and social activity had a negative effect on their loneliness. Forth, a spouse, children, health, more social activity had a negative effect on their depression. Finally, the self-efficacy had a moderate effect on the relation between social activity and loneliness, and depression respectively.

Mediating Effects of Social Support on the Influential Relationship between Social Exclusion and Psychological Wellbeing in Elderly People (노인의 사회적 배제가 심리적복지감에 미치는 영향에서 사회적 지지의 매개효과)

  • Park, Sun-Ah;Jeong, Hyo-Mi;Cha, Myung-Hwa
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.530-541
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of the social exclusion factor of elderly people in a local community on their psychological wellbeing and whether or not social support would perform a mediating role in the relationship between social exclusion factor and psychological wellbeing. The subjects in this study were the elderly people who registered with a senior welfare center located in North Jeolla Province. The findings of the study were as follows: First, the social exclusion factor and social support factor of the elderly people were found to have exerted a statistically significant influence on psychological wellbeing. Second, the social support factor was found to have had partial mediating effects on the relationship between the social exclusion factor and psychological wellbeing. The findings of the study illustrated that the social support factor played a buffering role in the social exclusion factor that affected the psychological wellbeing of the elderly people.

Effects of Foreign Worker's Social Exclusion on Psychological Well-being (외국인 노동자의 사회적 배제가 심리적 복지감에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon, Byeong-Joo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.12
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    • pp.237-247
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    • 2012
  • This study was executed to identify the influences that the social exclusion which foreign workers recognize gives to their psychological well-being. 214 foreign workers were selected as study subjects who live in Seoul and Gyunggi areas and are working for the simple function tasks like manufacturing. Study results showed that the level of social exclusion which foreign workers recognize is a little bit higher than the average but psychological well-being is lower than the average level. Psychological well-being showed statistically significant differences according to staying period, healthy conditions, Korean language proficiency and working period of current workplace by each group, but their staying status and monthly income didn't show significant differences by groups. In addition, working period in current workplace, health conditions, Korean language proficiency and consumption activities and production activities which are the subcategories of social exclusion showed significant influences to psychological well-being.

Effects of the Spousal Relationship's Factors on the Psychological Well-being of the Elderly (노년기 부부관계 요인이 심리적 복지감에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Hye-Suk;Choi, Soo-Il
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.11
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    • pp.313-328
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the spousal relationships on the psychological well-being of the elderly and to find differences in the spousal relationships and psychological well-being according to demographic factors. For the study, 475 structured questionnaires were collected from the men and women residents with their spouses living in Seoul. The 464 collected data excluding incomplete 11 data were analyzed using factor analysis, reliability analysis, multi-regression, t-test and, ANOVA with SPSS 17.0. The result are as follows. First, intimacy-communication, expression of affection, and leisure-sharing showed a positive effects on the positive psychological well-bing, and intimacy-communication and expression of affection affect negatively on the negative psychological well-being, but not leisure-sharing. Second, There were differences in the spousal relationships and the psychological well-being of the elderly according to the demograpic factors.

The Relations of Maternal Beliefs about Employment and Characteristics of Infant Child Care to Maternal Well-Being (취업에 대한 어머니의 태도와 영아의 보육이 어머니 복지감에 미치는 영향)

  • Chang, Young Eun
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.101-116
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    • 2006
  • 본 연구는 모성취업에 대한 태도에 따른 영아보육의 특성과 어머니의 심리적 복지감 간의 관계를 밝히고자 했다. 취업 중이거나 학교를 다니는 809명의 미국여성을 대상으로 하였으며, 이들의 자녀가 생후 1개월, 6개월, 그리고 15개월일 때 면접조사를 실시하였다. 모성취업에 대해 긍정적인 태도를 가지고 있는 어머니들은 그렇지 않은 어머니에 비해 더 나은 심리적 복지감을 보였으며, 개별 보육보다 시설 보육을, 그리고 더 많은 시간의 보육을 이용하였다. 이들 어머니들은 자녀들이 친인척에 의해 보육되는 경우(relative care)보다 보육시설(child care center)을 이용할 때 더 낮은 수준의 역할 긴장과 높은 수준의 취업결정 만족감을 나타냈다. 보다 부정적 태도를 가진 어머니들은 가정보육(child care home) 이용시 역할긴장 수준이 낮았다. 영아들이 생후 6개월 무렵 두 집단의 어머니 모두 보육시간이 증가함에 따라 취업 결정에 대한 만족도가 낮았으나 15개월에는 부정적 태도의 어머니에게만 이 관계가 유의했다.

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Gender Relations and Psychological Well-Being Among the Elderly (노년기 젠더관계와 심리적 복지감: 유배우 노인의 성역할태도와 가사노동분담의 영향에 대하여)

  • Kim Young-Hye
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.1-30
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate (1) the relationship between gender-role attitude and psychological well-being related to the division of household labor and (2) the effect of congruency between gender-role attitude and the division of household labor on psychological well-being for the elderly. In this study, independent variable is gender-role attitude, mediating variable is the division of household labor and dependent variable is psychological well-being. Psychological well-being consists of depression and happiness. The hypotheses of this study are as follows: 1) Gender-role attitude affects psychological well-being of the elderly. The more egalitarian gender-role attitude, the higher degree of psychological well-being, whereas the more traditional gender-role attitude, the lower degree of psychological well-being. 2) The division of household labor influences psychological well-being of the elderly. The higher degree of division of household labor is likely to show the higher degree of psychological well-being. 3) The congruency between gender-role attitude and the division of household labor affects psychological well-being. As the relationship between gender-role attitude and the division of household labor is more congruent. psychological well-being increases. The results of the study are summarized as follows: 1) There is no relation between gender-role attitude and psychological well-being for the elderly. 2) The division of household labor affects psychological well-being for husband. The higher degree of division of household labor, the higher degree of psychological well-being. The result shows that husbands are involved in household labor involuntarily. 3) Congruency between gender-role attitude and the division of household labor affects psychological well-being. As the relationship between gender-role attitude and the division of household labor is more congruent, the degree of depression decreases. 4) Wives participate in most of household labor. Gender segregation in household labor is found in elderly family. 5) Health, income, network of children or sibling, and community network affect psychological well-being. The healthier, higher income and stronger network are likely to show the higher degree of psychological well-being.

The effects of the mother's psychological well-being and the family strength on the young children's ego-resiliency (어머니의 심리적 복지감과 가족건강성이 유아의 자아탄력성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hyun Ju;Moon, Hyuk Jun
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.183-203
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to understand the influence of psychological well being and family strength on children's self-resilience. Subjects were consisted of 250 5-year-old children attending private kindergartens located in Seoul and Gyeonggi province, and their mothers. The results were as follows: First, with regard to some sub-components, such as the satisfaction of life, the relationship of families, and the sharing value between family members, those of mothers who had college diploma or higher were significantly higher than those of mothers who had educational attainments equal to and lower than those of high-school graduate. But with regard to confidence and cheerful personality, those of children with mothers who had educational attainments equal to and lower than those of high-school graduate were significantly higher than those of children with mothers who had college diploma or higher. Second, there were partial correlations among mother's psychological well-being, family strength, and self-resilience. Third, mother's psychological well-being was found as important variable in explaining children's self-resilience.