• Title, Summary, Keyword: 심리적 안전감

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The Effects of Collective Leadership on Creative Behavior: Mediating Effect of Organizational-Based Self-Esteem Moderated by Psychological Safety (집합적 리더십이 창의적 행동에 미치는 영향: 심리적 안전감에 의해 조절된 조직기반 자긍심의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Oh, Ho-June;Shin, Je-Goo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.623-641
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    • 2018
  • The goal of this study is to verify the effectiveness of collective leadership. Specifically, we examine the direct effect of collective leadership on creative behavior and how this relationship is affected indirectly by organization-based self-esteem. Further, we identify the conditional indirect effect psychological safety has in moderating this mechanism. To minimize the common method bias, job rank and the affectivity in work situations were set as control variables. After excluding ten univariate outliers from 319 responses that were collected, a total of 309 samples were used for analysis. Our findings showed that collective leadership has a positive effect on the creative behavior of organization members, and that organization-based self-esteem played the role as partial mediator in the relationship between collective leadership and creative behavior. Also, the conditional indirect effect of psychological safety was found to be significant in the 'high' and 'very high' percentile levels, but not in the 'very low,' 'low,' and 'middle' levels. Together, the findings imply that when leaders at organizations promote members' organization-based self-esteem and creative behavior through collective leadership, it can be more effective when members feel high psychological safety in the organization.

Factors Affecting the Satisfaction of Simulation Education about Emergency Delivery for Paramedic Students (응급구조학과 학생의 응급분만 시뮬레이션 교육 만족도 영향요인)

  • Baek, Mi-Lye
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.98-103
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    • 2014
  • This study investigated the confidence, satisfaction, and psychological safety and identified factors affecting the satisfaction of 41 paramedic students. Data, which consists of pre and post-confidence items on visual analogue scale, 21 satisfaction items and 10 psychological safety items was analyzed using SPSS WIN 21.0 program. After the simulation education, the students were told to write what they felt about the education. Then the students' comments, which were categorized as effectiveness and difficulty, were analyzed. Satisfaction of general characteristics showed a significant difference in age (t = -2.22, p = 0.03) and psychological safety of general characteristics showed a significant difference in gender (t = 3.70, p = 0.00) and age (t = -3.65, p = 0.00). Pre-confidence is low (4.37); however, post-confidence increased to 6.22. It showed a significant difference in pre and post-confidence (t = -5.878, p = 0.000). Satisfaction was correlated with psychological safety (r = 0.516, p = 0.001). The variables affecting satisfaction were psychological safety (t = 3.021, p = 0.005) and post-confidence (t = 1.936, p = 0.061). These variables accounted for 27.6% of the satisfaction according to a regression analysis. The simulation education may be the new effective paramedic education strategy of emergency childbirth. Repetitive simulation learning with further development of various scenarios, more education time, and more faculties will be able to train field compatible paramedics.

A Study of Effect of Disability Prevention Program Acquired by People with Disabilities are Performed : centered on Elementary School Students (휠체어 장애인과 함께하는 장애예방교육의 융·복합 효과에 관한 연구 : 초등학생을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Yeon-Jung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.369-376
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the effect the disability prevention program by spinal cord injury lecturer for elementary school students. 1,167 students participated and data were analyzed using Wilcoxon signed-rank test by SPSS 22.0 program and qualitative analysis. The disability prevention program was a 40minutes, program composed of cause of disability, watching cases of accidents, story of disabled lecturer. The result showed that there were significant improvements in self-efficacy(Z=-26.109, p<.01) and awareness for the disabled. This study suggests that the disability prevention program by disabled lecturer had a positive effect on elementary school students. So the program should be expanded for children.

A Study on Driver's Perception over the Change of the Headlamp's Illuminance : 3. Driver's psychological property (전조등 조도변동에 대한 운전자의 인식연구 : 3. 운전자의 심리적 특성)

  • Kim, Huyn-Ji;Kim, Hyun-Jin;Kim, Gi-Hoon;Kim, Hoon;An, Ok-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers
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    • v.20 no.10
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 2006
  • In this study, psychological assessment was carried out to investigate the driver's psychological characteristics by the change of the headlight. The participants were 20 men and 20 women in their 20s and thirty-two different conditions in combinations of waveform of light, voltage, and alteration time were used. The questionnaire for the assessment was evaluated by 8 subjective item and 5-point SD criteria of 19 pair's adjective. The results were as follows : 1. The assessment results from SD method indicated 4 factors by factor analysis, and it was shown that A waveform had significances in a sense of security and impetus and B waveform had a significance in a sense of security. The levels of the limitations for the voltage change were 12[V] in the factor of a sense of security and 11[V] in the factor of a sense of impetus for A waveform, 12.6[V] in the factor of a sense of security for B waveform. 2. The results of the subjective assessment showed that the limitation of A waveform's brightness change was 12[V]. Moreover, the limitations of voltage changes were 12.67[V] for B waveform brightness change, 12.12[V] for discomfort, 12.71[V] for darkness. And the limitation of C waveform's brightness change was 12[V].

A Study on the Effects of Student Pilot Stress on Psychological Health (학생 조종사의 스트레스가 심리적 건강에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Geun-Su;Kim, Ha-Young
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.9 no.10
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    • pp.203-212
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of stress factors of student pilots on mental health, and to reduce the safe and efficient misconduct education and psychological disharmony by identifying the psychological buffering role of stress coping style and social support. In order to achieve the research purpose, a research model and hypothesis were presented based on previous studies, and regression analysis and mediation effect verification were conducted through a questionnaire survey of 202 student pilots. As a result of the analysis, factors such as flight stress, values stress, professor stress, and friend relationship stress have been shown to affect emotional conditions or psychological well-being. Also we found that the parameters of disengagement coping, family/friend support and organization Support had a mediating effect on the factors between student pilot stress and psychological health. Therefore, student pilots need to manage problems and negative emotions that may cause from flight training, value distractions, professor and friendships' relationship and it is suggested that organization support for training and safety related to emotional support and delinquency of family and friends.

The Effects of Inclusiveness between Team Members on Psychological Safety and Improvement Efforts in a Commercial Airline Cockpit (조종실 내의 개방성이 심리적 안전감과 조종 수행 참여도 향상에 주는 영향: 민간 항공 기장과 부기장을 대상으로)

  • Jang, Su-Wong;Lee, Kyung-Soo;Kim, Yoo-Kyoung;Sohn, Young-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.41-51
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    • 2009
  • This study aims at determining psychological elements that influence team coordination between a captain and a first officer in a commercial airline cockpit. It also examines how these elements interact between one another in different team membership settings. It was hypothesized that mutual inclusiveness of differential status among pilots enhances psychological safety and engagement in safety improvement efforts. Survey results based on 254 airline pilots suggest that status (captain, first officer) and mutual inclusiveness (openness between team members) influence psychological safety and mutual inclusiveness moderates the relationship between status and psychological safety. The results also suggest that psychological safety is positively associated with engagement in safety improvement efforts and partially mediates the relationship between mutual inclusiveness and improvement efforts. This study provides insights into antecedents of fostering safety improvement efforts in airline crew teams in which cultural differences and professional hierarchy exist.

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A Study on the Improvement of the Manual according to the Manual Analysis of 119 emergency Agent (119신고 수보대 매뉴얼 분석에 따른 개선방안)

  • Woo, Nam-Kyu;Kim, tae-hwan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Disaster Information Conference
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    • pp.185-186
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    • 2017
  • 119 신고센터 상황요원의 매뉴얼이 상황에 맞게 변경 되어야 하며, 신고자의 위치파악에 필요한 지도정보 및 GPS정보의 정확성 상활실 인력보강으로 상화요원의 심리적 안전감이 필요로 한다. 또한 부적잘한 상황 접수시에는 강력한 대응반안으로 대처 할수잇게 하여야 한다.

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Forest Fire in the safety of local residents aware analysis (산불피해지역 주민들의 안전성에 대한 인식분석)

  • Yeom, Chan-Ho;Lee, Si-Yeong;Gwon, Chun-Geun
    • Proceedings of the Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering Conference
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    • pp.105-105
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    • 2013
  • 본 연구는 산불피해 후 주민들의 시설물 안전성에 대한 인식을 분석하기 위하여 2013년 3월 9일부터 10일 이틀 동안 280ha의 산림 피해면적과 57동의 시설물 피해를 입은 울주산불지역과, 79ha의 산림피해와 111동의 시설물 피해를 입은 포항산불지역의 주민들을 대상으로 산불피해 후 시설물에 대한 안전성과 당시 격었던 심리상태를 알아보고자 울주 주민 60명, 포항 주민 60명 총 120명에 대하여 설문조사를 실시하였다. 조사항목은 일반현황, 산림 내 주요시설 및 주변 안전성 인식, 교육훈련에 대한 인식, 심리상태에 대해 4개의 항목으로 조사한바, 일반형황으로는 120명중 28명(23.3%)을 제외한 92(76.7%)명이 산불을 1~2회 이상 목격했으며, 24명(20%)이 산불 진화에 참여하였고, 41~60세가 66명(55%)으로 가장 많은 것으로 나타났다. 현재 거주하고 있는 건물은 콘크리트 가옥이 84명(70%)으로 가장 많았고, 현재 거주하고 있는 곳의 안전성에 대해서는 68명(56.7%)이 '안전하지 않다'고 인식하였다. 또한, 가옥주변 가연물질 관리 상태는 57명(47.5%)이 관리가 '잘 되어 있지 않다'고 인식하였다. 또한, 산불발생 대응 피난 및 교육훈련의 필요성에 대한 5점 척도 분석결과 4.2점으로 교육훈련이 필요하다고 인식하고 있었고, 필요한 교육훈련 과목으로는 산불피난대응훈련이 44명(36.7%)으로 가장 높은 비율을 나타냈다. 또한, 산불경험 후 심리적 불안에 대한 5점 척도 분석결과 4.0점으로 불안을 느끼고 있었고, 산불발생 후 느끼는 고통으로는 불면증, 불안감, 상실감, 혼란감, 신경과다 중 불안감이 89명(65.0%)으로 가장 높은 비율을 나타냈다.

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The Relationship between Flight Crew's Individual Cultural Values and Crew Resource Management(CRM) Performance: Psychological Safety as a Moderator (민간항공조종사의 개인문화가치와 CRM수행의 관계 : 심리적 안전감의 조절효과)

  • Lee, Dongsik;Kim, Sinae;Sohn, Young Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.1-23
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    • 2017
  • Organizational culture among flight crews has a profound impact on the individual attitude and behavior of member flight crews, and active training is conducted focusing on improving flight crews' Crew Resource Management(CRM) performance. However, adequate research and training on the relationships between flight crew's individual culture and CRM performance have not been conducted. Hence, this study examined the effect of individual cultural values on CRM performance and the moderation effect of psychological safety, with captains and first officers working for commercial airlines as participants. For the factors related to individual cultural value scale, power distance had no significant effect on CRM performance, uncertainty avoidance had a significant negative effect, and individualism had a significant positive effect. With regard to the moderation effect of psychological safety on the relationships between individual cultural values and CRM performance, a significant interaction was found between power distance and CRM performance, but not between uncertainty avoidance and CRM performance, or between individualism and CRM performance. Power distance and CRM performance exhibited a strong negative correlation in case of low psychological safety. Compared to existing research measuring the cultural characteristics of pilot groups on a national or organizational culture level, this study is uniquely valuable in that it also covers the relationship between individual cultural values of commercial airline flight crews and CRM performance.

A Study on the Cases of the Disaster Psychology Course in the field of Disaster & Security based on the Problem-Based Learning (PBL(문제 중심 학습)을 적용한 방재안전분야의 재해 심리 수업사례 연구)

  • Lee, Mi-Suk;Kim, Soo-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Society of Disaster and Security
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.75-82
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is designed to apply the model of the problem-based learning in the class of Disaster Psychology and then analyze the experiences that its students felt. The participants in this research are 56 undergraduates. The class of Disaster Psychology was conducted with blended learning using lecture and PBL. The PBL problem should be solved just for 3 weeks. The data collected after the class is an analysis of the PBL problem, log on group activities, personal reflection diary, Group evaluation. Then, each data should be collected and analyzed quantitatively through the repetitive comparison, and the triangle-measurement. The findings suggest that there is a remarkable educational learning experience in seven categories: acquire expertise, confidence, practical problem-solving skill, communication ability, roles of calling, efficacy, change in perspective. This study introduces a case of PBL course development and expects subsequent applications and research.