• Title, Summary, Keyword: 심박수 변이도

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A Study on the Positive Emotional Effects on Heart Rate Variability - Focused on Effects of '2002 FIFA World Cup' Sports Event on Emotion and General Health of Korean People - (긍정적 감성경험에 의한 심박변이도의 변화에 대한 연구 - 2002 한일 월드컵 행사가 한국의 국민 정서와 건강에 미친 영향을 중심으로 -)

  • Jeong Kee-Sam;Lee Byung-Chae;Choi Whan-Seok;Kim Bom-Taeck;Woo Jong-Min;Lee Kwae-Hi;Kim Min
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.111-118
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of the study is to examine the effects of the positive menial stress, eustress, on autonomic nervous system(ANS) and human health. For this, we analyzed heart rate variability(HRV) parameters, the most promising markers of ANS function to assess the changes of emotional and physiological states of human body. We measured HRV Signal of World Cup group(281 male subjects: $29.8{\pm}5.6yr$., 187 female subjects: $29.0{\pm}5.4yr$.) in two stadiums at least an hour before the game during '2002 FIFA World Cup Korea/Japan' event. We also measured control group's(331 male subjects: $30.9{\pm}4.7 yr$., 344 female subjects: $30.2{\pm}5.2 yr$.) in the health promotion centers in two university hospitals at least a month before and after the world cup event period. Considering physiological differences between males and females, the data analysis was applied to 'male group' and 'female group' separately. As a result, some tendency was observed that is different from what we have known as the stress reaction. In general, all parameter values except that of mean heart rate tend to decrease under stressed condition. However, under eustressed condition, both heart rate and standard deviation of the Normal to Normal intervals(SDNN) were higher then those of normal condition(p<0.05). Especially, in case of female group, contrary to distressed condition, every frequency-domain powers showed tile higher value(p<0.05, p<0.001). Considering that decrease of HRV indicates the loss of one's health, the increase of SDNN and frequency parameters means that homeostasis control mechanism of ANS is functioning positively. Accordingly, induction of eustress from international sports event may affect positively to the people's health.

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Implementation of HRV Using Embedded System (임베디드 시스템을 이용한 HRV 구현)

  • Kim Myung-Gwan;Kwon Young-Man;Lee Kue-Bum;Kim Sang-Min
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.1377-1380
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    • 2006
  • 사회가 풍요롭고 생활수준이 높아짐에 따라 사람들은 자신의 건강상태에 신경을 많이 쓰고 있다. 또한 유비쿼터스 시대가 시작되면서 언제 어디서든 간단하고 편하게 건강 상태를 체크할 수 있는 시스템이 필요하게 되었다. 이 시스템은 일상생활에서 시간과 장소의 제약 없이 개인이 자신의 심박변이도 상태를 체크 할 수 있다. 보통 큰 병원에서나 사용 해야만 했던 부담감 대신 항상 스스로 자신의 건강상태를 확인하여 그 결과에 따라 맞게 대처 할 수 있다. 브레드 보드와 마이컴을 이용하여 SPO2 센서를 통해 들어온 신호를 PDA로 전송하고, 측정된 HRV(Heart Rate Variability : 심박변이도) 신호를 임베디드 시스템을 이용하여 PDA의 화면에 그래프로 나타내는 GUI 환경의 시스템이다.

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A probabilistic knowledge model for analyzing heart rate variability (심박수변이도 분석을 위한 확률적 지식기반 모형)

  • Son, Chang-Sik;Kang, Won-Seok;Choi, Rock-Hyun;Park, Hyoung-Seob;Han, Seongwook;Kim, Yoon-Nyun
    • Journal of the Korea Industrial Information Systems Research
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.61-69
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    • 2015
  • This study presents a probabilistic knowledge discovery method to interpret heart rate variability (HRV) based on time and frequency domain indexes, extracted using discrete wavelet transform. The knowledge induction algorithm was composed of two phases: rule generation and rule estimation. Firstly, a rule generation converts numerical attributes to intervals using ROC curve analysis and constructs a reduced ruleset by comparing consistency degree between attribute-value pairs with different decision values. Then, we estimated three measures such as rule support, confidence, and coverage to a probabilistic interpretation for each rule. To show the effectiveness of proposed model, we evaluated the statistical discriminant power of five rules (3 for atrial fibrillation, 1 for normal sinus rhythm, and 1 for both atrial fibrillation and normal sinus rhythm) generated using a data (n=58) collected from 1 channel wireless holter electrocardiogram (ECG), i.e., HeartCall$^{(R)}$, U-Heart Inc. The experimental result showed the performance of approximately 0.93 (93%) in terms of accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and AUC measures, respectively.

Asymmetric Activation in the Prefrontal Cortex and Heart Rate Variability by Sound-induced Affects (음향감성에 의한 전전두엽의 비대칭성과 심박동변이도)

  • Jang Eun-Hye;Lee Ji-Hye;Lee Sang-Tae;Kim Wuon-Shik
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.47-54
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    • 2005
  • This study is aimed to inspect how the different sensitivities in Behavioral activation system(BAS) and behavioral inhibition system(BIS) modulate on the properties of physiological responses stimulated by positive or negative affective sound. We measured the electroencephalogram(EEG) and electrocardiogram (ECG) of 32 students, consisted of four groups depending on the BAS and BIS sensitivities, during listening to meditation music or noise. The EEG was recorded at Fpl and Fp2 sites and Power spectral density(PSD) of HRV was derived from the ECG, and the power of HRV was calculated for 3 major frequency ranges(low frequency[LF], medium frequency and high frequency[HF]). After listening to music or noise, subjects reported the affect induced by the sound. For EEG, the power in the alpha band at Fp2, especially in the alpha-2 band(9.0-11.0 Hz) increased during the subjects listening to music, while the power at Fpl increased during noise. During listening to meditation music, there is a tendency that the left-sided activation in prefrontal cortex(PFC) is positively correlated with the difference of BAS(Z)-BIS(Z). During listening to noise, there is a tendency that the right-sided activation in PFC is dominant in case any of the sensitivity of BAS or BIS is high. For HRV, we found that the index of MF/(LF+HF), during listening to music, was higher significantly in the individuals with a low BIS but high BAS than in the individuals with a low sensitivity both BIS and BAS individuals. With high BIS, regardless of the BAS sensitivity, the difference of this index values was not significant. From these results we suggest that the physiological responses of different individuals in BAS and BIS react differently under the same emotionally provocative challenge.

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Study of the Relation of the Autonomic Nerve System and Sa-am Acupuncture(心正格) Treatment by the Heart Rate Variability (HRV(Heart Rate Variability)를 통한 사암침법(舍岩鍼法) 중 심정격(心正格) 자침과 자율신경실조의 상관성 연구)

  • Lee, Hyun-Jin;Hwang, Ji-Hye;Cho, Hyun-Seok;Kim, Kyung-Ho;Lim, Dae-Jung
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.207-218
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    • 2006
  • 목적 : 심박수 변이도(Heart Rate Variability. HRV)를 통해 사암침법 치료법 중 심신 질환에 많이 적용되는 심정격 자침법과 자율신경계와의 관계를 살펴보고자 하였다. 방법 : 2006년 5월 1일부터 2006년 6월 31일까지 2개월간 특별한 과거력이 없는 건강인을 대상으로 실험군 37명을 사암침법 심정격을 자침하고 시술 전후에 HRV를 측정하여 별무처치 상태로 안정을 취한 후 측정한 대조군 21명과 비교하였다. 결과로 얻은 MHRT, SDNN, RMSSD, TP, LF, HF, LF/HF ratio 등의 수치 변화를 비교해 기록 시간 동안의 평균 심박수, 외부 스트레스에 대한 심박동의 변화상태, 심장에 관여하는 자율신경 중 부교감신경의 활동, 교감신경과 부교감신경의 균형 상태 등을 분석하였다. 결과 1. MHRT는 실험군에서 유의성이 있는 것으로 나타났다. 2. SDNN는 실험군 대조군 모두 통계적인 유의성이 없었다. 3. RMSSD은 실험군 대조군 모두 통계적인 유의성이 없었다. 4. TP는 실험군 대조군 모두 통계적인 유의성이 없었다. 5. LF, HF은 실험군 대조군 모두 통계적인 유의성이 없었다. 6. LF/HF ratio는 실험군에서 유의성이 있는 것으로 나타났다. 결론 : 부교감신경과 교감신경의 비교 지표로 다용되는 LF/HF ratio가 유의한 차이를 보여 심정격 자침이 자율신경계의 항진을 완화시키는 것으로 사료된다. 향후 환자의 병인과 상태에 따라 실증과 허증으로 구분하여 시술하는 등의 추가적인 연구가 필요할 것으로 사료된다.

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A Convergence HRV Analysis for Significant Factor Diagnosing in Adult Patients with Sleep Apnea (수면무호흡을 가진 성인환자들의 주요인자 진단을 위한 융합 심박변이도 해석)

  • Kim, Min-Soo;Jeong, Jong-Hyeog;Cho, Young-Chang
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.387-392
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    • 2018
  • The aim of this study was to determine the statistical significance of heart rate variability(HRV) between sleep stages, Apnea-hypopnea index(AHI) and age in patients with obstructive sleep apnea(OSA). This study evaluated the main parameters of HRV over time domain and frequency domain in 40 patients with sleep apnea. The non-REM(sleep stage) was statistically validated by comparing the AHI degree of the three groups(mild, moderate, severe) of sleep apnea patients. The NN50(p=0.043), pNN50(p=0.044), VLF peak(p=0.022), LF/HF(p=0.028) were statistically significant in the R-R interval of patients with sleep apnea from the control group (p<0.05). The LF / HF (p = 0.045) and HF power (p = 0.0395) parameters between the non-RAM sleep (sleep 2 phase) and REM sleep in patients with sleep apnea were statistically significant in the control group(p<0.05). We may be able to provide a basis for understanding the correlation among AHI, sleep stage and age and heart rate variability in patients with obstructive sleep apnea.

The Influence of 'Qi Energy Healing' On Control of Autonomic Nervous System (기치유가 자율신경계의 조절능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Hong, Seung-Hui;Oh, Pyung-Il;Lee, Han-Chun;Lee, Mi-Ja
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.8 no.7
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    • pp.1093-1101
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    • 2013
  • This paper demonstrates that 'Qi Energy Healing' effects on elevation of capabilities in regards with the autonomic nervous system which prevents from the stress. Nineteen participants were assigned into 'Qi Energy Healing' and the 'Ordinary Relaxation' condition. Participants were examined to see the difference of frequency domain analysis, heart rate tachogram, physical resistance through the heart rate variability. The 'Qi Energy Healing' is significantly more likely to influence on reducing and diminishing the stress. 'Qi Energy Healing' treatment showed clear distinction on 6 fact. Our findings established the link between effectiveness of 'Qi Energy Healing' and the autonomic nervous system.

Classifying sleep stages by using heart rate variability (심박동변이도 분석을 이용한 수면단계 분류)

  • Kim, Won-Sik;Park, Se-Jin;Jang, Seung-Jin;Jang, Hak-Yeong;Choe, Hyeong-Min;Lee, Sang-Tae
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Emotion and Sensibility Conference
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    • pp.209-210
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    • 2009
  • 수면단계는 수면감성을 평가하는데 있어서 중요한 생리지표로서 사용되어왔다. 그러나 수면다원검사를 이용한 전통적 수면단계 분류방법은 뇌전도, 안전도, 심전도, 근전도 등을 종합적으로 측정하므로 수면단계를 비교적 정확히 분류할 수 있지만 피험자에게 심한 구속감을 주는 문제가 있다. 본 연구에서는, 각성상태에서 교감신경계가 지배적인 반면에 수면 중에는 부교감신경계가 더 활동적인 점에 착안하여 수면단계를 간단히 분류할 수 있는 방법을 찾고자 수면단계에 따른 심박동변이도(heart rate variability: HRV)를 분석하였다. 단일채널 심전도를 이용하여 수면단계별로 HRV 의 교감신경계/부교감신경계 활성도의 비율을 분석한 결과, W(wakefulness) 단계가 NREN(non REM) 2 단계, 3 단계, 4 단계에 비하여 높게 나타났으며, NREM 4 단계는 REM(rapid eye movement) 단계와 NREM 1단계에 비하여 낮게 나타났다. 또한 교감신경계/부교감신경계 활성도 비율의 수면단계에 따라 변화하는 양상은 W, REM, NREM 1, 2, 3, 4 단계의 순으로 단조 감소하였다.

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Convergence Implementing Emotion Prediction Neural Network Based on Heart Rate Variability (HRV) (심박변이도를 이용한 인공신경망 기반 감정예측 모형에 관한 융복합 연구)

  • Park, Sung Soo;Lee, Kun Chang
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.33-41
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to develop more accurate and robust emotion prediction neural network (EPNN) model by combining heart rate variability (HRV) and neural network. For the sake of improving the prediction performance more reliably, the proposed EPNN model is based on various types of activation functions like hyperbolic tangent, linear, and Gaussian functions, all of which are embedded in hidden nodes to improve its performance. In order to verify the validity of the proposed EPNN model, a number of HRV metrics were calculated from 20 valid and qualified participants whose emotions were induced by using money game. To add more rigor to the experiment, the participants' valence and arousal were checked and used as output node of the EPNN. The experiment results reveal that the F-Measure for Valence and Arousal is 80% and 95%, respectively, proving that the EPNN yields very robust and well-balanced performance. The EPNN performance was compared with competing models like neural network, logistic regression, support vector machine, and random forest. The EPNN was more accurate and reliable than those of the competing models. The results of this study can be effectively applied to many types of wearable computing devices when ubiquitous digital health environment becomes feasible and permeating into our everyday lives.

The study on physiological changes of hemorrhagic shock in rats (출혈량에 따른 출혈성 쇼크로 인한 백서에서의 생리 변화에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Ju-Hyung;Lee, Tak-Hyung;Kim, Soo-Chan;Chung, Sang-Won;Kim, Deok-Won
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.131-132
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    • 2008
  • 본 연구에서는 백서(SD rat)을 통하여 출혈량을 제어하여, 일정만 프로토클 내에서 통합 시스템으로 생리적 데이터를 획득하고, 출혈량에 따른 생리적 변화를 관찰하는데 목적이 있나 외상 환자의 사망 원인 중에서 높이 차지하고 있는 출혈성 쇼크의 효과석인 조기 피로 및 치료 효과 예후의 객관적 판정에 도움을 주고자, 컨트롤이 용이한 백서 11마리로부터 출혈성 쇼크와 상관관계가 높다고 알려진 자율 신경계의 생체 신호 변화 특성인 심전도, 혈압, 체온, 호흡 등의 계측 방법으로 측정하고 정량적으로 분석하였다. 그 결과 출혈전과 출혈중, 출혈후 각각의 생체 신호 변화를 살펴보았으며, 호흡수와 심박수, 심박변이도의 변화를 알 수 있었다.

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