• Title, Summary, Keyword: 아동청소년

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Definition of Child and Youth Welfare and Proposals for the Reform of Legal System (아동·청소년 복지의 개념과 법체계의 개선방안)

  • Cho, Sung-Hae
    • Journal of Legislation Research
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    • no.41
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    • pp.43-85
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    • 2011
  • Child and youth welfare law in Korea is vague and complex. In a narrow sense it means the research on the provisions of the Child Welfare Act. In a broad sense it embraces all of the social welfare system regarding to the protection for children and youth. Regardless of the scope of child and youth welfare law it should be cleared what the term of child and youth means in Korean legal regulation. Historically, child protection in Korea was based on the good intentions of individuals to protect war orphan children from poverty or danger after the end of the Korean War. It is the story of the evolving status of children from being viewed as dependant of the parents to becoming rights-based citizens, even not in Constitution. In Korea neither parents nor children have constitutionally recognized right. According to Korean Constitution the parents have only the obligation to educate their children. And the state ist obliged to improve the welfare of the youth(section 34). In compliance with this article there are lots of statutes regulating youth welfare. This article reviews the legal definition of child and youth to test the uncertain definition of child and youth welfare in relation to the treatment of children's and youth's legal status in Korea. According to the Child Welfare Act child is the person under age of 18, while the legal definition of youth oscillates between the person under the age of 19 and the person over the age 9 to the age of 23. As a result child welfare is often used as the synonym of youth welfare, and vice versa. The lack of the arrangement of the legal definition of child and youth is based on the historical reasons that the legal definitions of youth (under the age of 19 or over the age 9 to the age of 23) newly appeared in the statutes regulating youth welfare, whereas the Child Welfare Act still maintained the definition of child under the age of 18. In order to get rid of the confusion of the definition of the child and youth, a part of certain statues should combine with another Act according to the purpose of the individual amended statutes. And the definition of child and youth should be subdivided into 3 or 4 classes, namely infant(0-6), child(7-13), youth(14-18) and young adult(19-26). Furthermore this article proposes a reform of the existing legal system pursuant to the nature of the law, i.g. whether the issued or amended Act takes on a selective(residual) or universal character.

Relationship of Social Skills & Social Support from Family and Friends to Adjustment Between Children and Adolescents (아동과 청소년의 사회적 기술과 가족 $[\cdor}$ 친구의 지원 및 적응과의 관계)

  • Sim, Hee-Og
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.11-22
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    • 1999
  • This study focused on the relationship of social skills and social support from family and friends to adjustment between children and adolescents. Subjects were enrolled in the fifth, sixth, 1st, & 2nd grades of elementary and junior high schools. The instruments were Teenage Inventory of Social Skills, Perceived Social Support from Family & Friends, Child Depression Inventory, and Antisocial Behavior Scale. Results indicated that there were positive relations between social skills and social support from family and friends. The more social support from family children and adolescents had, the less depression and antisocial behavior they reported. For depression, children and adolescents showed a significant sex difference. In the case of antisocial behavior, only adolescents revealed a significant sex difference. Depression was explained by social support from family most for both children and adolescents. Antisocial behavior was explained by social skills most especially for children. The results discussed in the context of the effects of social skills and social support on emotional and behavioral adjustments.

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Welfare and Leisure of Children and Youth in Urban and Rural Areas (도시와 농산어촌 아동청소년의 복지와 여가수준 비교연구)

  • Kim, Mee-Sook;Shin, Oe-Jin
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.188-201
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    • 2009
  • Objectives: This study compared the welfare level and leisure activities of children and the youth in urban areas with rural areas, and examined factors affecting their life satisfaction. Methods: The fourth wave of the Youth Panel data collected by the Korea Youth Policy Institute has been utilized. A total of 3,145 sample was drawn, and the average age of the sample was about 17 years old (a sophomore in high-school). T-test and multiple regression has been employed. Results: In almost all welfare related variables including life satisfaction, leisure satisfaction, parent attachment, and relationship with teachers and peers, the rural children and youth showed lower scores than their urban counterparts. The only factor whose score was higher to the rural children and youth was community factor including community attachment and guidance. In terms of leisure (satisfaction) level which was the most influential factor of predicting the variance of life satisfaction, the rural children and youth revealed unfavorable condition, as their accessibility to the facilities was low and there were less facilities in rural areas in the first place. Conclusions: As a way to improve the welfare and cultural level of rural children and youth, this study proposed to make investment to the rural areas by providing them with welfare and leisure infra structure and various welfare and leisure programs. To improve the outdoor leisure activities of the urban children and youth, setting up a sisterhood between urban and rural schools has been suggested.

A Case Study of Child·Youth Friendly Cities Development (아동·청소년 친화도시 조성 사례연구)

  • Kim, HeeJoo;Seo, Jeong-A
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.584-599
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    • 2020
  • This study aimed to explore goals and development process of Child·youth Friendly Cities certified by UNICEF Korea and to provide a research basis for promotion and development of Child·youth friendly cities in Korea. Researchers conducted in-depth interviews with experts in two cities designated as UNICEF Child·youth Friendly Cities in early days. The findings showed that in order to successfully build and maintain friendly cities for children and youth, active interest and efforts of local governors and government officials for promoting friendly cities and policy enforcement based on four principles of child rights were required as prerequisite. In relation to managing Child·youth friendly cities, two cities selected as cases of this study provided universal social welfare programs for children and youth and expanded after-school care services for local students. Moreover they tried to promote decision making and protect rights of children and youth by allowing them to participate in community programs. The important distinctions of these cities were that they established a department exclusively for children and youth and closely cooperated with experts in private sectors. However, participants agreed that there should be more comprehensive and multilateral approach for building Child·youth friendly cities, adoption of incentive system for certification of Child·youth friendly cities and more active promotion of the UNICEF project. In conclusion, the researchers proposed policy implications.

A Research on the Prevention of Smartphone Addiction (아동·청소년 스마트폰 중독 예방에 관한 연구)

  • Khoe, Kyungil
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.49-54
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    • 2020
  • In this study, we point out the problem of child and adolescent smartphone addiction, analyze the effects of these smartphone addictions on adolescents, and study how to prevent smartphone addiction. Most young people living in the current era of smartphone have adoption smartphones. Smartphone addiction among adolescents have caused a variety of problems including youth personality, sociality, interpersonal relationships, and depression. We do not only analyze the problem of addiction. We do analyze various problems such as academic stress, family discord, peer relationships, etc. Investigate is not only the situation at risk, but also, it considers its environment. In this research, we presented not only the problem of smartphone addiction in adolescents itself, but also the effects of some problems on adolescents and how to prevent smartphone addiction.

The Maltreated Runaway.Juvenile Delinquent Situation and the Police Assistance Policy (아동학대로 인한 가출.비행 청소년의 현상과 경찰의 조력 방안)

  • Park, Eun-Min
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.11
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    • pp.316-324
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    • 2009
  • Child abuse is becoming the cause of runaway young people and is related with the criminal act and the misconduct occurrence. Seriously, the social problem which raises is that the abused child has become the adult, again the children of oneself will abuse again. On the based of the research, this study reviewed the concept of the child abused, the type of the child abused, the theoretical approach of the runaway and juvenile delinquent. The runaway youth compare to the general youth that the abused child was significant p<.05. Base on the data the police officer reviewed the assistance for the abused child.

The effects of childhood-adolescence trauma on the suicidal ideation in adults: Focusing on moderating effects of posttraumatic growth (성인의 아동청소년기 외상경험이 자살생각에 미치는 영향 : 외상 후 성장의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Park, Eun A;Cho, Hye Chung;Lee, Jae Kyeong
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.223-249
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate moderating effect of posttraumatic growth between childhood-adolescence trauma and suicidal ideation. 151 adults in their 20's to 40's were utilized by analyzing moderated multiple regression. The major findings of this study were as follows ; First, the study showed significant relationship between childhood-adolescence trauma and suicidal ideation. To be specific, the more childhood-adolescence trauma increased, the more suicidal ideation increased. Second, the results presented that posttraumatic growth moderated relationship between childhood-adolescence trauma and suicidal ideation. The more childhood-adolescence trauma increased, the more suicidal ideation strongly increased in group of lower posttraumatic growth. Whereas, the more childhood-adolescence trauma increased, the more suicidal ideation mildly increased in group of higher posttraumatic growth. Based on these findings, it was suggested that intervention for people who have childhood-adolescence trauma and practical strategy for posttraumatic growth are needed in social welfare practice.

School Adjustment: Comparing Children from Multicultural Families and Children of Non-Multicultural Families (다문화가정 아동청소년과 비다문화가정(한국인 부모가정) 아동청소년의 학교적응 비교 연구)

  • Kim, Hyemee;Moon, Heyjin
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.65 no.4
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    • pp.7-31
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    • 2013
  • School adjustment has been a popular topic among scholars in multicultural family studies, and they commonly report poor adjustment of children from multicultural families. However, without subjects for comparison, these findings may be considered premature. This study investigated school adjustment of children from multicultural families by comparing their adjustment level to that of children from families with Korean parents. By using the matching procedure, this study examined whether children's multicultural family background attributes to their school adjustment with children's observable characteristics paired and matched. For the analyses, the first and fourth wave of Korean Children and Youth Panel Study data were used. When the school adjustment level was examined before the matching procedure, the school adjustment level was indeed lower among children of multicultural families, and their family status was a significant predictor of school adjustment. However, when two groups were paired and matched using matching, the family background had no significant effect, indicating that school adjustment is not predicted by their multicultural family status. Implications for research and practice are also discussed in the paper.

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정보통신망에서의 온라인 아동보호(COP) 국제표준화 동향

  • Oh, Heung-Ryong;Chin, Byoung-Moon;Nah, Jae-Hoon;Youm, Heung-Youl
    • Review of KIISC
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.7-12
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    • 2012
  • 본 논문은 ITU, OECD 등에서 진행되고 있는 정보통신망에서의 온라인 아동 및 청소년들을 보호하기 위한 연구 현황 및 국제표준화 동향을 소개하고자 한다. 국내에서도 청소년들의 인터넷 사용 제한을 골자로 한 청소년보호법(일명 셧다운제) 개정이 2011년 4월 29일 국회에서 통과되어 현재 시행 중에 있는 바, 인터넷 및 모바일을 기반으로 청소년들에게 다양하게 부가서비스를 제공하고 있는 산업체 전문가들에게 "아동 및 청소년 보호를 위한 국제적인 표준화 활동" 정보를 제공하고자 한다.