• Title, Summary, Keyword: 아동학대

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The Factors that Affect the Reporting Behavior of Mandated Reporter (아동학대 신고의무자들의 아동학대에 대한 인식과 신고행동에 영향을 주는 요인에 대한 연구)

  • Huh, Nam-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.53
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    • pp.209-230
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    • 2003
  • This is the study to find out the differences between the mandated reporters who reported child abuse and who did not report and to know which factors affect the reporting behavior The researcher sent questioners to 595 doctors, teachers, nurses and social workers in 3 different cities as a sample. 477 people responded to questioner and only 116 people who said that they have found out abused child during the last year were used for analysis of this research. Among 116 people, only 35.4% reported child abuse. There were significant differences between two groups, groups that reported child abuse and groups that did not report, in attitude about Abuse, the experience of child abuse training and knowledge about abuse. However, the result of Logistic regression showed that reporting behavior are significantly affected by occupation, experience of child abuse training and severity of abuse.

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Factors Affecting Intentions of Reporting Child Abuse: The Interaction between Type of Abuse, Sex, and Construal-level (아동학대 신고의도에 영향을 미치는 요인 탐색: 학대유형과 성별의 상호작용, 아동학대 신고에 대한 해석수준)

  • Ko, Hye-In;Kim, Sung-Bong
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.3-16
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    • 2019
  • This study explored measures to promote the reporting of child abuse, instances of which are increasing year after year. To this end, 16 cases of child abuse, encompassing four instances of each of the four types of child abuse (physical, neglect, sexual, and emotional), were presented to participants to examine whether the perception of each type of abuse affected the degree of its perception as a case of child abuse. Next, the effects of the four types of child abuse on the intention to report child abuse (low vs. high) were investigated in terms of gender (male vs. female) and the construal level. The results revealed that the participants' differed in the intent to report child abuse, depending on varied factors despite the fact that they perceived all cases as child abuse. In particular, no difference was found between men and women in their intent to report child abuse for cases of physical abuse and neglect. However, women exhibited a stronger intent than men to report sexual and emotional abuse. Further, the intention of reporting child abuse was stronger at the high construal level (related to why child abuse must be reported) than it was at the low construal level (concerned with what to do about child abuse). The practical implications of this study include the provision of educational content, the creation of publicity materials that place differing emphases on sex, and the application of low construal level education for reporting child abuse.

Characteristics of the Child Maltreatment at Day Care Centers and the Case Dispositions of Child Protective Services in Korea (한국 어린이집 아동학대의 학대 특성 및 아동보호서비스의 최종조치 관련 요인 분석)

  • Kim, Kihyun;Jang, Hwajung;Kim, Kyunghee;Jang, Heesun
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.66 no.4
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    • pp.25-52
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    • 2014
  • This study examined the characteristics of child maltreatment cases which occurred recently at the Day Care Centers in Korea. The study utilized the case records system of the National Child Protection Agency (K-CPS) and analyzed all the cases reported to the K-CPS from 2010 to 2012 (n=462). Using the case records abstraction system developed for this study, based on the Maltreatment Case Records Abstraction System (MCRAI; Trickett et al., 2009), the detailed information on abuse cases as well as disposition outcomes was abstracted. The results showed the relatively low rate of abuse designation, low rate of reports from the mandatory reporters as well as overwhelmingly high rate of physical abuse. Diversity was detected in severity ratings in each type of abuse. Finally, determinants of dispositions differed for children, perpetrators and daycare centers. Based on the results, implications for practice and child maltreatment research were discussed.

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Roles of Childcare Teachers toward Child Abuse Prevention (아동학대예방을 위한 보육교사의 역할)

  • Lee, Eun-Ju
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.81-91
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to identify childcare teachers' self-reported perception of child abuse and neglect, reporting procedures, and reporting experience in Korea. The total average score of knowledge in child abuse and neglect was relatively high and most childcare teachers consider child abuse and neglect as a highly serious problem. About eighty six percent daycare teachers perceived reporting legislation toward child abuse and neglect, and most teachers in the study population perceived themselves as mandatory reporters. As the Child Welfare Act included a clause on mandated reporters, childcare teachers' role in intervening in child abuse cases has become more critical. In order to increase childcare teachers' reporting, education program should be designed for childcare teachers to effectively involve them in reporting child abuse and neglect.

Analysis of Precedents Related to Child Abuse Cases in Child Care Centers and Its Implications (어린이집 아동학대 사건의 판례분석과 시사점 : 아동학대범죄의 처벌 등에 관한 특례법을 중심으로)

  • Jeon, Byeong-Joo;Kim, Keon-Ho
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.209-218
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    • 2017
  • In Korea, child abuse in child care centers occurs continuously, and it is becoming a social problem. The government has intensified the supervision of management in child care centers, and through strong countermeasures and prevention against child abuse, it enacted the special act on child abuse in oder to enable children to become healthy members of society. In this study, this researcher gasped the legal application on child abusers, and analysed how the punishment for abusers changed according to the application of the special act on child abuse, through examining precedents of child abuse in child care centers. 21 cases related to child abuse cases were collected by searching homepage of the supreme court and each district court in this study. As a result of analyzing the precedents, the sentence of the defendant did not increase greatly, and it differed from the criminal identification of the people in cases of child abuse on which the special act on child abuse was applied. Therefore, it can be seen that there is a demand for more rigorous legal application for abusers in order to prevent child abuse in child care centers.

Exploratory Study on Child Abuse Reduction Plan through the Big Data Convergence Analysis (빅데이터 융합분석을 통한 아동학대 감소방안에 관한 탐색적 연구)

  • Hwang, Jun-Soo;Lim, Jong-Yun;Gwon, Sun-young;Noh, Kyoo-Sung;Lee, Joo-Yeoun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.10
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    • pp.95-105
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    • 2016
  • Recently the problem of child abuses has become a big social issue. According to national statistics data portal, the population under 19 years old is shrinking trend, but the number of child abuse is increasing day ever. However, the number of counseling after calling is a constant level without large fluctuations. Due to the seriousness of the problems, child abuse is even worse despite the research and countermeasures. This study designed a study model on the child abuse based on a preliminary study and suggested plans for reducing child abuse through the big data analytics. When we see a result of test of the hypothesis, abuse actor characteristics, characteristics of children, and employment type were analyzed to have a significant impact on child abuse. Based on such analysis, this research has suggested ways to reduce child abuse, including educational and economic support measures.

Children's Right and Act on the Punishment of Child Abuse Crimes (아동의 인권과 아동학대 범죄 처벌 특례법)

  • Lee, Cheol-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.239-240
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    • 2014
  • 2014년 9월 29일부터 아동학대 가해자에게 무기징역까지 처벌을 강화하고, 친권 제한도 가능케 한 '아동학대범죄의 처벌 등에 관한 특례법(아동학대처벌법)'이 시행되고 있다. 동법의 내용으로는 기존 형법상 '3년 이상의 유기징역'에 집행유예가 가능한 학대치사죄에 대해 법정형을 '무기 또는 5년 이상의 징역'으로 높이고 별도의 감경사유가 없는 한 집행유예가 불가능하도록 했다. 아동학대 가해자가 친권자라는 이유로 피해아동을 격리시키기 힘들었던 점을 개선하기 위해 친권을 제한할 수 있는 길을 터놓았다. 부모(친권자)가 중상해를 입히거나 상습적으로 학대한 경우엔 검사가 법원에 친권상실을 청구해야 하며, 검사가 하지 않으면 아동보호전문기관의 장이 청구를 요청할 수 있도록 했다. 본고에서는 아동학대의 실태를 기초로 하여, 아동학대처벌법의 내용과 문제점을 살펴보기로 한다.

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Perceptions and Report Attitudes of Pediatric Nurses toward Child Abuse (소아병동 간호사의 아동학대에 대한 인식 및 신고태도)

  • Shin, Hwa-Jin
    • Journal of Digital Contents Society
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.995-1002
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    • 2018
  • The study was intended to identify the factors that affect pediatric nurses' perception toward child abuse and their reporting attitude. The report rate was very low, only 3 (9.1%) of respondents. Most of them did not report, 30(90.9%), and the main causes of non-reporting were not-serious or lack of evidence. The recognition and experience of child abuse depending on the characteristics of nurses in pediatric wards showed a significant difference according to their academic background (X2=16.52, p=.011). The results of the review of the differences in the reported attitudes of child abuse nurses showed a significant difference in the age of nurses in the pediatric ward (X2=13.64, p=.034). Nurses in the pediatric ward are required to develop intervention programs and tools for assessing child abuse, and to provide education and systems for the prevention of child abuse, which will make it necessary for the universal reporting of cases against child abuse and the prevention of child abuse.

A Phenomenological Study on the experience of the physically abused children (학대받은 아동에 대한 현상학적 연구)

  • Ko, Me-Young
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.56 no.1
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    • pp.71-102
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    • 2004
  • This study is conducted to understand the meanings and nature of the experience of the physically abused children. This is a phenomenological study utilizing van Manen's method to present the children's inner world. The participants for this study were 10 children, in the age of 8 to 12, who were physically abused by their parents. Data were collected by using semi-structured interviews by the workers who regurally contacted children at the service agencies. Data were analyzed by using 'line by line' reflection by two graduate level students and by the researcher. Eight essential themes were drawn and used for the phenomenological understanding which reveals the meanings given by the children experiencing abuse. There were some suggestions for the abuse counsellors based on these findings.

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A Meta-Analysis of the Relationship of Child-Abuse to Psycho-social Maladjustment: (아동학대유형과 심리사회적 부적응의 관계에 대한 메타분석)

  • Yoon, Hyemee
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • v.48 no.1
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    • pp.173-206
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this meta-analysis was to address two questions: (1) To what extent are types of child abuse related to psycho-social maladjustment of the abused? (2) Do relations found in this study vary by the gender, sample size, year of publication, types of publication, and respondents' age? The materials of this study were based on 14 variables obtained from 104 published and unpublished (doctoral disserations and master's theses) research papers over a span of 26 years(1990-2016). Child abuse related variables were categorized into physical abuse, emotional abuse, neglect, and abuse while psycho-social maladjustment grouped as internal (anxiety, depression, withdrawal, and anxiety/depression) and external problem behaviors(aggression, problem behavior, and delinquency). Major findings were: Medium effect size of emotional abuse, abuse, physical abuse, neglect on psycho-social maladjustment among the abused were calculated. Emotional abuse was highly related to every internal and external problem behaviors. Neglect was found to have higher effect size in external problem behaviors than internal problem behaviors. Publication types moderated the association between types of child abuse and internalization while year of publication, number of samples and publication types showed moderation effects on the relation between types of child abuse and externalization. Finding suggest that future studies on child sexual abuse and those on intervention outcome are required and use of well validated instruments are essential.