• Title, Summary, Keyword: 아이스 렌즈

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The Frost Heaving Susceptibility Evaluation of Subgrade Soils Using Laboratory Freezing System (실내 동상시스템을 이용한 노상토의 동상민감성 평가)

  • Shin, Eun Chul;Ryu, Byung Hyun;Park, Jeong Jun
    • Journal of the Korean Geosynthetics Society
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.13-23
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    • 2013
  • The Korean Peninsula is considered as a seasonal frozen area that is thawed in the spring and frozen in the winter. The influence of fines of the frost susceptibility of subgrade soils were established by laboratory freezing tests simulating closely the thermal conditions in the field. During the winter season, the climate is heavily influenced by the cold and dry continental high pressure. Because of siberian air mass, the temperature of January is $-6{\sim}-7^{\circ}C$ on average. This chilly weather generate the frost heaving by freezing the moisture of soil and damage potential of the geotechnical structure. In the freezing soil, the ice lenses increase the freeze portion of soil by absorbing the ground water with capillary action. However, the capillary characteristics differ from the sort of soil on the state of freezing condition. In this study, ten soil samples are prepared. The basic physical property tests were performed by following the Korean Industrial Standard and the soil specimens were classified by the Unified Soil Classification System (USCS). These classified soils are used to perform the laboratory opened systems freezing test in order to determine the frost heaving characteristics of soils such as unfrozen water content, heaving amount, and freezing depth.

Evaluation of Active Layer Depth using Dynamic Cone Penetrometer (동적 콘 관입기를 이용한 활동층 심도평가)

  • Hong, Won-Taek;Kang, Seonghun;Park, Keunbo;Lee, Jong-Sub
    • Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.49-54
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    • 2016
  • An active layer distributed on surface of an extreme cold region causes a frost heave by repeating the freezing and thawing according to the seasonal temperature change. Since the height of frost heave is greatly affected by the thickness of active layer, an accurate evaluation of the thickness of active layer is necessary for the safe design and construction of the infrastructure in the extreme cold region. In this study, dynamic cone penetrometer, which is miniaturized in-situ penetration device, is applied for the evaluation of active layer depth distribution. As the application tests, two dynamic cone penetration tests were conducted on the study sites located in Solomon and Alaska. In addition, ground temperature variations were obtained. As the results of the application tests, the depth of interface between the active layer and the permafrost was evaluated from the difference in dynamic cone penetration indexes of the active layer and the permafrost, and a layer was detected around the interface considered as an ice lens layer. Also, the interface depths between the above zero and the below zero temperature determined from the ground temperature variations correspond with the interface depths evaluated from the dynamic cone penetration tests. This study demonstrates that the dynamic cone penetrometer may be a useful tool for the evaluation of the active layer in the extreme cold region.

Earth Hummocks on the Crater Floor of Baegnokdam at Mt. Halla (한라산 백록담 화구저의 유상구조토)

  • 김태호
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.233-246
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    • 2001
  • Topography and soil characteristics of earth hummocks are examined in the summit crater of Mt. Halla in order to evaluate their morphoclimatic significance as an indicator of a periglacial environment. The hummocks are generally oval in outline, and they have a diameter of 42 to 200 cm and a height of 9 to 27 cm Seventeen hummocks are distributed In a 5$\times$5 m quadrat at an interval of 20 to 40 cm Excavation reveals the cryoturbated soil profiles which consist of upper dark brown layer and lower brown layer. The dark brown layer has 61.8% total clay and silt content, implying Its high frost susceptibility Earth hummocks have the dry density of 0.761 to 1.009 g/㎤ the void ratio of 1420 to 2.008, and the moisture content of 24.2 to 68.8% by weight, respectively. The hummocky soils become compacted and desiccated downward. Earth hummocks are frozen as a hard solid mass during winter and early spring, and freezing fronts reach about 45 cm below their apices. The layer with high lute content appears in the upper horizon of dark brown soil. but Ice lenses are not so much segregated The moisture content of hummocky soils generally increases up to 73.9 to 118.80% for dark brown layer and 49.9 to 82.8% for brown layer during thins period Because the cohesive soil of earth hummocks indicates 72.8% of the moisture content as a liquid limit, the dark brown layer is highly fluid and consequently subject to cryoturbation processes.

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The Frost Heaving Characteristics of Subgrade Soils Using Laboratory Freezing System (실내동결시스템을 이용한 노상토의 동상 특성)

  • Shin, Eun-Chul;Ryu, Byung-Hyun;Park, Jeong-Jun
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.71-79
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    • 2010
  • The influence of fines of the frost susceptibility of subgrade soils were established by laboratory freezing system test simulating closely the thermal conditions in the field. During the winter season, the climate is heavily influenced by the cold and dry continental high pressure. Because of siberian air mass, the temperature of January is $-6{\sim}-7^{\circ}C$ on average. This chilly weather generate the frost heaving by freezing the moisture of soil and damage potential of the road structure. In the freezing soil, the ice lenses increase the freeze portion of soil by absorbing the ground water with capillary action. However, the capillary characteristics differ from the sort of soil on the state of freezing condition. In the current design codes for anti-freezing layer, the thickness of anti freezing layer is calculated by freezing depth against the temperature condition. Therefore, they have a tendency of over-design and uniform thickness without the considerations of thermal stability, bearing capacity and frost susceptibility of materials. So, it is essential for studying the appropriateness and bearing capacity besides the seasonal and mechanical properties of pavement materials to take a appropriate and reasonable design of the road structure. In this Paper, the evaluation of frost susceptibility was conducted by means of the mechanical property test and laboratory freezing system apparatus. The temperature, heaving amount, heaving pressure and unfrozen water contents of soil samples, the subgrade soils of highway construction site, were measured to determine the frost susceptibility.