• Title, Summary, Keyword: 암세포 증식억제 효과

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Enhancement of Anticarcinogenic Effect by Combination of Lycii fructus with Vitamin C (구기자 추출성분의 항발암 효과 및 비타민 C첨가에 의한 상승효과)

  • 박윤자;김미향;배송자
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.143-148
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    • 2002
  • We investigated the cytotoxicity effects of Lycii fructus (LF) on HePG2, MCF7 and C6 cell lines by the MTT assay. We extracted the methanol (LFM) and fractionated to five partition layers. Among partition layers, the ethylether partition layer (LFMEE) was showed the strongest cytotoxic effects on all cancer cell lines. The hexane partition layer (LFMH) also was showed significant cytotoxic activities on Hela and MCF-7 cell lines. We also determined the induction of intracellular quinone reductase (QR) activity on HepG2 cells. Among various partition layers of Lycii fructus; LFMH was showed the most effective such induced effect such as 1.85 to the control value of 1.0. And we also determined the enhancement of anticarcinogenic effect by combination of Lycii fructus with vitamin C on all cell lines. These results suggest that potentially useful anticarcinegenic chemicals could be isolated from LFMEE and LFMH of the Lycii frutus and also we found the enhanced effect by the combination of various partition layers of LFM with vitamin C.

Antiproliferative Activity of Convergence of Vegetable Extract in Cancer cells (야채추출물의 융복합적 암세포 증식 억제효과)

  • Park, Hae-Ran;Park, Jeong-Sook
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.491-496
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    • 2016
  • The present sturdy was designed to determine the effect of the antiproliferation in human cancer cells, using vegetable extract of Radish, Radish leaves, Burdock, Shiitake, Carrot of the ordinary vegetable soup. Human cancer cells identify the cancer cell growth with MTS, using stomach cancer cell line (AGS), human promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60) and lung cancer cell line (A549). Shiitake and Carrot are effective on the cancer cell growth inhibition activities of AGS. Radish leaves, Burdock, Carrot have a significance with HL-60 and Radish, Radish leaves works well in A549. The vegetable extracts which is effective for cancer cell growth inhibition is considered to applicate base line data for using functional materials and for wellness life.

In vitro Anti-proliferative Characteristics of Flavonoids and Diazepam on MDA-MB-231 Breast Cancer Cells (Flavonoid류와 diazepam의 시험관 내 MDA-MB-231 유방암세포 증식 억제 효과)

  • Kim, Ji-Kwan;Lee, Maan-Gee;Lee, Jae-Tae;Ha, Jeoung-Hee
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.19 no.8
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    • pp.1009-1015
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    • 2009
  • The beneficial use of sedatives is often required for medically ill patients. This study examined the effect of plant flavonoids and diazepam peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) activation and glucose utilization in breast cancer cells, along with their interactions. In estrogen receptor negative MDA-MB-231 cells, the anti-proliferative activity of fisetin (3,7,3',4'-tetrahydroxyflavone) and diazepam was more prominent than in estrogen receptor positive MCF-7 cells. Unlike PBR ligands, treatment with $10^{-6}$ M concentration of diazepam for 3 days exhibited anti-proliferative effects, while similar to apigenin (4',5,7-Trihydroxyflavone) and fisetin, diazepam hardly affected the PBR mRNA expression by MDA-MB-231 cells. Treatment with $10^{-6}$ M concentration of flavonoids and diazepam for 3 days inhibited the glucose utilization of MDA-MB-231 cells. Treatment with $10^{-6}$ M concentration of flavonoids and diazepam for 6 days showed increased cytotoxicity and reduced the PBR mRNA expression of the MDA-MB-231 cells. Apigenin enhanced diazepam-induced anti-proliferative effects on the MDA-MB-231 cells as well. All together, this study showed the in vitro anti-proliferative activity of flavonoids and diazepam on MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells, plus additive enhancements. In conclusion, this study provides experimental basis for advanced trials in the future.

Anticarcinogenic Effects of Allium tuberosum on Human Cancer Cells (부추 추출 성분의 항발암 효과 연구)

  • Park, Yun-Ja;Kim, Mi-Hyang;Bae, Song-Ja
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.688-693
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    • 2002
  • The anticarcinogenic effects of various food components have received much attention in recent years. However mechanism of anticarcinogens in food materials on cancer cells have rarely been investigated. This study was performed to investigate the effects on the cytotoxicity and quinone reductase (QR) activity of Allium tuberusum (AT) on the human cancer cells. The six partition layers which are methanol (ATM), hexane (ATMH), ethylether (ATMEE), ethylacetate (ATMEA), butaonl (ATMB) and aqueous (ATMA) of Allium tuberusum were screened for their cytotoxic effects on HepG2, MCF-7, HeLa and SK-N-MC cells by the MTT assay. Among the six partition layers, ATMEE had the strongest cytotoxic effect at concentration of $150\;{\mu}g/mL$ which resulted over 95% on HepG2, HeLa, MCF-7 and SK-N-MC cell lines. The ATMEA also showed significant cytotoxic effect on HepG2 and SK-N-MC cell lines. The ATMB showed the highest induction activity of QR on HepG2 cells among the other partition layers. QR activity of HepG2 cells, grown in the presence of ATMB at the concentration of $50\;{\mu}g/mL$, was increased by 3.9 times, compared to the control value of 1.0. Based on these results, the ATMEE and ATMB may have potentially anticarcinogenic and chemopreventive activities.

lnhibitory Effect o fVarious Cruciferous Vegetable on the Growth of Human Cancer Calls (인체암세포증식에 있어 십자화과 채소의 억제효과)

  • 이선미;이숙희
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.234-240
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    • 1997
  • The anticarcingenic effect of methanol extracts from such cruciferous vegetables as cabbage, red cabbage, Korean cabbage, kale, cauliflower, broccoli, radish root, leafy radish, rape leaves and shepherd’s purse on the growth of human K-562 leukemia cells, MG-63 osteosarcoma cells, HT-29 colon cancer cells and AGS gastric cancer cells were studied. All of cruciferous vegetables inhibited more than 70% of the growth of K-52 leukemia cells and more than50% fo rhe growth fo AGS gastric cancer cells. Particularly, kale, broccoli and shepherd’s purse showed inhibition rates of 93.5%, 93,5% and 96.3% on the growth of AGS gastric cancer cells, respectively. In case of HT-29 colon cancer cells, the methanol extracts of cabbage, kale and shepherd’purse exhibited 82.4%, 72.15, 79.4% and 95.6% of inhibitory effects, respectively. The cabbage, kale, cauliflower and shepherd’s purse extracts also highly suppressed the proliferation of MG-63 cells. Generally the 10 cruciferous vegetable we studied strongly decreased the growth of various human cancer cells in vitro, however, kale and shepherd’s showed the most effective vegetable among them.

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Effect of Extracts from Root Bark of Ulmus parvifolia on Inhibition of Growth and DNA Synthesis of Human Cancer Cells. (느릅나무 근피 추출물에 의한 인체 암세포 증식 및 DNA 합성 억제효과)

  • Lim, Sun-Young
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.1232-1236
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    • 2007
  • Growth and DNA synthesis inhibitory effects of extracts from root bark of Ulmus parvifolia on MG-63 human osteosarcoma cells, HT-29 human colon cancer cells and K-562 leukemia cancer cells were studied. The root bark extract of Ulmus parvifolia was extracted with methanol, hot water and juice. The methanol extract showed the highest inhibitory effect on growth of MG-63, HT-29 and K-562 cancer cells by >85%. The treatment of hot water and juice extracts from root bark of Ulmus parvifolia also inhibited growth of the above cancer cells with increasing concentration. DNA synthesis of MG-63 and HT-29 cancer cells was significantly inhibited by adding methanol, hot water and juice extracts from root bark of Ulmus parvifolia with increasing concentration, showing that the inhibitory effect of growth was more effective on HT-29 cancer cells. These results suggest that the methanol extract from root bark of Ulmus parvifolia may have specific active com-pounds on anticancer effect. The hot water extract also showed a strong inhibitory effect on growth of cancer cells, indicating that the active compounds may be stable to heat.

Growth inhibitory and antioxidative effects of crude methanolic extract from Euonymus alatus (Thunb.) Sieb on SKBR3 human breast cancer cell line (SKBR3 유방암세포주에 대한 귀전우 메탄올 추출물의 성장억제 및 항산화효과)

  • Park, Young-Soo;Han, Ji-Young;Lee, Tae-Kyun;Kim, Dong-Il
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.45-54
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    • 2005
  • 이 연구는 SKBR3 인간 유방암세포주에 대한 귀전우 메탄올추출물(CME)의 증식억제 효과, 세포사 유발 효과 및 항산화 활성을 확인하기 위해 이루어졌다. SKBR3 유방암세포주는 48시간동안 다양한 농도($0{\sim}20{\mu}g/m{\ell}$)의 CME가 제공된 곳에서 배양되었고, MMT 측정법을 이용하여 세포생존율을 평가하였다. CME의 50%에서 효과를 나타내게 하는 약물농도인 $ED_{50}$ (effective dose 50%)은 $6.5{\pm}0.3{\mu}g/m{\ell}$) 이며, 투여량이 증가함에 따라 농도에 의존하여 세포증식이 억제되는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 CME의 증식억제 효과는 유방암세포주의 세포사와 관련됨의 세포의 형태학적 변화와 올리고뉴클레오솜 DNA 파편의 확인을 통해 알 수 있었다. 또한 다양한 농도와 배양시간에서 CME가 ROS의 생산을 억제한다는 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 이런 결과들은 귀전우의 메탄올추출물이 SKBR3 인간 유방암세포주에 대해 강력한 증식억제 효과와 강한 항산화 효과를 나타낼 뿐만 아니라 세포사를 유도하는 효능을 가지고 있음을 시사한다. 이러한 효능은 약물에 대한 노출시간과 투여량에 의존하였다. 따라서 귀전우는 다양한 기전에 의해 유방암 세포에 대한 억제효과를 가질 수 있을 것으로 인식할 수 있다.

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Effects of Extracts from Dried Yam on Antioxidant and Growth of Human Cancer Cell Lines (건조 마 추출물의 항산화 및 인체 암세포 증식 억제 효과)

  • Jang, Joo-Ri;Hwang, Seong-Yeon;Lim, Sun-Young
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.20 no.9
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    • pp.1365-1372
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    • 2010
  • We investigated the inhibitory effects of solvent extracts from dried yam on $H_2O_2$-induced oxidative stress and growth of cancer cell lines (HT1080 human fibrosarcoma and HT-29 human colon cancer cells). Yam (Dioscoreacea) has been recognized as a healthy food due to its various biological activities, such as anti-obesity, anti-constipation, anti-proliferation, and anti-mutagenic activities, as well as its ability to decrease blood glucose and cholesterol levels. In order to determine the protective effect on $H_2O_2$-induced oxidative stress, DCFH-DA (dichlorodihydrofluorescin diacetate) assay was conducted. Acetone with methylene chloride (A+M) extract of dried yam appeared to reduce the levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) with dose responses. Among the fractions, 85% aq. methanol fraction showed the highest protective effect on production of lipid peroxides. Inhibitory effects of A+M and methanol (MeOH) extracts on the growth of HT1080 and HT-29 cancer cells increased in a dose dependent manner. The treatments of n-hexane, 85% aq. methanol and n-butanol fractions (${\geqq}0.5$ mg/ml concentrations) significantly inhibited the growth of both cancer cells (p<0.05). From these results, 85% aq. methanol fraction showed inhibitory effects on cellular oxidation and growth of human cancer cells, suggesting that this fraction may contain active compounds of dried yam.

Effect of Mycelia Extracts from Lentinus edodes Mushroom-Cultured Astragalus membranaceus Bunge on Anti-cancer and Anti-allergy Activities (황기에 표고버섯 균사체를 배양한 추출물이 항암효과 및 알레르기 억제효과에 미치는 영향)

  • Bae, Man-Jong;Kim, Kwang-Joong;Kim, Soo-Jung;Ye, Eun-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.8-13
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    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of mycelia of Lentinus edoes mushroom-cultured Astragalus membranaceus Bunge (LAM) on proliferation of cancer cell lines (Hep3B, MCF-7 and HeLa), sarcoma 180 (S-180), and anti-allergy. In an anti-cancer test using Hep3B (hepatic cancer cell), MCF-7 (breast cancer cell) and HeLa (uterine cancer cell), LAM extract showed higher antiproliferating effect than that of Astragalus membranaceus Bunge (AM) extract. In an anti-cancer testing using Hep3B cells and MCF-7 cells, LAM extract showed growth-inhibitory effect of 65.23% at 3 mg/mL and 69.23% at 5 mg/mL, respectively. In an anti-cancer testing using HeLa cells, LAM extract showed growth-inhibitory effect of 42.01% at 5 mg/mL. In addition, LAM showed the tumor suppressive effect in mice injected with S-180 cells. The growth-inhibitory rates against tumor cells were 47% for LAM and 37% for AM. LAM inhibited histamine release from rat peritoneal mast cells activated by compound 48/80. These results suggest that Lentinus edodes mushroom-cultured herb has an antiproliferating effect against cancer cell lines (Hep3B, MCF-7 and HeLa), S-180 tumor and will be beneficial in the treatment of allergic reaction.

The Inhibitory Effects of Melittin on Human Prostate Cancer Cell PC-3 in vivo and in vitro (Melittin의 전립선암세포 증식에 대한 억제 효과)

  • Yun, Jong-Il;Song, Ho-Sueb
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.51-61
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    • 2007
  • 목적 : 이 연구는 봉독의 주요 성분인 낮은 농도의 melittin이 in vitro에서 세포자멸사 관련 단백질과 전립 선암세포 PC-3 증식 관련 수용체의 발현 조절을 통하여 세포자멸사(Apoptosis)를 유도하는지 in vivo에서 또한 전립선 암세포주인 PC-3 세포의 성장을 억제하는지 살펴보고자 하였다. 방법 : Melittin을 처리한 후 전립선암세포 PC-3의 성장억제를 관찰하기 위해 WST-l assay와 morphology analysis를 시행하였고, 세포자멸사 관련 MAP kinase 계열의 대표인 ERK1/2과 전립선암세포 증식관련 수용체인 PDGF-BB receptor ${\beta}$의 활성 변화 관찰에는 western blot analysis 및 Immunofluorescence Staining , Confocal immunocytochemistry를 시행하였으며, 전립암세포의 종양형성에는 흉선을 제거한 쥐에 Tumorigenecity study를 시행하였다. 결과 : 1. PC-3 세포에서 Melittin 처리 후 세포증식이 억제되었고 세포의 형태는 세포자멸사의 특징을 나타내었다. 2. PC-3 세포에서 Melittin 처리 후 ERKl/2과 PDGF-BB receptor ${\beta}$의 활성이 억제되었다. 3. PC-3 세포에서 Melittin과 AG1296을 함께 투여시 PDGF-BB receptor ${\beta}$ 활성억제의 상승효과가 나타났다. 4. 흉선 제거 후 전립선암세포주를 이식한 쥐에서 Melittin을 피내로 주입한 결과 전립선암의 크기와 무게가 유의하게 감소하였다. 결론 : 이상의 결과는 Melittin이 ERKl/2과 PDGF BB receptor ${\beta}$의 활성 억제를 통하여 인간 전립선암세포주인 PC-3의 세포자멸사를 유발함으로써 증식억제 효과가 있음을 입증한 것이며, 이를 재확인한 생처 연구에서의 긍정적인 결과는 향후 Melittin의 전립선암 예방과 치료에 대한 효과적인 치료제 개발에 초석이 될 것으로 기대된다.

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