• Title, Summary, Keyword: 암세포 증식억제 효과

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Effects of Ramie Leaf according to Drying Methods on Antioxidant Activity and Growth Inhibitory Effects of Cancer Cells (건조방법에 따른 모시잎의 항산화 활성 및 암세포 증식 억제효과)

  • Kim, Ah-Ra;Kang, Su-Tae;Jeong, Eun;Lee, Jae-Joon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.43 no.5
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    • pp.682-689
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    • 2014
  • This study was carried out to discriminate the effects of the ramie leaf according to the drying methods (hot air drying and freeze drying) on antioxidative activity in vitro and antiproliferation in human cancer cells. There were no significant differences in total polyphenol content of ramie leaf ethanol extracts depending on the drying methods, but total flavonoid content was significantly higher in hot air dried ramie leaf (HR) than in freeze dried ramie leaf (FR). The DPPH radical scavenging activity of HR and FR ethanol extracts were found to be 77.74%, and 77.29% in 1000 ppm, respectively. Antioxidative index of HR and FR ethanol extracts measured by Rancimat were lower than those in BHT, BHA, and ascorbic acid, but were higher than that in control. The antiproliferation effect of 80% ethanol extracts of HR and FR on liver cancer cell line (H460), stomach cancer cell line (AGS), and lung cancer cell line (A549) were increased with a dose-dependent manner. The cancer cell growth inhibition activities of HR and FR ethanol extracts at the concentration of $800{\mu}g/mL$ showed greater than 80% on Hep G2 and A549 cell line, and greater than 75% on AGS cell line. These results suggest that HR and FR ethanol extracts possess potential antioxidative effect and antiproliferation in human cancer cells, and those activities of ramie leaf ethanol extracts depending on the drying methods were similar.

Effects on Hot Water Extract of Schizandra chinensis on Colon Cancer (오미자 열수추출물의 대장암세포 증식억제 효과)

  • Ryu, Min-Ju;Chung, Ha-Sook
    • Food Engineering Progress
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.64-69
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    • 2011
  • The anticancer activity of Schizandra chinensis Baillon was investigated for the development of functional food resources. The antiproliferative activity of hot water extracts of Schizandra chinensis Baillon in human colon cancer cell line (HT-29) were identified using cell viability, morphology study, cell cycle and RT-PCR analyses. HT-29 cells were cultured in several concentrations (0, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0 mg/mL) of water extracts of Schizandra chinensis Baillon. In our study, colon cancer cell growth could be inhibited by hot water extracts of Schizandra chinensis Baillon in a dose-dependent manners. It was associated with morphological changes and apoptotic cell death with cell shrinking, chromatin condensation, apoptotic bodies and cell cycle analysis. These results suggest that Schizandra chinensis Baillon may inhibit the growth of human colon cancer cells by various apoptosis-aiding activities as well as apoptosis itself.

Anti-proliferative Effects of Acid Extract of Gracilaria Verrucosa on Primary Human Prostate Cancer Cells (꼬시래기 산추출물의 primary 인체 전립선 암세포 증식억제 효과)

  • Hong, Seong-Min;Cho, Hyun-Dong;Kim, Jeong-Ho;Lee, Ju-Hye;Song, Woo-Si;Lee, Sung-Tae;Lee, Mi-Kyung;Seo, Kwon-Il
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.26 no.10
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    • pp.1130-1136
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-proliferative and apoptotic effects of acid extract of Gracilaria verrucosa (AEG) on RC-58T/h/SA#4 primary human prostate cancer cells. AEG significantly decreased the cell viability of prostate cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner. AEG also showed relatively low cytotoxicity on normal cell (RWPE-1). The morphology of prostate cancer cells treated with AEG was distorted to shrunken cell masses. In addition, it was revealed that AEG induced cell death as evidenced by increased formation of apoptotic body and nuclear condensation. Furthermore, AEG clearly modulated the down regulation of Bcl-2 (anti-apoptotic)/Bax (pro-apoptotic) family and activated caspase-3 as an effector caspase in a dose-dependent manner. AEG inhibited cell proliferation induced by environmental hormones as a bisphenol A in a dose-dependent manner. These results indicate that AEG act as anti-proliferative effects as a potential therapeutic agent on primary human prostate cancer cells.

Inhibitory Effect of Persimmon Leaves on the Mutagenicity in Spore Rec Assay and on the Growth of Human Cancer Cells (감잎의 용매별 추출물의 돌연변이 유발 억제 및 암세포 증식억제 효과)

  • 문숙희
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.23-28
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    • 2002
  • The inhibitory effects of persimmon leaves on th e mutagenicity in spore rec assay and on the growth of HT-29 human colon cancer cells and AZ-521 human gastric cancer cells were studied. Methanol extract of persimmon leaves inhibited the mutagenicity induced fly N-methyl- N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine(MNNG) in spore rec assay. The hexane, chloroform and ethylacetate fraction from the methanol extract exhibited strong antimutagenicity against MNNG in spore rec assay The methanol extract of persimmon leaves also revealed the inhibitory effects on the growth of HT-29 human colon cancer cells and AZ-521 human gastric cancer cells. Among the solvent extracted fraction from the methanol extract, the chloroform fraction was most effective and inhibited the growth of HT-29 and AZ-521 cells by 100 percent.

Antiproliferative Effect of Extracts, Fractions and Compound from Vitex rotundifolia on Human Cancer Cells (순비기 나무(Vitex rotundifolia) 추출.분획물 및 화합물의 인체 암세포 증식억제 효과)

  • Kim, You-Ah;Lee, Jung-Im;Kim, Hae-Jin;Kong, Chang-Suk;Nam, Taek-Jeong;Seo, Young-Wan
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.52 no.4
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    • pp.180-186
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    • 2009
  • Whole plants of Vitex rotundifolia were extracted for 2 days with methylene chloride ($CH_2Cl_2$) followed by extraction of the residue for an additional 2 days. The same procedure was also applied using methanol (MeOH). The two crude extracts were combined and partitioned between $CH_2Cl_2$ and $H_2O$. The organic layer was further partitioned between n-hexane and 85% aq. MeOH, and the aqueous layer was also further fractionated with n-BuOH and $H_2O$, successively. From the 85% aq. MeOH fraction, one compound was isolated through the repeated HPLC. According to the results of physicochemical data including NMR and MS, the chemical structure of the compound was determined as artemetin (1). The antiproliferative effects of the crude extracts, fractions, and compound against HT1080, AGS, MCF-7 and HT-29 human cancer cells were compared with the control by using MTT assay. In the comparative analysis, the 85% aq. MeOH fraction exhibited the strongest antiproliferative effects on human cancer cell lines in a dose-dependent manner (p<0.05). In addition, exposure of compound 1 isolated from 85% aq. MeOH fraction led to strong antiproliferative effect in HT1080 cancer cell lines. These results suggest that the extracts and compound isolated from V. rotundifolia may be used as potential chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic agents.

Inhibitory Effects of Solvent Extracts from Seven Brown Algae on Mutagenicity and Growth of Human Cancer Cells (7종 갈조류의 항돌연변이 및 인체 암세포 증식 억제 효과)

  • Choi, Hyung-Ju;Kil, Jeung-Ha;Bak, Soon-Sun;Kong, Chang-Suk;Park, Kun-Young;Seo, Young-Wan;Lim, Sun-Young
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.1080-1086
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    • 2006
  • 본 연구에서는 해조류의 항돌연변이 및 항암 생리활성물질을 검색하여 발암물질 생성 방지 및 생체 방어 물질로서의 이용 가능성을 검토하고자 Ames test를 이용하여 직접돌연변이원인 MNNG와 간접돌연변이원인 $AFB_1$에 대한 항돌연변이 효과 및 암세포 증식 억제 효과를 알아보고자 하였다. $AFB_1$에 대해서 괭생이모자반(S. horneri)이 실험에 사용된 다른 해조류들 중에서 가장 높은 돌연변이 억제 효과를 보였다. 첨가농도 1.25mg/plate일 때, 괭생이모자반의 acetone+methylene chloride 추출물과 methanol 추출물은 각각 96%, 91%로 실험에 사용된 다른 해조류들의 추출물들 중에서 가장 높았으며 양성 대조군인 다시마의 용매 추출물보다도 높은 돌연변이 억제 효과를 보였다. $AFB_1$과 같은 농도인 0.6mg/plate의 농도의 MNNG를 사용하여 S. typhimurium TA100 균주에 대한 해조류의 항돌연변이성 실험을 한 결과, 간접 돌연변이원인 $AFB_1$에 비해 직접 돌연변이원인 MNNG에 대해서는 다소 항돌연변이 효과가 떨어지지만, 여기서도 실험에 사용된 해조류들의 돌연변이 억제 효과를 살펴볼 수 있었으며 acetone+methylene chloride 추출물의 경우가 methanol 추출물보다 다소 높은 활성을 나타내었다. 항돌연변이 실험에서 효과가 뛰어난 괭생이모자반과 짝잎모자반을 중심으로 인체 암세포(위암세포, AGS 및 결장암 세포, HT-29) 증식억제효과를 살펴본 결과, 용매 추출물을 0.5%, 1% 및 2%의 농도별로 암세포에 처리했을 때 acetone+methylene chloride 추출물과 methanol 추출물은 둘 다 가장 낮은 농도인 0.5%에서부터 농도 의존적으로 암세포 증식 억제 효과가 증가하였다. 이상의 7종의 갈조류 추출물들은 Ames test에서 높은 항돌연변이 효과를 나타냈을 뿐만 아니라 괭생이모자반 및 짝잎모자반은 인체 암세포에 대해서도 높은 증식 억제 효과를 나타냄을 살펴 볼 수가 있었다.

Anticancer and Antioxidant Effects of Solvent Extracts from Dried Onion with Different Drying Methods (건조방법에 따른 건조 양파 추출물의 항암 및 항산화 효과)

  • Jang, Joo-Ri;Kim, Kyun-Kun;Lim, Sun-Young
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.18 no.9
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    • pp.1271-1277
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    • 2008
  • We investigated to determine the inhibitory effects of solvent extracts from dried onion on growth of cancer cell lines (HT-1080 human fibrosarcoma and HT-29 human colon cancer cells) and $H_{2}O_{2}$-induced oxidative stress. Two different drying methods, low temperature vacuum dryer and freeze dryer, were employed to dry onion. Inhibitory effects of acetone with methylene chloride (A+M) and methanol (MeOH) extracts from onion by two drying methods on the growth of HT-1080 and HT-29 cancer cells increased in a dose dependent manner (p<0.05) and the higher inhibitory effect was shown in onion extracts dried by low temperature vacuum dryer. The treatments of hexane, 85% aq. methanol, butanol and water fractions significantly inhibited the growth of both cancer cells (p<0.05) and onion fractions dried by freeze dryer showed a higher inhibitory effect compared with those dried by low temperature vacuum dryer. In order to determine a protective effect on H2O2-induced oxidative stress, DCHF-DA (dichlorodihydrofluorescin diacetate) assay was conducted. All fractions including crude extracts of dried onion appeared to significantly reduce the levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) (p<0.05). Higher antioxidant effect was observed in onions dried by the low temperature vacuum dryer method. These results indicate that the low temperature vacuum dryer is useful to dry and produce onion powder.

Comparison of Effect of Various Types of Soybeans on Mutagenicity and Growth of Human Cancer Cell Lines (콩 종류별 항돌연변이 및 암세포 증식 억제 효과 비교)

  • Lim, Sun-Young
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.20 no.10
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    • pp.1532-1537
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    • 2010
  • This study compared the inhibitory effects of methanol extracts from yellow and black soybeans (black soybean, Seomoktae and Seoritae) on mutagenicity using the Ames test and growth of human cancer cells (AGS human gastric adenocarcinoma, HT-29 human colon cancer, Hep 3B hepatocellular carcinoma cells). In the Ames test system using Salmonella typhimurium TA100, aflatoxin $B_1$ ($AFB_1$)-induced mutagenicity was significantly inhibited by treatments with the methanol extracts from either yellow or black soybeans in a dose dependent manner (p<0.05). The methanol extracts from various black soybeans tended to have a greater inhibitory effect compared to those from yellow soybeans. As for N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguamidine (MNNG)-induced mutagenicity, the methanol extracts (5 mg/assay) from black soybean, Seomoktae and Seoritae showed 51%, 61% and 53% inhibitory rates, respectively, indicating that Seomoktae, a type of black soybean, had a stronger antimutagenic activity against mutagens (both $AFB_1$ and MNNG). Methanol extracts from black soybeans showed an inhibitory rate of greater than 50% on the growth of human cancer cells (AGS, HT-29 and Hep 3B) and the inhibition was more effective in the methanol extract from Seomoktae. Our results suggested that the methanol extracts from black soybeans showed stronger inhibitory effects on mutagenicity and growth of cancer cells than those from yellow soybean. It is concluded that intake of black soybean can be recommended for improving health.

Anti-oxidative and anti-proliferative activities of acetone extract of the cortex of Ulmus pumila L. (유근피 아세톤 추출물의 항산화 및 암세포 증식억제 활성)

  • In, Man-Jin;Kim, Dong Chung
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.59 no.2
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    • pp.133-136
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    • 2016
  • An acetone extract in the cortex of Ulmus pumila L. was prepared to evaluate its anti-oxidative and anti-proliferative activities. The free radical scavenging activity ($EC_{50}=36.7{\mu}g/mL$) and reducing power ($EC_{50}=53.2{\mu}g/mL$) proportionally increased according to the extract concentration. The acetone extract possessed a potent anti-proliferative activity against human non-small cell lung cancer (A549, $GI_{50}=74.3{\mu}g/mL$) and human colon cancer (SNU-C4, $GI_{50}=92.8{\mu}g/mL$) cells in a dose-dependent manner, but was less effective with human normal cells (L132, human embryonic lung epithelial cell).

Antiproliferative Effect of Extracts from Corydalis heterocarpa on Human Cancer Cells (염주괴불주머니 (Corydalis heterocarpa) 추출물의 암세포 성장 억제 효과)

  • Kim, You-Ah;Lee, Jung-Im;Kong, Chang-Suk;Yea, Sung-Su;Seo, Young-Wan
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.201-206
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    • 2009
  • Whole plants of Corydalis heterocarpa were extracted twice with $CH_2Cl_2$ and MeOH in turn. The combined crude extracts were concentrated in vacuo and then partitioned between $CH_2Cl_2$ and $H_2O$. The organic layer was fractionated with n-hexane and 85% aq. MeOH, and the aqueous fraction was also further fractionated with n-BuOH and $H_2O$, successively. Growth inhibition effects of crude extracts and their solvent fractions were evaluated in AGS, HT1080, U-937, MCF-7 and HT-29 human cancer cells using MTT assay. The inhibitory effects of solvent fractions were increased in a dose-dependent manner. Among these tested samples, 85% aq. MeOH fraction showed the most potent inhibitory effect on the growth of human cancer cells. These results suggest that active compounds having much stronger anticancer effect can be isolated from Corydalis heterocarpa.