• Title, Summary, Keyword: 암세포 증식억제 효과

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Studies on the Anticancer Effect of Broussonetia kazinoki Extracts (닥나무(Broussonetia kazinoki) 추출물의 항암효과에 관한 연구)

  • 민경진;정승희;구성자
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.231-237
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    • 1999
  • The anticancer effect of the bark of Broussonetia kazinoki root extracts (hexane. chloroform, ethylacetate, butanol, aqueous) were studied. The cytotoxicity by MTT assay and inhibitory effect on the growth of sarcoma 180 cells were tested in vitro. The reduction rate of the tumor formation and spleen/body weight rate on BALB/c mouse were tested in vivo. From the tests, each fraction showed the cytotoxic effect against the sarcoma 180 cells. In addition, as the concentration of the fractions increased, cytotoxic effect tendency increased as well. The cytotoxic rate of the hexane, chloroform, ethylacetate, butanol and aqueous fractions showed by 58.7%, 40.1%, 75.7%, 52.6% and 62.7% respectively after testing by MTT assay system. And sarcoma 180 cells were incubated for 6 days at 37$^{\circ}C$ with various concentrations of each fraction. As the incubation days go on, the number of cells increased, while the inhibition rate on the growth of sarcoma 180 cells were decreased. Especially the ethylacetate fraction at the concentration of 1.0 mg/ml strongly inhibited the growth of sarcoma 180 cells by 74% compared with the control for a day 37$^{\circ}C$ The hexane, chloroform, ethylacetate, butanol and aqueous fractions inhibited on the growth of sarcoma 180 cells by 31%, 19%, 60%, 30% and 42% respectively, when sarcoma 180 cells has been incubated for 6 days at 37$^{\circ}C$. The each fraction exhibited the antitumor effect in vivo. The ethylacetate fraction reduced the tumor formation by 41% compared with the control, when sarcoma 180 cells were injected subcutaneously into the left groin of BALB/c mice. Also spleen/body weight rate of ethylacetate fraction was increased by 2.10% compared with the control (1.08%). And it is considered that there would be no toxic effect caused by each fraction of body weight and organ as there was on more changes in mouse' weight compared with the control.

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Inhibitory Effect of Salvia miltiorrhiza Extract on Growth of Some Cancer Cells (단삼(Salvia Miltiorrhiza) 추출물의 암세포 증식 억제 효과에 관한 연구)

  • 정국찬;이지영;김동청;서성옥;황우익
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.726-731
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    • 2000
  • This study was performed to evaluate the antitumor activities of water and ethanol (EtOH) extract of Salvia miltiorrhiza in vitro and in vivo. The proliferation of the human hepatoma (HepG2), rectum cancer (HRT-18) and colon cancer (HT-29) cells was inhibited by administration of extracts in a dose-dependent manner. Particularly, EtOH extract inhibited proliferation of the cells more effectively than water extract did. The morphology of cells induced by EtOH extract was characterized by reduction of cell size and deformatin. Oral administration of the EtOH extract (3 mg/head) to tumor-bearing mice inhibited the tumor (sarcoma-180) growth by 35% and prolonged their survival rate by 61%. The EtOH extract was shown to be nontoxic at 37.5% mg/head/day on the acute toxicity test. These studies suggest that the EtOH extract of Salvia miltiorrhiza may have antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo.

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Effect of Platycodon grandiflorum DC Extract on the Growth of Cancer Cell Lines (도라지(Platycodon grandiflorum DC) 추출 성분의 암세포 증식 억제효과)

  • Lee, Ji-Young;Hwang, Woo-Ik;Lim, Seung-Taik
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.13-21
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    • 1998
  • To investigate the cytotoxic effect of Platycodon grandiflorum DC, petroleum ether extract of Platycodon grandiflorum DC was partially purified by a silica gel column chromatography. Among several fractions, fraction D which was obtained under the elution with a 7:3 mixture of petroleum ether and ethyl ether, showed patent cytotoxicity against mouse leukemia cell line (L1210), human rectum cancer cell line (HRT-18) and human colon cancer cell lint (HCT-48).

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Anti-Proliferation Effects of Decursin from Angelica gigas Nakai in the MCF-7 Cells Treated with Environmental Hormones (환경호르몬에 의해 유도된 인체 유방암세포의 증식에 대한 당귀로부터 분리한 Decursin 억제효과)

  • Park, Kyung-Wuk;Choi, Sa-Ra;Yang, Hee-Sun;Cho, Hyun-Wook;Kang, Kap-Suk;Seo, Kwon-Il
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.36 no.7
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    • pp.825-831
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    • 2007
  • Anti-proliferation effects of decursin from Angelica gigas Nakai were investigated in the MCF-7 cells treated with environmental hormones. The proliferation was decreased in a dose-dependent manner at the concentration over 20 ${\mu}g/mL$ in the MCF-7 cells treated with decursin of various concentrations. The environmental hormones such as $17{\beta}$-estradiol and bisphenol increased the growth of MCF-7 cells in the charcoal-treated FBS (cFBS) medium and the proliferation was the highest at 0.1 ${\mu}M$ among the tested hormone concentration. Decursin was predicted to inhibit the proliferation in a dose-dependent fashion at tested concentrations (1, 3, 10 or 30 ${\mu}g/mL$) in the MCF-7 cells added environmental hormones; however, the survival rate of the cells was lower than that of control cells that were not treated with decursin at 30 ${\mu}g/mL$ concentration. The chromatin condensation and apoptotic body were examined in the decursin treated cells cultured with the cFBS medium added environmental hormones. These results suggest that decursin decreased the proliferation through apoptosis in the MCF-7 cells added environmental hormones.

The Effects on Antimicrobial and Anticarcinogenic Activity of Momordica Charantia L. (메탄올로 추출한 여주 분획성분의 항균 및 항발암 효과)

  • 배송자
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.35 no.8
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    • pp.880-885
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    • 2002
  • This study was performed to determine the antimicrobial and anticarcinogenic activities of the Momordica charantia L. (MC) on several microorganisms and human cancer cell lines. In the paper disk test, its antimicrobial activity was increased in proportion to its concentration. Among the various solvent fractions of Momordica charantia L., the ethylether partition layer (MCMEE) showed the strongest antimicrobial activity. Also, the ethylacetate partition layer (MCMEA) and the butanol partition layer (MCMB) showed antimicrobial activity. We also determined the cytotoxicity and chemopreventive effect of Momordica charantia L. extract and fractions on human cancer cells. The experiment was conducted to determine the cytotoxicity of Momordica charantia L. partition layers on HepG2, HeLa and MCF-7 cells by MTT assay. Among the various partition layers of Momordica charantia L., MCMEE and MCMEA showed strong cytotoxic effects on all cancer cell lines. The chemopreventive effect of the quinone reductase induced activities of HepG2 cell, the hexane partition layer (MCMH) at a dose of 50 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL was 3.62 times more effective compared with the control values of 1.0. Therefore, based on these studies, Momordica charantia L. may be developed into a potentially useful cancer chemopreventive agent.

Anti-Proliferative Effects of Selenium in HT-29 Colon Cancer Cells via Inhibition of Akt (HT-29 대장암세포에서 Akt 활성 저해에 따른 셀레늄의 세포 증식억제 효과)

  • Park, Song-Yi;Kim, In-Seop;Lee, Se-Hee;Lee, Sol-Hwa;Jung, Da-Woon;Park, Ock-Jin;Kim, Young-Min
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.55-61
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    • 2012
  • Akt is known to play an important role in cell proliferation and differentiation, and is also over-expressed in several types of cancer cells. In this study, we explored the anti-proliferative effects of selenium in HT-29 colon cancer cells, mediated through effects on Akt and COX-2. Selenium treatments at different concentrations and for different durations inhibited proliferation of HT-29 colon cancer cells and increased apoptotic cell death. Selenium treatment decreased Akt phosphorylation and COX-2 expression. Treatment with LY294002 (an Akt inhibitor) decreased proliferation of HT-29 cells, while a combined treatment with LY294002 and selenium resulted in even further decreases in cell proliferation. Inactivation of Akt by Akt siRNA treatment abolished these inhibitory effects on cell growth. COX-2 expression decreased in Akt transfected cells compared to non-transfected cells. These results suggest that selenium induced both anti-proliferative and apoptotic effects by inhibiting Akt phosphorylation and COX-2 expression. Selenium treatment also appeared to induce synergistic anti-proliferative effects by inhibition of Akt in HT-29 colon cancer cells.

The Cytotoxicity of Artemisia fukudo Extracts Against HL-60 Cells (큰비쑥(Artemisia fukudo) 추출물의 암세포 증식 억제효과)

  • Kim, Kil-Nam;Lee, Jung-A;Yoon, Weon-Jong;Kim, Ji-Young;Song, Gwan-Pil;Park, Soo-Yeong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.36 no.7
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    • pp.819-824
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    • 2007
  • The present study describes the cytotoxic effect of Artemisia fukudo extracts. The extract from A. fukudo by 80% ethanol was fractionated with n-hexane, dichloromethane, ethylacetate, and butanol in serial. The cytotoxicity of A. fukudo extracts was examined for its effect on the growth of HL-60 cells by the colorimetric 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. In addition, we used the HL-60 cells to see what effects the A. fukudo extracts will have on apoptosis of cancer cells. We checked the cell activity, cell morphologic changes, DNA fragmentation, and DNA content after 24 hr incubation with administering 25 ${\mu}g/mL$ of the A. fukudo extracts. In the treatment of the low concentration of n-hexane and dichloromethane fractions, the survival rate of HL-60 cells is lower than that of the control. The laddering-pattern DNA fragmentation was observed in the treatment with n-hexane and dichloromethane fractions. The DNA content of the cells apoptosis measured as the density of sub-$G_{1}$ hypodiploid cells by flow cytometric analysis. The number of sub-$G_{1}$ hypodiploid cells increased in the treatment with n-hexane and dichloromethane fractions. These fractions obstructed the cell cohesion and caused the blebbing of the cell membrane and fragmentation of the nucleus, both of which are symptoms of apoptosis. These results suggest that A. fukudo has a great potential value as food additives, medicinal supplements for patients with chronic diseases, and preventive measures against cancer.

In Vitro Anticancer and Antioxidant Effect of Solvent Extracts from Tuna Dried at Low Temperature Vacuum. (저온진공건조 참치추출물의 in vitro 항암 및 항산화 효과)

  • Jang, Joo-Ri;Kim, Kyung-Kun;Mun, Soo-Beom;Lim, Sun-Young
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.633-638
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    • 2009
  • We investigated the inhibitory effects of solvent extracts from dried tuna on the growth of cancer cell lines (HT1080 human fibrosarcoma and HT-29 human colon cancer cells) and $H_2O_2$-induced oxidative stress. Inhibitory effects of acetone with methylene chloride (A+M) and methanol (MeOH) extracts on the growth of HT1080 and HT-29 cancer cells increased in a dose dependent manner (p<0.05). The inhibitory effect was more significant on the growth of HT1080 cells, and A+M extracts had a higher inhibitory effect compared to MeOH extracts. The treatments of hexane, 85% aq. methanol, butanol and water fractions significantly inhibited the growth of both cancer cells (p<0.05). Among the fractions, hexane and 85% aq. methanol fractions showed higher inhibitory effects. In order to determine the protective effect on $H_2O_2$-induced oxidative stress, a DCHF-DA (dichlorodihydrofluorescin diacetate) assay was conducted. All fractions, including crude extracts of dried tuna, appeared to significantly reduce the levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) with dose responses (p<0.05). Among the fractions, BuOH and 85% methanol fractions showed a higher protective effect on the production of lipid peroxides. These results indicate that the consumption of tuna may be recommended as a potent functional food for preventing cellular oxidation and cancer.

Characteristics of Crude Protein-bound Polysaccharide from Agaricus blasei Murill by Extraction and Precipitation Conditions and Its Antitumor Effect (추출 및 침전조건에 따른 아가리쿠스버섯에서 분리한 조단백다당류의 특성 및 암세포 증식억제 효과)

  • Hong, Joo-Heon;Youn, Kwang-Sup;Choi, Yong-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.586-593
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    • 2004
  • Efficient extraction method of crude protein-bound polysaccharide (CPBP) from Agaricus blasei Murill was established. CPBP yields by ultrasonic and hot water extractions were 13.0 and 7.8%, respectively. Pressure extraction for 3 hr gave the highest ${\beta}-glucan$ content; no significant difference was observed between 2 and 3 hr extraction. Four volumes added ethanol gave the highest yields of CPBP and ${\beta}-glucan$ contents at 10.89 and 35.97%, respectively. Decomposition temperature of CPBP was $240-365^{\circ}C$, showing relatively good thermal stability. In SRB (sulforhodamine B) assay, CPBP treatment at $1,000\;{\mu}g/mL$ for 72 hr inhibited proliferations to A549, MCF-7, and AGS cancer cells by 43.9, 21.4, and 32.5%, respectively.