• Title, Summary, Keyword: 압력용기

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압력용기에 가용접한 러그(Lug)파단으로 인한 충돌

  • Korea Environmental Engineers Federation
    • Environmental engineer
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    • v.23
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    • pp.46-47
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    • 2006
  • 냉매저장용 압력용기를 제작하던중 H-Beam을 압력용기 외부에 사각모양으로 용접후 모서리 부분에 클립(Clip)을 중심에 맞춰 용접작업을 하던중 아래 2곳의 중심을 맞추기 위해 H-Beam이 용이하게 휘어질수 있도록 산소용접기로 가열후 H-Beam에 러그(Lug)를 가용접한 다음 체인블럭으로 당기는 순간 가용접한 러그(Lug)가 파단되면서 재해자쪽으로 비래하여 충돌 사망한 재해임.

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A Study on the Skirt Size Selection of a Composite Pressure Vessel using Optimum Analysis Technique (최적화 해석 기법을 이용한 복합재 압력용기의 스커트 치수 선정에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jun-Hwan;Jeon, Kwang-Woo;Shin, Kwang-Bok;Hwang, Tae-Kyung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers Conference
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    • pp.403-407
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to find the optimum skirt size for a composite pressure vessel using optimum analysis technique. The size optimization for skirt shape of a composite pressure vessel was conducted using sub-problem approximation method and batch processing codes programmed by APDL(ANSYS Parametric Design Language). The thickness and length of skirt part were selected as design variables for the optimum analysis. The objective function and constraints were chosen as weight and displacement of skirt part, respectively. The numerical results showed that the weight of skirt of a composite pressure vessel would be saved by maximum 4.38% through the size optimization analysis for the skirt shape.

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Evaluation of the Residual Strength of CFRP Composite Pressure Vessel After Low Velocity Impact (CFRP 복합재압력용기의 충격후 잔류강도저하특성 평가)

  • Park, Jae-Beom;Kim, Dong-Ryun;Hwang, Tae-Kyung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers Conference
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    • pp.439-442
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    • 2009
  • In this study, the residual strength of CFRP filament winding pressure vessel after low velocity impact was evaluated quantitatively. After impact test, the pressure vessel was sectioned to produce 25 mm-wide ring specimen and the bursting pressure of this specimen was measured. A finite element model was also fabricated to investigate the deformation and stress distribution characteristics of the impacted CFRP vessel. The degradation of the residual strength along with the increase of impact energy was successfully measured and reviewed.

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The Strength Evaluation of the Damaged Pressure Vessel (손상된 압력용기의 복구방안)

  • 이상록;우창수;이학주
    • Journal of the KSME
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    • v.34 no.11
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    • pp.830-835
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    • 1994
  • 화재에 의해 손상을 입은 압력용기에 대해 유한요소법을 이용하여 응력해석을 수행하여 아래와 같은 결론을 얻었다. (1) 응력해석 결과, 압력용기의 자중, 열응력 및 바람의 영향은 내부압력에 비해 무시할 수 있을 정도로 미미하였다. (2) 기하학적 형상변화가 발생한 손상용기의 손상 부위에서의 부식 전\ulcorner후에서의 안전계수는 각각 3.5와 2.1로 손상이 없는 단순용기의 6.3과 4.6보다 상당히 작음을 알 수 있었다. 따라서, 손상 부위에서의 적절한 보강이 이루어져야 할 것이다. (3) 원형 링과 수직 보조대로 보강된 보강용기 모형의 등가 응력값은 상당히 감소되어 화재로 발생한 기하학적 형상 변화에 따른 응력 집중을 줄일 수 있었다. 앞서 정의된 안전계수를 이용 하면 부식 전의 안전계수는 5.3, 부식 후는 3.8 이상으로 증가하였다. (4) 안전계수는 운전 중의 부식 진행과 더불어 두께에 반비례하여 감소하므로, 운전중 부식의 진행을 억제 또는 최소화할 수 있는 방법이 강구되어야 하겠다. (5) 복구방안으로 본 연구에서 해석된 보강책을 채택하는 경우, 작업시 보조대 주위에서의 잔류 응력이 발생되지 않도록 특히 유의해야 하며, 복구 작업 후 철저한 시험검사(비파괴 검사, 스트 레인 측정)가 수반되어야 할 것으로 사료된다.

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Evaluation of Detectable Defect Size for Inner Defect of Pressure Vessel Using Laser Speckle Shearing Interferometry (레이저 스페클 전단간섭법을 이용한 압력용기 내부결함의 측정 가능한 결함 크기의 평가)

  • Kim, Kyeong-Suk;Seon, Sang-Woo;Choi, Tae-Ho;Kang, Chan-Geun;Na, Man-Gyun;Jung, Hyun-Chul
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.135-140
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    • 2014
  • Pressure vessels are used in various industrial fields. If a defect occurs on the inner or outer surface of a pressure vessel, it may cause a massive accident. A defect on the outer surface can be detected by visual inspection. However, a defect on the inner surface is generally impossible to detect with visual inspection. Nondestructive testing can be used to detect this type of defect. Laser speckle shearing interferometry is one nondestructive testing method that can optically detect a defect; its advantages include noncontact, full field, and real time inspection. This study evaluated the detectable size for an internal defect of a pressure vessel. The material of the pressure vessel was ASTM A53 Gr.B. The internal defect was detected when the pressure vessel was loaded by internal pressure controlled by a pneumatic system. The internal pressure was controlled from 0.2 MPa to 0.6 MPa in increments of 0.2 MPa. The results confirmed that an internal defect with a 25 % defect depth could be detected even at 0.2 MPa pressure variation.

원자로 압력용기소재 신뢰성 평가 및 향상기술

  • Yun, Ji-Hyeon
    • Journal of the KSME
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    • v.55 no.10
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    • pp.31-35
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    • 2015
  • 이 글에서는 원자력발전소의 안전성 확보를 위한 원자로 압력용기 재료의 신뢰성 평가 및 향상기술에 대해 개괄적으로 기술하였다. 압력용기 소재의 중요성과 가동 중 건전성 평가기술에 대해 다뤘으며 특히, 조사취화특성 평가와 관련한 기술현황을 중점적으로 소개하였다.

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MCNP 선원항 평가법에 의한 SMART 압력용기 중성자 조사량 예비평가

  • 김교윤;김하용;송재승
    • Proceedings of the Korean Nuclear Society Conference
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    • pp.606-611
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    • 1998
  • 330MWt 출력의 신형 원자로인 SMART(System integrated Mod씰w Advanced ReacTor)가 전기 생산뿐만 아니라 해수의 담수화를 위한 에너지 공급을 위해 한국원자력연구소에 의해 개발되고 있다. SMART의 원자로 압력용기에서의 중성자 조사량을 기존의 각분할법 코드 대신에 몬데칼로 수송 코드인 MCNP-4A를 이용하여 평가하였다. MCNP-4A에 의한 몬데 칼로 모사는 각분할법에 비해 핵 단면적 자료, 선원항, 그리고 기하학적 모델링의 문제로부터 야기되는 불확실성을 감소시킬 수 있을 뿐만 아니라 초기 개념 설계 단계에서 상세 노심 출력 분포 자료에 의존하지 않고 선원항을 평가할 수 있는 장점이 있다. 본 연구에서는 원자로 압력 용기 내부의 원자로 노심 및 다른 구조물을 포함하는 전체 원자로 구조에 대하여 몬테 칼로 모사를 적용하였다. 1단계에서는 임계도 계산에 의해 선원항으로 이용되는 원자로 노심내의 열 출력 분포를 평가하고, 2단계에서는 노심내의 열 출력 분포를 고정 선원으로 이용하여 압력 용기에서의 중성자 조사량을평가하였다. 그 결과 SMART 압력용기의 중성자 조사량은 규제 요건을 만족하는 것으로 나타났다.

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Composite Pressure Vessel for Natural Gas Vehicle by Filament Winding (필라멘트 와인딩 공정에 의한 천연가스 차량용 복합재료 압력용기)

  • 김병선;김병하;김진봉
    • Composites Research
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2004
  • Composite pressure vessels with HDPE (high density polyethlyne) liner with metal boss at each end were developed by Filament Winding Process. The vessel is composed of a dome-shaped part at each end and a cylinder-shaped part at the middle of the vessel. The environmental tests carried out for possible vessel materials such as High Density Polyethlyn (HDPE), resins and reinforcing fibers up to a year showed no significant damages. The boss was designed to minimize the gas leak which was verified by FEM analysis. Most ideal fiber tension was obtained by experimental method and the fiber volume fraction, $\textrm{V}_{f}$, obtained by image analyzer were 55.4 % in cylinder and 55.6 % in dome parts, respectively. Winding pattern is programmed to control the composite thickness in the dome areas such that the failure of the vessel may occur in the cylinder. During the cure, the vessel was rotated and a constant internal pressure of 0.62 bar was applied. From this, the vessel's burst pressure is improved by 28 %. The burst and fatigue tests for under-wound and fully wound vessel showed satisfactory results.

A Study on the Sealing Characteristics of O-rings in Gas Pressure Vessel (O-링이 장착된 가스압력용기의 밀봉특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim Chung Kyun;Cho Seung Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.51-57
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    • 2003
  • This paper presents the temperature distribution and deformation characteristics of O-ring groove geometry in which is strongly related the sealing performance of pressure vessels. A working gas in pressure vessel may be heated by a heater and pressurized by a gas compressor. Thus, the pressure vessel should keep high Pressure and temperature for a limited working period. For these operation conditions, the working gas in pressure vessels should not leak to the air by two O-rings with a rectangular groove. The FEM computed results indicate that the thermal and mechanical properties of metal sealing material is very important for stopping a leakage of hot gas in a vessel. Based on the results, high thermal conductive and low mechanical strength material is recommended as a metal sealing one. This may improve the sealing characteristics of O-ring sealing mechanism with a rectangular groove, which reduces the sealing gap between a flange and a cylinder and the width of O-ring groove.

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Evaluation of Residual Strength of CFRP Pressure Vessel After Low Velocity Impact (저속 충격 하중을 받은 탄소섬유강화 복합재 압력용기의 잔류강도 저하 평가)

  • Park, Jae-Beom;Kim, Dong-Ryun;Kim, Hyung-Geun;Hwang, Tae-Kyung
    • Composites Research
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.9-17
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    • 2008
  • In this paper, the low velocity impact characteristics of filament winding CFRP pressure vessel was investigated using numerical and experimental methods. The cylinder part of CFRP vessel was impacted using triangular shape impactor which simulated the sharp edge of dropping tools and impact response behavior of CFRP was reviewed. The mechanical behavior, such as deformation and stress distribution, were also predicted by explicit finite element method and the validity of the model was investigated. For the quantitative evaluation of the residual strength of the pressure vessel after impact, a series of the ring specimens was cut from the impacted vessel and its burst pressure was measured by hydraulic pressure hoop tension test. As the results, the relationship between the residual strength degradation and the impact energy was successively obtained and a useful methodology to evaluate quantitatively the impact damage tolerance of CFRP pressure vessel was established.