• Title, Summary, Keyword: 압력용기

Search Result 880, Processing Time 0.044 seconds

Study on the Steam Line Break Accident for Kori Unit-1 (고리 1호기에 대한 증기배관 파열사고 연구)

  • Tae Woon Kim;Jung In Choi;Un Chul Lee;Ki In Han
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
    • /
    • v.14 no.4
    • /
    • pp.186-195
    • /
    • 1982
  • The steam line break accident for Kori Unit 1 is analyzed by a code SYSRAN which calculates nuclear power and heat flux using the point kinetics equation and the lumped-parameter model and calculates system transient using the mass and energy balance equation with the assumption of uniform reactor coolant system pressure. The 1.4 f $t^2$ steam line break accident is analyzed at EOL (End of Life), hot shutdown condition in which case the accident would be most severe. The steam discharge rate is assumed to follow the Moody critical flow model. The results reveal the peak heat flux of 38% of nominal full power value at 60 second after the accident initiates, which is higher than the FSAR result of 26%. Trends for the transient are in good agreement with FSAR results. A sensitivity study shows that this accident is most sensitive to the moderator density coefficient and the lower plenum mixing factor. The DNBR calculation under the assumption of $F_{{\Delta}H}$=3.66, which is used in the FSAR with all the control and the shutdown assemblies inserted except one B bank assembly and of Fz=1.55 shows that minimum DNBR reaches 1.62 at 60 second, indicating that the fuel failure is not anticipated to occur. The point kinetics equation, the lumped-parameter model and the system transient model which uses the mass and energy balance equation are verified to be effective to follow the system transient phenomena of the nuclear power plants.lear power plants.

  • PDF

Explosion Properties and Thermal Stability of Reactive Organic Dust (반응성 유기물 분진의 폭발특성과 열안정성)

  • Han, Ou-Sup;Han, In-Soo;Choi, Yi-Rac;Lee, Keun-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.7-14
    • /
    • 2011
  • Using 20 L spherical explosion vessel and differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), an experimental investigation was carried on explosion characteristics and thermal decomposition of some reactive organic dust. As the result, the minimum explosion concentration of Benzoyl peroxide (BPO), Phthalic anhydride (PA) and 1-Hydroxybenzotriazol (HBT) exist between 10 and 15 g/$m^3$, which indicates that their explosion sensitivity are high. The maximum Kst values of HBT, PA and 97 % BPO are 251, 146 and 80 [$bar{\cdot}m/s$], respectively and the explosion severity of HBT is the explosion class of St-2. The flame velocity was also calculated from the combustion time of dust and flame arrival time to estimate the flame propagation characteristics in a closed vessel. The decomposition temperature and heat of decomposition reaction for 97 % BPO and HBT are $107^{\circ}C$ (1025 J/g), $214^{\circ}C$ (1666 J/g), respectively and it was found that these low decomposition temperature and high released heat affect the explosion characteristics.

Pervaporation of Butanol from their Aqueous Solution using a PDMS-Zeolite Composite Membrane (PDMS-Zeolite 복합막을 이용한 부탄올 투과증발)

  • Kong, Chang-In;Cho, Moon-Hee;Lee, Yong-Taek
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
    • /
    • v.49 no.6
    • /
    • pp.816-822
    • /
    • 2011
  • Pervaporation is known to be a low energy consumption process since it needs only an electric power to maintain the permeate side in vacuum. Also, the pervaporation is an environmentally clean technology because it does not use the third material such as an entrainer for either an azeotropic distillation or an extractive distillation. In this study, Silicalite-1 particles are hydrothermally synthesized and polydimethylsiloxane(PDMS)-zeolite composite membranes are prepared with a mixture of synthesized Silicalite-1 particles and PDMS-polymer. They are used to separate n-butanol from its aqueous solution. Pervaporation characteristics such as a permeation flux and a separation factor are investigated as a function of the feed concentration and the weight % of Silicalite-1 particles in the membrane. A 1,000 $cm^3$ aqueous solution containing butanol of low mole fraction such as order of 0.001 was used as a feed to the membrane cell while the pressure of the permeation side was kept about 0.2~0.3 torr. When the butanol concentration in the feed solution was 0.015 mole fraction, the flux of n-butanol significantly increased from 14.5 g/ $m^2$/hr to 186.3 g/$m^2$/hr as the Silicalite-1 content increased from 0 wt% to 10 wt%, indicating that the Silicalite-1 molecular sieve improved the membrane permselectivity from 4.8 to 11.8 due to its unique crystalline microporous structure and its strong hydrophobicity. Consequently, the concentration of n-butanol in the permeate substantially increased from 0.07 to 0.15 mole fraction. This composite membrane could be potentially appliable for separation of n-butanol from insitu fermentation broth where n-butanol is produced at a fairly low concentration of 0.015 mole fraction.

A Study on Quantitative Thickness Evaluation Using Film Density Variation in Film Radiography (Film Radiography에서 농도차를 이용한 정량적 두께 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Sung-Sik;Lee, Jeong-Ki;Kim, Young-H.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing
    • /
    • v.19 no.5
    • /
    • pp.356-362
    • /
    • 1999
  • Based on the assumption that film density increases exponentially with exposure in the industrial radiographic film. an equation representing the characteristic curves of industrial radiographic films and a new density-thickness relation are suggested. The accuracy and reliability of the suggested relation has been tested using radiographs of a carbon steel step wedge with known thickness variation by polychromatic X-ray and ${\gamma}$-ray ($Ir^{192}$). The experimental results were well agreed to the proposed relation in the range of film densities from 1.0 to 3.5 and it was more accurate than the conventional relation. It is also found that ${\gamma}$-ray is more effective in this purpose than polychromatic X-ray, which results in variation of effective linear absorption coefficient due to beam hardening effect as thickness increases. Therefore using the equation and experimentally determined parameters the quantitative evaluation of thickness variation is possible and it can be used to evaluate the depth of local corrosion of pressure vessels in plants.

  • PDF

Technical Trends of Hydrogen Manufacture, Storage and Transportation System for Fuel Cell Vehicle (연료전지자동차용 수소제조와 저장·운반기술동향)

  • Kil, Sang-Cheol;Hwang, Young-Gil
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Resources Recycling
    • /
    • v.25 no.1
    • /
    • pp.48-59
    • /
    • 2016
  • The earth has been warming due to $CO_2$ gas emissions from fossil fuel cars and a ship. So the hydrogen fuel cell vehicle(FCV) using hydrogen as a fossil fuel alternative energy is in the spotlight. Hyundai Motor Company of Korea and a car companies of the US, Japan, Germany is developing a FCV a competitive. Obtained hydrogen as a by-product of the coke plant, oil refineries, chemical plants of steel mill, coal is reacted with steam at high temperatures, methane gas, manufacture of high purity hydrogen Methane Steam Reforming and hydrogen detachable reforming method using the Pressure Swing Adsorption or Membrane Reforming technical or decomposition of water to produce electricity. Hydrogen is the electronic industry, metal and chemical industries, which are used as rocket fuel, etc. are used in factories, hospitals, home of the fuel Ene.Farm system or FCV. And a method of storing hydrogen is to store liquid hydrogen and a method for compressing normal hydrogen to the hydrogen container, by storing the latest hydride or Organic chemical hydride method is used to carry the hydrogen station. Korea is currently 13 hydrogen stations in place and in operation, plans to install a further 43 places.

Seismic Analysis of the Reflective Metal Insulation for Thermal Shielding of Main Equipments of Nuclear Power Plants (원전 설비 열차폐를 위한 반사형 금속단열재의 내진 해석)

  • Kim, Seung-Hyeon;Rhee, Huinam
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.17 no.6
    • /
    • pp.166-172
    • /
    • 2016
  • This paper deals with the seismic qualification of the reflective metal insulation for thermal shielding that is installed on the outer surfaces of the main equipment of the primary coolant system of a nuclear power plant. A small-scale model of the reactor pressure vessel, which has equivalent dynamic characteristics, was designed to be tested in domestic seismic testing facilities in the future. In this study, seismic analysis of the small-scale model installed with metal insulation was performed using equivalent static analysis and response spectrum analysis. The required Response Spectrum for main equipment of the primary coolant system of APR-1400 plant were considered to establish the enveloping response spectrum, which was applied to the seismic analysis model. The results from two seismic analysis methods were compared to show the structural adequacy of the metal insulator design against a safe shutdown earthquake. This study will form the basis for the seismic testing to support the seismic qualification of the reflective metal insulator.

Sensitivity Analysis of Nozzle Geometry Variables for Estimating Residual Stress in RPV CRDM Penetration Nozzle (원자로 상부헤드 관통노즐의 잔류응력 예측을 위한 노즐 형상 변수 민감도 연구)

  • Bae, Hong Yeol;Oh, Chang Young;Kim, Yun Jae;Kim, Kwon Hee;Chae, Soo Won;Kim, Ju Hee
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
    • /
    • v.37 no.3
    • /
    • pp.387-395
    • /
    • 2013
  • Recently, several circumferential cracks were found in the control rod drive mechanism (CRDM) nozzles of U.S. nuclear power plants. According to the accident analyses, coolant leaks were caused by primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC). The tensile residual stresses caused by welding, corrosion sensitive materials, and boric acid solution cause PWSCC. Therefore, an exact estimation of the residual stress is important for reliable operation. In this study, finite element simulations were conducted to investigate the effects of the tube geometry (thickness and radius) on the residual stresses in a J-groove weld for different CRDM tube locations. Two different tube locations were considered (center-hole and steepest side hill tube), and the tube radius and thickness variables ($r_o/t$=2, 3, 4) included two different reference values ($r_o$=51.6, t=16.9mm).

A Study for Mechanical Property for A516-60, A283-C, A285-C and SB410 materials under Low Temperature (저온영역에서의 A516-60, A283-C, A285-C, SB410 소재 특성 평가)

  • Oh, Jung-Soo;Lee, Hee-Bum;Lee, Bong-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.20 no.9
    • /
    • pp.405-411
    • /
    • 2019
  • In this study, tensile tests were carried out on materials (A516-60, A283-C, A285-C, and SB410) for structural and pressure vessels at temperatures of $20^{\circ}C$, $-20^{\circ}C$, and $-40^{\circ}C$, and the changes in the mechanical properties were analyzed. Compared to the results at $20^{\circ}C$, the average yield stress increased by 6.4% and 7.5% at $-20^{\circ}C$ and $-40^{\circ}C$ for A516-60, while the average tensile stress increased by 1.3% and 4.1%, respectively. The average elongation decreased by 4.7% and 20.4% at these temperatures. In the case of A283-C, the average yield stress increased 8.8% and 9.8%, the average tensile stress increased by 4.1% and 5.9%, and the average elongation rate decreased by 7.4% and 9.9% at $-20^{\circ}C$ and $-40^{\circ}C$, respectively. For A285-C, the average yield stress increased by 1.8% and 8.6%, and the average tensile stress increased by 2.6% and 5.3%, respectively, but there was little change in the average elongation. Finally, for SB410, the average yield stress increased by 7.1% and 11.8%, the average tensile stress increased by 4.3% and 5.5%, but the average elongation rate decreased by 8.7% and 13.5%, respectively.

Seasonal and Spatial Distribution of Soft-bottom Polychaetesin Jinju Bay of the Southern Coast of Korea (진주만에서 저서 다모류의 시 · 공간 분포)

  • Kang Chang Keun;Baik Myung Sun;Kim Jeong Bae;Lee Pil Yong
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
    • /
    • v.35 no.1
    • /
    • pp.35-45
    • /
    • 2002
  • Seasonal quantitative van Veen grab sampling was conducted to characterize the composition and structure of the benthic polychaete community inhabiting the shellfish farming ground of a coastal bay system of Jiniu Bay (Korea). A total of 132 polychaete species were identified and the polychaetes accounted for about $80\%$ of overall abundance of benthic animals. There was little significant seasonal difference in densities (abundances) of polychaetes, Maximum biomass was obseued in summer (August) and minimum value was recorded in winter (February) and spring (May). Conversely, diversity and richness were lowest in summer, indicating a seasonal variability in the polychaetous community structure, The cluster analysis indicated that such a seasonal variability resulted mainly from the appearance of a few small, r-selected opportunists in spring and the tubiculous species of the family Maldanidae in summer. On the other hand, several indicator species for the organically enriched environments such as Capitelia capitata, Notoniashs Jatericeus and hmbrineris sp. showed high densities during all the study period. Density and biomass of univariate measures of community structure were significantly lower in the arkshell-farming ground of the southern area than in the non-farming sites of the bay, A similar general tendency was also found in the spatial distributions of species diversity and richness. Principal component analysis revealed the existence of different groups of benthic assemblages between the arkshell-farming ground and non-farming sites, The lack of colonization of r-selected opportunists and/or tubiculous species in the former ground seemed to contribute to the spatial differences in the composition and structure of the polychaetous communities. Although finer granulometric composition and high sulfide concentration in sediments of the arkshell-farming ground and low salinity in the northern area were likely to account for parts of the differences, other environmental variables observed were unlikely. The spatial distribution of polychaetes in Jiniu Bay may be rather closely related to the sedimentary disturbance by selection of shells for harvesting in spring.

Decomposition Characteristics of Non-Degradable Liquid Waste under High Temperature and High Pressure Conditions (고온 고압 조건에서의 난분해성 액상폐기물 분해 특성)

  • Lee, Gang-Woo;Shon, Byung-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.8 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1572-1578
    • /
    • 2007
  • The specified wastes consist of waste acid, waste alkali, waste oil, waste organic solvent, waste resin, dust, sludge, infectious waste, and others. Among these specified wastes, a great portion is liquid phase wastes. The purpose of this study is to develop the high temperature and high pressure (HTHP) treatment system for decomposition of the liquid phase specified waste (LPSW). For this, we analyzed the physical and chemical properties of the LPSW such as density, proximate analysis, ultimate analysis, heating values, and designed 0.3 ton/day HTHP treatment system. The LPSW tested in this experiment were prepared by adding TCE(trichloroethylene) and toluene to liquid phase waste which was brought into the commercial waste treatment company. The average density of waste oil (25 samples), waste resin (5 samples), and waste solvent (12 samples) was 0.99 g/mL, 0.91 g/mL, and 0.93 g/mL, respectively. And the average lower heating value of waste oil, waste resin, and waste solvent was 8,294 kcal/kg, 5,809 kcal/kg, and 7,462 kcal/kg, respectively. The DRE (Destruction & Removal Efficiency) of TCE and toluene were 99.95% and 99.73% at atmospheric pressure conditions and that were 99.99% and 99.82% at pressurized conditions, respectively. These results showed that TCE/toluene mixtures were properly decomposed over about 99.73% of DRE by the HTHP treatment system and pressurized conditions were more effective to destroy those pollutants than atmospheric pressure conditions. Also these systems could be directly applied to industries which try to treat the liquid phase specified waste within the regulation limit.

  • PDF