• Title, Summary, Keyword: 압밀

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Consolidation Characteristics of Repeated Loading for Highly Organic Soils (고유기질토의 반복압밀특성)

  • 김재영;주재우;박성희
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.5-12
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    • 2001
  • 고유기질토의 정규압밀과 과입밀에 대한 압밀특성을 연구하기 위하여 전북지역에서 채취한 2종류의 고유기질토 IS와 YJ를 사용하여 일련의 실내 표준압밀시험과 반복압밀시험을 수행하였다. 전북지역 대표적인 고유기질토의 물리적 특성은 유기물함량이 각각 58%와 72%, 자연함수비 487%와 635%, 초기공극비 7.02와 9.72이었다. 표준압밀시험결과 K, $M_{v}$ , $C_{v}$ 는 압밀하중이 증가함에 따라서 선행하중을 경계로 일반 점토보다 크게 감소하는 특성을 보였다. 또한 2단계, 3단계 반복압밀 시험결과 K, $M_{v}$ 는 압밀하중이 증가함에 따라서 완만하게 감소하였으며 표준압밀시험결과보다는 작게 나타났다. 2단계 반복압밀의 경우 $C_{v}$ 는 정규압밀영역에서 표준압밀시험결과보다 약 10-12배정도 크게 나타났다. $C_{c}$ , $C_{a}$ 는 압밀하중이 증가함에 따라서 각각 선행하중의 약 2.5배, 3배 하중을 정점으로 크게 증감하는 고유기질토 고유의 특성을 나타냈다. 고유기질토의 $C_{c}$ , $C_{a}$ 는 일반 점토보다 압밀압력 의존성이 큰 특성을 나타냈으며 최대값도 각각 2.9-3.8, 0.3-0.4로 일반 점토보다 큰 값을 보였다. 2단계, 3단계 반복압밀시험결과 $C_{c}$ , $C_{a}$ 는 압밀하중이 증가함에 따라서 약간 증가하였다. $C_{a}$ 는 OCR이 증가함에 따라서 감소하였으며 특히 OCR이 1-2 범위에서 감소폭이 크게 나타났다. 고유길토의 제압밀계수는 반복회수 및 하중의 크기 등에 따라서 큰 영향을 받으며 또한 과압밀 크기의 대소는 고유기질토의 $C_{a}$ 에 큰 영향을 미치는 것으로 생각되어 이 분야에 대한 더 많은 연구가 필요하다.

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Anisotropy in Coefficient of Consolidation of Clay (점토의 압밀계수에 대한 이방성)

  • 강병희;이윤규;김경태
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.141-149
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    • 1999
  • In order to investigate the anisotropy in the coefficient of consolidation of the clay deposit, a series of consolidation tests were carried out on the artificially deposited clay sample by both Rowe-type and conventional consolidometers. The results of the tests showed that the coefficient of consolidation for radially inward drainage by Rowe-type consolidometer was about two times larger than that for vertical drainage by the conventional consolidometer. The smear effect caused by vertical sand drain installation was found to be significant, especially in the overconsolidated region, but smaller with the increase in consolidation pressure.

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Nonlinear Consolidation Model Using an Extended Power Function (확장멱함수모형을 이용한 비선헝 압밀속도 모형의 개발)

  • 원정윤;장병욱
    • Geotechnical Engineering
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.181-190
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    • 1998
  • One-Dimensional Nonlinear Consolidation Model(NCM) ivas developed by using an Extended Power Function Model, which could represent the compressibility of soils. A nonlinear finite element program for NCM was developed to analyze the porewater pressure dissipation and the settlement of saturated soils. Parameters used in compressibility model could be easily obtained from conventional oedometer test data. This model has been applied to Yansan-Mulgum area for the comparison with the results of CONSOL program and that of Terzaghi theory. A Good The rates of consolidation predicted by this model and CONSOL were faster than that of conventional Tergaghi theory, for they consider the nonlinear characteristics of soils. Consolidation curves of this model were located between Terzaghi and CONSOL curves. Consolidation curves near drainage boundary, where effective stress valied rapidly, seemed to reflect the variations of compressibility of sails. Consolidation curves near drainage boundary obtained from this model were composed of two parabolic curves. Intersection of the parabolic curves occurred when effective stress reached the value of preconsolidation stress. Moreover, thin model could be used to represent the effect of magnitude of applied load. whereas CONSOL and Terazghi theory could not.

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A Study on the Application of the Constant Rate-of Strain Test Method Using Undisturbed Clay (불교란 점성토를 이용한 일정변형률압밀시험의 적용성에 관한 연구)

  • 김광태;이기세;백영식
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.93-105
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    • 2000
  • 일정변형률압밀사시험의 효율성 및 적용성을 구체화하기 위해 인공시료 또는 한정된 지역에서 채취한 불교란 점성토 시료가 아닌 광범위한 지역에서 채취한 불교란 점성토 시료에 대해 시험을 실시하였다. 시료채취의 대상지역은 우리나라의 서해안에서 동해안에 이르는 13개 지역이며, 29개의 불교란 자연시료를 채취하여 일정변형률압밀시험을 113회 실시하였다. 또한, 비교하기 위해 표준압밀시험도 병행하였다. 시험결과로부터 얻어진 압밀정수에 대한 공학적 특성을 고찰하였고, 회기분석을 통해 통계식을 제안하였다. 두 시험법에 의해 산출된 압밀정수를 비교 분석한 결과 수압비가 20% 이내인 범위에서는 일정변형률압밀시험의 변형률 속도가 압밀시험의 정수에 미치는 영향은 거의 없는 것으로 나타났다. 압축지수 및 압밀계수는 일정면형률시험의 결과 값이 표준압밀시험의 결과 값보다 크게 산출되었으나 일관성을 보였다. 또한, 선행압밀압력에 있어서는 두 시험법에 Cassagrande의 방법을 적용할 경우 서로 일치하는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구로부터 일정변형률압밀시험을 사용하여 표준압밀시험에 상용하는 상호관계식 개발의 타당성을 확인할 수 있었다.

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Effect of Side Friction on Consolidation Test of Normally Consolidated Kaolinite Slurry (정규압밀된 연약점토의 압밀시험시 측면 마찰의 영향)

  • Lee, Jangguen;Fox, Patrick J.
    • Journal of the Korean GEO-environmental Society
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.61-68
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    • 2008
  • Side friction is often neglected in the analysis of the results of a consolidation test when the specimen has a high ratio of diameter to height. As the height of a specimen increases, however, side friction becomes important. This paper presents an investigation of the effect of side friction on consolidation test results for normally consolidated kaolinite slurry. Consolidation tests were performed to obtain settlement, pore pressure, compressibility, and hydraulic conductivity of kaolinite slurry. The compressibility relationship is corrected for side friction using a modified form of Taylor (1942) analytical solution. Numerical simulations using the CS2 piecewise-linear model are compared with settlement and excess pore pressure measurements. Experimental results show improved agreement with a modified CS2 model in which the effect of side friction is considered. The numerical and experimental results indicate that the side friction is an important factor affecting the rate of consolidation as well as the compressibility relationship for the specimen.

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Evaluation of Constitutive Relationships and Consolidation Coefficients for Prediction of Consolidation Characteristics of Dredged and Reclaimed Ground (준설매립지반의 압밀거동 예측을 위한 구성관계식 산정 및 압밀정수 평가)

  • Jun, Sanghyun;Yoo, Namjae;Park, Byungsoo
    • Journal of the Korean GEO-environmental Society
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.31-41
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    • 2008
  • Consolidation characteristics of reclamated ground with dredged soil and methods of evaluating them are investigated in this paper. For a dredged and reclamated ground with a very high water content, self-weight consolidation being progressed, its consolidation characteristics are difficult to find since it is almost impossible to have a undisturbed sample. In order to overcome such a problem, methods of laboratory tests with disturbed sample were studied to obtain consolidation parameters required to analyze consolidation settlement in practices, using the conventional infinitesimal consolidation theory, were evaluated by carrying out various laboratory tests with disturbed soils such as oedometer test, constant rate of deformation test, Rowe-cell tests with ring diameters of 60 mm, 100 mm and 150 mm and the centrifuge model tests with 40 g-levels. Constitutive relations of void ratio - effective vertical stress - permeability were evaluated by using the inverse technique implemented with the finite strain consolidation theory and results of centrifuge model tests. Design soil parameters related to consolidation such as compression index, swelling index, coefficient of volume change and vertical and horizontal consolidation coefficients were proposed properly by analyzing the various test results comprehensively.

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Assessment of Consolidation Properties Using Modified Oedometer for Radial Drainage Condition (개량형 수평배수 압밀시험 장치에 의한 압밀특성 평가)

  • Jeon, Jesung
    • Journal of the Korean GEO-environmental Society
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    • v.10 no.7
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    • pp.143-150
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    • 2009
  • Material functions about effective stress, permeability, coefficient of consolidation and coefficient of volume change has important role to predict consolidation velocity and settlement of soft ground. Modified oedometer for radial drainage is adapted to find out material functions on laboratory tests. Undisturbed sample for laboratory tests were taken from construction sites of industrial complexes on southern coastal area which consists of upper dredged fill and lower original clay layer. For different drainage condition in consolidation process void ratio, effective stress, permeability, coefficient of consolidation and coefficient of volume change has been assessed with results of existing standard oedometer tests. It is worthwhile to note that consolidation material functions could be expressed as regression equation by Stark (2005), heterogeneity for permeability could be assessed from these relationships.

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Influence of Changing Coefficient of Consolidation and Layered Condition on Consolidation Behavior (압밀계수변화 및 지층조건이 압밀현상에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon, Je-Sung;Koo, Ja-Kap;Lee, Song
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.147-157
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    • 2005
  • In this study, consolidation analysis methods reflecting various ground condition and changing coefficient of consolidation with consolidation process are presented. Research activities include development of numerical program consists of two parts considering vertical drainage only and both drainage condition with vertical and radial direction. Also, interface equation of adjacent two layers and function for changing coefficient of consolidation are added to developed program. This paper presents the results from a detailed consolidation analyses, which explores consolidation process with time in varying layered system and changing coefficient of consolidation

Evaluation of Required Discharge Capacity for Prefabricated Vertical Drains (연직배수재의 소요통수능 평가)

  • 김상규;김현태;공길용
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.35-45
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    • 2001
  • Bergado에 의해 비교 분석된 많은 연구자들의 배수재의 소요통수능에 대한 제안값을 보면 0.32~50cc/s로 그 차이가 너무 크기 때문에 실무에 적용하기가 어렵다. 본 연구에서는 배수재의 통수능변화를 고려할 수 있는 압밀해석방법을 개발하고, 흙의 압밀계수, 압축지수, 배수재 타설심도 및 타설후 시간경과에 따른 배수재의 통수능 감소 등의 현장여건을 고려한 압밀해석을 통하여 압밀지연을 일으키지 않는 배수재의 소요통수능에 대한 기준을 제시하였다. 압밀해석결과 어느값 이상의 통수능에서는 압밀지연이 없으므로 이 값 이상의 통수능을 갖는 배수재를 선택하는 것이 중요하며, 압밀지연시간 5% 이내인 배수재의 소요통수능은 압밀계수($c_{v}$ ), 배수재의 길이(L) 및 압축지수($C_{c}$)와 비례관계로서 안전율 1.5를 고려하여 $q_{wa}$ =8$\times$($c_{v}$ $\times$L$\times$$C_{c}$)(cc/s) 이상이면 되는 상관식을 얻었다. 이 값 이상의 배수재를 선택하는 경우는 연직배수공법의 압밀해석에서 배수재의 통수능을 고려하지 않아도 된다는 결론을 얻었다.

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Influences of Coefficient of Permeability and Coefficient of Consolidation on Consolidation of Nonhomogeneous Soils (불균질지반의 압밀에 미치는 투수계수와 압밀계수의 영향)

  • Lee, Seung-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.1391-1395
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    • 2012
  • In order to find out the influences of the coefficient of permeability and the coefficient of consolidation on the consolidation of nonhomogeneous soils, self-developed program was used. For the purpose of analysis, nonhomogeneous soils of two layers which have various values of coefficient of permeability and coefficient of consolidation were assumed and analyzed by the developed program. According to the results obtained by the analysis, coefficient of consolidation has great effect on the distribution of excess pore water pressure and the consolidation settlement whereas coefficient of permeability has little effect on the characteristics of consolidation of nonhomogeneous soils.