• Title, Summary, Keyword: 압축변형율

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Variations of Dynamically-Recrystallized Grain Structure with Hot Deformation Conditions in a Ni-Fe Base Superalloy (Ni-Fe계 초내열합금에서 열간 변형 조건에 따른 동적 재결정립 구조의 변화)

  • 나영상;염종택;박노광
    • Proceedings of the Materials Research Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.144-144
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    • 2003
  • 니켈계 내열합금의 성형은 수백 $^{\circ}C$에 이르는 고온에서 이루어지기 때문에 열간성형 과정에서 소재 내부의 미세조직 변화에 대한 이해는 부품의 특성 제어 측면에서 매우 중요하다. 특히 열간 동적 재결정에 의해 발생되는 결정립 구조의 변화를 적절히 조절함으로써 부품의 특성을 극대화 할 수 있다. 본 연구에서는 Ni-Fe계 초내열합금에 대한 고온 압축실험과 압축시편에 대한 EBSD 분석을 통해 열간 변형 과정에서 발생하는 소재 내부의 동적인 결정립 구조의 변화를 정량적으로 분석하고자 하였다. 고온 압축시험은 101$0^{\circ}C$, 1066$^{\circ}C$의 온도 조건과 0.5s-1, 0.005s-1의 변형율 속도 조건에서 최대 진변형율 0.7까지 수행하였으며 진변형율에 따른 결정립 조직 변화를 관찰하기 위해 진변형 율에도 변화를 주어 실험을 수행하였다. 이들 고온 압축시편은 응력방향에 평행한 면에 대한 미세조직 관찰을 통해 재결정립 크기, 분율 및 결정립계의 특성 변화에 대한 정량적 연구를 수행하였다.

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Effect of the strain rate on friction factor and flow stress at Al 6061 alloy (Al 6061 합금에서 마찰인자 및 상온 유동응력에 미치는 변형율 속도 영향)

  • 박종수;윤존도;김국주;이정환
    • Proceedings of the Materials Research Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.95-95
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    • 2003
  • 특정한 마찰 또는 윤활조건 하에서 변형율 속도가 마찰인자에 미치는 영향을 관찰하기 위하여, 약 1$\times$$10^{-3}$/sec, 1$\times$$10^{-2}$/sec, 1$\times$$10^{-1}$/sec에 해당되는 3종류의 변형율 속도에서 평활금형, 흑연계윤활제 및 2황화 몰리브덴계 윤활제에 대한 마찰인자를 상온에서 각각 측정하였다. 측정방법으로서는 외경, 내경 및 높이 비가 6 : 3 : 2인 Al 6061 연주재 ring시편을 공칭변형율 65%까지 약 10% 씩 단속적으로 압축한 후 재윤활 하여주는 단속적 상온 압축시험 방법을 적용하였다. 측정결과, 변형율 속도가 증가함에 따라 윤활제를 사용하지 않은 평활금형에서의 마찰인자는 0.25에서 0.31로 증가, 흑연계 윤활제 적용시에는 0.23에서 0.15로 감소하는 경향을 각각 나타내었고, 2황화 몰리브덴계 윤활제 적용시에는 각각의 변형속도에서 측정된 인자는 0.09-0.10 범위 내로써 마찰인자에 미치는 변형율속도 영향이 아주 미미함을 보여주었다. 본 연구 결과에서는 이 측정결과로부터 각각의 변형속도에서 Al 6061 연주재의 원통형 압축시편으로부터 구한 압축측정응력으로부터 상온유동응력을 구하여 상호 비교하고자 하였다.

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Freezing-and-Thawing Resistance and Strain Characteristics of Recycled Concrete (재생콘크리트의 동결융해저항성과 변형특성)

  • 김광우;이봉학;도영수
    • Magazine of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 1992
  • 폐쇄 폐콘크리트를 재활용한 재생콘크리트의 강도특성을 천연골재를 사용한 일반콘크리트와 비교하였다. 동결융해 처리수의 압축강도와 3점휨 재하시험하의 변형율을 측정하였다. 재생콘크리트는 동결융해 처리 후 압축강도 보존율이 더 높았다. 재생콘크리트는 또한 높은 변형율과 처짐에 민감함을 보였으나 파괴와 관련된 다른 성질들은 일반콘크리트와 유사하거나 더 좋은 것으로 나타났다. 그러므로 폐콘크리트를 구조용 콘크리트 제조에 재 사용이 가능할 것으로 보여진다. 그러나 실제 사용을 위하여는 콘크리트에 있어서 중요한 성질인 압축강도가 더 증진되어야 하며 최대 변형율도 보다 자세히 점검되어야 한다.

Unconfined Compression Strengh Characteristics and Degree of Disturbance of Busan Marine Clay (부산 해성 점토의 일축압축강도 특성 및 교란도에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Byoung-Il;Lee, Seung-Won;Lee, Seung-Hyun;Cho, Sung-Min
    • Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.29-36
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    • 2005
  • In this study, relations among unconfined compressive strength, strain at maximum strength and depth were compared with each other. Test specimen is marine clay originated from the place near Ga-duck island in Busan city. In addition, influence of impure material contained in specimen and that of total core recovery(TCR) on unconfined compressive strength and degree of disturbance were investigated. As a result of tests, unconfined compressive strength decreases as strain corresponding to maximum strength increases. Also, the deeper the sampling depth and the bigger the TCR, the unconfined compressive strength increases. Especially, as the TCR increases, the unconfined compressive strength Increases and quality of specimen is enhanced.

Mechanical Characteristics of Light-weighted Soils Using Dredged Soils (준설토를 활용한 경량혼합토의 역학적 특성 연구)

  • 윤길림;김병탁
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.75-83
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    • 2002
  • This paper is to investigate the mechanical characteristics of light-weighted soils (LWS) consisting of expanded polystyrene(EPS), dredged clays and cement by using both uniaxial and triaxial compression tests. The mechanical characteristics of the compressive strength of LWS are analysed with varying initial water contents of dredged clays, EPS ratio, cement ratio, and curing stress. In the triaxial compression state, it is found that the compressive strength of LWS containing EPS is independent on the effective confined stress. As the EPS ratio decreases($A_E$<2%) and cement ratio increases($A_c$>2%), the behavior characteristics of triaxial compressive strength-strain relationship is similar to that of cemented soil which decreases rapidly in compressive strength after ultimate compressive strength. For the applications of LWS to ground improvements which require the compressive strength of up to 200kPa, the optimized EPS ratio and initial water content of dredged clay are estimated to be 3~4% and 165~175%, respectively. Also, the ultimate compressive strength under both triaxial test and uniaxial compression states are almost constant for a cement ratio of up to 2% and then critical cement ratio of this LWS shall be 2%.

Confinement Range of Transverse Reinforcements for T-shaped Reinforced Concrete Walls (철근콘크리트 T형 벽체의 콘크리트 구속을 위한 횡철근의 배근범위)

  • 하상수;오영훈;최창식;이리형
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.1001-1009
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    • 2002
  • The objective of this study is to determine the range of confinement (or the transverse reinforcement of the reinforced concrete structural walls with the T-shaped cross section subjected to cyclic lateral loads. The range of confinement for transverse reinforcement is related to the location of neutral axis and determined by the magnitude and distribution of compressive strain. The compressive strain depends on the ratio of wall cross sectional area to the floor-plan area, the aspect ratio, configuration, the axial load, and the reinforcement ratios. By affection of flange, the neutral axis appears different depending on positive and negative forces and because of this reason, when web and flange are subjected to compressive stress, the range of confinement for the transverse reinforcement of T-shaped walls would shows different result. Therefore this experimental research focused on the structural characteristics of T-shaped walls and suggested the neutral axis depth through comparing the results of this study with sectional analysis.

Mechanical Characteristics of Light-weighted Foam Soil Consisting of Dredged Soils (준설토를 이용한 경량기포혼합토의 역학적 특성 연구)

  • 김주철;이종규
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.309-317
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    • 2002
  • The mechanical characteristics of Light-Weighted Foam Soil(LWFS) are investigated in this research. LWFS is composed of the dredged soil from offshore, cement and foam to reduce the unit-weight and increase compressive strength. For this purpose, the unconfined compression tests and triaxial compression tests are carried out on the prepared specimens of LWFS with various conditions such as initial water contents, cement contents, curing conditions and confining stresses. The test results of LWFS indicated that the stress-strain relationship and the compressive strength are strongly influenced by the cement contents rather than the intial water contents of the dredged soils. On the other hand, the stress-strain relationship from triaxial compression test has shown strain-softening behavior regardless of curing conditions. The stress-strain behavior for the various confining stress exhibited remarkable change at the boundary where the confining stress approached to the unconfined compression strength of LWFS. In order to obtain the ground improvement of the compressive strength above 200kPa, the required LWFS mixing ratio is found to be 100%~160% of the initial water contents of dredged soil and 6.6% of cement contents.

Characteristics of Compressive Strength of Geogrid Mixing Reinforced Lightweight Soil (지오그리드 혼합 보강경량토의 압축강도특성 연구)

  • Kim, Yun-Tae;Kwon, Yong-Kyu;Kim, Hong-Joo
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.22 no.7
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    • pp.37-44
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    • 2006
  • This paper investigates strength characteristics and stress-strain behaviors of geogrid mixing reinforced lightweight soil. The lightweight soil was reinforced with geogrid in order to increase its compressive strength. Test specimens were fabricated by various mixing conditions including cement content, initial water content, air content and geogrid layer and then unconfined compression tests were carried out. From the experimental results, it was found that unconfined compressive strength as well as stress-strain behavior of lightweight soil was strongly influenced by mixing conditions. The more cement content that is added to the mixture, the greater its unconfined compressive strength. However, the more initial water content or the more air foam content, the less its unconfined compressive strength. It was observed that the compressive strength of reinforced lightweight soil increased reinforcing effect by the geogrid for most cases. Stress-strain relation of geogrid mixing reinforced lightweight soil showed a ductile behavior rather than a brittle behavior. In reinforced lightweight soil, secant modulus ($E_{50}$) also increased as its compressive strength increased due to the inclusion of geogrid.

Low Cycle Fatigue Strength and Fractue Behavior of STS 316 Stainless Steel at Elevated Temperature (STS 316강의 저사이클 고온 피로강도와 파괴거동)

  • 오세욱;이규용
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.305-312
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    • 1984
  • 본 연구에서는 STS 316강의 고온 저사이클 피로강도와 파괴거동을 고찰하고자 고온 대기중에서 변형율 제어에 의한 인장.압축 저사이클 피로시험을 실시하였다. 전 변형율축, 탄성 변형율축 및 소성 변형율축과 피로수명과의 관계를 일정 변형율 속 도하에서 응력축, 온도 및 주파수의 영향과 파괴거동을 고찰하였다.