• Title, Summary, Keyword: 압축 가새 부재

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Hysteretic Behavior of Compressive Braces upon Repeated Cyclic Loading Based on the Review of Existing Data (기존 실험 자료를 통한 압축 철골가새의 반복 이력거동에 관한 고찰)

  • Lee, Kangmin
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.359-368
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    • 2003
  • Design and detailing requirements of seismic provisions for Concentrically Braced Frames (CBF) were specified based on the premise that bracing members with large KL/r and low b/t have superior seismic performance. However, relatively few tests have been done to investigate the cyclic behavior of CBF. Therefore, the question lies on whether the compression member of CBF plays as significant a role as what has been typically assumed by design providers. In this paper, existing experimental data were reviewed to quantify the extent of hysteretic energy achieved by bracing members in past compression tests as well as the extent of degradation of the compression force given repeated cycling loading.

Seismic Behavior of Concrete-Filled HSS Bracing Members Reinforced by Rib (리브 보강된 콘크리트 충전 HSS 가새부재의 이력 거동)

  • Han, Sang Whan;Yeo, Seung Min;Kim, Wook Tae
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.53-62
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study is to improve the seismic behavior of the bracing members. Lee and Goel's (1987) concrete filling in the hollow structural section (HSS) reduced the severity of local buckling and increased the fracture life. However, concrete filling in the HSS did not prevent the occurrence of local buckling in the midsection of the bracing member, which resulted in continuous strength degradation. This study investigated the seismic behavior of the concrete-filled HSS bracing member, which is reinforced by ribs in the midsection of the bracing member. The main variable of the specimens is rib length. The test results showed that buckling mode, cyclic compression strength, and energy dissipation capacity of the bracing members were affected by rib length. Specimen reinforced with ribs with a length of 63% had better structural performance.

Energy Dissipation Demand of Braces Using Non-linear Dynamic Analyses of X-Braced Frame (비선형 동적 해석을 통한 X형 가새골조 내 가새 부재의 에너지 소산)

  • Lee, Kangmin
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.379-388
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    • 2003
  • The response of single story buildings and other case studies were investigated to observe trends and develop a better understanding of the impact of some design parameters on the seismic response of Concentrically Braced Frames (CBF). While many parameters are known to influence the behavior of braced frames, the focus of this study was mostly on quantifying energy dissipation in compression and its effectiveness on seismic performance. Based on dynamic analyses of single story braced frame and case studies, a bracing member designed with bigger R and larger KL/r was found to result in lower normalized cumulative energy ratio in both cases.

Prediction of Column Axial Force in X-braced Seismic Steel Frames Considering Brace Buckling (가새좌굴을 고려한 X형 내진 가새골조의 기둥축력 산정법)

  • Yoon, Won Soon;Lee, Cheol Ho;Kim, Jeong Jae
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.523-535
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    • 2014
  • According to the capacity design concept underlying current steel seimsic provisions, the braces in concentrically braced frames should dissipate seismic energy through cyclic tension yielding and compression buckling. On the other hand, the beams and the columns in the braced bay should remain elastic for gravity load actions and additional column axial forces resulting from the brace buckling and yielding. However, due to the difficulty in accumulating the yielding and buckling-induced column forces from different stories, empirical and often conservative approaches have been used in design practice. Recently a totally different approach was proposed by Cho, Lee, and Kim (2011) for the prediction of column axial forces in inverted V-braced frames by explicitly considering brace buckling. The idea proposed in their study is extended to X-braced seismic frames which have structural member configurations and load transfer mechanism different from those of inverted V-braced frames. Especially, a more efficient rule is proposed in combining multi-mode effects on the column axial forces by using the modal-mass based weighting factor. The four methods proposed in this study are evaluated based on extensive inelastic dynamic analysis results.

Seismic Design of Columns in Inverted V-braced Steel Frames Considering Brace Buckling (가새좌굴을 고려한 역 V형 가새골조의 기둥부재 내진설계법)

  • Cho, Chun-Hee;Kim, Jung-Jae;Lee, Cheol-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2010
  • According to the capacity design concept which forms the basis of the current steel seismic codes, the braces in concentrically braced frames (CBFs) should dissipate seismic energy through cyclic tension yielding and cyclic compression buckling while the beams and the columns should remain elastic. Brace buckling in inverted V-braced frames induces unbalanced vertical forces which, in turn, impose the additional beam moments and column axial forces. However, due to difficulty in predicting the location of buckling stories, the most conservative approach implied in the design code is to estimate the column axial forces by adding all the unbalanced vertical forces in the upper stories. One alternative approach, less conservative and recommended by the current code, is to estimate the column axial forces based on the amplified seismic load expected at the mechanism-level response. Both are either too conservative or lacking technical foundation. In this paper, three combination rules for a rational estimation of the column axial forces were proposed. The idea central to the three methods is to detect the stories of high buckling potential based on pushover analysis and dynamic behavior. The unbalanced vertical forces in the stories detected as high buckling potential are summed in a linear manner while those in other stories are combined by following the SRSS(square root of sum of squares) rule. The accuracy and design advantage of the three methods were validated by comparing extensive inelastic dynamic analysis results. The mode-shape based method(MSBM), which is both simple and accurate, is recommended as the method of choice for practicing engineers among the three.

Deformation Capacity of Inverted V-Type Brace Strengthened by Built-up Non-welded Buckling Restraint Element (조립형 무용접 좌굴방지재로 보강된 역V형 가새의 변형성능)

  • Kim, Sun Hee;Moon, Ji Young;Choi, Sung Mo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.261-271
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    • 2015
  • Steel concentrically braced frame is an efficient system that can acquire resistance against the lateral force of buildings with the least amount of quantity. In this study is intended to proceed on the research of schemes for reinforcement by supplementing previously installed H-formed brace with non-welded cold-formed plastic stiffening materials restricting the flexure and buckling and acquire a consistent strength on the tensile and compressive force. As for the measures of supplementing previously-installed inverted V-formed braced frame, stiffening materials in the previous studies were converted to weak-axial supplementing materials to suggest a specific scheme evaluating the structural function through an experiment of members, interpretation of members, and frame-focused experiment. Reinforced brace satisfied the requirement to be prevent AISC brace from being ruptured due to imbalanced strength in the beam.

Resistance of Web-Separated Diagrid Nodes Subjected to Cyclic Loading (반복하중에 대한 웨브전이형 다이아그리드 노드의 구조적 특성)

  • Kim, Young Ju;Jung, In Yong;Ju, Young K.;Kim, Sang Dae
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.257-266
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    • 2009
  • The results of the analysis of the structural behavior of diagrid nodes that were subjected to cyclic loads such as wind and earthquakes was not fully understood due to difficulties in considering the welding type. In this study, diagrid nodes were tested to determine their behavior when they are subjected to seismic or wind loads. Five specimens were designed and fabricated. The corresponding test parameters were the welding type for each point and the length of the overlap of the side stiffener and the brace web. Tensile force was applied to one diagrid brace member, and compression force was applied to the other diagrid brace member. Cyclic loading was applied until the failure. The test showed that failures are due to axial stress from axial force and the additional bending moment of the two combined axial forces that have different directions. Tensile failure was observed from the tensile force, and local buckling was observed from the compressive force at the flange of the brace member. In addition, the welding type and the length overlap affected the initial stiffness, the yielding stress, and the energy absorption of the diagrid node.

Structural Performance Evaluation of Buckling-Restrained Braces Made of High-Strength Steels (고강도강 비좌굴 가새의 구조성능 평가)

  • Park, Man Woo;Ju, Young Kyu;Kim, Myeong Han;Kim, Ji Young;Kim, Sang Dae
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.355-364
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    • 2008
  • The Buckling-Restrained Braces (BRB) has been developed to inhibit buckling and exhibit stable behavior under both tensile and compressive cycles. In this study, an experimental has been conducted by using the strength of its members and loading protocols as parameters to evaluate the structural performance of BRB (without in-filled concrete). Specimens are composed of an inner core and an outer tube with different steel strengths. When high-strength steels were used as inner cores, the ductility of BRB decreasedm and the requirements (Cumulative Plastic Ductility) of the AISC Seismic Provisions were not satisfied. However, when high-strength steels were used as inner cores instead of conventional strength steel cores, the maximum capacity increased significantly and displayed similar performance in total energy dissipation.

Structural Performance Evaluation of Buckling-Restrained Braces Made of High-Strength Steels (고강도강 비좌굴 가새의 구조성능 평가)

  • Park, Man Woo;Ju, Young Kyu;Kim, Myeong Han;Kim, Ji Young;Kim, Sang Dae
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.33-42
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    • 2008
  • Buckling-Restrained Braces (BRB) has been developed to inhibit buckling and exhibit stable behavior underboth tensile and compresive cycles. In this study, an experime nt has been conducted by using the strength of its members and loading protocols as parameters to evaluate the structural performance of BRB (without in-filed concrete). Specimens are composed of an inner core and an outer tube with diferent steel strengths. When high-strength steels were used as iner cores, the ductility of BRB decreased, and the requirements (Cumulative Plastic Ductility) of the AISC Seismic Provisions were not satisfied. however, when high-strength steels were used as inner cores instead of conventional strength stel cores, the maximum capacity increased significantly and displayed similar performance in total energy dissipation.

Hysteresis Characteristics of Buckling Restrained Brace with Precast RC Restraining Elements (조립형 프리캐스트 콘크리트 보강재를 가지는 비좌굴가새의 이력특성)

  • Shin, Seung-Hoon;Oh, Sang-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.72-84
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    • 2016
  • The conventional brace system is generally accepted as the lateral load resisting system for steel structures due to efficient story drift control and economic feasibility. But lateral stiffness of the structure decreases when buckling happens to the brace in compression, so that it results in unstable structure with unstable hysteresis behavior through strength deterioration. Buckling restrained brace(BRB) system, in which steel core is confined by mortar/concrete-filled tube, represents stable behavior in the post-yield range because the core's buckling is restrained. So, seismic performance of BRB is much better than that of conventional brace system in point of energy absorption capacity, and it is applied the most in high seismicity regions as damper element. BRBs with various shaped-sections have been developed across the globe, but the shapes experimented in Korea are now quite limited. In this study, we considered built-up type of restraining member made up of precast reinforcement concrete and the steel core. we experimented the BRB according to AISC(2005) and evaluated seismic performances and hysteresis characteristics.