• Title, Summary, Keyword: 애도의 과정

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Grief about Aging - Psychoanalytic search of the movie 'Miss Granny'- (노령화에 대한 애도 - 영화 '수상한 그녀'의 정신분석학적 탐색-)

  • Cho, Chang-Un;Lee, Hyun-Sim;Lee, Chang-don
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.8 no.10
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    • pp.351-358
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    • 2017
  • This study analyzed the process of mourning for aging in the film 'Miss Granny' in a convergent method. In exploring the contents of the movie repeatedly and interpreting the feeling of loss of old age in aging process as mourning process, I explored them in a psychoanalytic way. In other words, in a psychoanalytic method, I analyzed the aging process as a process of reinterpreting life and the change in developmental attitude toward the future life as a psychological world of mourning. The results of the study show that the process of mourning follows 'loss and deficiency', 'escape and regression', 'disidentification and decentralization', and 'adaptation to the new reality'. Based on these results, this research suggests that the counselor should not only focus on creating a psychological mood environment so that the client's mourning work will be smooth, but also should be able to use a complex counseling technique to improve the mental ability of the client.

A Study on Curriculum to Improve Grief Counselor's Competency (애도상담자 전문역량 향상을 위한 교육과정 탐색)

  • Jeon, Hee-Chung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.602-615
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    • 2018
  • Loss has been expanded to include not only death but also the change that take place in the transition of life. In addition, the rate of direct and indirect experience of death around us has increased due to natural disasters and unexpected accidents. Therefore, there is a growing demand for grief counseling and a need for professional grief counseling. The purpose of this study was to investigate the competency of grief counselors and to review on the literatures what grief counselors should be trained to improve their professional competences. Specifically, there were grief counseling theory, evaluation of grief, death education, and counselor self-care. There were suggested that how to integrate into existing counselor curriculum and introduced experiential practice. This study can be used as a basic data for encouraging the attention of grief counselor education and competency model.

Treatment Course of the Historical Trauma -Viewed from the Novel, Uncle Suni by Hyun Ki-young (역사적 트라우마의 치료과정- 현기영의 「순이삼촌」을 중심으로)

  • Eum, Yeong-Cheol
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.11
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    • pp.297-305
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    • 2013
  • This thesis is a result of a study of the treatment course of post traumatic stress disorder because of the historical incident which is described in the novel, Uncle Suni by Hyun Ki-young. Uncle Suni survived the massacre which happened during the 4.3 Incident in Jeju Island. However, living a buried life, she suffers a historical trauma. To cure her disorder, she had to know the cause of her illness, such as auditory hallucination, mysophobia, etc. The author describes that kinds of patients should be ensured to get help not only in duty of the society but of the country and that historical justice should stand right. Uncle Suni reexperienced the incident when she happened to discover 'the white bones' and 'the lead bullets' while she was working in her 'Ohmpang field'. To cure her illness, she needed to confess her guilt that she had escaped from the massacre, and deep appreciation about the incident, which means she had to testify, and in the course of the testimony, she had to confess her inner feelings. To solve the historical trauma, there should be a recovery of connection between the patient and the society. The course of treatment should go from the patient herself to the realm of the society through which the patient, Uncle Suni can reach the recovery.

Concept Development of Grief-Focusing on the Process of Spousal Bereavement (애도 개념개발 - 배우자 사별과정을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Mi-Ra
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.37 no.7
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    • pp.1119-1130
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: This study was done to develop the concept of grief focusing on the process of spousal bereavement in Korea. Methods: The Hybrid model was used for analysis according to the 3 phases. An extensive literature review was done for the Theoretical phase. In-depth interviews were conducted with 15 participants whose spouses died within the past 3 years in the Field phase. In the Final analytic phase, the results in the Theoretical and the Field phases were compared, analyzed, and integrated according to the process of grief. Results: The antecedent of the concept of spousal grief was spousal death. The dimensions of grief were classified to inner dimensions related to oneself, relational dimensions related to family and others, and existential dimensions related to the meaning of being. The attributes of grief were physical suffering, decline of cognitive ability, heartbreaking sorrow, expectations and conflicts of a new life, social stigma, dependence on or resentment towards God, etc. The empirical referent of grief was physical, psychological, social, and spiritual health status. The grieving progressed through 3 phases-shock-emancipation, suffering, and integration. Conclusion: Nurses should recognize the importance of their unique position as supporters for grievers, and try to assess individual characteristics and to provide tailored nursing interventions.

New Treatment of Source Terms in Upwind Scheme (상류이송기법의 생성항 처리를 위한 새로운 기법의 개발)

  • Kim, Won;Han, Kun Yeun;Woo, Hyo Seop
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.371-375
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    • 2004
  • 상류이송기법은 불연속 흐름을 해석할 수 있기 때문에 댐붕괴류, 천이류 등의 해석에 많이 이용되고 있다. 그러나 상류이송기법은 생성항 처리과정에서 발생하는 오차로 인해 불균일한 단면을 가진 자연하천에는 거의 적용되지 못하고 단순화된 하도에만 주로 적용되어 왔다. 본 논문에서는 생성항의 차분화를 위해서 정규화된 Jacobian을 사용하는 상류이송형 생성항 처리기법을 새로이 개발하였다. 두 종류의 상류이송기법에 적용한 결과 본 연구에서 제안된 생성항 처리기법이 기존 생성항 처리기법의 단점을 모두 극복할 수 있는 정확하면서도 효율적인 방법인 것으로 나타났다. 본 인구에서 제안한 방법은 단순한 형태를 지니고 있으며 다른 상류이송기법애도 다양하게 적용될 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.

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Concept Analysis of Nurses' Acceptance of Patient Deaths (간호사의 환자죽음 수용에 대한 개념분석)

  • Yi, Mi Joung;Lee, Jeong Seop
    • The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.34-44
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to identify a theoretical basis of end-of-life care by examining attributes of the concept of the nurses' acceptance of patient deaths. Methods: Walker and Avant's approach to concept analysis was used. A literature study was performed to check the usage of the concept. To identify the attributes of the concept and come up with an operational definition, we analyzed 16 qualitative studies on nurses' experiences of death of patients, published in a national science magazine from 1999 to 2015. Results: The nurses' acceptance of death of patients was identified as having four attributes: acceptance through mourning, attaining insight on life and death while ruminating life, facing with fortitude and practicing human dignity. Antecedents of the concept were experiences of patient's death, confusion and conflict, negative emotions, passive responses, denial of patients' death. The consequences of the concept were found as the holistic end-of-life care and active pursuit of life. Conclusion: This study on the attributes of the concept of the nurses' acceptance of death of patients and it's operational definition will likely lay the foundation for applicable end-of-life care mediations and theoretical development.

A Study on the Design of Memorial in the Design Competition for Donghak Peasant Revolution Memorial Park (동학농민혁명 기념공원 설계공모에 나타난 메모리얼 설계 경향)

  • Lee, Jin-Wook;Sung, Jong-Sang;Son, Yong-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.66-79
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    • 2017
  • In 2014, a Donghak Peasant Revolution Memorial Park design competition was held with various forms and techniques to convey mourning. This is a process of the reconsideration of memorial projects that are used to stimulate the collective memory and it is a meaningful resource for examining the consciousness of contemporary designers in regards to the memorial designs that are currently under planning in Korea. This study investigated the background of the Donghak commemorative projects that took place at the same site in a timely manner and analyzed the design competition through the existing literature research. Through this, it was seen that the memorial, which was formed by means of past political purposes, has changed into a way to collect various opinions and forms through open design competition. A framework of analysis prepared through multi-layer analysis is daily use, interaction and spontaneity, abstraction, temporality, locality, integration and harmony with surroundings. The results of this study are as follows. First, in order to convey memorial commemoration in everyday life, the projects organized scattered memorial spaces with special characteristics and linked them with daily activities program. Second, the projects used direct participation and emotional experiences to interact with monuments. Third, color, vertical elements, clustering, and park frame manipulation were used for abstract reproduction. Fourth, the projects introduce architecture and furniture that can be changed and plants for temporal change. Fifth, the previous terrain was restored and the setting of the scene was reproduced in order to make the site a space with place. Sixth, to improve the connection with existing monuments, the projects used techniques such as relaxation and the reinforcement of circulation lines and axes. Seventh, a path and a building conforming to the terrain were arranged for harmony with the surroundings.

Business Model for the Condolence Service using the Images (영상물을 이용한 조문 서비스를 위한 비즈니스 모델)

  • Hwang, Su-Chul
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.59-66
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    • 2012
  • In daily life if a condoler receive a notice of a person's death who he/she know, he/she generally have the deepest regret and offer condolence money. Also an enterpriser or private chairman send a floral tribute. But it has some problem to occur a abuse according in reuse and an environmental pollution in process of trash. In this paper it is suggested an business model for the condolence service using images, floral tributes and letters of condolence made of images, in the funeral place which is an alternation to reduce the problem. And it is structured and implemented a service model that displays floral tributes made of dynamic images to a large monitor installed on wall in condoler room of funeral place. As a result it is showed that a service of floral tributes made of images may be realized to be given web site of servicing images for the condolence.

The Attitude of the Bereaved Family Attending a Bereavement Memorial Service (사별가족모임과 관련된 사별가족 태도 연구)

  • Jung, In-Soon;Shim, Byoung-Yong;Kim, Young-Seon;Lee, Ok-Kyung;Han, Sun-Ae;Shin, Ju-Hyun;Lee, Jong-Ku;Hwang, Su-Hyun;Ok, Jong-Sun;Kim, Hoon-Kyo
    • The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.143-151
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: Bereavement Memorial Service has been held every year by the hospice team at St. Vincent's Hospital for the purpose of supporting the bereaved family who feel grief and mourning. The purpose of this study is to find out the attitude of the bereaved attending at bereavement memorial service (BMS) and to find out the areas needing improvements to set up better memorial service. Methods: Hospice team sent invitation card to 180 families of patients who admitted and passed away at hospice ward Nov., 2003${\sim}$Oct., 2004. Among them 22 families attended the BMS meeting, which was held on 26th Nov., 2004. The researcher collected data from 22 families with 'Questionnaire' survey. Except identifying data and 2 dichotomy questions, we used open-ended questionnaire. 1 researcher conducted a telephone interview survey in 18 families who couldn't attend at BMS meeting. Results: The median age was 56 (range $16{\sim}19$) and there were 37 females and 3 males. They were patient's wife (22), mother (4), husband (5), daughter (4), mother-in-law (1), siblings (1), brothers wife (1). Duration after bereavement, $1{\sim}3$ months (17) was the highest frequency. 36 families agreed 'the dead experienced the death with dignity'. The reason of agreement to the death with dignity was 'the patient died in preparation' (16). 'the patient died in well-being condition spiritually' (9), 'the patient died in comfort physically (7). 4. persons thought the dead died with indignity. The bereaved defined 'the death with dignity' as follows: 'acceptance of death & death in spiritual well-being' (9), 'death in physical comfort condition' (7), 'the death in psycho-social well-being' (3), non-respondents (10). Most families (21) were still in difficulty to overcome bereavement grief. The answer regarding the method to overcome the difficulty was 'with spiritual sublimation' (13), 'with devotion of oneself in daily life' (10), 'with devotion to mourning as it is' (3). With regard to their attitude to invitation, 'having joy and thanks from hospice team' (21), 'grief' (4), 'suffering' (4). Toward the existence of hesitation about attendance at BMS meeting, the result as follows. Nonexistence of hesitation respondent (34), existence respondent (6), the reason for hesitation was various; 'the meeting reminds me of the suffering times', 'the meeting makes me to recall, and it will be likely to cry', and so on. The needs and feelings to memorial service meeting were various; 'it was meaningful time', 'it was good to recall about the dead', 'more meeting annually' and so on. In respect of the most difficulty after bereavement, in attendant family, 'depression' (10) was the highest frequency, whereas, in non-attendant family, the most difficult thing was 'financial problem/role difficulty (6). Conclusion: This study shows the rate of attendance was high in bereaved whose bereavement duration $1{\sim}3$ month. Most of bereaved were still suffering from bereavement grief within 1 year. Although most families didn't hesitate and felt positive mood to invitation, the rate of attendance was low. Comparing with two groups between attendant family and non-attendant, the latter felt more difficulty in 'financial problem/role difficulty, on the other hand, the former felt difficulty in 'depression'. Hereafter, the additional study about the factor relating to these attitude and needs of the bereaved relating to memorial service will be necessary.

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Digital Hologram Compression Technique By Hybrid Video Coding (하이브리드 비디오 코팅에 의한 디지털 홀로그램 압축기술)

  • Seo, Young-Ho;Choi, Hyun-Jun;Kang, Hoon-Jong;Lee, Seung-Hyun;Kim, Dong-Wook
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SP
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.29-40
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    • 2005
  • According as base of digital hologram has been magnified, discussion of compression technology is expected as a international standard which defines the compression technique of 3D image and video has been progressed in form of 3DAV which is a part of MPEG. As we can identify in case of 3DAV, the coding technique has high possibility to be formed into the hybrid type which is a merged, refined, or mixid with the various previous technique. Therefore, we wish to present the relationship between various image/video coding techniques and digital hologram In this paper, we propose an efficient coding method of digital hologram using standard compression tools for video and image. At first, we convert fringe patterns into video data using a principle of CGH(Computer Generated Hologram), and then encode it. In this research, we propose a compression algorithm is made up of various method such as pre-processing for transform, local segmentation with global information of object image, frequency transform for coding, scanning to make fringe to video stream, classification of coefficients, and hybrid video coding. Finally the proposed hybrid compression algorithm is all of these methods. The tool for still image coding is JPEG2000, and the toots for video coding include various international compression algorithm such as MPEG-2, MPEG-4, and H.264 and various lossless compression algorithm. The proposed algorithm illustrated that it have better properties for reconstruction than the previous researches on far greater compression rate above from four times to eight times as much. Therefore we expect that the proposed technique for digital hologram coding is to be a good preceding research.