• Title/Summary/Keyword: 애드조인트법

### Level Set Based Topological Shape Optimization Combined with Meshfree Method (레벨셋과 무요소법을 결합한 위상 및 형상 최적설계)

• Ahn, Seung-Ho;Ha, Seung-Hyun;Cho, Seonho
• Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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• v.27 no.1
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• pp.1-8
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• 2014
• Using the level set and the meshfree methods, we develop a topological shape optimization method applied to linear elasticity problems. Design gradients are computed using an efficient adjoint design sensitivity analysis(DSA) method. The boundaries are represented by an implicit moving boundary(IMB) embedded in the level set function obtainable from the "Hamilton-Jacobi type" equation with the "Up-wind scheme". Then, using the implicit function, explicit boundaries are generated to obtain the response and sensitivity of the structures. Global nodal shape function derived on a basis of the reproducing kernel(RK) method is employed to discretize the displacement field in the governing continuum equation. Thus, the material points can be located everywhere in the continuum domain, which enables to generate the explicit boundaries and leads to a precise design result. The developed method defines a Lagrangian functional for the constrained optimization. It minimizes the compliance, satisfying the constraint of allowable volume through the variations of boundary. During the optimization, the velocity to integrate the Hamilton-Jacobi equation is obtained from the optimality condition for the Lagrangian functional. Compared with the conventional shape optimization method, the developed one can easily represent the topological shape variations.

### Shape Design Sensitivity Analysis Using Isogeometric Approach (등기하 해석법을 이용한 설계 민감도 해석)

• Ha, Seung-Hyun;Cho, Seon-Ho
• Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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• v.20 no.3
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• pp.339-345
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• 2007
• In this paper, a variational formulation for plane elasticity problems is derived based on an isogeometric approach. The isogeometric analysis is an emerging methodology such that the basis functions for response analysis are generated directly from NURBS (Non-Uniform Rational B-Splines) geometry. Furthermore, the solution space for the response analysis can be represented in terms of the same functions to represent the geometry, which enables to provide a precise construction method of finite element model to exactly represent geometry using B-spline base functions in CAD geometric modeling and analyze arbitrarily shaped structures without re-meshing. In this paper, a continuum-based adjoint sensitivity analysis method using the isogeometric approach is extensively derived for the plane elasticity problems. The conventional shape optimization using the finite element method has some difficulties in the parameterization of geometry In the isogeometric analysis, however, the geometric properties are already embedded in the B-spline basis functions and control points so that it has potential capability to overcome the aforementioned difficulties. Through some numerical examples, the developed isogeometric sensitivity analysis method is verified to show excellent agreement with finite difference sensitivity.