• Title, Summary, Keyword: 앤더슨 모형

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Influencing factors on oral health behavior and dental clinic use in industrial workers by Andersen model (앤더슨 모형을 적용한 산업체 근로자 직업유형에 따른 구강보건행위와 치과이용에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Im, Ae-Jung;Heo, Yun-Min;Kim, Hyoung-Joo;Lim, Hee-Jung
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.235-243
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the oral health and oral health beliefs in industrial workers and to analyze the influencing factors on dental health care utilization. Methods: The subjects were 280 adults from 16 to 64 years old in Seoul and Gyeonggi from June 20 to July 31, 2014, A self-reported questionnaire was completed after receiving informed consent. The independent variables consisted of predisposing, enabling, and need factors. The predisposing factors included gender, age, residence area, number of family. The enabling variables included monthly income, education, occupation, type of employment. The need factors included subjective oral health recognition and oral health belief model. These three variables had a direct and indirect influence on dental clinic use. The types of occupation were classified into desk duties, merchandizing and service duties technology and others by KSCO-6. Results: The relating factors to dental health care utilization were sex, oral health beliefs perceived benefits, perceived barriers, and self-efficacy. Female tended to have the higher oral health beliefs perceived benefits, perceived barriers(p<0.01), self-efficacy(p<0.05). Conclusions: Those who received frequent oral examination and health instruction tended to have a favorable impact on maintenance of oral health status and improvement in quality of life.

FACTORS AFFECTING CHILDREN'S DENTAL UTILIZATION: AN APPLICATION OF THE ANDERSEN MODEL (앤더슨 뉴만모형을 이용한 아동의 치과의료이용행태에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Soo-Nam;Lee, Heung-Soo;Kim, Kyung-Hey;Kim, Dae-Eop;Park, Deug-Hee
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.162-170
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study is to provide framework for understanding children's dental utilization. In this paper Andersen-Newman's model is applied to the use of dental visits. This model consists of predisposing, enabling, and need components that describe a person's decision to use dental health services. One thousand, nine hundred seven children and their mothers were selected for the study. The children were fourth grade to sixth grade in elementary schools in Iksan city, Korea. Models are operationalized using stepwise multiple regression analysis and path analysis. The number of independent variables used in the analysis was 39 in total, ie 32 predisposing components, 6 enabling components, and 1 need component. Children's Dental utilization was measured based on the number of visits. The data collected by means of a questionnaire survey. In this study, the amount of variance by the model was 25 percent. Predisposing factors had the greatest effect on utilization. Number of restricted activity days caused by oral disease, having a regular dental care, and susceptibility on oral disease of children were found to have significant major effects on dental utilization of children. Mother's dental visits was most important factor affecting dental utilization of children.

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A nonparametric detector for random signals in a multiplicative noise model (곱셈꼴 잡음모형에서 비모수 확률 신호 검파기)

  • 배진수;박정순;김광순;송익호
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.796-804
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    • 1998
  • Multiplicative noise is known to be useful in modeling multipath propagation, which is crucial in mobile communication systems analysis. In this paper, nonparametric detection of weak random signals in multiplicative noise is considered. The locally optimum detector based on signs and ranks of observations isderived for good weak-signal detection performance under any noise probability density function. the detector has similarities to the locally optimum detector for random signals in multiplicative noise. It is shown that the nonparametric detector asymptotically hs almost the same performance as the locally optimum detector.

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Factors Affecting Dental Service Utilization of Adult: An Application of the Andersen Model (앤더슨 모형을 적용한 일부 성인의 치과 의료이용 행태에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Choi, Eunsil;Kim, Mi-Na;Noh, Sunmi;Park, Jieun
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.67-76
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    • 2015
  • This study aims to determine the factors affecting the dental service utilization of adults. The subjects in this study were 455 adults, whom a survey was conducted form May 7 to June 7, 2013. Statistical verification conducted through PASW Statistics was 18.0. The difference in the distribution of independent variables related with the dental service utilization was verified with chi-square test. Relevant factors were determined using Hierarchical logistic regression analysis. Model I is predisposing factor, Model II is predisposing factor and enabling factor. Model III is predisposing, enabling, need factor. Andersen model factor which infuences dental service utilization of adults resulted that use dental floss (OR, 2.32; CI, 1.39~3.86), use electric toothbrush (OR, 2.98; CI, 1.0~8.89), use interdental brush (OR, 2.55; CI, 1.36~4.78), self-efficacy (OR, 0.68; CI, 0.48~0.96), barriers (OR, 1.45; CI, 1.04~2.04). Predisposing factor and need factor were found to be determinants for dental service utilization in adult.

Major Factors Influencing the Usage Needs for the Adult Guardianship System in Parents of People with Developmental Disabilities (발달장애인 부모의 성년후견제도 이용욕구에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Lee, Yong-Pyo;Song, Seung-Yeon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.334-344
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this research is to investigate usage related predictors to activate Adult Guardianship System of People with Developmental Disabilities. To achieve the purpose of this research, we have analyzed the survey of parents of People with Developmental Disabilities usage needs for Adult Guardianship System which is based on the Andersen's behavioral model. The study utilized data from 2011 Welfare Needs Assessment of Seoul middle and senior-aged Family with Developmental Disabilities, and the analysis method, the study applied used SPSS 22.0, frequency analysis, descriptive statistics analysis, logistic regression analysis. According to the result, the usage needs for Adult Guardianship System increases meaningfully if the parents does not have occupation, and the subject of Adult Guardianship System is male. In income and the social security system wise, the usage needs for Adult Guardianship System show remarkably large rating if the average income is high and the desire to be cared by others is high. But in case of People with Developmental Disabilities, communication skills, the degree of disability, burden of caring does not have effect on the usage needs for Adult Guardianship System. The conclusion for this research is, first, to activate vigorous usage of Adult Guardianship System, the government intervention is required. Second, the following study is needed to explain to the concept of the needs caring by others and the cultural factors relating to the usage needs for Adult Guardianship System.

FACTORS AFFECTING WOMEN'S PREVENTIVE DENTAL UTILIZATION : AN APPLICATION OF THE ANDERSEN-NEWMAN MODEL (앤더슨-뉴만 모형을 이용한 여성의 예방목적 치과의료이용행태에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Soo-Nam;Lee, Heung-Soo;Kim, Dae-Eop
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.195-203
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study is to provide framework for understanding women's preventive dental utilization. In this paper Andersen-Newman's model is applied to the use of dental visits. This model consists of predisposing, enabling, and need components that describe a person's decision to use preventive health services. The sample consisted of 1907 women living Iksan city. Models are operationalized using stepwise multiple regression analysis and path analysis. The number of independent variables used in the analysis was 27 in total, i.e. 20 predisposing components, 6 enabling components, and 1 need component. Preventive dental utilization was measured based on the number of visits. The data collected by means of a questionnaire survey. In this study, the amount of variance by the model was 11 percent. Number of restricted activity days caused by oral disease, perceived threat of dental disease, having a regular dental care, and income were found to have significant major effects on preventive dental utilization of women. Number of restricted activity days caused by oral disease was the most important variable affecting preventive dental utilization of women.

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FACTORS AFFECTING WOMEN'S OUT-OF-POCKET COST : AN APPLICATION OF THE ANDERSEN-NEWMAN MODEL (앤더슨-뉴만 모형을 이용한 여성의 직접구강진료비 지출에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Heung-Soo;You, Hyung-Keun
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.689-699
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this research is to determine elements affecting the out-of-pocket cost of woman. The sample consisted of 1907 women living Iksan city. The survey was conducted by means of questionnaires. The model used in the analysis of out-of-pocket cost was the Andersen-Newman model, while the analysis techniques used were stepwise multiple regression and path analysis. The number of independent variables used in the analysis was 28 in total, ie 19 predisposing components, 6 enabling components, and 3 need components. In this study, the amount of variance by the model was 17 percent. Number of restricted activity days caused by oral disease, perceived susceptibility of dental disease, having a regular dental care, dental treatment costs, education level and income were found to have significant major effects on out-of-pocket cost. Number of restricted activity days caused by oral disease was the most important variable affecting out-of-pocket cost of woman. Also out-of-pocket cost shows larger effect due to enabling components than frequency of dental utilization.

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Determinants of women's contraceptive use in rural Ethiopia using Andersen's model (앤더슨 모형을 이용한 에티오피아 농촌지역 거주 여성의 피임실천 영향요인)

  • Sim, Boram;Nam, Eun Woo;Jin, Ki Nam
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.77-87
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: This study was conducted to provide data in order to develop effective family planning programs by analyzing the factors which affect contraceptive use among women in Ethiopia. Methods: The community health survey was conducted on women of childbearing age. The research model was developed based on Andersen's Model. A total of 320 respondents were analyzed through Chi-square analysis, t-tests and logistic regression analysis. Results: Contraceptive prevalence rate was 43.1% and most of them were using modern and short-term methods. Among three factor categories, the need factor(unwanted pregnancy experience) was revealed as the most important factor, following enabling factor which was knowing the FP services in health center. Conclusions: These results lead to several conclusions. First, the results imply that programs should focus on women who are in the over 30yr. as well as the poorer economic group and urban residents. Second, to improve the effectiveness of the program, it is important to help them to be motivated themselves and to promote knowledge on various methods. Third, in terms of service delivery, community health workers are expected to take a crucial role. To improve the availability of services, they should provide practical services as those in health center.

An Analysis of Convergence Factors on the Unmet Health Needs of the Indigent Elderly (빈곤노인의 미충족 의료와 관련된 융합적 요인 분석)

  • Park, Sun Joo;Lee, Won Jae
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.221-229
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the convergence factors affecting the unmet health needs of the indigent elderly. The data the study is the Korean medical panel of 2011 and the parameters belonging to each factors were selected based on the Anderson model. We analyzed the general characteristics using frequency analysis and the correlations between variables using cross analysis. Finally, logistic regression analysis was conducted to examine the factors affecting unmet health needs. The indigent elderly with no education and elementary school graduates were 1.5 times more likely to experience unmet health needs than the poverty elderly with high school graduates. The indigent elderly who does not work for income, who were employers and self-employeds were 1.5 times more likely to experience unmet health care need than unpaid family workers. The indigent elderly with disabilities in activites of daily living were 2.9 time more likely to experience unmet health care needs than the indigent elderly with no disability in activites of daily living. The results of this study confirm that the increase in the economic burden of medical care for the indigent elderly can lead to the unmet health needs.

A Study on Factors of Elderly Residential Care Service Utilization for using Decision Tree Regression (의사결정분석을 이용한 우리나라 노인의 요양시설서비스 이용 결정요인에 관한 연구)

  • Lim, Jeong-Gi
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.60 no.3
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    • pp.129-150
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    • 2008
  • This study examined the factors affecting service utilization of elderly residential care among long term care services recipients during long term care insurance pilot project period in Korea. Help-seeking Behavior model developed by Andersen and Newman(1973) was used to analyze the factors affecting their utilization residential care service among 1,939 long term care services recipients. Frequency and Decision Tree Regression analysis on SPSS 13.0 used. Analyses show strong significant factor is service preference(predisposing factors), and then significant factors are enabling factors such as co-residence type, household income. According to this results, need factors such as cognition disorder, problem behavior, ADL and IADL disabilities are affecting utilization behavior of elderly residential care services. These findings provide implications and suggestions about how long term care service system would be settled in Korea. And these finding provide information about target-efficient long term care continuum system to policy makers and helping professionals.

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