• Title, Summary, Keyword: 약용식물

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Industrial Development of Medicinal Plants in China (중국에 있어서 약용식물의 산업적 발달)

  • Gao, Wen-Yuan;Paek, Kee-Yoeup;Peng, Yong;Xiao, Pei-Gen
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.316-324
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    • 1999
  • In China, medicinal plants play almost the same important role in the general health service as the western medicine. In this paper, we present a brief review about the industrial development of medicinal plants in China. A nation-wide survey shows that there are 11, 118 species of medicinal plants in China. The total annual output value of natural products is about $6, 000. The output value of preparations is 3 billion US dollars. Over 100 new drugs have been developed from the medicinal plants. As the trend worldwide today that human-being favors the way of life back to nature, medicinal plants will play a very important role, and their industrial exploitation will certainly be keeping a key position for human health.

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Industrialization of Jeju Plant Resources (제주 자원식물의 산업소재화)

  • Jung, Yong-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.4-4
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    • 2019
  • 과학기술의 발달로 인해 국민의 생활수준 향상과 건강에 대한 관심 증대 등으로 인해 화장품을 비롯한 향장품산업, 기능성식품 및 천연물 신약 등에 대한 자원식물 유래 천연물질 수요가 증가되고 있다. 자원식물을 활용한 기능성 제품의 개발은 국민의 건강증진 뿐만 아니라 국제경쟁력 강화나 윤택한 삶의 추구에도 절대적 역할을 할 것으로 기대되고 있으며, 이러한 수요에 따라 제주의 특산 또는 우수 자원식물을 활용한 생리활성 물질에 대한 연구들이 활발하게 진행되고 있다. 우리나라에 자생하는 관속식물은 총 4,500여 종으로 국가생물종목록에 작성되어 있으며 제주의 생물자원 중 관속식물은 해발 1,950m 한라산의 영향으로 2,200여 종이 분포한다고 최근 기록되고 있다. 이 중 식용 및 약용으로 활용 가능성을 갖고 있는 식물자원들도 약 800여 종이 분포한다고 보고되고 있다. 이들 자원은 대한약전, 생약규격집, 중약본초, 중약대사전 등 문헌에 근거한 자원으로 공정서에 수록된 약용식물 약 500여 종 중 제주 분포 약용식물도 217종으로 조사되고 있다. 이러한 제주의 약용식물 자원은 다양한 한의약재로 활용되고 있으며 민간약으로 활용되는 약용식물도 170여 종이 포함되어 있다. 특히, 최근에는 나고야의정서 발효에 따른 자원전쟁이 시작되어 자원식물을 포함한 생물자원 관리의 중요성이 그 어느 때보다 부각되고 있어 각 지역마다 자생 생물자원에 대한 주권을 확보하기 위한 연구들이 많이 추진되고 있다. 이와 더불어 지자체연구소인 생물종다양성연구소에서도 제주에 분포하는 자원식물들에 대한 주권 확립을 위한 생태사진 900여 종, 표본 1,400여 종, 유전자 정보 800여 종 등을 확보하고 있으며 추출물 2,000점을 확보하여 산업소재화 연구를 추진하고 있다. 저자는 여기에 제주의 자원식물을 활용하여 화장품 원료등재, 건강기능식품개별인증 소재 및 천연의약품 소재 등 산업소재화 연구를 수행했었던 생물종다양성연구소의 연구 결과를 소개함으로써 유사한 목적으로 연구를 수행하는 대학, 연구소 및 기업으로의 정보를 제공하여 제주의 자원식물을 활용한 산업소재화 분야에 작은 도움이나마 제공하고자 한다.

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The Study on the Efficacy of Herbal Plant Extracts by the Part and Solvent Extraction (약용식물의 부위별 및 추출용매에 따른 효능 연구)

  • Kim, Hyung-Dong;Kim, Sang-Jin
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.127-135
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    • 2007
  • This study was to evaluate the efficiency of different solvent systems to extract active ingredients from different parts of medicinal plants used as oriental medicinal herb in the cosmetic industry. We tested efficacies related to the antioxidative effects and UV absorption of herbal extracts as complex of active ingredients, not each single ingredient. When extracting medicinal plant which is used effective medicine, we should consider the collecting conditions like collecting time, place, part and extracting conditions like solvent, temperature, time, and etc. Among them, extraction solvent and collecting part are very important factors for the efficacy. As increased interest in medicinal plants, more intensive studies on collecting conditions and extracting processes were needed for the developments in the herbal ingredient industry. We evaluated the efficiency of different solvent systems to extract active ingredients from different parts of plants (Terminalia chebula, Syzygium aromaticum, Paeonia lactiflora, Morus alba, Scutellaria baicalensis) widely used as medicine and food. As results, we found that proper condition can make better data and decrease the required quantity.

Quantitative Analysis of the Medicinal Usage in Ethnobotanical Plant Resources of Korea (한국의 민속약용식물에 대한 정량적 분석)

  • Chung, Jae-Min;Cho, Sang-Ho;Kim, Young-Sil
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.41-41
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    • 2018
  • 민속식물과 그 이용에 관한 전통지식이 산업화, 도시화 및 노인 세대의 퇴장과 더불어 빠르게 사라지고 있다. 이에 본 연구는 민속식물 주권확보 기반구축을 위하여 2005년부터 2017년까지 1차(2005~2013), 2차(2014~2017)에 걸쳐 남한 전역 및 함경북도 접경지역을 대상으로 각 지역에서 전통적으로 이용해왔으며 전승되어 온 민속식물 관련 전통지식을 발굴 및 수집하였다. 민속식물 중 약용으로 사용된 것은 121과 383속 583종 3아종 64변종 12품종으로 총 662분류군으로 확인되어 식용 다음으로 큰 비중을 차지하였다. 이는 한반도 전체 관속식물 4,881분류군의 약 13.6%에 해당하며, 총 115,236건의 조사된 전통지식 중 17.9%를 약용이 점유하여 식용(67.2%) 다음이며 용재용(4.9%), 유지용(2.5%), 관상용(1.3%) 등에 비하여 상당히 높게 나타났다. 662분류군 중 자생식물은 511분류군(77.2%)으로 나타났고, 생활형은 다년생 초본이 295분류군(44.6%)으로 낙엽성 목본(186분류군), 1년생 초본(78분류군) 등 타 생활형에 보다 높았다. 약용식물의 이용부위는 뿌리(34.1%)가 가장 많았고 그 다음으로 줄기(16.2%), 잎(15.4%), 열매(12.1%), 전초(12.1%), 수피(3.2%), 종자(2.4%), 꽃(1.9%) 등의 순으로 나타났다. 우리나라에서 이용빈도가 높은 상위 10개 분류군을 살펴보면 익모초, 쇠무릎, 인동덩굴, 느릅나무, 삽주, 엉겅퀴, 쑥, 질경이, 오갈피나무, 할미꽃 등의 순으로 조사되었다. 본 연구에서는 민속식물의 이용에 대한 중요도를 알아보기 위하여 특정식물 종의 이용을 언급한 정보보유자의 수(FC: Frequency of Citations), 이용범주의 수(NC: Number of use-Categories), 특정식물을 이용하는 수(UR: number of User Reports)를 활용하여 문화적 중요도(CI: Cultural Importance), 상대적 인용빈도(RFC: Relative Frequency of Citations), 상대적 중요도(RI: Relative Importance) 및 문화적 가치(CV: Cultural Value)를 산출하여 우리나라에서 중요한 민속식물을 정량적으로 확인, 비교하였고 각 분류군별 지수도 제시하였다.

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Antibacterial effect of medicinal plants against Helicobacter pylori (헬리코박터 파이로리균에 대한 약용식물의 항균 효과)

  • Lee, Jae-Hyeok;Kim, Jeong-Suk;Park, Jeong-Sook
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.447-451
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    • 2019
  • The study was designed to investigate the antibacterial effect of Helicobacter pylori against 32 medicinal plants commonly used as health foods. The medicinal plants used in this study were 32 kinds of medicinal plant extracts using the disk diffusion method for H. pylori activity, which can be eaten every day by everyone. Amoxicillin sodium (150 mg / ml, Ildong Pharmaceutical) and Metronidazole 50 mg / ml) was used as a control group. We measured the area of the transparent area and evaluated that the larger the area, the more effective it is for H. pylori. As a result of this study, the clear zone of inhibition was highest at $372.90mm^2$, second was $358.30mm^2$, and Chungho was $348.32mm^2$. The positive control group, Metronidazole (50 mg / ml CJ), was $503,29mm^2$. In the future, the development of antimicrobial materials of various medicinal plants is expected to be effective for the inhibition of H. pylori.

Quality Characteristics of Samgyetang with Medicinal Herbs (전통 약용식물을 첨가한 삼계탕의 품질 특성)

  • Jung, Samooel;Kim, Tae-Kyung;Ku, Su-Kyung;Yong, Hae In;Lee, Kyung-Woo;Kim, Young-Boong;Choi, Yun-Sang
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.95-103
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    • 2019
  • This study investigated the effect of traditional medicinal plants on the quality characteristics of Samgyetang breast meat and broth. The traditional medicinal plants used in this study were roots of Panax ginseng, Codonopsis lanceolata, Platycodon grandiflorum, Salvia miltiorrhiza, Adenophora triphylla, and Allium hookeri. There was no significant difference (P>0.05) in the moisture, protein, ash content, water holding capacity, and cooking loss of Samgyetang meat with the addition of traditional medicinal plants. The color values (lightness, redness, and yellowness) of Samgyetang meat and broth were significantly different (P<0.05); the 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and shear force of Samgyetang meat were significantly different (P<0.05); and the pH, turbidity, and viscosity of Samgyetang broth were also significantly different (P<0.05) with the addition of traditional medicinal plants. In the overall acceptability of Samgyetang meat, the addition of S. miltiorrhiza showed the highest score compared to that of other treatments (P<0.05). Thus, the addition of traditional medicinal plants in the production of Samgyetang were found to affect the lipid rancidity beneficially with plant species when compared to Samgyetang with Panax ginseng. In conclusion, with the development of Samgyetang using S. miltiorrhiza, it will be possible to develop products with superior quality characteristics in antioxidant, shear force, and overall acceptability.

Some Medicinal Plants Suppressed Reproduction of Meloidogyne hapla on Codonopsis lanceolata Trautv (더덕에서 약용식물을 이용한 당근뿌리혹선충 증식 억제 효과)

  • Lim, Ju-Rak;Hwang, Chang-Yeon;Ryu, Jeong;Choi, Yeong-Geun
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.347-355
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    • 2006
  • Possible nematicidal effects of plant extracts of 25 species uninfected by M. hapla were observed at the 5 times dilutions in all treatments and at the 10 times dilutions in Anemarrhena asphodeloides, Acorus calamus, Achyranthes japonica, Agrimonia pilosa, Dianthus chinensis, Geum aleppicum, Houttuynia cordate, Rudbeckia bicolor, Ricinus communis, Scrophularia buergeriana, Sesamum iindicum, Sedum kamtschaticum, and Sanguisorba officinalis. The 13 species plant extracts of 5 times dilutions were evaluated for the suppression effects on reducing densities of M. hapla by treating to C. lanceolata sown and transplanted later in pots. All the plant extracts showed suppressive effects on M. hapla except for.A. pilosa. The suppressive effects of A. asphodeloides, A. japonica, A. calamus, D. chinensis, R. communis, and S. buergeriana were over 80%. When the selected plants had been incorporated into the soil before C. lanceolata was sown, the numbers of root galls, egg sacs and $J_{2}$ appeared lower in the treatment of 12 plant species than in control except for S. indicum. But the suppressive effects were lower than the effects of selected plants being cultivated simultaneously in the field. A. calamus and A. japonica exhibited over 70% suppressive effects, among the tested plants.

유용 약용식물의 대량증식

  • Kim, Jae-Hun;Kim, Myeong-Jo;Byeon, Gyeong-Rok
    • 한국생물공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.75-77
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    • 2000
  • Somatic embryoginic cells of valuable medicinal plants were cultured in MS (Murashige and Skoog) liquid medium by subculture at 2 week intervals. The embryogenic cells could be proliferated with maintenance of identical embryogenesis. The cell clumps developed to somatic embryos of uniform sizes of torpedo stage after $4{\sim}5$ weeks of culture. The culturing for a period about $10{\sim}15$ days led the somatic embryos to the development of seedlings which could be utilized as materials for health foods or providing useful components.

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Effect of Medicinal Herbs Extracts on Physicochemical Characteristics of Cooked Rice (복합 약용식물 추출물이 쌀밥의 이화학적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Yong-Sik;Lee, Kyung-Ha;Ha, Hyun-Jee;Park, Shin-Young;Choi, Yoon-Hee;Kim, Eun-Mi
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.53 no.4
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    • pp.219-224
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of medical herbs extracts on physicochemical characteristics of cooked rice. Three types (CLP 1, CLP 2, CLP 3) of extracts were prepared using 11 medicinal herbs, respectively. Polished rice was cooked with different concentration of medicinal herbs extracts by electric cooker. The moisture contents in cooked rice were decreased by increased concentration of herbs extracts, while total polyphenol contents were significantly increased. DPPH radical scavenging activities of cooked rice obviously were increased as herb extracts level increased. The consistency and setback value of the rice flour was reduced at all of the extracts, while breakdown and initial pasting temperature was increased. Color of cooked rice was shown different comparing to the control. However, the hardness, adhesiveness, springiness, cohesiveness and gumminess of cooked rice was increased depending on the concentration of extracts. These results showed that medicinal herbs extracts, which can benefit human health, is inducing the changes of physicochemical characteristics of cooked rice.

Screening of Korean Medicinal and Food Plants with Antioxidant Activity (한국 약용 및 식용식물들의 항산화성 식물탐색)

  • Chung, Il-Min;Kim, Kwang-Ho;Ahn, Joung-Kuk
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.311-322
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    • 1998
  • Sixty medicinal and food plants native to Korea were mainly selected with old traditional habit and antioxidant activity was investigated. The 80% EtOH extracts of sixty medicinal and food plants were screened for antioxidant activity. Antioxidant activity was measured by the TBA (Thiobarbituric acid), DPPH (1, 1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl), SOD (superoxide dismutase) which was evaluated by the nitro blue tetrazolium(NBT) reduction method. Among sixty plants, black Glycine max(87. 3%) and Solanum nigrum (80.6%) exhibited the highest antioxidant activity by TBA and DPPH methods, respectively. Also, 10 species extracts including black Glycine max showed the high activity value in these two methods. The SOD characteristics on black Glycine max seed extracts which showed the highest SOD activity (53.5%) exhibited four major SODs; two Cu/ZnSODs and two FeSODs. However, Adenophaora vertidllata which showed lowest SOD value (10.4%) had only Cu/Zn SOD. No varietal differences in the high SOD value were detected in the Cu/Zn SOD isozyme patterns.

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