• Title, Summary, Keyword: 약용식물

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Antioxidant Activity of Extracts and Fractions from Aster scaber (참취 추출물과 용매분획물의 항산화 활성)

  • Jeon, Sang-Min;Lee, Jin-Young;Kim, Heon-Woong;Lee, Young-Min;Jang, Hwan-Hee;Hwang, Kyung-A;Kim, Haeng-Ran;Park, Dong-Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.41 no.9
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    • pp.1197-1204
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    • 2012
  • As an effort to develop functional food ingredients and to discover the biological activity, the total phenolic content, total flavonoid content, DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activity, SOD-like activity, ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), and $Fe^{2+}$ chelating of Aster scaber were measured using a 70% ethanol extract and various solvent fractions. As a result, the total phenolic concent was highest in an ethyl acetate fraction of 141.9 mg GAE eq/g and the total flavonoid content was 105.6 mg QUE eq/g. The DPPH radical scavenging activity was highest in an ethyl acetate fraction of 97.1% at a concentration of 1,000 ${\mu}g/mL$ (p<0.05). The ABTS radical scavenging activity showed a 86.9% ethyl acetate fraction and a 57.9% butanol fraction at a concentration of 125 ${\mu}g/mL$, and higher than that of positive control (${\alpha}$-tocopherol and BHT) (p<0.05). The SOD-like activity showed 42.8% in an ethyl acetate at a concentration of 1,000 ${\mu}g/mL$. The ethyl acetate fraction showed the highest value of FRAP at 1051.9 ${\mu}M$ and a concentration of 1,000 ${\mu}g/mL$ (p<0.05). The $Fe^{2+}$chelating was highest in the 70.1% chloroform fraction at a concentration of 500 ${\mu}g/mL$ (p<0.05). There is the highest correlation between DPPH radical scavenging activity and FRAP (r=0.981) as compared to other antioxidant assays (p<0.01). With these results, we confirmed that the ethyl acetate fraction of Aster scaber has great antioxidant potential. So it can be expected to be developed into a specific functional food ingredient.

Antioxidant activities of hot-water extracts from Aster scaber by cultivation and drying methods (참취의 재배 및 건조 방법에 따른 열수 추출물의 항산화 활성)

  • Hong, Ju-Yeon;Kim, Kyu-Min;Nam, Hak-Sik;Shin, Seung-Ryeul
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.82-90
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted in order to analyze the polyphenol contents and antioxidant activities of hot-water extracts of Aster scaber in the wild field and cultivated field, and through the drying methods for the comparison on the quality characteristics of Aster scaber, according to cultivation and drying methods, and the development of functional materials. The extraction yield was higher in the Aster scaber cultivated field than those of the Aster scaber in the wild field, and high from the dried Aster scaber. The total polyphenol and flavonoid contents of Aster scaber hot-water extracts from the wild field were higher than those in the cultivated field. The total polyphenol contents were high in the extract of blanched and dried Aster scaber, and the flavonoid content was high in the non-treated Aster scaber. The electron donating ability (EDA) values of Aster scaber hot-water extracts were increased along with the increase of extract concentration, while the EDA of the blanched and dried Aster scaber extracts was higher than the other extracts. Furthermore, the SOD-like activity was increased by the extract concentration, and was high in the extract of the non-treated Aster scaber. The nitrite scavenging ability in pH 1.2 was high in the non-treated, blanched, dried, and natural dried Aster scaber. The xanthine oxidase inhibitory activities were increased through the increase of extract concentrations, and higher in the hot-water extract from Aster scaber in the wild field (WRA) than those in the other extracts. The inhibition of tyrosinase and reduction of power were increased by the increased extract concentration, and high in the extracts of blanched and dried Aster scaber. The reduced power was higher in the Aster scaber hot-water extracts of cultivated field, and was higher in the extracts of blanched and dried Aster scaber than those in the extracts dried through the use of other drying methods. Aster scaber has a high content of polyphenol and flavonoid, and antioxidant activities, which were developed as functional materials.