• Title, Summary, Keyword: 얇은 벽 원통

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Bending Behaviors of Stainless Steel Tube Filled with Al5Si4Cu4Mg Closed Cell Aluminum Alloy Foam (발포 Al5Si4Cu4Mg 알루미늄 합금이 충진된 304 스테인리스강 원통의 굽힘저항 특성)

  • Kim, Am-Kee;Lee, Hyo-Jin;Cho, Seong-Seock
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.27 no.10
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    • pp.1686-1694
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    • 2003
  • The foam-filled tube beams can be used for the front rail and firewall structures to absorb impact energy during frontal or side collision of vehicles. In the case of side collision where bending is involved in the crushing mechanism, the foam filler would be effective in maintaining progressive crushing of the thin-walled structures so that much impact energy could be absorbed. In this study, bending behaviors of the closed-cell-aluminum-alloy-foam-filled stainless steel tube were investigated. The various foam-filled specimens including piecewise fillers were prepared and tested. The aluminum-alloy-foam filling offered the significant increase of bending resistance. Their suppression of the inward fold formation at the compression flange as well as the multiple propagating folds led to the increase of load carrying capacity of specimens. Moreover, the piecewise foams would provide the easier way to fill the thin-walled shell structures without the drawback of strength.

A Morphological Study on the Male Genital Organs of a Land Snail, Nesiohelix samarangae (동양달팽이의 웅성 생식기관에 대한 형태학적 연구)

  • 이훈섭;정계헌;박종안
    • The Korean Journal of Malacology
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.61-71
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    • 1992
  • 동양달팽이 (Nesiohelix samarangae)는 동양달팽이속(Nesiohelix)에 속하는 종으로 한국에서 동양?팽이속으로는 유일하게 발견되는 종이다. 본 실험에서는 동양달팽이의 웅성생식기관의 각 부분 즉, 난정소(ovotestis), 양성관(hermaphrodite duct), 수정실(fertilization chamber), 전립선(prostate), 수정관(vas deferens), 상음경(epiphallus), 음경(penis)등의 배열 상태를 관찰하고 이들에 대한 광학현미경적 관찰을 위해 Hematoxylin- Eosin염색과 Mallory 염색을 실시하였다. 난정소(ovotestis)는 많은 수의 선포(acini)로 이루어져 있으며 각 선포는 배상피세포층(germinal epithelial cell layer)과 영양세포(nurse cell), 생식세포(gamete cell)들로 이루어져 있었다. 선포(acini)는 원주상피로 덮여있었다. 양성관(hermaphrodite duct)은 가늘고 긴 관으로 내벽은 섬모입방상피세포와 얇은 결합조직층으로 이루어져 있었으며 내강은 농축된 정자로 가득 차 있었다 . 수정관(fertilization chamber)은 3개의 도관이 결합조직에 의해 둘러싸인 형태로 이루어져 있었다. 도관의 상피세포는 뚜렷한 위중층섬모원주세포로 되어 있었다. 전립선(prostaoe)은 분비기능을 가진 것으로 사료되는 세포들과 실제 분비가 일어나는 실(chamber)로 이루어져 있었으나 다른 염색법 또는 전자현미경적 관찰에 의해 다른 구조들의 존재유무를 확인 해야할 것으로 사료된다. 실(chamber)은 분비포로 보이는 세포들과 접해 있었다. 수정관(vas deferens)은 결합조직으로 이루어진 근육질의 두꺼운 벽을 가지고 있었으며 내강은 돌출부위에 의해 4부분으로 갈라져 있었다. 내강에 연한 상피는 원주세포로 되어 있었다. 상음경(epiphallus)의 벽은 근섬유 다발은 벽의 외곽으로 갈수록 밀도가 높아졌다. 상부에 내강과 연결되는 함입구조(groove)를 가지며, 내강에 연한 상피는 섬모가 없는 원주세포로 이루어져 있었다. 음경(penis)은 근섬유가 산재된 두꺼운 벽을 가졌으며 상음경보다 굵은 원통형이었다. 내강은 많은 돌출부에 의해 복잡하게 나뉘어 있으며 상피세포는 원주 세포로 이루어져 있었고 섬모는 관찰되지 않았다. 내강 내의 분비물과 세포의 형태로 보아 내강상피세포는 분비기능을 가진 것으로 사료된다.

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An Experimental Study on the Placed Steel-Plate Cell Method for Construction of Seawall (호안조성용 거치식 강판셀공법의 실험적 연구)

  • Park, Yong Myung;Oh, Sung Nam
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.249-257
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    • 1997
  • This study will present the experimental research on the establishment of design considerations and structural integrity of the placed steel-plate cell methods for seawall and waterbreak, which have some benefits in the aspects of construction cost, time and equipments compared with the existing methods. The behavior of steel-plate cell structure is complicate due to stiffeners and cell-arc junction. There is also an ambiguity on lateral pressure by cell and arc filler. To resolve such problems, full scale cell $(D11.0^m{\times}H14.0^m{\times}12t)$ has been designed and fabricated, then placed on the seabed and filled. The strain measurement has also been performed to build up the design technology together with numerical analysis.

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Development of $^{166}Ho$-Stent for the Treatment of Esophageal Cancer (식도암 치료용 $^{166}Ho$-Stent 개발)

  • Park, Kyung-Bae;Kim, Young-Mi;Kim, Kyung-Hwa;Shin, Byung-Chul;Park, Woong-Woo;Han, Kwang-Hee;Chung, Young-Ju;Choi, Sang-Mu;Lee, Jong-Doo
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.62-73
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    • 2000
  • Purpose: Esophageal cancer patients have a difficulty in the intake of meals through the blocked esophageal lumen, which is caused by an ingrowth of cancer cells and largely influences on the prognosis. It is reported that esophageal cancer has a very low survival rate due to the lack of nourishment and immunity as the result of this. In this study a new radioactive stent, which prevents tumor ingrowth and restenosis by additional radiation treatment, has been developed. Materials and Methods: Using ${\ulcorner}HANARO{\lrcorner}$ research reactor, the radioactive stent assembly ($^{166}Ho$-SA) was prepared by covering the metallic stent with a radioactive sleeve by means of a post-irradiation and pre-irradiation methods. Results: Scanning electron microscopy and autoradiography exhibited that the distribution of $^{165/166}Ho\;(NO_3)$ compounds in polyurethane matrix was homogeneous. A geometrical model of the esophagus considering its structural properties, was developed for the computer simulation of energy deposition to the esophageal wall. The dose distributions of $^{166}Ho$-stent were calculated by means of the EGS4 code system. The sources are considered to be distributed uniformly on the surface in the form of a cylinder with a diameter of 20 mm and length of 40 mm. As an animal experiment, when radioactive stent developed in this study was inserted into the esophagus of a Mongrel dog, tissue destruction and widening of the esophageal lumen were observed. Conclusion: We have developed a new radioactive stent comprising of a radioactive tubular sleeve covering the metallic stent, which emits homogeneous radiation. If it is inserted into the blocked or narrowed lumen, it can lead to local destruction of the tumor due to irradiation effect with dilatation resulting from self-expansion of the metallic property. Accordingly, it is expected that restenosis esophageal lumen by the continuous ingrowth and infiltration of cancer after insertion of our radioactive stent will be decreased remarkably.

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