• Title, Summary, Keyword: 어깨 유형

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A Study on the Characteristics of the Upper-Body Surface for Clothing Construction: Focus on Women Aged 60 or Older (의복설계를 위한 상반신체표면특성 연구 -60세 이상 노년여성을 대상으로-)

  • Haekyung Shin;Lee, Youn-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.25 no.10
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    • pp.1801-1808
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    • 2001
  • 본 연구는 노년여성을 위한 의복 원형을 설계하기 위하여 60∼80세 의 노년여성을 대상으로 직접 계측을 실시하여 체형을 유형화하고 동작에 따른 체표면 특성을 분석하였다. 인자분석을 실시한 결과 상반신 비만요인, 높이요인, 상반신 앞면길이, 어깨 형태, 상반신 뒷면 길이, 어깨 경사도, 목형태, 진동깊이의 8개 인자가 추출되었다. 군집분석에 의한 체형분류 결과, 유형 1은 상반신의 골격이 가장 작고 왜소하며 가슴의 하수가 작은편의 앞으로 굴신된 체형이며, 유형 2는 키가 작고 보통인 체형으로 상반신의 앞뒤면 길이가 짧으며 가슴의 하수가 크고 어깨가 넓고 약간 앞으로 숙여진 체형이다. 유형 3은 키가 가장 크고 등과 어깨가 두꺼운 골격이 큰 체형이다. 유형 4는 키가 약간 크고 마른 체형에 상반신 앞면길이 인자가 큰 유형으로 약간 뒤로 젖혀진 체형이라 할 수 있다. 동작에 따른 체표면의 변화를 델마토그래프법 (Dermatograph method)에 의해 측정 한 결과, 가로 방향에서 동작에 따라 유의한 차이를 나타낸 기준선은 뒤목점-어깨끝점길이, 어깨 길이 및 앞가슴둘레선, 후액와선이며, 세로 방향에서는 어깨끝점-BP-허리중심점, 어깨중심에서 앞허리선까지의 앞길이 및 옆선길이로 나타났다.

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Types of Upper Body Shape of Adolescent Boys (16-18세 남성의 상반신 체형 유형화)

  • Cha, Su-Joung;Wee, Hye-Jung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.155-156
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    • 2020
  • 본 연구에서는 맞음새가 우수한 고등학교 남학생의 교복 셔츠 개발을 위하여 사이즈코리아의 제7차 인체 치수조사 중 16-18세 남학생의 치수를 분석하였다. 자료를 분석하여 고등학교 남학생의 상반신 체형을 유형화하고 유형별 체형 특성을 파악하고자 하였다. 이를 통하여 교복 셔츠 개발에 필요한 기초자료를 얻고자 하였다. 상반신 체형요인은 상반신 너비/둘레, 상반신 높이, 어깨길이, 상반신 길이, 어깨처짐 등의 5개 요인으로 분류되었다. 체형은 어깨길이는 길고 상반신 둘레와 너비는 작고 좁으며, 상반신 높이는 낮은 '긴 어깨 마른 체형', 상반신의 둘레와 너비가 크고 넓으며 상반신 길이가 길고 상반신 높이는 낮은 '긴 상체 비만 체형', 상반신길이가 길고 어깨가 많이 처져 있으며, 어깨길이는 짧고 상반신 두께와 너비, 높이는 중간 정도인 '짧은 어깨 보통 체형', 상반신 높이가 높고 어깨길이는 길며, 상반신길이는 짧고 어깨는 처지지 않았며, 상반신 둘레와 너비는 중간 정도인 '긴 어깨 보통 체형' 으로 분류되었다.

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Body Type of 20's Male (20대 성인남성의 체형)

  • Cha, Su-Joung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.267-268
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    • 2019
  • 본 연구에서는 신체밀착형 의복의 유행으로 맞음새가 우수한 의복의 중요성이 부각되고 있는 20대 나성을 대상으로, Size Korea의 제 7차 인체치수조사 계측데이터를 분석하여 전신 체형의 특성을 알아보고, 전신 체형을 유형화하고자 하였다. 이를 통해 20대 전반 남성의 의복 제작에 필요한 기초자료를 제공하고자 하였다. 20대 남성의 체형은 4개로 분류되었다. 유형 1은 둘레 및 너비요인의 적재량이 높고, 몸통길이와 발목/종아리 굵기, 엉덩이처짐 요인 높이 요인의 적재량이 낮은 '짧고 굵은 몸통새다리 체형'이다. 유형 2는 어깨너비와 길이, 몸통길이의 적재량이 높고, 둘레 및 너비와 어깨처짐 요인의 적재량이 낮으며, 높이요인의 적재량이 높은 '가는 역삼각형 체형'이다. 유형 3은 발목/종아리 굵기 요인의 적재량이 높고, 높이요인, 둘레 및 너비와 몸통길이 요인의 적재량이 낮은 '짧고 가는 몸통 굵은 다리 체형'이다. 유형 4는 높이요인과 엉덩이처짐, 어깨처짐 요인의 적재량이 높고 어깨너비와 길이 요인의 적재량이 낮은 '긴 삼각형 체형'이다.

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The Effect of Hand Grip Force on the Activity of Shoulder Muscles in the Patterns of Arm Position (팔자세의 유형에서 손의 쥐기 강도가 어깨근육의 활성도에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Hyun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.10 no.9
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    • pp.435-441
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    • 2012
  • This study is intended to provide a basic clinical data useful for preventing shoulder injuries related to occupation and curing them, by measuring the shoulder muscle activity of normal adults in an arm posture type of a wide shoulder joint angle, according to several differences of hand grip force. In order to examine the shoulder muscle activity during hand grips at a variety of intensity, according to the arm posture type, MVCs of all subjects were measured, and %MVCs of anterior deltoid, supraspinatus, the upper trapezius and infraspinatus at 0 degree, 90 degrees and 160 degrees of shoulder angle were yielded according to the grip force in an arm posture type, changing the maximum grip force into 30%, 50% and 90%, randomly. When measuring the hand grip at 30%, 50% and 70% of the maximum grip force to compare %MVC of each group depending on the arm posture type, there were no significant differences of muscle activity at 0 degree of shoulder angle among anterior deltoid, supraspinatus, the upper trapezius and infraspinatus, but there were significant differences of it among them at 90 degrees and 160 degrees of should angle(p<.001). According to the results of post-hoc test, also, anterior deltoid had the highest muscle activity, whereas the upper trapezius had the lowest muscle activity.

Whole body shape of middle-aged males for development of men's wear

  • Cha, Su-Joung
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.24 no.10
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    • pp.117-127
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the direct measurement data of 40-59 year old middle-aged men from Size Korea's 7th anthropometric survey, and to identify the body shape characteristics and to type the body shape of middle-aged men. Through this, this study aimed to provide basic data necessary for the clothing patterns of middle-aged men with excellent fit. The data was SPSS Ver. 24.0 program analysis. Factors extracted six including body horizontal, vertical, shoulder, waist front length, leg thickness, and shoulder deflections. The body shape of middle-aged men was classified into three types. Type 1 had a thin body circumference, a narrow width, a low height, a short waist front length, and a thin ankle and calf. Type 2 had a high body height, a long waist front length, a normal circumference and width, a thick ankle, a calf, and a sagging shoulder. Type 3 had a large body circumference, a wide body, a wide shoulder, and a long waist front length. A prominent feature of the changes in body shape of middle-aged men is the increase in the circumference and thickness items due to abdominal protrusion and fat accumulation. Therefore, pattern design according to these physical characteristics is considered to be necessary.

A Study on the Upper Body Shape of High School Boys to Develop Uniform Shirts

  • Cha, Su-Joung;Wee, Hye-Jung
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.25 no.10
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    • pp.103-113
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to development a uniform shirt for high school boys aged 16-18 in the 7th Human Dimension Survey data of Size Korea. The upper body was analyzed to classify the upper body shape and to understand the characteristics of the body by type. Through this, we wanted to obtain the basic data necessary for the development of school uniform shirts. For data analysis, SPSS Ver. 26.0 program was used. In high school boys, there was no significant difference in height by age, but in width, thickness, length, circumference, shoulder slope, and weight, there were significant differences by age. The upper body types were categorized into four types: long shoulder skinny type, long upper body obese type, short shoulder normal type, and long shoulder normal type. Based on the size and body type data extracted from this study, it is thought that the development of uniform shirts with excellent fit should be realized through practical fashion development and construction of a size system.

The Characteristics of Adult Male Shoulder Types by according to The Slope (국내 성인 남성의 어깨기울기에 따른 유형 분류)

  • Choi, Eun-Hee;Do, Wol-Hee
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.82-92
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    • 2015
  • This study classified the types of adult male shoulders through criteria which represent the characteristic of male shoulders important to jacket patterns. We selected 39 measurement items to provide information about Size Korea (2010) 3D bodice measurements. Collected data were processed with SPSS 20 for windows. Participants in the study were 1055 adult males, aged 20-60 divided into three age groups of 20-30, 40-50 and 60. Statistical tests (such as descriptive analysis and F-test) analyzed the data and ascertained the differences in ages. In a factor analysis and cluster analysis were conducted for the classification of shoulder type's adult males. The factor analysis indicates 6 factors with 82.4% of total variance. The shoulder types for adult male were divided into 3 groups, flat shoulder (14.1%), normal shoulder (72%), and slope shoulder (13.8%). A total of 19.9% of 20-30 was included in the slope shoulder type, 15.8% of 40-50 was included in the flat shoulder type and 16.1% of 60 was included in the flat shoulder type. This study classified the type of male shoulder through criteria that represent the characteristics of elderly male shoulder to neck base circumference, shoulder angle and shoulder type. The follow-up study will proceed with elderly male neck and various measurement items around the shoulder.

The Effect of Joint Mobilization with Electrotherapy interventions on External Rotation and Pain in Mastectomy Patients (유방암 절제술 환자의 관절가동술과 전기자극을 융합한 중재가 어깨 가쪽돌림과 통증에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Tae-Hyun;Cho, Kyun-Hee;Park, Shin-Jun
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.188-197
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    • 2020
  • This study was to investigate the effects of joint mobilization with two different electrotherapy methods on shoulder external rotation range of motion and pain in mastectomy patients. Thirty mastectomy patients were divided into STMG (joint mobilization+pain scrambler therapy, n=15) and TENMG (joint mobilization+transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, n=15). The measurements were performed shoulder external rotation range of motion (ROM), pain (VAS). In both groups, there was a significant difference in the shoulder external rotation ROM, pain after intervention (p <.05). STMG was more decrease in VAS score than TENMG (p <.05). There was no significant difference in shoulder external rotation ROM between the two groups. In order to decrease the pain of mastectomy patients, it was confirmed that STMG was more effective than TENMG.. It is thought that a control group is added to confirm various differences, and more subjects are needed.

Development of the Basic Bodice Pattern Depending on Shoulder Types -focused on young women in their twenties- (어깨 유형에 따른 길 원형 설계 -20대 여성 중심으로-)

  • 김민진;이정란
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.463-474
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    • 2003
  • In this research, adult women's shoulder types were Classified through direct and indirect measurements to present a judging individual body size according to the type. Also, regression formula by shoulder types were calculated and presented the basic bodice pattern. The results were as follows: 1. The result of factor analysis indicated that 6 factors were extracted through factor analysis and those factors comprised 66.1 to of total variance. 2. By using factor scores, cluster analysis was carried out and subject were classified into 5 clusters. Type 1 was the inclined shoulders, wide shoulders and passive posture. Type 2 was the front type shoulders and active posture. Type 3 was the thick shoulders and back type shoulders. Type 4 was the narrow shoulders. Type f was the drooped shoulders, thin shoulder and sway posture. 3. The body types of individuals were judged by discriminant analysis. 4. After setting 4 items such as the bust girth, posterior waist length, neck base girth and waist girth as representative items and regression formulas were presented. the superiority of the final basic bodice patterns were demonstrated by high approval rate of the subjects who participated in testing.

A New Cross Section Design Concept for Better Efficiency in Two-Lane Highways (2차로도로 효율성 제고를 위한 횡단면 설계 방안)

  • Shim Kywan-Bho;Choi Jai-Sung
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.75-85
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    • 2006
  • Currently, cross-section design can not reflect highway function and traffic volume, various construction. This research paper provides analysis of traffic accident type, improvement of traffic operation and safety, assessment for new cross-section standards of two-lane highway. Research show higher accident rate on 6$\sim$8.9m road than 9$\sim$12.9m road width in two-lane highway. Typical improvement is widening on lane and shoulder width. Simulation show large increase on 6$\sim$7m road delay-time in 1,200vph. In contrast 10$\sim$11.5m road shows slight change on delay-time. This research paper provides various cross-section construction by traffic volume in minor arterial and distributor two-lane highway. The new cross-section design provides adopting highway volume, various construction and flexibility.

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