• Title, Summary, Keyword: 어체 변환

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Korean Text Style Transfer Using Attention-based Sequence-to-Sequence Model (Attention-based Sequence-to-Sequence 모델을 이용한 한국어 어체 변환)

  • Hong, Taesuk;Xu, Guanghao;Ahn, Hwijeen;Kang, Sangwoo;Seo, Jungyun
    • Annual Conference on Human and Language Technology
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    • pp.567-569
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    • 2018
  • 한국어의 경어체는 종결어미에 따라 구분하고, 서로 다른 경어체는 각각 고유한 경어 강도가 있다. 경어체 간의 어체 변환은 규칙기반으로 진행되어 왔다. 본 논문은 어체 변환을 위한 규칙 정의의 번거로움을 줄이고 어체 변환 데이터만을 사용한 심층 학습 기반의 어체 변환 방법을 제안한다. 본 연구는 '해요체-합쇼체' 쌍의 병렬 데이터를 이용하여 Attention-based Sequence-to-Sequence 모델을 바탕으로 한 어체 변환 모델을 학습하였다. 해당 모델을 학습하고 실험하였을 때, 정확도 91%의 우수한 성과를 얻을 수 있었다.

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어체 크기의 자동식별을 위한 split beam 음향 변환기의 개발

  • 이대재;신형일;이경훈;이원섭;강희영
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Fisheries Technology Conference
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    • pp.63-64
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    • 2001
  • 최근 세계 각국은 자국 이익에 우선하는 배타적 경제수역을 설정하고, EEZ경제수역에 대한 어업생물자원의 효율적 관리를 하기 위해 주요 어종별 TAC제도를 도입하고 있다. 이 제도의 시행과 관련하여 음향을 이용한 어업생물자원량의 정량적인 계측과 적정 크기 이상의 어체만을 선택하여 어획할 수 있는 어군탐지시스템의 개발 및 보급이 절실히 요구되고 있다. (중략)

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Target Strength for the Mugil Cephalus , Pleuronichthys Cornutus and Hexagrammos Otarii (숭어 , 도다리 , 쥐노래미의 초음파 반사강도에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang, Du-Jin;Sin, Hyeong-Il;Lee, Dae-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.34-44
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    • 1990
  • This paper describe on the target strengths for the dorsal and the side aspects of swimbladdered fishes, Mullet Mugil cephalus, Flounder Pleuronichthys cornutus and Rock trout Hexagrammos otakii two frequencies of 50KHz and 200KHz in the experimental water tank in order to improve the biomass estimation by the scientific fish finder. The results obtained are as follows: 1. The average of maximum target strength normalized by squared total length in cm unit are almost ranging from -70.9 dB to -66.8 dB regardless of species or frequencies. 2. The average of maximum target strength normalized by two-thirds squared body weight in g unit are almost ranging from -57.1 dB to -54.1 dB regardless of species or frequencies. 3. In comparison with target strength for 50KHz and 200KHz the former is more strong than the latter.

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Application of Parametric Acoustic Source to Fish Finding (Parametric 음원의 어탐이용에 관한 고찰)

  • Lee, Un-Hui;Jang, Ji-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.189-197
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    • 1987
  • As the basic research for the application of a parametric acoustic source to fish finding, the characteristics of beam patterns and parametric gains of the acoustic source were investigated and target strengths of fish, grey mullet, with the acoustic source were measured. The mean primary frequency of the acoustic source was 200KHz and the produced sounds by difference-frequencies were 5KHz, 10KHz, 16KHz and 20KHz. For measurement of target strength in yaw (coronal) plane of fish the to be target was 34cm in length, the pulse duration of the source was 0.3m/sec and the difference frequency was 10KHz in consideration of the length of fish and of parametric gain of the acoustic source. The results obtained are as follow: 1. Beam widths(down 3 dB) of the parametric acoustic source excited at frequencies of 5KHz, 10KHz, 16KHz, and 20KHz were 4.3$^{\circ}$, 2.2$^{\circ}$, 3.0$^{\circ}$ and 2.5$^{\circ}$ respectively. 2. Parametric gains of the parametric acoustic source excited at frequencies of 5KHz, 10KHz, 16KHz and 20KHz were -41 dB, -45 dB, -60 dB and -68 dB respectively. 3. Target strengths of a fish in head and tail aspect using the parametric acoustic source were 5 dB lower than those using 200KHz single frequency sound, but those in side aspect were similar. 4. Target strengths of two or three fish with the parametric acoustic source were 1-3 dB lower than those in head and tail aspect using 200KHz single frequency sound.

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Target Strength of Schlegel′s Black Rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli)and Red Seabream (Pagrus major) (조피볼락과 참돔의 표적 강도에 관한 연구)

  • 손창환;황두진
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.119-128
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    • 2002
  • This study investigates dorsal aspect target strength with fish size, tilt angle and frequency characteristics for the schlegel's black rockfish(Sebastes achlegeli) and the red seabream (Pagrus major). This study was carried out on free swimming fish in a cage in order to obtain acoustic data of the biomass estimation using the scientific echo sounder. The results obtained from this study are summarized as follows; 1 The coefficients of the schlegel's black rockfish and the red seabream using maximum TS with fish length were expressed -63.7dB and -62.6dB at a frequency of 38kHz, -64.4dB and -65.4dB at 120kHz, and -62.4dB and -65.0dB at 200kHz, respectively. 2. The coefficients of the schlegel\`s black rockfish and the red seabream using averaged TS with fish length were expressed -68.4dB and -67.9dB at a frequency of 38kHz, -73.4dB and -72.7dB at 120kHz, and -70.BdE and -73.4dB at 2001Hs, respectively. 3. The coefficients of the schlegel's black rockfish and the red seabream using maximum TS with body weight were expressed -52.0dB and -50.9dB at a frequency of 38kHz, -52.7dB and -53.7dB at 120kHz, and -50.7dB and -53.3dB at 200kHz, respectively. 4. The coefficients of the schlegel's black rockfish and the red seabream using averaged TS with body weight were expressed -56.7dB and -56.2dB at a frequency of 38kHz, -61.7dB and -61.0dB at 120kHz, and -59.ldE and -61.6dB at 200kHz, respectively. 5. Varying the tiIt angle of the two red seabream from -26$^{\circ}$to +25$^{\circ}$, the variation width of target strength expressed smaller at a frequency of 38kHz than at 120kHz and expressed about 3~6dB higher head up than head down at 120kHz.

A Study on Seabed Interpretation System Using Supersonic Waves (초음파를 이용한 해저면 판독 시스템에 관한 연구)

  • 김재갑;김원중;황두진
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.385-391
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    • 2001
  • In this study, we will develop the sea surface interpretation system that can aware the target in the bottom of the sea. we will setup the database whose records would be the signal patterns of formation about mud, sand, rock and sea shell achieved by using supersonic. then we will convert analog signal received in fish detector to digital one using A/D converter So we can process and analyze this signal pattern then compare it to the one in our Database at the real time to identify the target in the bottom of the sea. After enough times of experiments from the background of the results that have been achieved from many studies(including a water tank experiment and a field investigation), we can aware the exact information of the sediment and the sand in the sea. By analyzing the first, second and third signal of the supersonic characters reflected from the body of a fish categorized by its family and from the body of shellfish, muddy sand, sand and rocks, We will develop the sea surface decipherment system which abstracts the first signal that shows the target in the bottom of the sea and makes the second and third signals filtering.

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A Study on System of Subbottom Searched Using Ultra Sonic (초음파를 이용한 저질판독 시스템에 관한 연구)

  • 김재갑;김원중;황두진
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.383-387
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    • 2001
  • The sea flower begins at the water-sediment Interface. In the ocean basins, the sound velocity of the sediments at the interface vary from a few percent less than the sound speed in water just above the interface to somewhat greater. Marine sediments are unconsolidated; that is, the particles are not cemented of fused together. Samples feel like mud, muddy sand, sand, and so on. With the theoretical knowledge, the systematic research on the searching capability of Ultra Sonic Signal will be continued to identify the influence against the sea water subject. In this research, signal will be analyzed according to the influence range, power and sensitiveness of Ultra Sonic Generator. In addition, the radius of Ultra Sonic Signal will be included. The experimental field work will be executed at Nockdong, Pulkyo and other places well known as a habitat of Pan Shell.

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Development of a split beam transducer for measuring fish size distribution (어체 크기의 자동 식별을 위한 split beam 음향 변환기의 재발)

  • 이대재;신형일
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.196-213
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    • 2001
  • A split beam ultrasonic transducer operating at a frequency of 70 kHz to use in the fish sizing echo sounder was developed and the acoustic radiation characteristics were experimentally analyzed. The amplitude shading method utilizing the properties of the Chebyshev polynomials was used to obtain side lobe levels below -20 dB and to optimize the relationship between main beam width and side lobe level of the transducer, and the amplitude shading coefficient to each of the elements was achieved by changing the amplitude contribution of elements with 4 weighting transformers embodied in the planar array transducer assembly. The planar array split beam transducer assembly was composed of 36 piezoelectric ceramics (NEPEC N-21, Tokin) of rod type of 10 mm in diameter and 18.7 mm in length of 70 kHz arranged in the rectangular configuration, and the 4 electrical inputs were supplied to the beamformer. A series of impedance measurements were conducted to check the uniformity of the individual quadrants, and also in the configurations of reception and transmission, resonant frequency, and the transmitting and receiving characteristics were measured in the water tank and analyzed, respectively. The results obtained are summarized as follows : 1. Average resonant and antiresonant frequencies of electrical impedance for four quadrants of the split beam transducer in water were 69.8 kHz and 83.0 kHz, respectively. Average electrical impedance for each individual transducer quadrant was 49.2$\Omega$ at resonant frequency and 704.7$\Omega$ at antiresonant frequency. 2. The resonance peak in the transmitting voltage response (TVR) for four quadrants of the split beam transducer was observed all at 70.0 kHz and the value of TVR was all about 165.5 dB re 1 $\mu$Pa/V at 1 m at 70.0 kHz with bandwidth of 10.0 kHz between -3 dB down points. The resonance peak in the receiving sensitivity (SRT) for four combined quadrants (quad LU+LL, quad RU+RL, quad LU+RU, quad LL+RL) of the split beam transducer was observed all at 75.0 kHz and the value of SRT was all about -177.7 dB re 1 V/$\mu$Pa at 75.0 kHz with bandwidth of 10.0 kHz between -3 dB down points. The sum beam transmitting voltage response and receiving senstivity was 175.0 dB re 1$\mu$Pa/V at 1 m at 75.0 kHz with bandwidth of 10.0 kHz, respectively. 3. The sum beam of split beam transducer was approximately circular with a half beam angle of $9.0^\circ$ at -3 dB points all in both axis of the horizontal plane and the vertical plane. The first measured side lobe levels for the sum beam of split beam transducer were -19.7 dB at $22^\circ$ and -19.4 dB at $-26^\circ$ in the horizontal plane, respectively and -20.1 dB at $22^\circ$ and -22.0 dB at $-26^\circ$ in the vertical plane, respectively. 4. The developed split beam transducer was tested to estimate the angular position of the target in the beam through split beam phase measurements, and the beam pattern loss for target strength corrections was measured and analyzed.

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Development of New Device for the Rapid Measurement of the freshness of Wet Fish by Using Micro Computer (마이크로 컴퓨터를 이용한 어육의 신선도 측정장치의 개발)

  • CHO Young-Je;LEE Nam-Geoul;KIM Sang-Bong;CHOI Young-Joon;LEE Keun-Woo;KIM Geon-Bae
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.253-262
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    • 1995
  • To develop a device for measuring fish freshness which could be move accurate and reliable than used freshness measuring systems. A new device based on digital circuit was designed using a microcomputer. The device was composed of a sensor part, 8096 microprocessor and a segment display. The effectiveness of device has been evaluated by the coefficient of correlation among the measured freshness stores such as electrical Q-value, K-value and amount of volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) of plaice, Paralichthys Olivaceus, during storage at $-3^{\circ}C,\;0^{\circ}C,\;5^{\circ}C,\;10^{\circ}C,\;and\;25^{\circ}C$. Q-values measured by a new device were more closely correlated with K-value (r=-0.978-\;-0.962,\;p<0.05) and VBN (r=-0.888-\;-0.988,\;p<0.05) in case of plaice meat. If more data would achieve using various fishes, this new designed device could be a valuable kit in fish market by its compact portability.

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