• Title, Summary, Keyword: 얼굴 근육

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A Study on Comparison of Pronunciation Characteristics of Soprano Singers (소프라노 가수의 발음 특성 비교 연구)

  • Song, Uk-Jin;Seo, Deck-Won;Bae, Myung-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.199-200
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    • 2017
  • 소프라노는 여성 소프라노 중 가장 높은 음역 대의 목소리를 구사한다. 소프라노들은 고음을 유지하기 위해 턱 관절 과 얼굴근육이 경직되어 있어 입을 크게 벌리지 못한다. 발음 특성은 발성 시의 입의 크기에 가장 큰 영향을 받으며 좋은 발음 특성일수록 뚜렷한 포만트를 나타낸다. 본 논문에서는 소프라노 가수들의 발음 특성을 확인하기 위해 한국의 소프라노 성악가 A, B, C, D 4명을 선정하여 비교한 결과 소프라노 A의 스펙트럼에서 2kHz 이상에서 까지 뚜렷하고 균일한 포만트가 나타났다. 따라서 소프라노 A의 발음 특성이 가장 우수한 것을 확인할 수 있다.

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회원병원 소개 - 칠곡가톨릭병원 & 가톨릭피부과의원

  • 한국가톨릭의료협회
    • Health and Mission
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    • pp.32-37
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    • 2010
  • 현재 대구가톨릭대학교 의무부총장인 채영희 요셉 신부가 가톨릭피부과의원 제3대 원장으로 취임하였을 때, 한센인을 위해 33년을 봉사 헌신하신 전임 엠마 프라이싱거 원장의 업적과 정신을 유지, 발전시키기 위하여, 나균으로 인해 말초신경의 감각손실과 손, 발, 얼굴 등의 근육위축으로 인해 일반병원에서는 편히 진료 볼 수 없는 한센환우들의 불편한 점을 개선하기 위해 칠곡가톨릭병원을 개원하게 되었다. 한센환우들을 위하여 칠곡가톨릭병원 모든 진료과목 의료진은 매주 금요일 외래진료를 제공하고 있으며, 입원환우는 필요시 수시로 진료를 해 드리고 있다. 이와 같이 칠곡가톨릭병원과 가톨릭피부과의원은 병원 설립목적 달성을 위해 관심과 배려를 기울이고 있다. 칠곡가톨릭병원과 가톨릭피부과의원은 지역민의 질병을 단순히 치료하는 것 뿐만 아니라 지역민의 건강유지 및 향상 그리고 지속적인 관리를 통하여 진정으로 지역민의 건강 증진에 도용이 되기 위하여 노력하고 있으며, 시랑과 봉사의 정신으로 지역민을 위한 병 의원으로 거듭나고 있다.

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An anatomic study of depressor anguli oris muscle and the mentalis muscle in the lower face (임상가를 위한 특집 2 - 아래얼굴부위 근육의 해부학)

  • Hur, Mi-Sun;Lee, Kyu-Seok;Kim, Hee-Jin
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.50 no.10
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    • pp.620-623
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    • 2012
  • The use of botulinum toxin type A in the lower face has increasingly popular. And treatment of the depressor anguli oris muscle(DAO) and the mentalis muscle(MT), particularly in combination with filler substances, produces a remarkable improvement in the lower aged face. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the topographical anatomy of the DAO, MT, and their related structures, thereby providing critical information for determining the safest and most effective site for BTX-A injections. The most effective injection sites of DAO and MT were suggested based on the new anatomical knowledge of the lower face.

Generation Mechanism and Cause of Wrinkle (피부주름살의 발생기전 및 원인)

  • Chung Jin Ho
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.1-35
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    • 2003
  • 새 천년으로 들어선 2000년도부터 우리나라의 65세 이상 노령인구는 $7.1{\%}$를 차지하게 되어 본격적인 노령화사회 (UN에서 65세 이상인구가 총 인구의 $7{\%}$ 이상일 경우 노령화 사회로 정의)로 진입하였다. 평균수명의 계속적인 증가에 따라 노인 인구는 급격히 늘어날 전망이며, 따라서 노인성 질환의 발생도 늘어나게 되어 가정 또는 사회가 떠 맡아야할 경제적, 정신적 부담은 더욱 증가하게 된다. 건강하고 행복한 인생의 황혼기를 보내는 것은 인간의 권리이며 누구나 바라는 소망이다. 피부의 노화현상은 심장질환, 암 등에 못지 않게 중요하며, 노인의 경제적, 사회적 활동을 심각하게 위축시키고 있다. 피부노화를 예방하고 노인성 피부질환을 치료할 수 있는 방법을 개발함으로써 노인의 경제, 사회활동을 활동적으로 유지시킬 수 있다. 피부노화는 크게 두 종류로 나눌 수 있다. 그 한가지는 내인성노화(intrinsic aging)로서 세월이 흘러감에 따라 피할 수 없는 노화 현상을 말한다. 두번째는 광노화 (photoaging)로서 오랫동안 햇빛에 노출된 얼굴, 손등, 목뒤 등의 피부에서 관찰되는 노화현상을 말하는 것으로 내인성노화 현상과 자외선에 의한 영향이 합쳐진 결과로 발생한다. 광노화 현상은 자외선의 노출을 피하면 예방할 수 있는 피부노화 현상이다. 내인성 노화는 햇빛에 노출되지 않은 피부에서 주로 관찰된다. 임상적 특징은 비교적 경미하며, 잔주름, 피부건조증, 탄력감소 등을 들 수 있다. 그러나 광노화의 임상적 특징은 내인성 노화에 비하여 심하고, 일찍부터 관찰된다. 내인성 노화에 비하여 굵고 깊은 주름이 발생하며, 잔주름도 많이 발생한다. 햇빛에 노출된 피부에 불규칙한 색소침착이 발생하며 일광흑자 (solar lentigo) 등의 색소질환이 증가한다. 피부가 매우 거칠고, 건조해지며, 탄력성이 감소하여 심한경우 피부가 처지게 된다. 피부노화의 대표적인 증상은 주름살이며, 아직까지 그 발생기전에 대하여는 여러 가지 학설이 있으나 정확히 알려져 있지 않다. 피부에 존재하는 교원질, 탄력섬유등 기질단백질의 손상이 피부 주름살의 주 원인으로 알려져 있다. 또한 얼굴에 존재하는 근육의 분포와 움직임, 유전적 소인, 자외선, 흡연, 폐경, 산화적 손상, 열 등 여러 원인이 복합적으로 작용할 것으로 생각된다. 피부주름살의 원인을 밝히고, 원인인자가 피부주름살을 초래하는 분자생물학적 기전을 이해함으로써 주름살을 예방하고 치료할 수 있는 새로운 방법을 개발할 수 있다.

A Face Robot Actuated with Artiflcial Muscle (인공근육을 이용한 얼굴로봇)

  • 곽종원;지호준;정광목;남재도;전재욱;최혁렬
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.10 no.11
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    • pp.991-999
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    • 2004
  • Face robots capable of expressing their emotional status, can be adopted as an efficient tool for friendly communication between the human and the machine. In this paper, we present a face robot actuated with artificial muscle based on dielectric elastomer. By exploiting the properties of polymers, it is possible to actuate the covering skin, eyes as well as provide human-like expressivity without employing complicated mechanisms. The robot is driven by seven types of actuator modules such as eye, eyebrow, eyelid, brow, cheek, jaw and neck module corresponding to movements of facial muscles. Although they are only part of the whole set of facial motions, our approach is sufficient to generate six fundamental facial expressions such as surprise, fear, anger, disgust, sadness, and happiness. Each module communicates with the others via CAN communication protocol fur the desired emotional expressions, the facial motions are generated by combining the motions of each actuator module. A prototype of the robot has been developed and several experiments have been conducted to validate its feasibility.

A Case of Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy Confirmed by Genetic Analysis (유전자분석으로 진단한 얼굴어깨위팔근육디스트로피 1예)

  • Lee, Seok-Ho;Ki, Chang-Seok;Lee, Seung-Chul;Park, Jin-Seok;Koh, Seong-Ho;Lee, Kyu-Yong
    • Annals of Clinical Neurophysiology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.66-69
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    • 2008
  • Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD), the third most common inherited muscular dystrophy, is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by progressive weakness and wasting of the facial, shoulder-girdle, upper arm, foot extensor, and pelvic girdle muscles. FSHD is caused by contraction of the polymorphic D4Z4 repeat in the subtelomere of chromosome 4q. However, there has been no report of genetically confirmed FSHD in Korea. We report a patient with FSHD who was found to have a deletion of D4Z4 repeat on chromosome 4q35.

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A clinical analysis of juvenile dermatomyositis; focus on clinical manifestations at diagnosis (소아기 피부근염의 임상적 고찰; 진단시 임상증상을 중심으로 한 고찰)

  • Lee, So Young;Bang, Ji Seok;Kim, Hee Seok;Kim, Joong Gon
    • Korean Journal of Pediatrics
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    • v.50 no.11
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    • pp.1116-1124
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    • 2007
  • Purpose : Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) is the most common of the idiopathic inflammatory myopathies in children. The purpose of this study is to observe demographic, initial presentations, duration of time between disease onset and diagnosis, clinical manifestations and laboratory findings at diagnosis of patients with JDM. Methods : Forty seven patients identified at Seoul National University Children's Hospital from January 1986 to May 2007. Medical records were reviewed retrospectively focusing on initial presentations, clinical manifestations and laboratory findings at the time of diagnosis of patients with JDM. Results : Male and female patients were 25 and 22, respectively and sex ratio was 1.14:1. The average age at the time of diagnosis was 6.51 years. Skin rash (94%) was the most common symptom, followed by the proximal muscle weakness (89%). The disease activity score was 10.8. The duration between the onset of the skin rash and the muscle weakness and diagnosis was 7.18 and 4.70 months, respectively. The serum muscle enzymes, LDH, AST, CK and aldolase, were elevated in the patient with JDM. Autoimmune antibodies, antinuclear antibody, anti SSA antibody and anti SSB antibody, were negative findings. Electromyography findings were consistent with JDM in 88% of the patients, the muscle biopsy was in 91% and all MRI findings were compatible with those of patients with JDM. The most common symptom besides musculocutaneous lesions was the calcinosis (62.5%). The most common site of calcinosis was the pelvic area and buttocks. Conclusion : This study shows that the major symptoms are proximal muscle weakness and cutaneous lesion, and they are important to diagnose JDM.

The Significance and Limits of Lee Quede's Anatomical Drawings (이쾌대 해부학 그림의 미술해부학적 성취와 한계)

  • Youn, Kwan Hyun
    • Anatomy & Biological Anthropology
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.71-76
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    • 2018
  • In 1951, in the midst of the Korean War, artist Lee Quede produced anatomical drawings to teach artistic anatomy to his student Lee Ju-yeong while interned in the Geoje prison camp. Comprising 2 books and spanning over 48 pages, 74 drawings were produced alongside explanations in a textbook format. The table of contents was ordered starting from body proportions, then the skeleton, the muscles, and the head. By part, there were 4 drawings of the trunk, 51 of the head, 7 of the arms, 9 of the legs, and 3 of the full body. Though the drawings of the head and face are both high in number and in detail, there were many errors in his depictions of the bones, and the boundaries between the structures of his muscle drawings were drawn so unclearly as to be indistinguishable. The essential forms, proportions and movement are included, but his disproportionate dedication to the head and the incoherent way that the book is arranged with no relevance to its table of contents leave something to be desired. It is regrettable that Lee Quede's return to North Korea meant that his drawings were not widely used, but despite this, I believe that these are invaluable documents in assessing the influence of Japanese artistic anatomy at the time, as well as the introductory circumstances of Korean artistic anatomy.

Factors that affect the bite force measurement (교합력 측정에 영향을 주는 요인)

  • Im, Ji-Ho;Lee, Wonsup;Kim, Myung-Joo;Lim, Young-Jun;Kwon, Ho-Beom
    • Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2016
  • Mastication is the process to help digestion by chewing or grinding food. Masticatory system consists of maxilla, mandible, temporomandibular joints, ligaments, dentitions, and musculatures. Assessing the bite force can be one of the methods to estimate the masticatory system. Bite force is influenced by facial morphology, age, sex, periodontal status, temporomandibular joint disorder and dental condition, and so forth. In general, higher maximum bite force is seen in those who have a square-shaped face and in male rather than female. In addition, bite force tends to be increased by age 20, maintained constantly until age 40 - 50, and then decreased. Periodontal disease is known as a causative factor for decreased bite force while temporomandibular disorder (TMD) remains controversial as to whether it affects the force. The status of teeth is considered as an important factor to determine the maximum bite force.

Corrective Surgery of Congenital Cardiac Anomalies in the Noonan syndrome - Report of two cases - (Noonan 증후군에 동반된 심기형의 수술적 교정 - 2례 보고 -)

  • 이선희;이주현;심성보;박재길;곽문섭;김세화;오용석;윤호중;정욱성
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.34 no.7
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    • pp.552-555
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    • 2001
  • Noonan syndrome is characterized by a Turner-like phenotype and a normal karyotype associated with congenital abnormalities, such as short stature, variable mental retardation, hypertelorism, webbed neck, low posterior hair line, skeletal malformation and congenital cardiovascular defect. Two third of Noonan syndrome have cardiac anormalies, half with pulmonary stenosis. We have experienced two cases of pulmonary stenosis associated with other cardiac anomalies in Noonan syndrome. The first 31-year-old male patient had characteristic appearance of Noonan syndrome with severe infundibular pulmonic stenosis and patent foramen ovate. The second 28-year-old male patient had valvular and subvalvular Pulmonary stenosis with typical Noonan\`s face and stature. Pulmonary valvotomy and hypertrophied muscle bundles in the right ventricular cavity were resected in both cases. Patent foramen ovate was closed directly in the first case. Postoperative follow-up examinations revealed no symptoms and successful outcome.

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