• Title, Summary, Keyword: 여군

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Effects of Extract of Pueraria radix on Lipid Peroxidation in Ethanol-Administered Rats (갈근추출물이 에탄올을 투여한 흰쥐의 지질과산화에 미치는 영향)

  • 이정숙;김은실;김석환
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.901-906
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    • 1999
  • This study was designed to investigate the effect of Pueraria radix extract on lipid peroxidation in ethanol administered rats. Male sprague dawley rats were given 25% ethanol(2.5g per Kg body weight; E), 10% pueraria radix extract(CP), 25% ethanol and 10% pueraria radix extract(EP). The activity of hepatic superoxide dismutase was increased by ethanol and was lower in the EP group than in the E group. Hepatic catalase activity was increased by ethanol, but decreased by Pueraria radix extract. E group rats had significantly higher liver glutathione peroxidase activity. Activity of hepatic glutathione S transferase was higher in the CP group than in the other groups. No significant dif ferences was found in liver glutathione and lipid peroxide contents between control and EP group. These data indicate that the peroxidative damage associated with chronic ethanol consumption might be decreased by Pueraria radix extract.

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Effects of Dietary Irons Supplementation on ${\delta}-Aminolevulinic$ Acid Dehydratase Activity and Detoxification of the Pb-administered Rats (철보충이 납중독된 흰쥐의 ${\delta}-Aminolevulinic$ Acid Dehydratase 활성과 해독에 미치는 영향)

  • 이정숙;조수열;김영로
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.7-12
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    • 1994
  • This study was designed to investigate the effects of dietary iron supplementationon ${\delta}-aminolevulinic$ acid dehydratase (DALAD) activity and liver damage of the lead(Pb)-administered rats. The iron (Fe) supplement levels were 100 ppm(Fe100) and 500ppm(Fe500) and the Pb-exposed rats were given 2, 000ppm-Pb in drinking water, while control rats were given neigher iron nor lead. Hematocrit was lower in the Pb, Fe100 -Pb, Fe500-Pb group than in the control, but was not affected by the Pb adminstration when the rats fed the Fe supplementation diet. DALAD activity were reduced by Pb added but, were higher in the Fe500-Pb group than in the Fe100 -Pb group. No significant difference was found in serum Pb content due to Pb administration and Fe supplementation. The liver Pb contentwas higher in the Fe supplementation group than in the Pb-group. Level of serum FE was lower in the Pb added groups than in the control group. Liver Fe contents were increased with Pb administration and higher in the Fe supplement groups than in the Pb-group. Levels of serum and liver copper was decreased with the Fe supplementation. Aminotransferase activity of serum and liver were increased in the Pb group.

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Studies on antigenicity of rufloxacin, antibacterial agent of Quinolones class

  • Chung, Seung-Tae;Han, Hyung-Mee;Sohn, Kyung-Hee;Kim, Pil-Sun;Park, Kyoung-Back;Kwon, Hyun-Jin;Yun, Seung-Jun;Yearn Sunwoo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • pp.125-125
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    • 1995
  • Quinolone계 항균제인 rufloxacin의 전임상시험의 일환으로 항원성 유발여부를 평가하기 여부를 평가하기 위하여 아나필락시스 쇼크 반응시험, 수동 피부 아나필락시스 반응시험 및 간접 적혈구 응집 반응시험을 실시하여 다음과 같은 결과를 얻었다. 1. 기니픽을 이용한 아나필락시스 쇼크 반응시험에서 rufloxacin의 저용량투여군(1mg/body, 추정임상용량), 고용량투여군(5mg/body), 고용량혼합투여군(5mg/body mixed with Freunds' complete or incomplete adjuvant) 및 단백결합혼합투여군(rufloxacin-BSA, 1mg/body)에 있어서 아나필락시스 쇼크 반응이 관찰되지 않았다. 2. 마우스-랫드를 이용한 수동 피부 아나필락시스 반응시험에서 저용량투여군, 고용량투여군, 오용량혼합투여군 및 bovine serum albumin(BSA)과 결합시킨 단백결합혼합투여군 모두에서 음성의 반응을 나타내었다. 3. 간접 적혈구 응집 반응시험 결과 저용량투여군, 고용량투여군, 고용량혼합투여군 및 단백결합혼합투여군에서는 각군당 1-4마리에서 16-32배에서 양성반응을 나타내었다. 그러나 음성대조군에서도 10마리 중 4마리에서 16-32배에서 양성반응을 나타낸 것으로 미루어 약물투여군에서의 미약란 양성반응이 약물특이적 반응은 아닌 것으로 사료된다. 이상의 실험결과로 미루어 rufloxacin은 항체 생성능은 가지지 않는 것으로 사료된다. 이상의 실험결과를 종합하여 볼 때 ndloxacin은 전반적인 항원성 potential은 없는 것으로 사료되며 또한 생체내에서 체내 단백과 결합하여 hapten으로 작용할 가능성은 없는 것으로 사료된다.

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Effect of Dietary Level on Pb, Fe, and Cu Level of the Tissue of the Pb-administered Rats (식이 단백질 수준이 납중독된 흰쥐의 혈청 및 조직의 무기질 함량에 미치는 영향 -I . 납, 철, 구리 함량에 미치는 영향-)

  • Lee, Jeong-Sook;Cho, Soo-Yeul;Kim, Suk-Whan
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.389-397
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    • 1989
  • This study was designed to investigate the effects of dietary protein level on Pb, Fe, and Cu accumulation of the tissue of the Pb-administered rats. The dietary protein levels were 6% 15%, and 40% and the lead-exposed rats were given 2,000 ppm-Pb drinking water solution. After 3 weeks, half of the each group rats were sacrificed and the rest were sacrificed 4 weeks later. Hematocrit, hemoglobin, R8C content in blood were lower in Pb-administered groups than in Pb-free group. Protein levels of serum and liver in 6% casein Pb-administered group were lower than in control group. Pb contents of serum, liver, and kidney were significantly increased in 6% casein-Pb administered group. Fe contents of serum and kidney were increased in 40% casein Pb-administered group, whereas in liver, 6% casein Pb-administered group was higher than others.

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Effect of Liver Damage by Combined Administration of Ethanol and Xylene in Rats (흰쥐에게 Ethanol과 Xylene 병행 투여시 간손상에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoon, In-Sook;Lee, Hye-Ja
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.7
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    • pp.259-267
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    • 2010
  • To evaluate an effect of liver damage on ethanol and xylene exposure, experiments on normal male rats of the S-D strain were performed in 4 groups. The biochemical results suggest that the ethanol group had significantly higher levels of AST, ALT, LDH and also, the xylene group had notably higher levels of AST, ALT, LDH along with MMHPA than those of the control groups. The levels of AST, ALT and LDH in the ethanol+xylene group were drastically higher than those in the control, ethanol and xylene groups. But, there were significantly lower ALP levels in the xylene and ethanol+xylene groups than both the control and ethanol groups. The histological features of rat livers treated with alcohol, or xylene proved to be normal. But the rat livers treated with ethanol+xylene showed mild to moderate necrosis and inflammation as well as minimal fatty changes. The results in this experiment suggest that liver functions decreased when medicated together with xylene and ethanol rather than solely with xylene.

The Study on the Woman Soldier Human Affairs Operation Systems. (여군 인사운영시스템에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Jae-Keak
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.15 no.3_1
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    • pp.31-39
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    • 2015
  • The Female workforces opened the combatants which was not allowed so far including the artillery in the army, air defense, and etc. to the woman soldier in 2014. I exceeded 10,000 people in 2015 and it is in the plan to be expanded to 4,450 officers, 6,374 noncommissioned officers in 2017. A navy is the plan which selects the woman officer to board a submarine since 2017 and which I board over 3,000 t level in a submarine. But the institutional supplementation about this is insufficient although the woman soldier increased depending on the policy's decision. The role of the woman soldier was expanded and it was the time when the system developmental about the woman soldier management which is consistent with the future war aspect will have to be guaranteed, and the clear standard including the post circulation to the starting in advance of the woman soldier and human resource expansion and treatment, and etc. is required. I supplement the current regulation which I am applying as man soldier Army and the same standard although the woman soldier and man soldier Army has a difference and I analyze the phenomenon and the developmental solution should be suggested about the woman soldier people management.

Effect of Mineral-rich Salt Intake on Diabetic Goto-Kakizaki Rats (미네랄이 풍부한 천일염이 Goto-Kakizaki Rat에 미치는 영향)

  • Jin, Yong-Xie;Kim, Haeng-Ryan;Kim, So-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.355-359
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    • 2014
  • The objective of this study was to determine the hyperglycemic effects of mineral-rich salt in type 2 diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats and normal Wistar rats. Animals were divided into five groups, including a normal group, fed three different experimental salts [purified salt (PS), mineral-rich salt (WS1 and WS2), and bamboo salt (BS)] in the form of 1% salt solution for 12 weeks. Liver, kidney, and spleen weights were significantly increased in GK rats of salt groups as compared to Wistar normal group without salt. However, there was no difference among the salt groups. For serum lipids, total cholesterol level in the BS group and triglyceride level in the WS group were significantly reduced compared to those of the PS group. The concentration of blood glucose in the GK-PS group increased continuously during the experimental period, whereas that in the GK-WS group was significantly reduced at 12 weeks. In GK rats, glucose levels among the salt groups in OGTT by glucose were not significantly different compared to normal rats. Insulin and glucagon levels in blood were not significantly different among the groups, and no such association was observed for insulin. Pancreatic lslets of Langerhans in the PS group showed irregular formation compared to those of the normal, WS, and BS groups.

비허대서흡수공능적개변급운비치료적작용연구(脾虛大鼠吸收功能的改變及運脾治療的作用硏究) -비허(脾虛)의 동물모델 Rat의 흡수력 변화 및 운비법(運脾法)의 치료효과에 대한 연구

  • Son Won-Ryeong;Hae Jeong-Gun;Chuk Myeong-Geol;Ju Wi
    • The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.255-259
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    • 2001
  • 본 연구는 운비요법(運脾療法)이 脾虛 동물모델 Rat의 흡수기능에 미치는 영향을 관찰하기 위한 것이다. 이혈평(利血平)으로 Rat의 비허(脾虛) 상태를 유발시킨 다음 최초로 비허(脾虛) 상태에서의 혈청 중 Zn 및 소장검막의 구조변화를 관찰하였고, 임상적으로는 소아의 편식증, 영양실조성 빈혈, 반복적인 소아감염증상(RRI) 등에 대한 운비법(運脾法)의 효과를 관찰하였다. 청결상태로 관리한 체중이 220-240g의 Wester계 웅성 Rat 15마리를 무작위로 각 5마리씩 정상군, 비허군(脾虛群), 중약투여군에 배분하여 3group으로 나누었다. 비허군과 중약투여군에는 모두 이혈평(利血平)을 소량으로 서서히 투여하였고, 중약투여군에는 동시에 중약 시럽(당장(糖漿))을 경구투여시켜 3주간 실험관찰하였다. 결과 : (1) 섭취량(g/일/마리) : 정상군은 22.1, 비허군(脾虛群)은 9.04, 중약투여군은 17.3으로 각각 나타났다. (2) 체중(g) : 정산군은 $284.2{\pm}32.51$, 비허군(脾虛群)은 $193{\pm}15.26$, 중약투여군은 $231.8{\pm}22.76$으로 각각 측정되었다. (3) 혈청 중 Zn함량(ug/1) : 정상군 $1911{\pm}993.8$, 비허군(脾虛群) $1094{\pm}249.4$, 중약투여군 $2599.8{\pm}1282.1$로 각각 측정되었다. 이와 같은 결과에서 중약투여군의 섭취량, 체중 및 혈청 중 Zn의 함량 모두 대조군에 비교하여 현저하게 개선되었음을 알 수 있다. (4) 소장의 정막구조 : 비허군(脾虛群)은 정상군에 비해 소장의 점막이 현저하게 얇고 융모상 돌기가 오그라들며 퇴화되는 변화를 나타냈고, 일부 융모상 돌기 끝의 상피세포는 국소적 괴사 및 퇴행성 변화를 일으키기도 하였다. 중약투여군은 이에 비해 소장점막이 거의 정상에 가깝게 회복되었다. 결론 : 운비요법(運脾療法)은 비허(脾虛) 동물모델에 대한 흡수기능의 개선에 효과가 있음을 본 실험에서 입증할 수 있었다.

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Differential Effects of Concentrations, Ages and Durations of Administration on Striatal Monoaminergic Activity of Ethanol in Rats

  • Lee, Soon-Chul;Lee, Soo-Jung;Kim, Jung-hHun;Lee, Hyun-Hee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • pp.221-221
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    • 1996
  • (중략) 1)에탄올 0.08g/kg 급성투여군은 선조체 5-HT, DOPAC, HVA, DOPAC/DA, HVA/DA ratio를 현저히 증가시켰다. 반면, 3g/kg 급성투여군은 도파민 및 세로토닌 신경활성에 전혀 영향을 미치지 않았다. 2) 에탄을 3g/kg을 21회 연속투여군은 선조체 DA 및 5-HT와 5-HIAA 함량을 유의성있게 증가하였으나 도파민 대사산물에는 영향을 주지 않았다. 3) 35주령 흰쥐는 에탄을 3g/kg 급성투여군에서 5-HT함량을 감소시켰으나 3g/kg 21회 연속투여군은 5-HT함량을 유의성있게 증가시켰다. 4) 7주령과 35주령 모두 21회 연속투여에서 DA 및 5-HT함량을 현저히 증가시켰다.

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A Study on the Improvement of Child Care System for a woman soldier (여군간부 자녀 보육제도 개선방안에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Dong-Ho;Yoon, Yeo-Yeon;Park, Sang-Hyuk
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.53-57
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    • 2019
  • This Female soldiers today have a child-rearing problem, dealing with the environment and numerous hardships arising from their professional family composition such as working overtime and moving directors due to their characteristics during military service. Also, female soldiers are deepening with the unique duties of the military and frequent training sessions and night shifts, and the hardships of the status quo are continuing, for this reason the heavy responsibilities and stresses of the female military in charge of child care are reaching an extreme. Therefore, this study needs to study institutional measures to ensure the service conditions of female soldiers during the period of child care and to improve child care.