• Title, Summary, Keyword: 역학적 안정성

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Mechanical Stability Analysis to Determine the Optimum Aspect Ratio of Rock Caverns for Thermal Energy Storage (열에너지 저장용 암반 공동의 최적 종횡비 결정을 위한 역학적 안정성 해석)

  • Park, Dohyun;Ryu, Dongwoo;Choi, Byung-Hee;Sunwoo, Choon;Han, Kong-Chang
    • Tunnel and Underground Space
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.150-159
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    • 2013
  • It is generally well known that the stratification of thermal energy in heat stores can be improved by increasing the aspect ratio (the height-to-width ratio) of the stores. Accordingly, it will be desirable to apply a high aspect ratio so as to demonstrate the good thermal performance of heat stores. However, as the aspect ratio of a store increases, the height of the store become larger compared to its width, which may be unfavorable for the structural stability of the store. Therefore, to determine an optimum aspect ratio of heat stores, a quantitative mechanical stability assessment should be performed in addition to thermal performance evaluations. In the present study, we numerically investigated the mechanical stability of silo-shaped rock caverns for underground thermal energy storage at different aspect ratios. The applied aspect ratios ranged from 1 to 6 and the mechanical stability was examined based on factor of safety using a shear strength reduction method. The results from the present study showed that the factor of safety of rock caverns tended to decrease with the increase in aspect ratio and the stress ratio of the surrounding rock mass was influential to the stability of the caverns. In addition, the numerical results demonstrated that under the same conditions of rock mass properties and aspect ratio, mechanical stability could be improved by the reduction in cavern size (storage volume), which indicates that one can design high-aspect-ratio rock caverns by dividing a single large cavern into multiple small caverns.

Thermal-mechanical sensitivity analysis for the near-field of HLW repository (고준위 폐기물 처분장 near-field에 대한 열-역학적 민감도 분석)

  • 권상기;최종원;강철형
    • Tunnel and Underground Space
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.138-152
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    • 2003
  • Three-dimensional computer modeling using FLAC3D had been carried out fur evaluating the thermal-mechanical stability of a high-level radioactive waste repository excavated in several hundred deep location. For effective modeling, a FISH program was made and the geological conditions and rock properties achieved from the drilling sites in Kosung and Yusung areas were used. Sensitivity analysis fer the stresses and temperatures from the modeling designed utilizing fractional factorial design was carried out. From the sensitivity analysis, the important design parameters and their interactions could be determined. From this study, it was found that deposition hole spacing is the most important parameter on the thermal and mechanical stability. The second and third most important parameters were disposal tunnel and buffer thickness.

Management for Cervical Instability (경추 불안정성의 관리)

  • Kim, Young-Min;Kim, Ho-Bong
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.74-91
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    • 2005
  • 척추의 기본적인 생체 역학적 기능은 신체 부분간의 운동을 허용하고 척수와 신경근을 보호하는 것으로서 이러한 기능을 수행하기 위해서는 척추의 역학적 안정성이 필수적이다. 척추의 안정체계는 수동적 근 골격계, 능동적 근 골격계, 그리고 신경계의 세 가지 하부체계로 나누어지며 이들 하부체계는 각각 독립적으로 안정성에 관여하고 있다. 경추의 불안정성의 문제는 비정상적으로 증가된 추간관절의 운동에 의해 염증성의 신경을 압박 또는 신장하거나 또는 통증수용기가 많이 분포하는 인대, 관절낭, 섬유륜과 종판에 비정상적인 변형을 일으키는 것을 말한다. 안정성의 장애는 근육의 기능적 측면에서 국소적 안정체계와 포괄적 안정체계의 문제로 구분할 수 있다. 불안정한 경추 환자의 임상적 양상은 일반적으로 머리가 앞으로 나오고 전방 전위된 자세로 견갑대와 승모근 상부의 과활동성을 나타낸다. 또한 능동운동은 감소되지 않으나 수동운동에서 분절의 회전운동과 병진운동의 증가와 종말감의 변화가 있다. 경추의 불안정성을 관리하기 위한 실험적 연구로 전반적인 근육 훈련, 고유수용기 훈련, 그리고 도수치료의 세 가지 주된 접근법이 있고 실제적인 접근법으로는 고유수용성 재활프로그램, 칼텐본-에반스 접근법, 그리고, 슬링운동법 등이 있다. 각 방법들은 임상에서 나름대로의 이점이 있으며 환자의 상태에 따라 이들 방법을 단독으로 또는 병행해서 적용할 수 있을 것이다. 그러나 경추에서 이러한 방법들의 효과를 입증하는 증거는 부족하여 앞으로 이러한 방법에 대한 임상적 경험보다는 그 효과를 입증할 수 있는 연구가 필요하다고 본다.

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Biomechanics of the Elbow (주관절의 생역학)

  • Moon, Jun-Gyu
    • Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.141-145
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: Understanding elbow biomechanics is necessary to understand the pathophysiologic mechanism of elbow injury and to provide a scientific basis for clinical practice. This article provides a summary of key concepts that are relevant to understanding common elbow injuries and their management. Materials and Methods: The biomechanics of the elbow joint can be divided into kinematics, stability and force transmission through the elbow joint. Active and passive stabilizers include bony articular geometry; soft tissues provide joint stability, compression force and motion. Results and Conclusion: Knowledge of elbow biomechanics will help (i) advance surgical procedures and trauma management, (ii) develop new elbow prostheses and (iii) stimulate future research.

Mechanical Design Criteria for Revetment in Mountain Rivers (산지하천 호안의 역학적 설계를 위한 평가기준 및 프로그램 개발)

  • Lee, Ji-Won;Choi, Chae-Bok;Park, Sang-Duk
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.955-959
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    • 2012
  • 국내에서 적용되는 호안 등의 구조물설계는 1차원적인 평면적 유속과 소류력을 기준으로 하여 기준허용치에 대한 초과 유무만으로 안정성 판단의 근거로 하고 있어 다양한 수리현상에는 만족하지 않는 경우가 발생한다. 따라서, 호안구조물의 보다 다양한 조건과 정량적 수치에 근거하는 역학적 설계기법과 구조적 안정성 검토을 위한 평가모델을 제안하게 되었다. 한편, 기존 호안의 위험도를 평가하기 위한 평가기준도 필요하며, 이를 관리자나 설계자가 편리하게 이용할 수 있도록 프로그램 개발도 필요하게 된다. HEC-RAS의 결과를 입력자료로 이용할 수 있도록 연계하였으며, 제시한 구조모델을 주해석 알고리즘으로 적용하고, "수충부 및 토석류 방재기술 연구단"에서 개발된 식을 사용자가 쉽게 선택할 수 있도록 적용성도 고려하였다.

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A numerical comparative study on induced drainage modelling in 2D hydro-mechanical coupled analysis (이차원 수리-역학적 연계해석 시 유도배수 모델링 방법에 따른 수치해석적 비교연구)

  • You, Kwang-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.91-104
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    • 2008
  • In tunnels, safety factor concept has been suggested to estimate their stability quantitatively. It is merely limited in the framework of mechanical analysis. However safety factor concept has not been applied in hydro-mechanical coupled analyses due to their modelling complexity. Recently studies on this topic are being actively made. In this study, induced drainage modelling methods for hydro-mechanical coupled analyses are compared and analyzed to estimate safety factor of a subsea tunnel exactly. To this end, methods both controlling hydraulic characteristic of shotcrete and using a drainage well are considered. Sensitivity analysis were carried out on rock class, thickness of shotcrete, and hydraulic properties of rock mass. As the results of this study, it turned out that the induced drainage modelling using a drainage well would give more reliable results than that of controlling hydraulic characteristic of shotcrete in estimating tunnel stability in hydro-mechanical coupled analyses.

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개별요소법에 의한 터널의 안정성 해석에 있어 설계정수의 결정

  • 김치환
    • Tunnel and Underground Space
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.278-290
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    • 2000
  • 불연속면이 발달한 암반 내에서 터널을 굴착하는 경우 불연속면을 고려한 터널의 역학적 안정성을 검토하는 것이 중요하다. 불연속 암반 내에 터널을 굴착하게 되면 대부분의 거동은 불연속면에서 발생하게 된다. 이는 암반블록보다 암반 내 불연속면의 강성이 현저하게 작기 때문이다. 불연속면을 고려한 터널의 안정성 해석은 암반을 연속체로 가정할 때 필요한 입력변수 외에 여러 종류의 입력변수가 추가로 필요하다.(중략)

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Mechanical Properties of Rocks in Dokdo (독도 암석의 역학적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Chan;Jung, Yong-Bok;Song, Won-Kyong;SunWoo, Choon;Kim, Bok-Chul;Cheon, Dae-Sung
    • Tunnel and Underground Space
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.69-79
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    • 2008
  • Dokdo is a volcano edifice originating from an oceanic island that was formed around 3 million to 2.2 million years ago, and it consists of Dongdo(eastern island) and Seodo(western island). Even though Dokdo is a small volcanic island, Dokdo has infinite potential value and significant economic, social, scientific, and technical aspects due to its resources, ecological and territorial value. In addition, it is of national interest with regards to the dispute with Japan over the dominium of Dokdo. A need to evaluate the ground stability of Dokdo, especially in Dongdo, has been seriously raised recently due to the various cracks caused by the progressive weathering and corrosion. This study dealt with the geology and geological layers of Dokdo and identified the status of ground cracks as the previous research to evaluate the ground stability of zones of concern in Dongdo. Also, this study analyzed the relationships between physical and mechanical properties with rock types. The results showed that the values of rock properties in Dokdo are lower contrary to the general rocks in Korea, and tuff was especially affected by the weathering and corrosion.