• Title/Summary/Keyword: 연계성

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A Methodology for Assessing the Network Connectivity Improvement for Transport Hubs (교통물류거점의 네트워크 연계성 개선효과 분석 방법론)

  • Park, Jun-Sik;Gang, Seong-Cheol;Kim, Geo-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.167-177
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    • 2010
  • This study proposes a methodology for assessing the improvement of network connectivity of transport hubs. Extending a previously developed model that measures the connectivity of a node in transportation networks, we define two quantities called the supplied connectivity and the experienced connectivity. Using these quantities, we provide a systematic procedure for analyzing the network connectivity of a transport hub and also suggest criteria for determining whether a given project is effective in improving the network connectivity of the transport hub. The application of the methodology to a test site produces reasonable results, and as such it is expected that the methodology can be used for various transport hubs in the national road network. Once enough data from the application of the methodology are accumulated, a further study on the level of service in terms of network connectivity needs to be followed.

Measuring the Connectivity of Nodes in Road Networks (도로 네트워크의 노드 연계성 산정에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Jun-Sik;Gang, Seong-Cheol
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.129-139
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    • 2010
  • This study proposes a model for measuring the connectivity of nodes in road networks. The connectivity index between two nodes is characterized by the number of routes, degree of circuitousness, design speed, and route capacity between the nodes. The connectivity index of a node is then defined as the weighted average of the connectivity indexes between the node and other nodes under consideration. The weighting factor between two nodes is determined by the travel demand and distance between them. The application of the model to a toy network shows that it reasonably well quantifies the level of connectivity of nodes in the network. If flow of rail networks can be measured in the same scale as that of road networks and the capacity of rail links can be estimated, the model proposed in this paper could be applied to intermodal transportation networks as well.

A study on RDF for Metadata interoperability (메타데이터의 연계성 확보를 위한 RDF활용에 관한 연구)

  • 김이겸;김태수
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Information Management Conference
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    • pp.255-259
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    • 1999
  • 본 연구는 웹상에 존재하는 메타데이터의 통합이나 그 활용성을 증진시키기 위해서 RDF를 활용하여 상이한 메타데이터 형식에 정의된 기술요소간의 어의적인 연계성을 확보하기 위한 방안에 대한 연구이다. 이를 위해 RDF스키마를 기반으로 연계성 확보의 기반이 되는 공통스키마를 설계하고, 이 스키마의 해당 클래스를 rdf: domain속성값으로 메타데이터 스키마를 설계함으로써 결과적으로 공통스키마를 기준으로 메타데이터 형식상호간 연계성을 갖도록 하였다.

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International Comparison Study on the Articulation of the Science Curriculum: Focus on the Concept of Photosynthesis (과학과 교육과정의 연계성 국제 비교: 광합성 개념 중심으로)

  • Lee, Hyonyong;Yeo, Chaeyeong
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.805-815
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    • 2015
  • The Korean education curriculum is making efforts to improve education to foster competencies that the future society demands through the 2007 and 2009 revised curriculum. The revised curricula focus on enhanced articulation for the quality curriculum. In this study, the curriculum is analyzed for vertical and horizontal articulation. In addition, the study found a problem in Korea's curriculum through international comparison and sought improvement. Furthermore, the study compared internationally articulation of the concept of photosynthesis, of which the results are as follows. First, our science curriculum focuses on vertical articulation and has relatively neglected the problem of horizontal articulation. To compensate for this problem, curriculum design should introduce aspects of 'nature' and 'environment' and should consider the interests and concerns of students, as countries with high horizontal articulation do. Second, the actual education field has a problem with the a lack of continuity and sequence because of concentration of concept in a specific grade or simply repeating the concept across multiple grades. These results have led to alternative proposals that should arrange basis of concept configuration such as 'Big Idea' and should establish the adoption of 'systems' frequently appearing in the other curricula. Finally, there may be mentioned a lack of research on students' learning progression, which can be a common standard of horizontal and vertical articulation. Research on learning progression has been a trend overseas, but there exists no study to fit Korea's situation, so education fields need to conduct the appropriate research on learning progression as part of the commitment to high-quality curriculum.

Teaching-Learning Methods articulated with mathematics in middle school (중학 수학의 연계적인 교수 학습 방법에 관한 연구 - 함수 영역을 중심으로)

  • 장이채;김태균;정인철;송주현
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.21-37
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    • 2003
  • In this paper, we improved, compared and analyzed the articulation of school mathematics. We also tried to form the theoretical basis of school mathematics by classifying and considering the articulation into vertical articulation and horizontal articulation depending on the meaning, and give an actual help. The articulation of school mathematics until now has been focused on a study of vertical articulation according to the macroscopic characteristic of mathematics, but now a study of the horizontal articulation as well as the vertical articulation should be done in consideration of the micro characteristics of mathematics and various realities of life by modifying a syllabus of the function unit and by using internet homepage. Thus, we structurally divided the articulation into vertical articulation and horizontal articulation, analyzed mathematical activities and presented actual models of each representative learning activity for smooth teaching in schools through the function unit.

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A Model for Evaluating the Connectivity of Multimodal Transit Networks (복합수단 대중교통 네트워크의 연계성 평가 모형)

  • Park, Jun-Sik;Gang, Seong-Cheol
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.85-98
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    • 2010
  • As transit networks are becoming more multimodal, the concept of connectivity of transit networks becomes important. This study aims to develop a quantitative model for measuring the connectivity of multimodal transit networks. To that end, we select, as evaluation measures of a transit line, its length, capacity, and speed. We then define the connecting power of a transit line as the product of those measures. The degree centrality of a node, which is a widely used centrality measure in social network analysis, is employed with appropriate modifications suited for transit networks. Using the degree centrality of a transit stop and the connecting powers of transit lines serving the transit stop, we develop an index quantifying the level of connectivity of the transit stop. From the connectivity indexes of transit stops, we derive the connectivity index of a transit line as well as an area of a multimodal transit network. In addition, we present a method to evaluate the connectivity of a transfer center using the connectivity indexes of transit stops and passenger acceptance rate functions. A case study shows that the connectivity evaluation model developed in this study takes well into consideration characteristics of multimodal transit networks, adequately measures the connectivity of transit stops, lines, and areas, and furthermore can be used in determining the level of service of transfer centers.

International Comparison Study on the Science & Practical Arts (Technology·Home Economics) Curricula about Continuity of the 'System' and 'Energy' as a Big Concepts (과학과 실과(기술·가정) 교육과정에 제시된 '시스템'과 '에너지' 핵심 개념의 연계성에 대한 국제 비교 연구)

  • Park, Kyungsuk;Jeong, Hyeondo
    • Journal of Science Education
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.27-48
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    • 2018
  • The purposes of this study are to derive suggestions and implications to improve the continuity of Korean Science & Practical Arts (Technology Home Economics) curricula through international comparative analysis with focus on the science curricula or standards in five countries (Canada, New Zealand, Singapore, the United States, Korea). Original documents of the national curriculums or standards of each country collected from NCIC comparatively analyzed the big concepts of the 'system' and 'energy' based on features of related components of curriculum contents, vertical, and lateral connectivity. The results indicated that the big concepts of systems and energy were used internationally to consider the curriculum continuity. In most countries, the big concept of system was used as a framework to integrate science with technology or other contents. In particular, it was also utilized to strengthen vertical and lateral connectivity in earth science and space science contents area. In the comparison of countries for the system as the big concept, New Zealand focused interrelationship between system and human activities, systems' interaction, levels and features of system concept for the linkage between grades and subjects on the basis of level. In the case of Canada and Singapore, science and technology are combined to strengthen contents' connection. However, the revised 2015 curriculum has a lack of continuity and sequence because the concepts of system and energy were concentrated on a specific grade and contents' area. The curriculum was not developed systematically for multiple grades according to their levels. In conclusion, Korean science curriculum requires sufficient understanding of students' learning and research on learning progressions and curriculum continuity. In addition, it is very important to constitute the curriculum based on the vertical and lateral connectivity in order to improve science education and to foster students' key competencies and abilities.

Connectivity Analysis of KTX Stations according to KTX Connection Characteristic Variable and KTX Modal Split (고속철도 연계특성변수와 수단분담률에 따른 고속철도역 연계성 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Hyun-Ju;Kim, Byung-Kwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.503-509
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    • 2013
  • Since the opening of KTX, the number of people coming to KTX stations to use KTX has steadily increased. Passengers have a variety of access modes between a KTX station and their origin/destination. But there is no way to confirm the level of connection strength. So this study examines various connection characteristic variables that can show the connectivity, and examines influencing relationships, and chooses variables that affect connectivity by using a KTX modal split. We will suggest connectivity estimation models between a KTX station and origin/destination based on the selected connected variables.

Review On the Statistical Data to Implement Human Model (인적 모델 개발에 필요한 통계 데이터 고찰)

  • Jo, Su-San;Jang, Eunp-Jin;Yim, Jeong-Bin
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.193-195
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    • 2015
  • 해양사고 원인의 70 % 이상을 차지하는 인적오류 예방은 해양안전에 가장 중요한 이슈이다. 인적오류는 확률기반의 인적 모델을 구축하여 평가함으로써 예상되는 위기의 수준을 과학적으로 예측할 수 있다. 확률기반 인적 모델을 구축하기 위해서는 사건의 원인과 결과 사이에 연계성을 갖고 있는 통계 데이터가 필요하다. 본 연구에서는 이러한 연계 데이터 확보를 위한 것으로, 해양안전심판원의 통계 데이터 사이의 연계성 확보 방안을 주로 검토하였다. 그리고 이러한 통계 데이터를 인적 모델에 적용하는 방법과 전략도 검토하였다. 인적 모델은 회사, 선박, 해기사 관련 요소들이 총체적으로 반영될 필요가 있음을 알았고, 이러한 세 가지 요소로 구성된 통합 모델을 설계하기 위한 방안도 검토하였다. 특히, 각 요소들에 포함될 데이터 사이의 연계성 확보를 위해서 해양사고 연계 체인(Chain)을 도입하였다. 확보한 데이터는 사고의 가장 근본원인인 Hazard부터 사고의 영향을 나타내는 Impact까지의 6 단계 분석 방법을 적용하여 통계 데이터에 결합되어 있는 원인과 결과 사이의 연계성을 확보할 수 있는 방안을 수립하였다. 본 연구는 중장기적으로 추진할 과제이기 때문에 향후 본 연구 내용을 토대로 인적 모델을 개발하여 해양사고 예방에 적극 기여하고자 한다.

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A Study on Designing Schemata with RDF for Interoperability of Metadata Formats (메타데이터 연계성을 위한 RDF 응용스키마설계에 관한 연구)

  • 김이겸;김태수
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.21-47
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    • 2000
  • Keeping the semantic interoperability between different formats is very important for reuseing and consistently processing metadata. This article is to design common schema and KORMARC schema based on RDF schema. For this, common elements are made by comparison of Dublin Core elements and KORMARC fields. The schema of these elements is designed for construction of semantic interoperability, basing RDF schema specification and syntax specification. Eventually, the semantic interoperability between a number of metadata formats can be constructed by matching the common elements to each attribute of format. KORMARC schema is designed by the application of common schema.

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